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Sir John Capitulates.-Generous Conduct of Schuyler.—Gover-
nor Tryon and the Tories.—Tory Machinations.—Lee at New
York.-Sir Henry Clinton in the Harbor.—Menaces of Lee.-
The City and River Fortified.-Lee's Treatment of the Tories.-
His Plans of Fortification.-Ordered to the Command in Canada.
-His Speculations on Titles of Dignity....
Monotonous State of Affairs before Boston.-Washington Anxious
for Action.—Exploit of Putnam.-Its Dramatic Consequences.-
The Farce of the Blockade oê Boston.-An Alarming Interrup-
tion.-Distresses of the Besieged. —Washington's Irksome Pre-
dicament. --His Bold Proposition. —Demur of the Council of
War.- Arrival of Knox with Artillery.- Dorchester Heights to
be Seized and Fortified.—Preparations for the Attempt........ 214
The Affair of Dorchester Heights. -American and English Letters
respecting it.-A Laborious Night. -- Revelations at Daybreak.-
Howe in a Perplexity.-A Night Attack meditated.–Stormy
Weather.—The Town to be Evacuated.-Negotiations and Ar-
rangements.—Preparations to Embark.—Excesses of the troops.
-Boston Evacuated.-Speech of the Duke of Manchester on the
Subject.-A Medal voted by Congress..
Destination of the Fleet.—Commission of the Two Howes.Charac-
ter of Lord Howe.—The Colonies divided into Departments.-
Lee assigned to the Southern Department.-General Thomas to
Canada.-Character of Lee, by Washington.-Letters of Lee
from the South.-A Dog in a Dancing School.—Committee of
Safety in Virginia.-Lee's Grenadiers. -Putnam in Command at
New York. State of Affairs there. Arrival of Washington.-
New Arrangements. -Perplexities with Respect to Canada.-
England subsidizes Hessian Troops....
Arnold blockades Quebec.—His Difficulties.- Arrival of General
Wooster.-Of General Thomas.—Abortive Attempt on Quebec.
-Preparations for Retreat.--Sortie of Carleton.-Retreat of the
Americans.-Halt at Point Deschambault.-Alarm in the Colo-
nies at the Retreat of the Army.-Popular Clamor against
Gates sent to Philadelphia with the Canada Despatches. -Promoted
to the Rank of Major-general.—Washington summoned to Phila-
delphia.—Putnam left in Command.—Conference with Congress.
-Army Arrangements. —A Board of War instituted.--The
Clintons of New York.—Mrs. Washington inoculated.--Reed
Affairs in Canada.-Disaster at the Cedars.--Hostile Designs of the
Johnsons.—A Bloody Summer expected.–Forts in the High-
lands.—Colonel James Clinton in command.-Fortifications at
King's Bridge, and on Long Island..
Retreat of General Thomas.-His Death.-General Sullivan in Com-
mand.-Scene on the Sorel. -Sanguine Expectations of Sulli-
-Washington's Opinion of Sullivan's Character. – Gates
Designs of the Enemy against New York and the Hudson.-Plot of
Tryon and the Tories.- Arrival of a Fleet. — Alarm Posts.-
Treachery up the Hudson.-Fresh Arrivals.-General Howe at
Staten Island.-Washington's Preparations ...
First Appearance of Alexander Hamilton.-His Early Days.-Gen-
eral Hugh Mercer in Command of the Flying Camp.-Declara-
tion of Independence.-Announced to the Army.—Downfall of
Arrival of more Ships.—Movements of the Phoenix and the Rose.-
Panic in the City.-Hostile Ships up the Hudson.-Stir of War
along the River.—General George Clinton, and the Militia of Ul-
ster County.–Fresh Agitation of New York.- Arrival of Lord
Precautions against Tories.-Secret Committees. — Declaration of
Lord Howe.-His Letter to the Colonial Governors.-His Letter
to Washington rejected.-Interview between the British Adju-
tant-general and Colonel Reed. — Reception of the Adjutant-
general by Washington.—The Phanix and Rose in the Tappan
Sea and Haverstraw Bay.-Arming of the River Yeomanry.-
George Clinton at the Gates of the Highlands ....
Question of Command between Gates and Schuyler.-Condition of
the Army at Crown Point.—Discontent and departure of Sulli-
van.-Fortifications at Ticonderoga.—The Question of Command
adjusted. — Secret Discontents. — Sectional Jealousies in the
Army.-Southern Troops.—Smallwood's Macaroni Battalion.-
Southern Cruise of Sir Henry Clinton.-Fortifications at Charleston.
-Arrival there of General Lee.-Battle at Sullivan's Island.-
Washington announces the Result to the Army...
Putnam's Military Projects.—Chevaux-de-frise at Fort Washington.
-Meditated Attack on Staten Island.-
sian Reinforcements.—Scotch Highlanders.—Sir Henry Clinton
and Lord Cornwallis.-Putnam's Obstructions of the Hudson.-
The Phenix and Rose attacked by Row Galleys at Tarrytown.-
General Order of Washington on the Subject of Sectional Jeal-
ousies.- Profane Swearing prohibited in the Camp.-Prepara-
tions against Attack.—Levies of Yeomanry.-George Clinton in
Command of the Levies along the Hudson.-Alarms of the Peo-
ple of New York. — Benevolent Sympathy of Washington.
The Phoenix grappled by a Fire-ship.-The Ships evacuate the
Long Island in Possession of the Enemy.—Distressed Situation of
the American Army at New York.—Question of Abandoning the
City.-Letters from either Camp.-Enemy's Ships in the Sound.
- Removal of Women and Children from the City. — Yearning
for Home among the Militia.—Tolerant Ideas of Washington
and Greene. - Fort Constitution.-Conference of Lord Howe
with a Committee from Congress
Movements of the Enemy.-Councils of War.--Question of the Aban-
donment of the City.--Distribution of the Army.-Ships in the
East River.—The Enemy at Hell Gate.-Skirmish at Turtle Bay.
-Panic of the Connecticut Militia. -Rage and Personal Peril of
Washington.-Putnam's Perilous Retreat from the City.—Brit-
Fortified Camp at King's Bridge.-American and British Lines.-
The Morris House. — Alexander Hamilton. — The Enemy Ad-
vance.-Successful Skirmish.-Death of Knowlton.--Great Fire
in New York.-Reorganization of the Army.-Exchange of Pris-
oners.—Daniel Morgan Regained.--De Lancey's Tory Brigade. —
Robert Rogers, the Partisan. — His Rangers. — The Roebuck,
Phænix, and Tartar in the Hudson. — Military Movements by
Land and Water.—Letter of John Jay.....