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PRINTED BY WARWICK & SONS, 68 & 70 FRONT STREET WEST.

1890.

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ERRATA.
Page 2-Between Utica and Medina Formations insert "Hudson River Formation.”

15-Lines 3 and 11 from top, for “fifty” read "thirty.”
46-Line 19 from top, for “Devonshire " read “Devonian,"

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xxi

xvi Prospect of making charcoal pig iron..

xxii

Mining and smelting of copper and nickel ores. xxii

xvii Alloys of nickel and steel

xxiii

xvii Technical instruction

xxiii

xvii Geological survey of the Province.

xxiv

Museum of geology and mineralogy.

xxiv

xviii Collection of statistics....

xxiv

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1 Black River and Bird's-Eye formation

2 Trenton formation

5 Utica formation

6 Hudson River formation .

8 Medina formation..

8 Clinton formation.

10 Niagara formation..

13 Guelph formation...

16 Onondaga formation

18 Lower Helderburg formation.

19 The Devonian system

22 Oriskany formation

22 Corniferous formation...

23 Hamilton formation

25 Chemung and Portage formation

29 The Post Tertiary system

30 The Drift.......

30 Evidence of witnesses: Eastern Ontario region.

30 Western Ontario region

31 Lake Temagami region

31 Sudbury region.....

33 Sault Ste. Marie region..

36 Michipicoten island

39 Lake Superior region...

40 Lake-of-the-Woods region..

41 General Survey of the Province

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NOTES ON MINES, LOCATIONS AND WORKS VISITED BY THE COMMISSION.

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Extent and variety of the mineral resources of Iron and iron ore

223

Ontario .....

205 The world's production of pig iron.

223

Means of development

207 The world's production of iron and steel 224

Mining capital and management...

208 United States production of iron and steel in

Value of mineral products ....

209 1876 and 1888..

224

Mineral production of Canada in the years Possible expansion of the iron industry in

1870, 1880 and 1887

209

Canada

225

Mineral production of Ontario in the years 1870, Export of iron ore from Canada..

225

1880 and 1887....

210 Iron ore shipments from Lake Superior mines. 226

Exports from Ontario by countries.

211 How unrestricted trade would operate... 226

Exports from Ontario in twenty years, by

Charcoal iron produced in Michigan..

227

minerals....

211 Copper and nickel

227

Comparison with United States products.... 212 Salt ...

228

Value of mineral exports from Ontario and Structural materials ..

228

Canada.....

214 Scope and results of inter-continental free trade 229

Possibility of larger production under present Evidence and statistics

230

conditions ..

215 Influence of free trade with the United States

Charcoal and coke iron....

215 upon the mining industries of Canada .... 231

Gold, silver and copper production.

217 The construction of roads and railways a neces-

Production of salt.....

217 sary part of a generous mining policy ..... 239

Marble and building stone...

217 Table i-Mineral production of Canada in 1886

Some things the Dominion Government might

and 1887

243

do.......

218 Table i-Mineral exports of Canada.... 244

Inter-continental and inter-provincial trade... 218 Table iii--Imports of iron and steel manufac-

Geographical conditions..

219 tures ...

246

Ethnologic conditions.

220 Table iv-Imports of iron and steel manufac-

Economic conditions.

221 tures

249

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