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228

Archiepiscopal Pall claimed by the Bishops of St. David's 229

Maelog ab Caw

230

Family of Geraint ab Erbin

232

Families of Gwynllyw Filwr, and Ynyr Gwent

233

Inundation of Cantref y Gwaelod

234

Romance of Taliesin

236

Legend of St. Justinian

238

Festivals of Saints represented by modern Fairs and Wakes 240

SECTION XI.

The Welsh SAINTS FROM THE AccessION OP CYSTENNYN GORONOG

A. D. 542 TO The Death OP MAELGWN GWYNEDD A. D. 566.

Cynog, Bishop of Llanbadarn and Archbishop of Menevia 242

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Teilo, Bishop of Llandaff .

242

He retires to Armorica

243

He returns and is appointed Archbishop of Menevia

244

The Archbishoprick removed to Llandaff

244

Diocese of St. Teilo

244

List of his Churches

245

Grant to the Church of Llandaff by Rhydderch ab lestin 246

Death of St. Teilo

250

Ismael, Tyfei, and Oudoceus

251

Samson, Bishop of Dole in Armorica

252

Disputes between the Bishops of Dole and Tours

255

Welsh Saints in Armorica

256

Gwynno or Gwynnog ab Gildas

257

Daniel or Deiniol, the First Bishop of Bangor

258

Consecrated probably by St. David

259

Cyndeyrn or St. Kentigern, the First Bishop of Glasgow 261

He retires to Wales, and founds the Bishoprick of St. Asaph 262

His alleged Correspondence with the Pope

262

Consecration of British Bishops not deemed valid by the

Romanists

264

Cybi

266

Beuno

268

Ancient Welsh Bards

271

Did the Primitive Christians of Wales possess a Trans-

lation of the Scriptures ?

272

SECTION XII.

The Welsh SainTS FROM The Death of Maelown Gwynedd A. D. 566

TO THE CLOSE OF THE SIXTH CENTURY.

Advance of the Saxons

273

St. Oudoceus, Bishop of Llandaff

274

Tyssilio, Bishop of St. Asaph

277

Not the Author of the Chronicle of the Kings of Britain 277

His Churches

278

St. Columba, Founder of the Monastery of Iona

281

Landing of St. Augustin

SECTION XIII.

The Welsh SAINTS FROM A. D. 600 To The Death of CadwALLON AB

CADFAN A. D. 634.

View of National Affairs

283

Bede's Account of the Conference between St. Augustin

and the Monks of Bangor Iscoed

284

Observations upon Bede's Account

288

B

SECTION I.

The comparative Antiquity of the Foundation of Churches and Chapels

in Wales ascertained from the nature of their Endowments.

ACCORDING to popular opinion, many of the churches in Wales were founded by certain holy persons or Saints whose names they retain, as if Llangadog and Llandeilo,* or the Churches of Cadog and Teilo, were not so called in consequence

of

any formal dedication, but named after their founders, who are alleged to have lived in the fifth and sixth centuries. Lest however it should be urged that the Welsh Records and Traditions, which support this opinion of their high antiquity, are of insufficient authority, it may be proved that churches of the class alluded to are necessarily, from the nature of their endowments, the most ancientt in the Principality, if indeed they were not founded in the early age to which they are attributed.

In the absence of positive evidence to the fact, it will readily be granted that the Welsh churches were at first few, and that they were afterwards multiplied to serve the occasions that required them. How soon certain districts were apportioned for their maintenance, cannot well be determined. It is, however, probable that the districts first appropriated

* Usually written“ Llangadock” and “Llandilo,” but the Welsh mode of spelling is here preferred, in order to render the meaning of the names more obvious.

+ These observations apply to churches as regards their original establishment, the antiquity of the edifices which now exist, being more of an architectural question, does not belong to the purpose of this Essay.

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