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H. OF R.]

Treasury Notes.

(Oct. 7, 1837.

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hen "But there is a bond of union, sir, between the friends of


ous interests in this House--to the South and Southwest- of the party may bring forward. I stand bere, sir, as the and particularly to those members whom he denominated representative of a free constituency, to act as becomes a the conservatives on this floor, and invited them most car- freeman, and to represent my constituents faithfully, so nestly to come and do battle with him on this field, against far as I am able to do it. I was elected as a friend of the this measure. Whether he intended to include me among administration, and by its friends; and while I have the the members of this latter class, I cannot say ; but, at all honor of a seat here, it will be no less my inclination than events, I beg leave most respectfully to decline his invita- my duty, to give to this administration that honorable and tion altogether. I cannot do battle in any such cause, or hearty support, which, from these circumstances, may be in such ranks. But the honorable gentleman says he does justly expected of me, and which shall be alike consistent not understand the course of the administration party in with patriotism and principle, and a conscientious discharge this House ; that he is mystified as to the conduct of a cer

of duty. tain portion of the party which he denominates the con- But, sir, the honorable gentleman from Tennessee asks, servatives; that, on all subjects, they go with the adminis- what are the terms of compromise between the members of tration, and are uniformly arrayed on this floor in favor of the democratic party on this floor? what is the bond of the measures of the administration ; that he does not

union ?-as though some contract had been drawn up and know what to make of it, and he inquires, very signifi- entered into between the friends of the administration, by cantly, whether they have made peace, and what are the which they were enabled to act in concert and harmony in terms; and asks to see the bond of compromise, or to be the House; and one could suppose that he expected to see told what is to be the future course of those whom he calls some written instrument, perhaps, with the great seal of conservatives.

state 'appended to it. I can assure the gentleman that Now, sir, I shall not affect to misunderstand this, or there is no such document in existence, to my knowledge ; doubt whether I was one of those members to whom these but should there be, he shall certainly be gratified with a queries were addressed. I was one of those who voted for perusal of it. Thomas Allen as printer to this House, and neither then nor now, here or elsewhere, have attempted to conceal my the administration, much stronger and more powerful than vote on that occasion. My reasons for that vote, I am not any such written instrument; and that bond of union, sir, now called upon to give; this is not the time or the occa.

is the political principles which we hold in common; those sion for that, sir; but the fact, perhaps, furnishes a suffi- | principles which were charaeteristic of the last and present cient reason of itself, why I may conclude that the hon- administration ; which were promulgated by Thoinas Jef. orable gentleman addresses himself, in part at least, to me. ferson ; which from his day to this time have distinguished Neither, sir, will I affect to misunderstand the ultimate the democratic republicans from their opponents, of whatobject of the gentleman's inquiries, and I beg to carry out ever name or description, and have been sanctioned by the those queries, and give them the point to which the whole voice of the people, and by the dictates of justice and reaseemed to tend to arrive at once to the gist of the matter, This is the bond of union between the friends of the which the delicacy of the gentleman, and perhaps his dis administration ; and this it is that enables them to act uniposition to avoid bluntness, induced him to suppress--and tedly; and this, sir, is the reason why the honorable genwhich was no more or less than asking myself and others, tlemen see such a uniform array on the floor of this House “ do you intend to act with the opposition ? will you throw in favor of the administration's measures; and why he will yourselves into the arms of the whigs?" I answer, no! continue to see the same thing so long as those measures and I thank the gentleman for the opportunity he has af- are in accordance with those principles, and while they forded me, of answering this question thus unequivocally tend (as they necessarily must, when in accordance with and unreservedly in the negative. To my friends, no those principles) to the welfare of the country, and the such answer was necessary ; but if he, or any other mem

permanency of the Union. ber of the opposition, has supposed from that vote that I trust the mystery is explained, and that the honorable any such expectation could be fairly entertained, I now gentleman will, hereafter, have no difficulty in compretake this occasion to put a final extinguisher upon any hending the course of the friends of the administration, such supposition or expectation. I speak without author- and the reason for their acting in concert. ity as to others, and only for myself; but I feel persuaded I hope, Mr. Speaker, that the motion to strike out the that I do but speak the well-known sentiments of those enacting clause will not prevail; but that this bill, as well members of the New York delegation, whom the honorable

as the other one now before this House, which I have begentlemen calls conservatives, or who voted for Mr. Allen, fore alluded to, will pass; and that thereby the most eswhen I say that there are no truer friends of the present sential and immediate relief will be afforded, (as I verily Executive on this floor than they are, and none less likely believe it will,) not only to an almost ex bausted Treasury, to abandon their pric.ciples or their party. They were but more especially to the people generally, whose patience, elected as the friends of the present administration, and II fear, is as nearly exhausted as the public Treasury, and have no doubt will sustain it in all honor and good faith. who are anxiously looking (and I trust not in vain) for For myself, at least, I can say that I shall do so. And such relief as it is in the power of Congress to afford, and though I did differ, on the occasion above alluded to, in such as we can consistently grant, and which the exigency the choice of a printer, with some of my political friends, of the times so imperiously demands. and may perhaps again have occasion to differ with some Mr. HALSTED, of New Jersey, next rose, and had of them on unimportant or unessential points, or questions proceeded but a little time in reply to Mr. Bronson, of expediency merely, not involving any political principle when the hour arrived for the recess. and not touching the fundamental principles of the democratic party, yet I feel confident that I am surrounded here


UNS SITTING. by political friends, who are too inagnanimous, and who The Treasury note bill still before the House, the de. have too high a respect for personal independence and pending question being as last stated freedom of opinion, to look upon every difference of opin. Mr. HALSTED resumed his remarks, and entered inion as a difference of principle; who do not consider that to an argument to prove that Treasury notes were bills of party faith means party servility; and who will respect credit, and therefore not warranted by the constitution. honest differences of opinion, and not, as a test of party He quoted the message of General Jackson in 1836, Judge faith or political integrity, exact a blind and slavish obedi- Marshall, and various decisions of the Supreme Court, in ence to every whim or project wbich any or every member' support of bis position. He was, therefore, unwilling to

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Oct. 7, 1837. ]

Treasury Notes.

[H. of R.

give to the administration the power of issuing Treasury The question was then taken on Mr. Rhett's amend. notes, as they evidently had no right so to do.

ment, which was rejected : Yeas 81, nays 137, as folHe contended that the language of the Secretary, and lows: the bill itself, indicated that the notes were intended to YEAS-Messrs. Bell, Bond, Boon, Brodhead, William form a constituent part of the currency, which of itself was B. Campbell, John Campbell, William B. Carter, Chapa sufficient objection. He also opposed the bill on the man, Childs, Claiborne, Cleveland, Clowney, Connor, ground that it provided no fund for the redemption of such Crary, Curtis, Dawson, Davee, Dennis, Duncan, Dunn, notes, and quoted authorities to show that Government Elmore, Ewing, James Garland, Rice Garland, Gholsen, debts should never be incurred without some specific means Glascock, Jas. Graham, William Graham, Graves, Gray, being appropriated for their liquidation. It was likewise Griffin, Hammond, Harla:, Harper, Hawes, Hawkins, his opinion that the issue of Treasury notes would prevent Herod, Holt, Hubley, Ingham, Jenifer, Henry Johnson, the banks resyining specie payment. He could not vote William C. Johnson, Legare, Lewis, Lyon, Martin, Mcfor the bill, because it would lay the foundation of a Trea-Clure, Montgomery, M. Morris, C. Morris, Muhlenberg, sury bank, and add to the Executive power, so as to en- Murray, Petrikin, Phillips, Pope, Potter, Rariden, Rhett, able him to buy up the liberties of the people.

Richardson, Ridgway, Rives, Russell, Sheffer, Augustine Mr. WHITTLESEY hoped the gentleman from Ten- H. Shepperd, Shields, Sheplor, Sibley, Smith, Stone, nessee (Mr. BELL] would withdraw his proposition, and Thompson, Towns, Wagener, Webster, A. S. White, that the question would be taken on the bill that night, at John White, Elisha Whittlesey, Lewis Williams, Sherrod least some time before 12 o'clock.

Williams, Wise, Yorke-81. Mr. BELL withdrew his proposed amendment.

Nars-Messrs. Adams, Alexander, Heman Allen, J. Mr. RIVES would like the gentleman (Mr. Ruets) to W. Allen, Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Aycrigg, Beatamend further, by making the Treasury notes redeemable ty, Beirne, Bicknell, Biddle, Birdsall, Borden, Briggs, twelve months after date, instead of six, as proposed. For Bronson, Bruyn, Buchanan, Bynum, W. B. Calhoun, his part, he was not willing to pledge the credit of Gov. J. Calhoon, Cambreleng, T. J. Carter, Casey, Chambers, ernment, unless it had funds to comply with its engage- | Chaney, Cheatham, Clark, Coles, Corwin, Craig, Cransments. If the gentleman would modify his amendment as tou, Crockett, Cushing, Cushinan, Darlington, Davies, suggested, he would vote for it.

Deberry, DeGraff, Dromgoole, Ewards, Everett, FarringMr. RHETT accepted the modification.

ton, Richard Fletcher, Fillmore, Foster, Fry, Gallup, Mr. RIVE8 said that, when they came there, they were Goode, Grantland, Grinnell, Haley, Halsted, Harrison, accused by the opposition with having involved the coun. Hastings, Haynes, Henry, Holsey, Hopkins, Howard, try in difficulty ; and, on that account, the opposition had W. H. Hunter, R. M. T. Hunter, T. B. Jackson, Jabez adopted the inotto of “bands off," and would propose Jackson, J. Johnson, John W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, nothing themselves, nor co-operate with others in adopt- Klingensmith, Leadbetter, Lincoln, Logan, A. Loomis, ing measures of relief. One gentleman (Mr. Bell) had | A. W. Loomis, Mallory, Marvin, J. M. Mason, Samson told them that morning that they ought not to do any Mason, Maury, McKay, R. McClellan, A. McClellan, ibing. That gentleman was a “s parliamentarian,” well McKim, McKennan, Menefee, Mercer, Milligan, Miller, versed in the rules, and he was accustomed to make use Morgan, S. W. Morris, Naylor, Noble, Noyes, Ogle, Owof that skill in order to attain his objects. Indeed, if he ens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Patterson, Patton, Paynhad not been misinformed by his friend, had that gentle-ter, Pearce, Peck, Penny backer, Plumner, Potts, Prentiss, inan (Mr. B.) succeeded in the morning with his amend- Reed, Reily, Rencher, Robertson, Rumsey, Sawyer, Serment to strike out all after the enacting clause, the bill geant, Slade, Snyder, Southgate, Spencer, Stanly, Stewwould have been lost ; and, by that course, the gentleman art, Stratton, Taliaferro, Taylor, Thonias, Titus, Toucey, would have prevented any relief to the banks or to the na- Turney, Underwood, Vail, Vanderveer, Weeks, Thomas tion. It was thus evident that the object was to defeat the T. Whittlesey, Jared W. Williams, Joseph L. Williams, bill, without offering any substitute for it. Mr. R. said Christopher H. Williams, Worthington, Yell—137. that, when he came to Congress, he canie with the im- Mr. WISE moved sundry amendments (heretofore indipression that the Government and country were embarrass-cated) to the bill, which he explained and sustained at ed; and, divesting himself of all party feeling, he bad not length. He proposed to strike out the words as the Secstopped to investigate the causes, but was bent on remov- retary may dcem expedient,” and to insert instead thereof ing the evil. When a house was in flames, the inquiry the words, “ as the exigencies of the country may require," was, not bow it caught fire, but how the fire could be ex-in reference to the amount of Treasury notes to be issued. tinguished ? So, in the present case, all debate as to the He was also opposed to the issue of the proposed notes probable cause of the present distress was worse than use- with interest. He was of opinion that there was no necesless. All litule differences should be laid aside, and each | sity to issue them at all. member act for the public good. He then referred to a Mr. Wise's first amendment, to strike out and insert as letter written by Mr. Jefferson, in 1813, to his son-in-law, | above, was agreed to. then chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means,. That with regard to the interest proposed was rejected, wherein he strongly recommended the issue of Treasury as were two others immediately following. notes, and said they would be more useful if not bearing Mr. WISE then proposed the following amendment: interest than otherwise; also to an act passed in 1815, Provided, That it shall not be lawful for the Secretary and various other acts, authorizing the issue of such notes, of the Treasury, or any disbursing officer of the Governwithout a dissentient voice. He thought, therefore, it was ment, to pay out or circulate any Treasury note or notes, a fair inference that their predecessors had no doubt as to so long as there remains in the hands of such disbursing the right given by the constitution for the adoption of such officer, or the Treasurer of the United States, any specie measures, when required by the exigency of Government. or other available funds: And provided, further, That the He believed the passage of the present bill, whether amend. whole amount, or so much of the five millions of dollars ed or not, would enable the banks to resume specie pay- as by law is to remain in the Treasury for contingencies, ments, and afford relief to the merchants and country at shall be kept on hand in Treasury notes, until the exigenlarge.

cies of the Government shall render their use or circulation Mr. CALHOON, of Kentucky, would vote for the bill, necessary. but more willingly if the notes bore interest than other- Upon which he demanded the yeas and nays. Ordered.

Mr. MERCER briefly addressed the House, and sug


H. Or R. )

Treasury Notes.

(Oct. 7, 1837.

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gested some modification to the amendinent of his colleague, at the same time giving notice that, if that motion prevailed, Mr. WISE.

he should move for the issue of four and a half millions of Mr. WISE acceded to the proposal to modify his amend- Treasury notes, in addition, to make up the amount rement, so that, as modified, it would make it the duty of quired for the wants of the Treasury. disbursers to pay out specie first, and then Treasury notes. Some conversation ensuing here as to the strict order of

Mr. CAMBRELENG opposed the amendment as being such a motion, pending another, Mr. WISE withdrew his altogether impracticable.

proposition for a tiine. Mr. WISE was willing to modify the amendment so as An unsuccessful motion was then mado to adjourn. to make it conformable with the gentleman's notions of Mr. CAMBRELENG asked for the yeas and nays on practicability; and he did so alter his proposition as to the question of reconsideration. make it incumbent on the disbursing officers to pay specie The question upon reconsideration of the vote on Mr. or other available funds, to the amount called for, if they UNDERWOon's motion to amend the bill, was then decided have it, before issuing the Treasury notes.

as follows: Mr. CAMBRELENG said his objection was not obvi- Yras-Messrs. Adams, Alexander, H. Allen, J. W. ated by this additional clause.

Allen, Aycrigg, Bell, Biddle, Bond, Bouldin, Brigge, W. Mr. WISE said it probably would not, alter it as he B. Calhoun, J. Calhuon, W. B. Campbell, J. Campbell, might; and was proceeding with his remarks, when W. B. Carter, Chambers, Cheatham, Clowney, Corwin,

Mr. CAMBRELENG, sitting immediately behind him, Cranston, Crockett, Curtis, Cushing, Darlington, Dawson, cried out “question !"

Davies, Deberry, Dennis, Dunn, Elmore, Everett, Ewing, Mr. WISE. "Is the gentleman uneasy ? Is he eud. R. Fletcher, Fillmore, J. Garland, R. Garland, Goode, J. denly sick ?"

Graham, Wm. Graham, Graves, Grinnell, Griffin, Hal. The SPEAKER interposed, and

sted, Harlan, Harper, Hastings, Hawes, Henry, Herod, Mr. WISE proceeded. He wished to be courteous to Hoffman, Hopkins, R. M. T. Hunter, Jenifer, H. Johnevery gentleman in that House, and also claimed the same son, W. C. Johnson, Legare, Lewis, Lincoln, A. W. consideration. He then concluded his remarks in support Loomnis, Mallory, Marvin, S. Mason, Manry, McKennan, of the pending amendment, calling on all those who were Menefee, Mercer, Milligan, C. Morris, Naylor, Noyes, going, simply and singly, to supply the exigencies of the Ogle, Patterson, Pation, Pearce, Peck, Phillips, Pope, Government, to sustain it.

Potts, Rariden, Reed, Rencber, Rhett, Richardson, RidgMr. McKAY said a few words in opposition to the way, Robertson, Rumsey, Ruskell, Sawyer, Sergeant, A. amendment, on the ground of its alleged impracticability. H. Shepperd, Shields, Sibley, Slade, Southgate, Stanly,

Mr. WISE, on the suggestion of Mr. FILLMORE, mod- Stone, Stratton, Taliaferro, Thompson, Underwood, Webified his proposition still further, eo as to except such sums ster, A. S. White, J. White, E. Whittlesey, L. Wilfrom liability to being paid out by the disbursing officers, as liams, S. Williams, J. L. Willianis, C. H. Williams, Wise, shall be necessary for the supply of the mint.

Yorke.110. Mr. HOWARD said he would make a remark or two Nays-Messrs. Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, Beatty, upon this amendment. It proposed to take away all dis- Beirne, Bicknell, Birdsall, Boon, Borden, Brodhead, Broncretion from the Secretary of the Treasury, and compel son, Bruyn, Buchanan, Bynum, Cainbreleng, T. J. Carhim to pay specie until the last dollar was expended, be- ter, Casey, Chaney, Chapman, Cilley, Claiborne, Clark, fore he could issue a single Treasury note. This discre- Cleveland, Coles, Connor, Craig, Crary, Cushman, Davee, tion ought to exist. Specie was more imperatively requir- DeGraft, Dromgoole, Duncan, Edwards, Farrington, Faired for some expenses than others. For example, if a ves- field, Foster, Fry, Gallup, Gholson, Glascock, Grantland, sel of war were about to sail to a foreign station, she must Gray, Haley, Hammond, Harrison, Hawkins, Haynes, carry some specie with her. Take the case as of the ex- Holsey, Holt, Howaru, Hubley, W. H. Hunter, Ingham, ploring expedition, which, although it was about to go to T. B. Jackson, J. Jackson, J. Johnson, N. Jones, J. W. what the sailors called the “star pole," yet must necessa- Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, Klingensmith, Leadbetter, Logan, rily touch at civilized ports, and therefore would require no A. Loomis, Lyon, J. M. Mason, Martin, McKay, R. small amount of specie, in order to be prepared for contin. McClellan, Abra. McClellan, McClure, McKim, Miller, gencies. If the necessary suin was in the Treasury, there Montgoinery, Morgan, S. W. Morris, Muhlenberg, Murray, would be no power to reserve it for this purpose, but the Noble, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmenter, Paynter, first applicant for payment of a demand at the Treasury Pennybacker, Petrikin, Phelps, Plumer, Potter, Pratt, would sweep it away, and oblige the Secretary of the Navy Prentiss, Reily, Rives, Sheffer, Sheplor, Smith, Snyder, to postpone the sailing until he could sell Treasury notes Spencer, Stewart, Taylor, Thomas, Titus, Toucey, Towns, enough to supply the sum wanted. Many other cases of Turney, Vail, Vanderveer, Wagener, Weeks, T. T. probably no custom-house from Boston to New Orleans in So the House refused, by a majority of three voles, to which some specie had not been collected.

This was

reconsider its decision. placed to the credit of the Treasurer as soon as received, Mr. WISE then renewed his amendmenl, as modified, and was, of course, in the Treasury. Should the proposed to except the superintendent of the mint. amendment prevail, the Secretary would have to ascertain Mr. W. called for the yeas and ways on this amendment ; from every custom-house whether there was a dollar there, which were ordered. before he could issue a single Treasury pote; and if any Mr. THOMAS said the genileinan from Virginia (Mr. amount, however small, was in the hands of any collector, Wise] has appealed to all members who are not now for no matter however distant from the place where the ex- coumencing a Treasury bank to vote for his amendment. penditure had to be made, the hands of the Secretary would Now, sir, I am of that class ; I am for the Treasury note be tied up. The amendment would, in practice, entirely bill as a means to replenish the Treasury and provide for defeat the bill.

the execution of the money contracts of the Government. Mr. RHETT moved to reconsider the vote of the day I shall vote in good faith for the bill, as a bill of supplies, before, whereby the amendment of Mr. UNDERWOOD, pro- and think that the Secretary would be guilty of a misde. posing to authorize the sale of the bonds due to the Gur- meanor if he should exccute the law as if it had been pass. ernment from the Bank of the United States, for the sup- ed to furnish a paper circulation to the country. But I ply of the deficiency in the Treasury, as a substitute for cannot vote for the amendment 10 guard against the conthe issue of Treasury notes, had been rejected ; the mover struction which the gentleman fears will be given to this


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ineasure. He proposes to forbid the Secretary, the Treas- to the credit of the Treasurer, to be sent to New York and urer, and all disbursing officers, to issue or circulute one of St. Louis, and then issue 'Treasury notes to borrow money the Treasury notes while the Treasurer or the disbursing to be distributed amongst the depositories which had been officer has either gold or silver on hand. A very few words, exhausted. They would possibly have to encounter the I think, are needed to make it manifest that such a provision expense and inconvenience of transmitting gold and silver in the law would make it impracticable for the officers of from Richmond, Pittsburg, Washington, Baltimore, or Government to accomplish the purposes for which it is de- elsewhere, to New York, and then, having exchanged the signed.

Treasury notes in the last named city for gold and silver, Before the policy was adopted of leaving in the mint a it would be sent back to the points first mentioned, so as large amount of money, to increase rapidly the gold coin- to be conveniently disbursed. age, it was considered prudent to keep in the Treasury at These are some of the objections that have occurred to all times a surplus of at least two millions of dollars. Not- me on the instant to the motion of the gentleman from withstanding the earnest desire felt in Congress after the Virginia. They are to my mind conclusive against its war to pay speedily the public debt, the commissioners of adoption. The amendment appears to be founded upon the sinking fund, authorized to purchase the evidences of the supposition that all the debts from and to the United the public debt, were required to leave at all :imes in the States are to be paid at one point. Even if that was the Treasury at least two millions of dollars. It was then sup- case, the rule which it is intended to establish would be posed to be indispensablo to have that amount of money extremely inconvenient to the officers and to the creditors always in the Treasury. In 1836, when the deposite law of the United States. But until the system which has was passed, the authors of that measure directed the Sec- been adopted for the convenience of all concerned, in the retary to retxin five millions of dollars in the Treasury, receipt and expenditure of the public revenue, shall be supposing, obviously, that a less sum would not be suf- abandoned--and this I suppose no man proposes—it will ficient to supply our numerous disbursing officers with be impossible to administer well the Treasury Department small sums in anticipation of demands, and at the same without a surplus of several millions of dollars. If large time keep the mint in active operation. It is now pro. banking corporations have not always at command unemposed to abandon this uniform policy, and to prohibit the ployed capital of two, three, and in some cases eight and Treasurer from keeping on hand any surplus whatever, ex- ten millions of dollars, their directors are justly charged cept the money needed by the mint. The Secretary, and with a culpable carelessness about the credit of the institu. all other officers, are to be forbidden to issue or circulate a tions committed to their care. We are in part the manTreasury note to raise supplies, until all the money in the agers of an immense body politic, having engagements to Treasury has been expended. Let us see how such a rule, be executed in every quarter of the globe, and must not if prescribed for the government of those officers, would refuse to make ample provision to keep the public faith operate.

untarnished. The bill before the House has been coniAll the money in the various depositories is in the hands, ceived in a proper spirit. It places within the reach of the in contemplation of law, of the Treasurer. Portions of it Executive all that may be needed, and nothing more. I are in this city to pay officers of Government and laborers do not apprehend that the power to be conferred on the on the public works at this point. Other portions are in President and the Secretary will be abused. Large sums New York to fit out the expedition for the South Seas. of money will not be withdrawn from circulation to be There are, at the saine time, considerable sums of public locked up in the vaults of the public depositories. So bemoney in depositories near to the northwestern and south- lieving, I sball vole against the amendment that distrusti, western frontier, to pay Indian annuities, or the several and for the bill which consides in, the capacity and patriotcorps of our arny stationed on that border of the Union. ism of those to whose custody I have cheerfully assisted to At these and other points throughout the Union the Sec- commit the highest and most important powers of Governretary of the Treasury must take care to keep a constant supply to meet the demands that are to be made on officers Mr. WISE then modified his amendment by inserting employed to disburse the public money. If this amend- at the end thereof the words “at the place where the dement could prevail, what would be the condition of this mand is made.” high officer, charged to provide for the prompt fulfilment "The question was then taken, and the amendnient reof almost innumerable contracts? He might, on the fif- jected : Yeas 96, nays 118, as follows: teenth of this month, learn that five hundred thousand dol- YEAS-Messrs. Alexander, H. Allen, J. W. Allen, lars would be required in New York on the first of No- Aycrigg, Bell, Biddle, Bond, Briggs, W. B. Calhoun, J. vember next to coniplete the equipment of the South Sea Calhoon, W. B. Campbell, W. B. Carter, Chambers, expedition. On the same day he might receive informa- | Cheathain, Childs, Clowney, Corwin, Cranston, Crockett, tion that one hundred thousand more would be required Curtis, Darlington, Dawson, Davies, Dennis, Dunn, Elon the fifteenth of November at St. Louis, to pay the army more, Everett, Ewing, R. Fletcher, Fillmore, J. Garland, in that vicinity, or the annuity to Indians from whom we R. Garland, Goode, J. Graham, W. Grabam, Graves, have purchased vast tracts of rich and fertile lands. Well, Grinnell, Griffin, Halsted, Harlan, Harper, Hastings, sir, he refers to the books of the Department, and finds Hawes, Herod, Hoffman, Hopkins, Jenifer, H. Johnson, that the Treasurer has on hand, that is to his credit, fifty W. C. Johnson, Lewis, Lincoln, A. W. Loonis, Lyon, thousand dollars in the Bank of the Metropolis, intended Mallory, Marvin, S. Mason, Maury, McKennan, Menelec, to pay the laborers employed on the public buildings. He Mercer, Milligan, C. Morris, Naylor, Ogle, Patterson, finds, perhaps, that there are also to the credit of the 'Treas- Pearce, Peck, Phillips, Pope, Potts, Reed, Ridgway, Roburer small sums, at various other points, intended there to ertson, Rumsey, Russell, Sawyer, Sergeant, A. H. Shepmeet the engagements of the United States : what would, perd, Sibley, Slade, Southgate, Stanly, Stone, Stratton, in such a state of things, if the amendment could be adopt- Taliaferro, Thompson, Underwood, A. S. White, J. White, ed, be the duty of the Secretary and of the 'Treasurer ? | E. Whittlesey, L. Williams, S. Williams, J. L. Williams, Those officers would not, of course, request the disbursing C. H. Williams, Wise, and Yorke--96. officers at New York or St. Louis to wait until all the Nars-Messss. Adams, Anderson, Andrews, Atherton, money standing to the credit of the Treasurer elsewhere Beatty, Beirne, Bicknell, Birdsall, Borden, Broadhead, had been expended. But it would be incumbent upon Bronson, Bruyn, Buchanan, Bynum, Cambreleng, T. J. them to do an act not much more reasonable. They woulu Carter, Casey, Chaney, Chapman, Cilley, Claiborne, have to draw from dispersed depositories moneys standing 'Clark, Cleveland, Coles, Connor, Craig, Crary, Cushman,


H. OF R.]

Rules and Orderz— United States, Mexico, and Texas.

(Oct. 9, 1837.

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Davee, Deberry, DeGraff, Dromgoole, Duncan, Edwards, shall be entered on the journal of the House : the second,
Farrington, Fairfield, Foster, Gallup, Gholson, Glascock, that after the motion to adjourn has been carried, no mem-
Grantland, Gray, Haley, Harrison, Hawkins, Haynes, ber shall leave his seat until the SPEAKER has left his.
Holsey, Holt, Howard, Hubley, W. H. Hunter, R. M. T. Mr. DUNCAN, objecting to the latter rule, put the case
Hunter, Ingham, T. B. Jackson, J. Jackson, J. Johnson, that the Speaker might see fit to occupy his chair all night.
N. Jones, J. W. Jones, Kemble, Kilgore, Klingensmith, Mr. BYNUM thought the rule would reduce the House
Leadbetter, Logan, A. Loomis, J. M. Mason, Martin, very much to the appearance of a country school. The
McKay, R. McClellan, A. McClellan, McClure, McKim, first rule was not objectionable, but he did object to the
Miller, Montgomery, Morgan, S. W. Morris, Muhlenberg, second.
Murray, Noble, Noyes, Owens, Palmer, Parker, Parmen- Mr. MERCER said that what the rule proposed was
ter, Patton, Paynter, Penny backer, Petrikin, Phelps, the custom in the Legislature of Virginia; that it prevent-
Plumer, Potter, Pratt, Prentiss, Rariden, Reily, Rencher, ed indecorum, &c.
Richardson, Rives, Sheffer, Shields, Sheplor, Smith, Sny- Mr. BYNUM still objected. He thought the House
der, Spencer, Stuart, Taylor, Thomas, Titus, Toucey, had gone full far enough in banishing the sale of spirituous
Towns, Turney, Vail, Vanderveer, Webster, Weeks, liquors from the Capitol, and making members sit uncov.
T. T. Whittlesey, J. W. Williams, Worthington, and ered. The time had gone by for such servile deference to

the Speaker of the House as was proposed. Gentlemen Mr. WISE then said he should not now offer his other were not responsible here, but at home, for their morals. amendments.

The gentleman from Virginia had told him the committee Mr. McKAY mored to add a new section to the bill, the intended to bring in a rule to prevent chewing tobacco, an:1 object of which was to prevent receivers of public money spitting in the House. froin charging the Government more interest on these notes Mr. MERCER said he had told the gentleman he would than was actually due at the time they came into their like to see this done, not that the committee were about to hands; which was agreed to.

do it. Mr. BRONSON moved an amendment that the time to Mr. BYNUM said it was all the same. There was no which the issue of these notes should be extended should knowing where this thing would stop. He moved a divinot be later than the 31st of December, 1838; which was sion of the question, so as to take it separately on each agreed to.

proposition reported by the committee. Mr. UNDERWOOD proposed to amend the bill so as Mr. HAYNES disagreed with Mr. Bynum. He thought to defer the issue of the Treasury notes, except for the the question presented by the proposed amendment not of amount of $3,500,000, until after the Government bonds, morals, but manners. held by the Bank of the United States, shall have been The 1st rule was adopted; and the question being upon • sold: provided that, if those bonds are not sold at the ex- | agreeing to the secondpiration of three months, then the Treasury notes, to the Mr. ADAMS did not see the use of the proposed rule, amount of ten millions, are to be issued, as proposed hy in relation to members keeping their seats after the adjournthe bill.

ment had been declared. The disorderly time was before Mr. BYNUM suggested that this proposition was out of the declaration was made; when the motion was first startorder, under the rules, being in substance the same as the ed. And, besides, it would operate to keep members in one already rejected.

their seats much of the time when they wished to be freely Mr. UNDERWOOD showed that the present proposition circulating through the hall. It would tend to abridge the differed from the other, inasinuch as it stands now by it- privileges of influential gentlemen in directing votes, &c. self, while before it was blended with another, which might The question was then taken on agreeing to the second have affected the action of the House materially upon it. rule reported, and decided in the negative. The SPEAKER decided that that was the


view of the question, and that the ainendment of Mr. UNDER


Mr. ELMORE offered the following resolution : Mr. LEWIS would inquire if Mr. Unnenwood's prop- Resolved, That, in addition to the 10,000 copies of the obition included the requirment of interest on the notes ? correspondence for the annexation of Texas to to the Uni

Mr. UNDERWOOD did not mean to interfere at all ted States, ordered to be printed, there be 10,000 more with that question in his amendment; seeing the sense of copies printed, to which shall be annexed, from the corresthe House to have been very clearly expressed on that point pondence “concerning the boundary between the United already.

States and the Mexican Republic, and a cession of territory Mr. LEWIS was opposed to the proposition. He want belonging to the Mexican Confederation to the United cd the notes issucd to be notes for circulation, without in- States,” communicated in the message of the President of terest. This was the only way to make them instrumental the United States, of the 20 October instant, the following in the relief of the country so much demanded.

documents: Mr. Clay to Mr. Poinsett, 26th March, 1825; Mr. THOMPSON spoke in favor of the amendment. extract from instructions ; Mr. Torrens to Mr. Adams, 15th

At this point of the debate, a successful motion was February, 1824 ; Mr. Clay to Mr. Poinsett, 24th Septemmade (10 o'clock, P. M.) to adjourn. Yeas 117, nays 80. ber, 1825, extracts; the same to the same, 15th March, So the liouse ailjourned.

1827, extract; Mr. Van Buren to the same, 25th Angust,

1829; Mr. Livingston to Mr. Butler, 20th March, 1833, Moxday, October 9.

extract; Mr. McLane to the same, 131h January, 1834 ; An unusually lurge number of petitions and remonstran.

Mr. Forsyth to the same, 21 July, 1835, extract; and ces in relation to the annexation of Texas, and the aboli.

same, 6th Augtisl, 1835, extract. tion of slavery in the District of Columbia, were presented

Mr. ADAMS said he should move an amendment of this by gentleinen from diilerent States.

resolution. Instead of extracts, he moved to print the

whole of the correspondence and documents alluded to. RULES AND ORDERS.

He was opposed to sending garbled staternents of matters Mr. MERCER, from the Select Comunittee on the Rules so interesting liefore the people. and Orders, presented a report from the Select Committee Mr. ELMORE said that, having offered the resolution, on the Rules, with additional rules: the first, providing which he had supposed would have clicited no debate nor that the hour at which every motion to adjourn is made 'opposition, he felt bound to say a word in explanation.

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