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fents, relative to the various fpecies of property mentioned in the 4th, 5th, and 6th articles, fhall be executed according to their form and tenour.

VIII. The buildings, capitals, rents, lands, forests, commons, and hemp-fields, ceded by the town of Mulhaufen to the inhabitants of Illzach and Modenheim, fhall belong to them in full property, without any exception, and they shall be free to difpofe of them as they fhall judge moft fuitable to their own interest.

IX. To encourage the neglected agriculture of the communes of Mulhaufen and its dependencies, the French government declares, that all the rents and duties levied on the lands and other immoveables of the citizens of Mulhaufen, and their dependencies, for the behoof of the orders mentioned previously, and which would fall in to the nation, fhall be abolished without any indemnity-and the lawful poffeffors of fuch eftates fhall be exempt from any compenfation, and continue to enjoy them in perfect property.

X. The tribunal of commerce of the republic of Mulhaufen fhall be continued, and organized according to the laws of the French republic. There shall be two notaryships in the town of Molhaufen-the one exercifed by the ancient Greffier Tabellion, and the other by one of the citizens à hommes: the titles, documents, and original writings of the chancery, shall be depofited in the archives, which fhall be under the care of an officer, to be paid by the commune. To facilitate commercial relations, there fhall be established an office for poft-horses; the post-office for letters fhall be continued. The government will establish a direct communication with Bafle, Colmar, and Belford; and to facilitate the dispatch of business, there will be appointed a stamp and register office. The period of their commencing business will be fixed by the government, as well as that of the payment of perfonal and real contributions; and as there is at prefent no regifter of lands, nor matriculation book, the citizens of Mulhaufen having been exempt from contributions, a commiffion will be appointed to complete the register and matriculation, and to make preliminary arrangements for fixing and affeffing the con


XI. To encourage the commerce and induftry of Mulhausen, and to fupport the credit of the merchants who carry on trade with foreign capitals, the French government declares, that it means to preferve to the capitalifts and its Swifs and other foreign dependencies, the fame rights and the fame fyftem of legiflation which exifted before the union of the republic of Mulhaufen to France. In confequence, all deeds, whether hypothecary or under fign manual, difpofitions, teftaments, legacies, and all acts anterior


to the ratification of this treaty, fhall be executed according to the statutory laws of the town of Mulhaufen.

XII. The republic of Mulhaufen renounces all its connexions with the Helvetic body; it depofits in the bofom of the French republic its right to independent fovereignty, and authorizes the French government to notify to the Helvetic cantons, in the moft amicable manner, that their ancient allies will form an integral part of a people no lefs dear to them, and united to whom they will not cease to be in a state of intimate relation with their ancient friends.

XIII. The ratification of the prefent treaty fhall be exchanged within one month from the date of fignature.

Done at Mulhaufen, on the 9th Pluviofe, 6th year.

The above treaty was ratified by the Councils on the 11th Ventofe (ift March) 1798.

Additional Convention to the Treaty of Peace figned on the 7th August 1796, between the French Republic and the Duke of Wurtemberg.

1. THE French republic fhall require and infift on the fecularization of the diftrict of Oberkirch, belonging to the late bishopric of Strafburgh, the abbey of Zweifalten, and the principality and prebendary of Ellwangen.

11. The Duke engages to pay what he is perfonally indebted to the inhabitants of the countries ceded by him, and within five years to replace the capitals which have been paid into his private treafury, and for which he has conftituted rents.

III. The Duke engages, by his vote in the diet, to accede to the following propofitions: 1. The ceffion of the left bank of the Rhine, the islands and courfe of that river. 2. The emancipation of the Italian ftates from the bonds of feudality. 3. The fecularization of the ecclefiaftical principalities which are neceffary for the indemnification of the fecular princes.

IV. He engages in all future wars between France and any other power, to obferve the ftricteft neutrality, and neither to contribute a contingent nor any other affistance.

V. The French troops, in all wars commenced against France, fhall enter the territories of the Duke, remain in them, and poffefs themselves of fuch military posts as fhall be neceffary for their operations.

VI. A full amnefty fhall be granted to all perfons who may have been arrested or profecuted on account of political opi


VII. The diplomatic agent of the French republic fhall determine

termine all civil difputes between French citizens in the states of Wurtemberg.

VIII. The Duke renounces the further use of the titles derived from the ceded countries.

IX. The armistice of 29 Meffidor fhall be fully observed in all the particulars which are not contrary to the articles of the prefent treaty.

X. The ftipulated contributions fhall be raised; befides which the Duke fhall pay monthly 200,000 livres, from 1 Vendemiaire to the figning of the preliminaries of peace with Austria. XI. This treaty fhall likewife bind the Imperial towns Efslingen and Reutlingen.



Paris, 20 Thermidor, 4th year of the French republic.


Treaty of Peace, and of Alliance offenfive and defenfive, concluded between the French and Helvetic Republics.

THE French and Helvetic republics being equally defirous to make the most perfect peace and the ftrictest friendship fucceed to a war which an oligarchy had provoked, and which for a time had caused a divifion between the two nations, have refolved to unite themselves together by an alliance grounded on the real interefls of the two countries: the refpective governments have accordingly appointed, on the part of the French Directory, Citizen C. M. Talleyrand, minifter of foreign affairs, and on the part of the Executive Directory of the Helvetic republic, Citizens P. J. Zeltner and Amedee Jenner, who, after a mutual exchange of their full powers, agreed to the following articles:

Art. I. There fhall be for a perpetuity, peace, friendship, and good understanding, between the French and Helvetic republics.

II. There exifts, from the prefent moment, between the twa republics, an alliance offenfive and defenfive. The general refult of this alliance is, that each of the republics may, in cafe of war, claim the co-operation of its ally. The power claiming this co-operation fhall then fpecify against whom the co-operation is required, and in confequence of that fpecial requifition, the power called upon enters into war against the power or powers defignated; but it remains in a flate of neutrality with respect to fuch powers as may be at war with the claiming power, and whom it may not have particularly defignated. It is acknowledged that the effect of the requifition on the part of the French republic fhall never be to fend the Swifs troops beyond the fea.


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The troops called for fhall be paid and maintained by the power calling for them; and in cafe of fuch requifition, neither of the fwo republics fhall feparately conclude any treaty of armistice or of peace. The particular effects of the alliance, when on either fide a requifition fhall take place, the nature and the quantity of the fuccours to be mutually afforded, shall be amicably determined by fpecial conventions, grounded on the principles contained in this article.

III. The French republic accordingly guarantees to the Helvetic republic its independence and the unity of its government; and in cafe the oligarchy fhould attempt to overturn the prefent Helvetic conftitution, the French republic binds itfelf to grant to the Helvetic republic, upon its requifition, fuch fuccours as it may fland in need of, in order to triumph over fuch internal or external attack as may be made against it. It promises its good offices to the Helvetic republic that may infure it the enjoyment of all its rights with regard to other powers; and in order to furnish it with the means of fpeedily re-establishing its military ftrength on the moft impofing footing, the French republic consents to restore the artillery that has been taken from it during the prefent war, and which may be still at the difpofal of the French government at the moment of figning the prefent treaty, provided the Helvetic republic will fend for fuch pieces of artillery and carry them back into its own territory.

IV. The frontiers between France and Helvetia fhall be determined by a particular convention, the bafis of which thall be, that every thing which formed part of the ci-devant bishopric of Bafil, and the principality of Porentruy, fhall remain definitively united to the French territory, as well as the interfection of the Swifs territory comprehended in the department of the Upper Rhine and Mont Terrible; with refervation of the coun-. ter ceffions and exchanges, which may be judged indifpenfable for rendering thefe frontiers perfectly straight from Bafil to Geneva, and which fhall not affect the unions which have already been definitively made to the French territory.

V. In order to fecure the communications of the French republic with the fouth of Germany and Italy, there fhall be granted to the faid republic the free and perpetual use of two commercial and military roads, the first of which shall pass the north of Helvetia, up the Rhine, along the weft and fouthern banks of the lake of Conftance; the fecond, beginning at Geneva, and traverfing the department of Mont Blanc, hall go through the Valais, running into the territory of the Cifalpine republic by a courfe to be fixed; and it is determined that each flate fhall, within its own territories, execute the works neceffary for the conftruction of these two roads.


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VI. It is likewife ftipulated, that, in order to give to the internal navigation of the two republics all the beneficial improvements of which it is fufceptible, each of them refpectively thall, within its own territories, execute the works of art which fhall be neceffary for the establishment of a communication by water from the lake of Geneva to the Rhine, and from Geneva to that part of the Rhone which is navigable.

VII. The French republic binds itself to furnish to the Helvetic republic all the falt which it may ftand in need of, from the falt-pits of La Meurthe, of Jura, and of Mont Blanc. The prices of the faid falt, the expenfes of carriage, the places and the periods of delivery, fhall be regulated at least every ten years between citizens charged by the French government with the preparing of the falt, and the officers of the Helvetic government, without ever permitting the price of the faid falt to exceed that paid by the French citizens, and without the fubjects of the Helvetic government being ever fubjected to paying the taxes which in France may be laid upon that commodity.

VIII. According to the latter article, the Helvetic republic exprefsly renounces all the drawbacks on falt which it might be entitled to claim in virtue of ancient treaties which exifted between France and the Cantons; and it binds itfelf to take annually from the falt-pits at least two hundred and fifty thousand quintals of falt.

IX. The citizens of the French repablic may go and come to Helvetia, furnished with regular paffports: they fhall be at liberty. to form all and fuch eftablishments there, to exercife every kind. of industry which the law permits and protects; their perfons and property fhall be fubject to the laws and ufages of the country. The citizens of the Helvetic republic fhall enjoy in France, and in all the dominions of the French republic, the fame rights on the fame conditions.

X. In all litigated points refpecting individuals, which cannot be fettled by reference, or by the decifion of the courts, the plaintiff fhall be obliged to follow up his action before the natural judges of the defendant, unless the parties be prefent on the very spot where the bargain had been contracted, or have agreed upon the choice of the judges to whofe decifion they would leave the matter in difpute. In litigated points, having for object landed property, the fuit fhall be carried on before a tribunal or a magiftrate of the place where the property is fituated. The litigations that may arife between the heirs of a Frenchman who dies in Switzerland, with regard to his fucceffion, fhall be transferred before the judge of the refidence which the Frenchman poffeffed in France; and the fame fhall be obferved with regard to the fucceffion of a Swifs who may die in France.



XI. The

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