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of Hanover, or of his Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, or of the United States of America, or of the free Hanseatic Republics, or of the State of Colombia, or of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, shall be and the same are hereby repealed, abolished, and remitted, any law, custom, or usage, now or at any time heretofore in force in the said islands, or any of them, to the contrary notwithstanding; provided always that nothing in this present Order contained shall extend, or be construed to extend, to any ships, vessels, or boats of, or belonging to, the subjects of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, not being of the burden of above 120 tons*, such ships, vessels, or boats not being included within the Treaty with the said United Provinces, of the 2nd of February, 1825; and it is further ordered, that the said anchorage dues shall in like manner be, and the same are hereby repealed, abolished, and remitted in favour of the ships, vessels, and boats of, or belonging to, the subjects of any other foreign state or power with whom His Majesty shall hereafter enter into and conclude any such treaty as aforesaid; and that such repeal, abolition, and remission shall take effect when and so soon as the conclusion of any such future treaty shall be signified to the Governor or Lieutenant-Governor of the said islands respectively, by His Majesty, through one of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State; and all Governors, Lieutenant-Governors, and other officers, civil, and military, and all other his Majesty's subjects within the said islands, are to take notice hereof, and to govern themselves accordingly.

Order in Council, the 10th of May, 1827.

59 Geo. III., c. 54, to apply to all Foreign Powers, as well


And whereas by an Act passed in the fifty-ninth year of the reign of his late Majesty King George III. intituled, "An Act to carry into effect a Convention of Commerce concluded between His Majesty and the United States of America, and a Treaty with the Prince Regent of Portugal,' divers provisions were made respecting the duties payable, and the bounties and allowances to be granted, upon the importation and exportation of goods, wares, and merchandize, into or from the United Kingdom, in vessels of the United States, and in Portuguese vessels, and respecting the repayment to certain corporations, bodies politic

as the United States and Portugal.

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RECIPROCITY ACTS, continued. and corporate, and sundry other persons, of the amount of the sums of money of which they would be deprived by means of the said Act; and it was thereby enacted, that the said Act "should continue in force so long as the Convention therein recited between his said late Majesty and the United States of America, and the Treaty therein recited between his said late Majesty and his Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal, and so long as any treaty to be made with any foreign power with the similar provision therein before recited should respectively continue in force." And whereas, subsequently to the enactment of the said recited Act, His Majesty and his royal predecessors have made and concluded with divers foreign powers treaties containing provisions similar to those recited in the said recited Act*, and doubts have arisen whether, according to the true construction thereof, the said Act doth apply and extend to the trade and shipping of such other foreign powers, and it is expedient that such doubts be removed; be it, therefore, and it is hereby further enacted and declared, that from and after the ratification of any treaty heretofore made by His Majesty, or any of his royal predecessors, subsequently to the enactment of the said Act, or of any treaty which may hereafter be made by His Majesty, his heirs and successors, with any such foreign power, in which treaty has been or shall be contained provisions similar to those recited in the said recited Act, all and every the provisions, clauses, matters and things in the said recited Act contained, did and shall apply and extend to the trade and shipping of such foreign powers respectively, as fully and effectually, to all intents and purposes, as to the trade and shipping of the said United States, and of the said kingdom of Portugal.2 & 3 Will. IV., c. 84, § 62.

Recited Act not to be con


strued as grantPowers being Treaties.


Provided nevertheless, and be it further enacted and declared, that the said recited Act doth not extend, and shall not be construed to extend, to grant to or to confer upon the trade or shipping of the said United States, or of the said kingdom of Portugal, or of any other foreign power, or to the subjects of such states or kingdom, or of any such foreign power as aforesaid, any other or greater advantage than such as shall have been stipulated for by and granted to the said United States, the said kingdom of Portugal, or any such other foreign power, by the respective treaties subsisting and in force between them respectively and His Majesty, *See List, in page 12, and the Treaties themselves, which immediately follow,


his heirs and successors; but that the said Act shall be so construed and applied as to give full and complete effect to such respective treaties so long as the same shall respectively remain in force, and is to provide such, and only such, indemnity as therein mentioned to such bodies politic and corporate, and other persons as are therein mentioned, for such losses as they shall respectively sustain by the execution, on the part of His Majesty, his heirs and successors, of such respective treaties.-§ 63.

His Majesty, with advice of Privy Council, to declare the

Powers with whom Treaties are subsisting.

And for the prevention of uncertainty herein, be it further enacted, that it shall and may be lawful for His Majesty, his heirs and successors, by any order or orders to be by him or them made with the advice of his or their Privy Council, and published in the London Gazette, from time to time to declare what are the foreign powers with which any such treaty or treaties as aforesaid is or are subsisting; and this present Act and the said recited Act shall apply, and shall be deemed, from the time of the ratification of any such treaties, to have been applicable to the trade and shipping of such foreign countries as shall be so mentioned in any such Order or Orders in Council as aforesaid, so long as any such Order or Orders shall continue unrevoked, and no longer.-§ 64.

Bond to be given on Exportation.

EXPORTATION.—It is directed, that when Coals or any other Articles shall be exported in Foreign vessels, on payment only of the low duty, (under Treaties of Reciprocity,) bond shall be given in the penalty of 500l. in each case, for the due landing of the Articles so exported, in some port of the Country to which such vessel shall belong, and for the production, within six months, of Certificates of the due landing of the Cargoes, before such bonds shall be discharged * :-but if Masters of Vessels, belonging to Countries with which Treaties of Reciprocity have been concluded, cannot procure Bondsmen, and prefer

Bondsmen. paying the high duty,-the difference between that and the low duty will be returned, provided the Shipper declares, at the time of payment, his intention of procuring

• The Collectors and Comptrollers of Customs are to take care that certifi cates for cancelling bonds given pursuant to the above order, be signed by the British Consul or Vice-Consul resident at the port of landing; and that certifi cates signed by two British merchants be received in those cases only when the articles are landed at places where no British Consul or Vice-Consul may be resident.-Treasury Order, 10 March, 1829.

RECIPROCITY ACTS, continued. such Certificate, and of claiming the return, in order that it may be then ascertained that the ship is entitled to this indulgence, under the Treaty of Reciprocity.-Council Office, 23 June, 1827. Min. Com. Cus. 12 July, 1827; and Treas. Order, 7 Nov. 1827.

For Tonnage Duty on Netherland vessels laden with Salt, see Tonnage Duties, in Index. And, for the Law under which Ships of Foreign States are privileged to trade with the British Possessions abroad, see Colonial Trade, in Index.


7th George IV., c. 54, (26th May, 1826.)

Masters of
Vessels arriv-

ing from Fo-
reign Parts to
declare what
Aliens are on


THE master of every vessel, arriving from foreign parts, shall, immediately on his arrival, declare in writing, to the chief officer of the customs at the port of arrival, whether there is, to the best of his knowledge, any alien on board his vessel, and whether any alien hath, to his knowledge, landed therefrom at any place within this realm; and shall board, or have specify the number of aliens (if any) on board, or who have landed therefrom; and their names, rank, occupation, and description, as far as he shall be able :-if he shall neglect or refuse to make, or shall make a false declaration, he shall forfeit for every such offence 201., and 107. for each alien who shall have been on board on the vessel's arrival, or shall have, to his knowledge, landed therefrom within this realm:-the officer of the customs to detain the vessel until the penalty is paid. Not to extend to foreign mariners certified in writing by the master to be actually employed in navigating the vessel.— 7 Geo. IV., c. 54, § 2.

Alien on ar

his Name, &c., and deliver his Passport.

Every alien who shall arrive in the United Kingdom from foreign parts, or pass from Great Britain to Ireland, or from Ireland to Great Britain, shall imme- rival to declare diately deliver to the chief officer of the customs at the port of debarkation, any passport which shall be in his or her possession, and declare in writing to such officer, or verbally make to him a declaration, to be by him reduced into writing, of the name of the vessel in which he or she shall have arrived, and also of his or her names, rank, occupation, and description, and if a domestic servant, then also the names, rank, and description of his or her master or mistress: and shall also in like manner declare the country and place from whence he or she shall then have come,

ALIEN ACT, continued.


to deliver up Passport, &c.

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Officer of Cus

toms to register the Declaliver a Certifi.

ration, and de

cate to the Alien,

and the place within this realm to which he or she is then going, and the name and place of abode of the person within this realm (if any) to whom he or she is known, which declaration shall be made in or reduced into such form as shall be approved by one of his Majesty's principal Secretaries of State; and if any such alien, coming into this realm, Penaltyforneg shall neglect or refuse to deliver up his or her passport, he shall forfeit and pay the sum of five pounds; and if he or she shall neglect or refuse to make such declaration, or shall wilfully make any false declaration, he or she shall be punished in the manner hereinafter mentioned*.-7 Geo. 1V., c. 54, §3. The officer of the customs to whom such passport shall be delivered and declaration made, shall immediately register such declaration in a book to be kept by him for that purpose, and shall insert therein the several particulars by this Act required in proper columns, in duplicate, excepting such particulars as shall be inserted in the column of remarks, which shall be entered only in one of such parts, and shall cut off one part of such certificate containing all the particulars, excepting such as shall be contained in the column of remarks, and deliver the same to the alien who shall have made such declaration.-7 Geo. IV., c. 54, § 4. The chief officer of the customs in every port shall within two days transmit the declaration of every master of a vessel, and every passport, and a true copy of every such certificate, if in Great Britain, to one of His Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, at the Alien Office in Westminster, and if in Ireland, to the Chief Secretary for Ireland.-§ 5. Every alien arriving in this realm after the commencement of this Actt, shall within one week after his or her Alien, within one week after arrival at the place which shall be expressed in arrival, shull such certificate as the place to which he or she produce or transmit Certi- proposes to go, produce such certificate, if such place shall be in the city of Westminster, or within five miles thereof, at the Alien Office in Westminster, and shall declare in writing at what tends to reside. place he or she intends to reside; and if the place expressed in the certificate shall be out of the limits aforesaid, such declaration of residence may be transmitted by the post,

Officer of Customs to transmit Declara. tion, &c., to Alien Office.

ficate to the

Alien Office, and declare where he in

See section 9, in page 75.

†This Act commenced on the 1st of July, 1826.

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