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they confidently flatter themselves then, that the French plenipotentiaries will accede to it. The plenipotentiaries of the deputation of the Empire present, Electors, Princes, and States, recommend themselves for this effe&t to the Imperial legation.

Substance of the Vote of Austria in the Sitting of the 20th September,

THE most unhappy events of nine ages have not injured the Germanic body so much as the cessions made within the last nine months, on the left bank of the Rhine, by the deputation of the Empire. By these, France acquires a population of more than two million of souls, an annual revenue of more than nine millions, and the finest and most fertile part of Germany, besides the inestimable advantages offered by the Rhine, in a military and commercial point of view. The majority of the deputation has, moreover, consented to the demolition of the fortress of Ehrenbreitstein, upon the conditions declared in the conclufum of the 7th of August, and has also shown a disposition, contrary to the adopted principle of the Thalweg, to cede the important island of St. Pierre, near the right bank of the Rhine. *All this clearly fhows that the deputation has not continued in a wavering state, and that Germany has made many facrifices. The delegates of Austria therefore require that every place on the right bank of the Rhine, and every thing appertaining thereto, should remain to the German Empire.. As to the debts, they will readily accede to whatever the deputation shall further determine on this subject. With respect to ihe emigrants, they must remark, that those who abandoned their homes, driven by the distresses of war, at a time when the separation or ceflion of these countries was not thought of, have no right to be subjected to the French laws on emigration. They also recommend it to the deputation to intercede with the French ministers for the unfortunate inhabitants of the bifhoprics of Bafle, Liege, and Strasbourgh, and all others similarly situated.

Substance of the Note of the French Ministers of the 3d Oftober, in

Antwer to the Conclufum of the Deputation of the Empire of the 220 September.

THE French ministers congratulate the deputation on its re. turn to the true interest, to the real and presling want of Germany, a peace with France. The grand step taken for this purpose after the cession of the left bank of the Rhine, is that of the island of St. Pierre, and the demolition of Ehrenbeitstein. The moment is come of determining, by decisive acts, the alternative of peace or war. It would not have delayed it so long,

if it had considered the influence of French principles in case of a rupture. The Executive Directory have ihown a condescending dignity, and a moderation unexampled, on the part of a victorious power; they will support that character, by restoring the territories of Kehl and Caffel. This is the price at which the deputation must accede to the following articles:

1. The delimitation of the course of the Rhine and its islands, and the liberty of the navigation of that river.

2. - The suppression of the toll of Elsfleth, upon the Weser, as being a restraint on our commerce with Bremen; and the conservation of their political existence and conftitutional independence to the cities of Bremen, Hamburgh, and Franckfort.

3. Liberty to establish bridges, purely commercial, on two points of the Rhine.

4. The renunciation of every demand contrary to the French conftitution in favour of the immediate nobility.

5. The article of debts shall remain as it is. But the republic will charge itself with such of them as are for the particular ad. vantage of the countries become French.

6. The laws on emigration shall not be applicable to the countries now ceded to France, nor to Mentz; but they shall be in full force in the united countries.

7. The republican troops shall repass to the left bank of the Rhine, immediately after the pacification. Until then, they are to remain in their present position.

8. The Empire shall consent to the cession of Frickthal, and of all the places in that country, and in those belonging to the Italian republics.

9. The French republic, and those of Italy, shall renounce, on their part, all pretensions to the remaining countries in Germany. They shall treat separately on the subject of the particular engagements contracted by France with the German Princes during the war.

10. Besides the demolition of Kehl and Caffel, the Empire must undertake not to erect any fort or entrenched camp at a less distance than fix kilometers, or three thousand toises, from the right bank of the Rhine.

If these conditions should not be accepted without delay, the conditional promise of restoring the territories of Kehl and Cafsel shall be null and void. Such a rejection would show the Empire wishes for war.

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Note delivered by the Pruffian Minister to the French Legation. THE undersigned minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the King of Prussia has seen with peculiar satisfaction, from the last note of the plenipotentiary citizens ministers of the French re

public, public, that, induced by the strong reasons urged by the deputation of the Empire, they have given up their claim of the territories of Kehl and Caffel; and that they restricted themselves, with some modifications, to the boundary of the left bank of the Rhine. The King cannot but express his approbation of this concession of the French Directory, which is of so much consequence to the future tranquillity of Germany ; but in the same note there are objects relative to which his Majesty finds his just expectations disappointed. Of this kind, among others, is the circumstance that the old course of the Rhine, in the iniddle of the tracking or navigation way, shall be strictly held to be the boundary on each side, by which all the declarations contained in an official note from his Majesty's minister, of the date of the 19th of June, are disregarded. As such a claim muft militate against the wishes and interests of his Majesty, the undersigned is convinced that the ministers plenipotentiary of the republic, when they consider the reasons alleged in the above-mentioned Prussian note, will not refuse to yield to them. He grounds this hope on the known circumstance, that the Rhine anciently bore the name of the Waal. Another point, considerably connected with this, is the course of the Rhine opposite Wesel. The undersigned has repeatedly had the honour to observe to the French legation, of what importance it is to the town and fortress of Wesel, that the isle of Buderich, which is formed by a canal, which so directs the course of the Rhine that it leaves the island to the right, should remain to the Empire, that the water-works which are necessary to the existence of the town and fortress of Wesel may be properly maintained. Should the full powers of the ministers of the French republic not be sufficiently extensive for them to accede to the representations of the undersigned on this subject, he requests that they will transmit the present note to the Executive Directory, accompanied by a favourable statement. The love of peace and humane dispositions, which artuate the ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, and which they have so lately manifested, encourage the undersigned in the pleasing hope, that, to hasten the conclusion of peace, they will not only espouse with zeal the representations relative to the two points above-mentioned now submitted to their mature consi. deration ; but that they will not refuse to admit further modifications and concessions, relative to various other points in their note, of the utmost consequence to the most important interests of the German nation.

Rastadt, 08. 8, 1798.

Answer Answer of the French Minifier to the Note of the Pruffian Minisier,

of the Date of the 8th of Oriober, relative to the Boundary.on the Lower Rhint, and the Isle of Buderich.

THE undersigned ministers of the French republic have re. ceived the notes of the Pruflian plenipotentiary of the date of the 18th Vendemiaire (Oct. 9). They had transmitted with the utmost dispatch to their government the note received from the Prulfian legation, on the ift Metlidor, relative to the fame object. They communicated the verbal answer they received, stating, that the French government found it impoflible to accede to the with of his Pruffian Majesty: the undersigned cannot, therefore, undertake 10 transmit to the Directory deinands, relative to which it has expreffed itself so explicitly in the negative ; wherefore they must consider this object as determined. His Pruflian Majesty and the ministers plenipotentiary are too just to find any thing in the application of an acknowledged principle, to which the republic has ix ade so great facrifices, that can weaken the good understanding or friendly relations, the maintenance of which between the two states the Directory has so much at heart. The minifters .plenipotentiary of the French republic express with pleasure their high confideration for the minister plenipotentiary of his Pruffian Majesty.

BONNIER. Rafiadt, the 22d Vendemiaire

JEAN DEBRY. (00. 13)

ROBERJOT.

Reply of the Prufian Legation to the Note of the French Ministers

of the 13th October. THE undersigned ministers plenipotentiary of his Prussian Majesty have received, the 13th of this month (22d Vendemiaire), the note which the citizens ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic addressed to them in reply to that of the 8th of this month.

The contents of that reply have obliged the undersigned to the following explanations. The citizens ministers there allure them, that they have not failed to make known to the members of the King's legation, the verbal reply they had received upon the object of the note of the Prussian mission of the ist Mellidor (igth June), and the impollibility in which the French government were placed to accede to the with of Prullia.

The underligned know nothing of a verbal reply which might have been given them by the citizens ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, upon the above-mentioned note of the Prus.

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fian legation. They could not suppose that the infinuations, made to some of their members occasionally, and by way of conversation from individual to individual, could be wished to be confidered as such. This mode of explanation has been formally declared by the French legation as not being to be regarded as official, the French legation being indivisible.

But in case even that a verbal reply should have been given to the undersigned, respecting their note of the 19th of June, they could not regard as peremptory the conclusions drawn by the citi. zens ministers plenipotentiary of the republic.

They make known in their note of the 13th of O&tober (22d Vendemiaire), that they cannot take upon them to reproduce to the Directory demands upon which they have declared themselves in a negative manner, and in a way to make them consider the object in question as terminated.

The frankness with which the undersigned have made it a rule to open themselves upon every occasion to the ministers plenipotentiary of a power friendly to the King their master, shall still in this note be the guide of their conduct. Faithful to this principle, they will not dissemble to the ministers plenipotentiary of the republic, that they could not but be much surprised to find, in the paslage before cited, expressions which appear to them to contain a formal refusal to convey to the Directory their note of the 8th of this month, a note, whose object is not only the article stated in an anterior note of the 19th of June, but which, besides, inclucles other important objects, to which the King and the Empire attach a sufficiently considerable interest ; a note, in short, which contains reiterated most amicable assurances of his Majesty towards the French republic.

The undersigned are inclined to believe, that in any case the citizens ministers of the republic to the congress will not refuse to convey to the knowledge of their constituents the demands which shall be addressed to them on the part of the undersigned, who negotiate in the name of the King their master,

They observe besides, that should even their demands appear to the legation of the republic to be objects terminated, that judga ment cannot be looked upon by the underligned as without appeal. In the course of all negotiations, cafes present themselves, in which, on one side or the other, ulterior discussions are judged inadmissible. It happens, however, that, after reiterated representations, important modifications, and sometimes absolute renunciations, are admitted.

• The under signed will not renounce the hope that the Executive Directory of the republic will find in their justice ulterior expla. nations upon the object of the note of the 19th of June, worthy of all their attention. VOL. VII.

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