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CH A P. I.

Situation of the French Nation and Government, and Views of the Directory,

--Difficulties to be encountered by France at the Clofe of 1795.-State of Parties in England.-Temper of the British Nation. Assemblies for the Purpose of a Parliamentary Reform, and Peace with France.--A great and dangerous Scarcity of Provisons.--Meeting of Parliament.-Infults and Outrages of an immense Mob againf the King, on his Way to the House of Lords. The regret of all People of Sense at this Treatment of the King Speech from the Throne.--Debates thereon.-In the House of Commons. And in that of the Lords



A Proclamation offering a large pecuniary Reward for the Discovery of any

Persons guilty of the recent Outrages against the Person of the King: Conference between the Lords and Commons on this Subject. A Bill for the Safety and Preservation of the King's Person and Government.Debates thereon in both Houses of Parliament.-A Bill for the Prevention of Scditious Meetings.-Debates thereon.-The two Bills under Discussion in Parliament occahon a general Alarm, and much Opposition without Doors.In this Opposition the lead was taken by the Whiy-Club. Which was folloved by the Corresponding Societies and other Asociations. -As well as different Bodies legally incorporated. The Ministry fill persevere in their Measures.-Debates on the numerous Petitions against the two Bills now pending in Parliament.--General Indignation against the Principles and Objects of these. The two Bills passed into Laws


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In the House of Commons, Regulations respelling the sale of Flour, and the

Making of Bread.-Motions by Mr. Lechmere and Mr. Whitbread, re
Specting ike Causes of the Scarcity of Wheaten Flour, and the Hardships
incident to the Labouring Poor - Negatived.-Bill for Encouraging the
Cultivation of Wase Lands.---Motions for the Support of the Land and Sea
Service.---Striclures on the Condue of Ministry in the War Department.
Replied to by Mr. Wyndham.-Debates on the Erection of Barracks.
A Statement of the Expences of 1796, amounting from twenty-seven to




twenty-eight Millions fierling.-Debates toncerning the Terms of the Loan.
-Vote approving the Conduct of the Miniser on this Subject.--Neur
Taxes.--Debates thereon.Message from the King, intimating his Disa
position to enter into a Negociation with the present Government of France.

-An Address moved, expressing the Readiness of the House to concur in
such a Measure.--- Amendment thereon, moved by Mr. Sheridan.---This
rejected, and the Address carried.Motion for Peace, by Mr. Grey,



Free Negroes in the land of Jamaica.--Ilunted by blood-Hounds.--Motion,

by Mr. Grey, in the Houje of Commons, for an Inquiry into the State of
the Nation.Negatired. - Farther Taxes.- For paying the Interest of an
additional Loan.-Mortality among the Troops fent against the French
l'en-India Islands.--Neglect and Difretles of the Troops. -Motion for
Documents on these Subjects by Mr. Sheridan.-Debates thereon. -Mr.
Sheridan's Motion agreed to.-Motion, in the Ilouse of Peers, for the
Production of Papers respecting a lot of Parliament, in 1783, recognizing
the Necessity of certain Public Reforms.-Debales thereon.The Motion
negatived, - Report of the Committee of Supply on the Resolution for
granting a Subhdy to the King of Sardinia. Conversation on that Subjeal.
-Charges laid againji Minijiry, by Mr. Grey, as Ground of Impeach-
ment; and a Motion on that Subject.-Negatived.-Motions, in both
Houses of Parliament, against the Continuation of the IVar.-Negatired.
Motion, by Mr. Wilberforce, for the Abolition of the Slave-Trade, on a
certain Day.--Negatived.-The Seffion of Parliament closed by a Speech
from the Throne


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Firp Cares and Employment of the French Directory.--Determination to

keep alive the Martial Spirit of the French Nation. And to Extend their
Vidories as far as posible. --But, at the same Time to make a Jhere of
Pacific Inclinations.- Prepurations for War on the Part of the Allies.-
Attempt towards Negociation between the French and the Allies at Bafle,
in Switzerland.-Rupture threatened between the French and Swiss Can-
tons.- Prevented. Plan of Directory for. Military Operations.-Mani-
jesto of Charette.--Revival of the !Var in La Vendée.-

New Complexion
o this.- Total Defeat of the Infurgents.--Capture and Execution of Cha-
reite and Stoflet.--Manifefio of the Directory

for Refraining the Cruelties
of their Soldiers.---Lenient Measures.--Good Effects of these



Address of the Directory to the French Armies.--Determinalion io carry the

War into Italy.--Difficulties to be encountered in carrying this Plan into
Execution.-Buonaparte.---The French Army, under his Command, makes
rapid Progress in Italy.--The Auftrians, under General Peaulieu, cona


Exultation of the French at the Successes of their Armies.Their Army in

Italy animated by the Praises of their Countrymen, and the Conversation
as well as the Proclamations of Buonaparte to a high Pasion for Glory.
Enter the Duchy of Modena.- Spoliation of Monuments of Antiquity and
Art.-Abhorrence of the Italian Mobility and Clergy towards the French
greater than that of the inferior Classes.A general Insurrection, ready to
break out, quashed by the l'igilance and Promptitude of Buonaparte.-The
Auftrians, under General Beaulieu; zeith the Connivance of the Venetians,
iuke Pofesion of Peschiera.-- Buonaparte advances against Beaulieu, who
retreats to the Tyrolere.-The Venetians tremble before the French.--Dif
miss from their Territories the Brother of the late King and Claimant of the
Crown of France.--Buonaparte takes Poljefion of Verona.-— Blockades
Mantia.-Prepares to march into the Tyroleje.- Deiained by Insurrections
in the Districts, known under the Name of Imperial Fiefs.--Trese being

Sipprefjed, he carries his Arms to the Southward.--Reduces ļortona, Bo-

logna, and Urbino.-Menaces Rome. -Armisice betreçen the Pope and

Buonaparte.- Suspenson of Hoftilities with Naples.--Buonaparte the friend

and Patron of Men of Learning and Science.--Ambitious Views of the

Frencah Republic.-Infurrection Lugo.Quelled, and the City reduced by

the French.--The Blockade of Mantua converted into a close Siege.--Raised

by Marjhal Wurmser.-- Actions betreeen the French Army and that of the

Auflrians, reinforced by Detuchments from Mantua.--Remarkable infiance

of Presence of Mind in Buonaparte.-Tlie Auftrians driven back beyond the



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into the Tyrolese.-The Siege of Mantua resumed.-Marshal Wurmfer,
pouerfully reinforced, makes Head against the French in the Venetian
Territories.-But is defeated.---The French take Polefion of Trent.-
Continued Success of Buonaparte. ---Marshal Wurmfer, with the Remains
of his Army, makes good his Retreat, and takes Shelter within the Walls of
Mantua.-Corfica, evacuated by the English, returns under the Governa
ment of France. Pacification between France and Naples including the
Batavian Republic.--Religious Zeal of the Romans.-Awakened by the Court
of Rome into rage, and avoued Preparations for War against the French.-

A new Republic, composed of several small States.- Prevalence of the

Republican Spirit in Italy.The Auftrians reinforced with Troops from

Germany, advance against the French Retake Trent.--But are de.

feated with prodigious Lofs at Arcola.-The Aufirians, though frequently

defeated, return to the Charge. High Spirit and Courage of the Tya

rolians. --Devotion of the Army in Italy to the French Republic. --Fatience

of the French Soldiers under manifold Privations


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Campaign in Germany. Opposite Designs of the French and Auftrians.-

Succeljes of the French.--They incest Ehrenbritfiein.--Driten back, by the
Archduke Charles, to Duffeldorf.The Dirijon of the French Army under
Moreau takes Pofi at Strasburg:- The Plan of Operations proposed by this
General.-Crosses the Rhine.--Reduces the fortre/s of Kehl.-Defeats the
Auftrians, under Marshal Wurmser, near Philipsburg.-And in various
and succo dive Engagements. The Auftriaks retire, in order wait for
Reinforcements, into the Interior of Germany.-Junction of the French
Troops under Jourdan and Kleber.-Thefe united reduce Frankfort.-
Successes of Morcau in Srabia.--Cessation of Ilollilities between the French
and the Princes of Wirtemberg and Baden.-Condu&t of Prufia.-A Prussian
Army takes Potefion of Nuremberg.--Impolicy of the French in the Mode
of raising Contributions.-Cause of this.Depredations of the French in
Gerinany.- Operations of the French Armies under Moreau and Jourdan.-
Disasters of the Auftrians.--The Emperor represents the Situation of
Germany, and his own Situation, in an Appeal to his Bohemian and Hunga.
rian Subjects.-Diet of the Empire.-Partakes of the general Confternation
of Germany.--Determination to open c. Negociation for Peace with France.

The Tide of Success turned against the French by the Germans, under the

Archduke Charles.--Oifinate Engagements.--Masterly Retreat of the

French Armies.-- Particularly of that under Moreau.--Consequences.-

The Ausrians occupied in the Siege of Kehl.---Sally of the Garrison there.

Various Axions, Armiflice between the French and Aufrians.--

The Diet of the Empire re-unimated by the enterprizing Spirit and Success

of the Archduke Charles, folicilous to regain the Favour of the Imperial



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