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COLOMBIA, Continued. of his Britannic Majesty, or to or from the said territories of Colombia, which shall not equally extend to all other nations.
Art. 5.-No higher or other duties or charges on account of tonnage, light, or harbour-dues, pilotage, salvage in case of damage or shipwreck, or any other local charges, shall be imposed in any of the ports of Colombia, on British vessels, than those payable in the same ports by Colombian vessels; nor, in the ports of his Britannic Majesty's territories on Colombian vessels, than shall be payable in the same ports on British vessels.
Art. 6.-The same duties shall be paid on the importation into the territories of Colombia of any article the growth, produce, or manufacture of His Britannic Majesty's dominions, whether such importation shall be in Colombian or in British vessels; and the same duties shall be paid on the importation into the dominions of his Britannic Majesty of any articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of Colombia, whether such importation shall be in British or Colombian vessels. The same duties shall be paid, and the same drawbacks and bounties allowed on the exportation to Colombia of any articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of His Britannic Majesty's dominions, whether such exportation shall be in Colombian or in British vessels; and the same duties shall be paid, and the same bounties and drawbacks allowed, on the exportation of any articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of Colombia, to His Britannic Majesty's dominions, whether such exportation shall be in British or in Colombian vessels.
Art. 7.-In order to avoid any misunderstanding with respect to the regulations which may respectively constitute a British or a Colombian vessel, it is hereby agreed, that all vessels built in the dominions of His Britannic Majesty, and owned by British subjects, or by any of them, and whereof the master and three-fourths of the mariners, at least, are British subjects, excepting where the laws provide for any extreme cases, shall be considered as British vessels; and that all vessels built in the territories of Colombia*, and owned by the citizens thereof, or any of them, and whereof the master and three-fourths of the mariners at least, are Colombian citizens, excepting where the laws provide for any extreme cases, shall be considered as Colombian vessels †.
See Additional Article in page 28.
+ The following declaration was made by the Right Honourable George Canning, his Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, on the exchange of ratifications; and accepted by the Colombian Plenipotentiary, Senor
Art. 8.-All merchants, commanders of ships, and others, the subjects of His Britannic Majesty, or citizens of the State of Colombia, shall have full liberty, in all the territories of both powers, respectively, to manage their own affairs themselves, or to commit them to the management of whomsoever they please, as broker, factor, agent, or interpreter; nor shall they be obliged to employ any other persons for those purposes, nor to pay them any salary or remuneration, unless they shall choose to employ them; and absolute freedom shall be allowed in all cases to the buyer and seller, to bargain and fix the price of any goods, wares, or merchandize, imported into, or exported from, the territories of either of the contracting parties, as they shall see good.
Art. 9.-In whatever relates to the lading or unlading of ships, the safety of merchandize, goods, and effects, the succession to personal estates, and the disposal of personal property of every sort and denomination, by sale, donation, exchange, or testament, or in any other manner whatsoever, as also the administration of justice, the subjects and citizens of the two contracting parties shall enjoy, in their respective dominions and territories, the same privilege, liberties, and rights, as the most favoured nation, and shall not be charged, in any of these respects, with any higher imposts or duties than those which are paid, or may be paid, by the native subjects or citizens of the power in whose dominions or territories they may be resident.
They shall be exempted from all compulsory military service whatsoever, whether by sea or land, and from all forced loans, or military exactions and requisitions; neither shall they be compelled to pay any ordinary taxes, under any pretext whatsoever, greater than those that are paid by the subjects or citizens of one or the other power.
Manuel Jose Hurtado:-" In order to avoid any misunderstanding which might possibly arise in the execution of that part of the 7th Article, wherein it is defined what ships shall be considered as entitled to the privileges of British and Colombian ships, Mr. Canning has been commanded by His Majesty to declare to Senor Hurtado, that, in addition to the qualifications therein expressed, such other ships will likewise be entitled to be considered as British ships, which shall have been captured from an enemy by His Majesty's ships of war, or by subjects of His Majesty furnished with letters of marque by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, and regularly condemned in one of His Majesty's Prize Courts as a lawful prize, or which shall have been condemned in any competent court, for the breach of the laws made for the prevention of the slave-trade; and that, in the same manner, ships captured from the enemy by the ships of Colombia, and condemned under similar circumstances, will like. wise be entitled to be considered as Colombian ships."-London, 7th November, 1825.
Art. 10.-It shall be free for each of the two contracting parties to appoint Consuls for the protection of trade, to reside in the dominions and territories of the other party; but before any Consul shall act as such, he shall, in the usual form, be approved and admitted by the Government to which he is sent; and either of the contracting parties may except from the residence of Consuls such particular places as either of them may judge fit to be so excepted.
Art. 11.-For the better security of commerce between the subjects of His Britannic Majesty and the citizens of Colombia, it is agreed, that if, at any time, any interruption of friendly commercial intercourse, or any rupture should unfortunately take place between the two contracting parties, the subjects or citizens of either of the two contracting parties residing in the dominions of the other, shall have the privilege of remaining and continuing their trade therein, without any manner of interruption, so long as they behave peaceably, and commit no offence against the laws; and their effects and property, whether entrusted to individuals or to the State, shall not be liable to seizure or sequestration, or to any other demands than those which may be made upon the like effects or property, belonging to the native inhabitants of the State in which such subjects or citizens may reside.
Art. 12. The subjects of His Britannic Majesty residing in the territories of the State of Colombia shall enjoy the most perfect and entire security of conscience, without being annoyed, prevented, or disturbed, on account of their religious belief. Neither shall they be annoyed, molested, or disturbed in the proper exercise of their religion, provided that this takes place in private houses, and with the decorum due to divine worship, with due respect to the laws, usages, and customs of the country. Liberty shall also be granted to bury the subjects of His Britannic Majesty, who may die in the said territories of Colombia, in convenient and adequate places, to be appointed and established by themselves for that purpose, with the knowledge of the local authorities. Nor shall the funerals or sepulchres of the dead be disturbed in anywise, nor upon any account. In the like manner, the citizens of Colombia shall enjoy, within all the dominions of His Britannic Majesty, a perfect and unrestrained liberty of conscience, and of exercising their religion publicly or privately, within their own dwellinghouses, or in the chapels and places of worship appointed for that purpose, agreeably to the system of toleration established
Art. 13.-The Government of Colombia engages to co-operate with His Britannic Majesty for the total abolition of the slave-trade, and to prohibit all persons inhabiting within the territories of Colombia, in the most effectual manner, from taking any share in such trade.
Art. 14.-And forasmuch as it would be convenient and useful, for the purpose of facilitating the mutual good understanding between the two contracting parties, and for avoiding all difficulties henceforward, that other Articles should be proposed and added to the present Treaty, which Articles, both from a want of due time for their consideration, as well as from the pressure of circumstances, cannot at present be drawn up with the required perfection, it has been, and is agreed, on the part of both Powers, that they will, with the least possible delay, come forward to treat and agree upon such Articles as may be wanting to this Treaty, and deemed mutually beneficial; and which Articles, when they shall be agreed upon, and shall be duly ratified, shall form part of the present Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation.
Signed and sealed in the city of
ADDITIONAL ARTICLE.-Whereas, in the present state of Colombian shipping, it would not be possible for Colombia to take advantage of the reciprocity established by the Articles 5, 6, and 7, of the Treaty signed this day, if that part should be carried into immediate effect which stipulates, that in order to be considered as a Colombian ship, a ship shall actually have been built in Colombia, it is agreed that, for the space of seven years, to be reckoned from the date of the ratification of this Treaty, any ships, wherever built, being bona fide the property of any of the citizens of Colombia, and whereof the master and three-fourths of the mariners, at least, are also Colombian citizens, excepting where the laws provide for any extreme cases, shall be considered as Colombian ships. His Majesty, the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, reserving to himself the right, at the end of the said term of seven years, to claim the principle of reciprocal restriction stipulated for in the Article 7, above referred to, if the interests of British navigation shall be found to be prejudiced by the present exception to that reciprocity in favour of Colombian shipping.
Signed and sealed in the city of
See Order in Council in page 69, abolishing anchorage dues in Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney, and Sark, on vessels belonging to the subjects of the State of Colombia.
CONVENTION OF COMMERCE WITH DENMARK.
ARTICLE 1.-From and after the 1st of July, 1824, Danish vessels entering or departing from the ports of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and British vessels entering or departing from the ports of His Danish Majesty's dominions, shall not be subject to any other or higher duties or charges whatever, than are or shall be levied on national vessels entering or departing from such ports respectively.
Art. 2. All articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of any of the dominions of either of the contracting parties, which are, or shall be, permitted to be imported into, or exported from, the ports of the United Kingdom and of Denmark, respectively, in vessels of the one country, shall, in like manner, be permitted to be imported into, and exported from, those ports in vessels of the other.
Art. 3.-All articles not of the growth, produce, or manufacture of the dominions of His Britannic Majesty, which can legally be imported from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland into the ports of the dominions of the King of Denmark, in British ships, shall be subject only to the same duties as are payable upon the like articles, if imported in Danish ships; and the same reciprocity shall be observed with regard to Danish vessels in the ports of the said United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in respect to all articles not the growth, produce, or manufacture of the dominions of His Danish Majesty, which can legally be imported into the ports of the United Kingdom in Danish ships.
Art. 4.-All goods, wares, and merchandize which can legally be imported into the ports of either country, shall be admitted at the same rate of duty, whether imported in vessels of the other country, or in national vessels; and all goods, wares, or merchandize which can be legally exported from the ports of either country, shall be entitled to the same bounties, drawbacks, and allowances, whether exported in vessels of the other country, or in national vessels.
Art. 5.-No priority or preference shall be given, directly or indirectly, by the Government of either country, or by any