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In this perilous condition of the country it would | All we demand of other peoples is to be let alone to scarcely be believed, were it not demonstrated by work out our own high destinies. United together, the record, that Congress deliberately refused, and we must be the most independent, as we are throughout the entire session, to pass any act or reso- among the most important of the nations of the lution either to preserve the Union by peaceful meas-world. United together, and we require no other ures, or furnish the President or his successor with a instrument to conquer peace than our beneficent military force to repel any attack which might be productions. United together and we must be a made by the cotton states. It neither did the one great, free, and prosperous people, whose renown thing nor the other. It neither presented the olive must spread throughout the civilized world, and branch nor the sword. All history proves that inac-pass down, we trust, to the remotest ages. We tion in such an emergency is the worst possible pol- ask you to join us in forming a Confederacy of icy, and can never stay the tide of revolution. On Slave-holding States. the contrary, it affords the strongest encouragement to rebellion. The sequel will prove the correctness of these opinions.
III.—DECLARATION AS TO SECESSION.
The people of the State of South Carolina, in II.-SOUTH CAROLINA'S ADDRESS TO THE convention assembled, on the 26th of April, A.D. SLAVE-HOLDING STATES.
1852, declared that the frequent violations of the
Constitution of the United States by the Federal Citizens of the Slave-holding States of the United
government, and its encroachments upon the reservStates ! Circumstanees beyond our control have
ed rights of the states, fully justified this state in placed us in the van of the great controversy
tben withdrawing from the Federal Union; but in between the northern and southern states. We
deference to the opinions and wishes of the other would have preferred that other states should have slave-holding states, she forebore at that time to ex assumed the position we now occupy. Independent ercise this right. Since that time these encroach ourselves, we disclaim any design or desire to lead the counsels of the other southern states. Provid-bearance ceases to be a virtue. And now the State
ments have continued to increase, and further forence has cast our lot together, by extending over us of South Carolina having resumed her separate and an identity of pursuits, interests and institutions, South Carolina desires no destiny separate from
equal place among nations, deems it due to herself, yours. To be one of a great slave-holding confeder- the nations of the world, that she should declare the
to the remaining United States of America, and to ncy, stretching its arms over a territory larger than immediate causes which have led to this act. any power in Europe possesses-with a population
We maintain that in every compact between two four times greater than that of the whole United States when they achieved their independence of the British
or more parties the obligation is mutual; that the
failure of one of the contracting parties to perform a Empire--with productions, which make our exist
material part of the agreement, entirely releases the ence more important to the world than any other people inhabiting it--with common institutions to
obligations of the other; and where no arbiter is defend, and common dangers to encounter-we ask provided, each party is remitted to his own judg. your sympathy and confederation. Whilst constitu- ment to determine the fact of failure with all ity ting a portion of the United States it has been your consequences. In the present case the fact is estabstatesmanship which has guided it in its mighty lished with certainty. We assert that fourteen of the strides to power and expansion. In the field and in United States have deliberately refused for years past the cabinet, you have led the way to its repown and to fulfil their constitutional obligations, and we reser grandeur. You have loved the Union, in whose to their own statutes for the proof.. service your great statesmen have labored, and your
We, therefore, the people of South Carolina, by great soldiers have fought and conquered—not for our delegates in convention assembled, appealing to the material benefits it conferred, but with the faith the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of of a generous and devoted chivalry. You have long our intentions, have solemnly declared that the lingered in hope over the shattered remains of a Union heretofore existing between this state and broken Constitution. Compromise after compromise the other states of North America is dissolved, and formed by your concessions, has been tramp.ed under that the State of South Carolina has resumed her foot by your northern confederates. All fraternity position among the nations of the world, as a sepaof feeling between the North and the South is lost, or rate and independent state, with full power to levy bas been converted into hate, and we of the South War, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish are at last driven together, to the stern destiny commerce, and do all other acts and 1 hings which which controls the existence ( f nations.
independent states may of right do.
END OF VOL. III.