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Majefty's forces, their numerous and fignal fucceffes, and from the late entire difperfion which the rebels have experienced, from the vigorous meafures which have been adopted by his Excellency, all future refiftance will fpeedily terminate.

Thofe offers of mercy to the repentant, thofe measures of vigour against the obftinatè, which are the wife refult of his Excellency's councils, cannot fail finally to extinguish the present rebellion, and to reftore the invaluable bleffings of fubordination and peace.

His Excellency's Speech to both Houses on the 6th of October 1798, on proroguing the Parliament.

My Lords and Gentlemen,


HAVE the fatisfaction of acquainting you, that I have received the King's commands to releafe you from your long and fatiguing attendance in Parliament; and I am ordered to thank you, in his Majefty's name, for the unfhaken irmnefs and magnanimity with which you have met the moft trying difficulties, and with which the measures have been planned, which you have adopted for the prefervation of your country.

I offer you my most fincere congratulations on the glorious victory which has been obtained by his Majefty's fquadron under the command of Sir Horatio Nelfon, over the French fleet in the Mediterranean, which not only reflects the highest honour on the officers and feamen by whom it has been achieved, but affords a profpect of the most beneficial confequences to the future interests of the British empire.

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons,

I am commanded to convey to you his Majefty's particular thanks for the fupplies which you have fo liberally granted, and by which you have manifefted both the extent of the resources which this kingdom poffeffes, and the fpirit with which they are employed by the Commons of Ireland for the prefervation of the


His Majefty laments the neceffity which calls for the impofition of fresh burdens on his Majefty's fubjects; but he trufts that they will fee how much their prefent fafety and their future happiness depend on their exertion in the arduous conteft in which they are engaged; and he affures his faithful Commons, that the aids which they have afforded thall be carefully applied to the great object of maintaining the honour and promoting the interest of their country.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

The circumftances which have taken place fince its commencement, must render this feilion very memorable.


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The fouleft and darkest confpiracy was formed, and long carried on by the implacable enemy of thefe realms, for the total extinction of the conftitution, and for the feparation of his Majefty's kingdom of Ireland from Great Britain. By the unremitting vigilance of my predeceffor in this government the treafon had been detected; the apprehenfion of the principal confpirators, and the falutary measures wifely adopted, checked its progrefs; and through your fagacious diligence it has been developed in all its parts, and traced to all its fources.

A dangerous and wicked rebellion, the confequence of that confpiracy, has been in a great meafure fubdued; and the attempt of our inveterate enemy to rekindle the flame of civil difcord, hy fending a force into this country, has terminated in defeat.

Religion, the greatest comfort and fupport of mankind, has been moft wickedly perverted to the purpose of inflaming the wort of paffions; and the vileft arts have been used to perfuade the ignorant and unwary, that in a reign which has been marked by a series of indulgences to all fects of Chriftians, it is the intention of his Majetty's government to opprefs, and even to extirpate that defcription of his Majesty's fubjects who have received repeated and recent marks of his favour and protection.

The Catholics of Ireland cannot but have obferved what has been the conduct of those who affect to be their friends towards the rites and the characters which they venerate, and under whose aufpices the perfecuted pastors of their church have found an afylum.

Amongst a number of offenders fome most active characters have neceffarily been selected as objects of public juftice; but in every period of this dangerous confpiracy the lenity of Government and of Parliament has been confpicuous; and a general act of pardon has recently iffued from the royal mercy, for the purpofe of affording fecurity to the repentant, and encouraging the deluded to return to their duty.

The vigour and power of his Majefty's arms, the loyalty, fpirit, and activity of his regular, militia, and yeomanry forces, together with the prompt and cordial affiftance of the militia and fencibles of Great Britain, have abundantly proved how vain every attempt must be, either by treachery within, or by force from abroad, to undermine or overturn our civil and religious establish


From the dangers which have furrounded you, and which you have overcome, you must be fenfible that your fecurity can only be preferved by perfevering vigilance and increafing energy. You will not fuffer your efforts to relax, and you may be affured of my zealous endeavours to fecond your exertions. Our hopes and our objects are the fame, that the deluded may fee their error, and the difaffected be reclaimed; but if an endeavour fhall be made to


abufe the royal mercy, and to form fresh confpiracies in the profpect of impunity, offended juftice will then be compelled to extend to the obdurate criminal the full meafure of his punishment.

Amidst your measures either of power, of justice, or of clemency, you have not forgotten to afford confolation and encouragement to the loyal. The means which were adopted for their temporary relief, and the plan which has been devifed for the further remuneration of their loffes, are highly honourable to your feelings, and muft, in every loyal breaft, excite emotions of love and gratitude to his country.

Since my arrival in this kingdom I have received the moft flattering affurances of your regard and approbation, which command my warmest acknowledgments; and whilft I feel myfelf thus encouraged and fupported, and reflect on the loyalty which is fo generally difplayed, and on the force which is entrusted to my direction, I cannot allow myself to doubt of the fuccefs of our united endeavours for the welfare of this country.


Addrefs of both Houses of Parliament to his Majefty on the 10th November 1797.

WE, your Majefty's moft dutiful and loyal fubjects, the Lords fpiritual and temporal, and Commons, in Parliament affembled, have taken into our moft ferious confideration the papers which your Majefty has been pleafed to direct to be laid before us, on the fubject of the negotiation into which your Majesty had entered, with the view of refloring to your people a fecure and honourable peace. In every stage of that tranfaction we have recognised your Majefty's invariable and unremitted folicitude for our profperity and welfare, while we have feen, on the other hand, the most abundant proofs of the continuance of that fpirit of inveterate animofity and defperate ambition, on the part of our enemies, in which the prefent conteft first originated. Your Majefty's conduct, characterized by an unexampled moderation, openness, and confiftency, has left to the enemy no means of evafion, no fubterfuge of difguife or artifice. It can no longer be denied that their conduct is actuated by a fixed determination of excluding all means of peace, and of purfuing, at all hazards, their hoftile defigns against the happiness and safety of thefe kingdoms: even the vain pretence of pacific difpofitions is now abandoned, and the real purpofe of all their councils, and of all their measures, at length openly and publicly avowed. It is to our laws and government that they have declared their irreconcilable hatred. No facrifice will content them but that of our liberty; no conceffion but that of our envied and happy conftitution. 4 C2


Under fuch circumftances, we feel the duty which we owe in this great crifis to God and to our country. Animated by the fame fentiments which your Majefty has been pleased to declare to your people and to the world, attached to your Majesty by principles of duty and gratitude, and fenfible that it is only from courage and firmnefs that we can look for prefent fafety or permanent peace, we are determined to defend, with unshaken refolution, your Majesty's throne, the lives and property of our fellow-fubjects, the government and conftitution of our country, and the honour and independency of the British empire. We know that great exertions are neceffary; we are prepared to make them; and, placing our firm reliance on that divine protection which has always hitherto been extended to us, we will fupport your Majefty to the utmoft, and ftand or fall with our religion, laws, and liberties.

The following Amendment to the Addrefs was moved in the Houfe of Commons by Sir John Sinclair.

WE beg leave to return your Majesty our most humble and hearty thanks for your gracious communication of the papers refpecting the late negotiation entered into with the government of France. When we confider the various calamities to which nations in a state of hoftility are neceffarily expofed, we cannot but deplore the continuance of a war, which has already occasioned fuch expense of treasure and of blood to the powers engaged in it; and we join moft heartily in applauding your Majesty's humane and beneficent exertions to bring the fame to a termination. We trust that the two nations will fee the wifdom and policy of speedily renewing a negotiation fo favourable to the interests of humanity, and of concluding the war on terms juft in themselves, and honourable to the parties interested; the only true foundation in which a lafting pacification can be expected. But if, unfortunately, fuch hopes fhould not be realized, and fhould the further profecution of the war become neceffary, your Majesty may bẹ affured of the firm and unalterable fupport of your faithful Commons, in making every exertion that circumftances may render neceffary for procuring a fafe and honourable peace, on terms confiftent with the dignity of your Majesty's crown and kingdom, and the profperity and effential interefts of your people.

[The above amendment was withdrawn.]

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His Majefly's Anfwer to the Addrefs of both Houses of Parliament on the 11th November.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

NOTHING would be more fatisfactory to me than the unanimous declaration of the fentiments of my two Houses of Parliament; they are fuch as the conduct and declared intention of the enemy could not fail to produce. We are engaged in a caufe which is common to us all, and contending for every interest which a free and independent nation can have to maintain. Under the bleffing of Providence, I look with confidence to the iffue of this great contest: but in every event my refolution is taken: it is fuch as I owe to God, to my country, and to myself, and it is confirmed by the fentiments which you have this day delivered to me. I will not be wanting to my people, but will stand or fall with them in the defence of our religion and in the maintenance of the independence, laws, and liberties of these kingdoms.

On the 8th December Mr. Nicholls made the following Motion in the Houfe of Commons.

THAT all falaries, fees, and perquifites of all perfons holding offices under the Crown, fhall be given up towards de. fraying the expenfes of the war, excepting the fum of 2000l. a-year to all officers whofe falaries, fees, and perquifites fhall exceed 2000. a-year. This refolution not to extend to the Lord Chancellor, the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, the Judges, the officers holding commiflions in the army and navy, and to foreign minifters.

[The motion was withdrawn.]

The following Message was brought down to the House of Commons on the 11th January 1798. G. R.

HIS Majefty thinks proper to acquaint the Houfe of Lords, that he has received various advices of preparations made, and measures taken in France, apparently in purfuance of a defign openly and repeatedly profelfed of attempting an invasion of thefe kingdoms. His Majefty is firmly perfuaded that by the zeal, courage, and exertions of his faithful people, struggling for every thing that is most dear to them, fuch an enterprife, if attempted, will terminate in the confufion and ruin of those who may be engaged in it. But his Majefty, in his anxious concern for


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