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past, I'can have little left for any of my necessary studies, and consequently for the study of the Indian languages.' This, I may venture to say, is the great, if not the only reason why the Delaware language is not familiar to me before this time. It is impossible that I should ever be able to speak it without close application, for which, at present, I see no prospect of having time. To preach and catechise frequently ; to converse privately with persons who need so much instruction and direction as these poor Indians do; to take care of all their secular affairs, as if they were a company of children ; to ride about frequently in order to procure collections for the support of the school, and for their help and benefit in other respects; to hear and decide all the petty differences which arise among any of them; and to have the constant oversight and management of all their affairs of every kind ; must needs engross most of my time, and leave me little for application to the study of the Indian languages. When I add to this the time that is necessarily consumed upon my Diary, I must say I have little to spare for other business. I have not, as was observed before, sent to the Hon. Society less than two copies of every journal, for more than two years past; most of which, I suppose, have been taken by the French in their passage. A third copy I have constantly kept by me, lest the others should miscarry. This has caused me not a little labour, and so straitened me for time, when I have been at liberty from other business, and had opportunity to sit down to write, which is but rare, that I have been obliged to write twelve and thirteen hours in a day; till my spirits have been extremely wasted, and my life almost spent, to get these writings accomplished. After all, after diligent application to the various parts of my work, and after the most industrious improvement of time, of which I am capable, both early and late, I cannot oftentimes possibly gain two hours in a week for reading, or any other studies, unless just for what appears of absolute necessity for the present. Frequently when I attempt to redeem time, by sparing it out of my sleeping hours, I am by that means thrown under
bodily indisposition, and rendered fit for nothing. This is truly my present state, and is like to be so, for ought I can see, unless I could procure an assistant in my work, or quit my present business.
“ Although I have not made that proficiency which I could wish to have made, in learning the Indian languages; yet I have used all endeavours to instruct them in the English tongue; which perhaps will be more advantageous to the Christian interest among them, than if I should preach in their own language; for that is very defective, as I shall hereafter observe, so that many things cannot be communicated to them without introducing English terms. Besides, they can have no books translated into their language, without great difficulty
and if still accustomed to their own language only, they would have no advantage of hearing other ministers occasionally, or in my absence. So that my having a perfect acquaintance with the Indian language, would be of no great importance with regard to this congregation of Indians in New Jersey, although it might be of great service to me in
treating with the Indians elsewhere.
Method of Instructing the Indians. - The method which I am taking to instruct the Indians in the principles of our holy religion, are, to preach, or open and improve some particular points of doctrine ; to expound particular paragraphs, or sometimes whole chapters of God's word to them; to give historical relations from Scripture of the most material and remarkable occurrences relating to the church of God from the beginning; and frequently to catechise them upon the principles of Christianity. The latter of these methods of instructing, I manage in a twofold manner. I sometimes catechise systematically, proposing questions agreeably to the Assembly's Shorter Catechism. This I have carried to a considerable length. At other times I catechise upon any important subject which I think difficult to them. Sometimes, , when I have discoursed upon some particular point, and made it as plain and familiar to them as I can, I then catechise them upon the most material branches of my discourse, to see whether they had a thorough understanding of it. But as I have catechised chiefly in a systematical form, I shall here give some specimen of the method I make use of in it, as well as of the propriety and justness of my people's answers to the questions proposed to them. “ Questions upon the benefits believers receive from Christ at
Q. - 1 have shown you, that the children of God receive a great many good things from Christ while they live, now have they any more to receive when they come to die?
Q. Are the children of God then made perfectly free from sin ?
A. Yes. Q. Do
you think they will never more be troubled with vain, foolish, and wicked thoughts? A. No, never at all.
Q. Will they not then be like the good angels I have so often told you of? A. Yes.
Q. And do you call this a great mercy to be freed from all sin ? A. Yes.
Q. Do all God's children count it so ?
Q. Do you think this is what they would ask for above all things, if God should say to them, Ask what you will, and it shali be done for you?
A. O yes, besure, this is what they want.
Q. You say the souls of God's people at death are made perfectly free from sin, where do they go then?
A. They go and live with Jesus Christ.
Q. Does Christ show them more respect and honour, and make them more happy* than we can possibly think of in this world? A. Yes.
Q. Do they go immediately to live with Christ in heaven, as soon as their bodies are dead? or do they tarry somewhere else a while ?
A. They go immediately to Christ. Q. Does Christ take any care of the bodies of his people when they are dead, and their souls gone to heaven, or does he forget them?
A. He takes care of them. “ These questions were all answered with surprising readiness, and without once missing, as I remember. In answering several of them, which respected deliverance from sin, they were much affected, and melted with the hopes of that happy state."
“ Questions upon the benefits which believers receive from
Christ at the resurrection.
Q. You see I have already shown you what good things Christ gives his good people while they live, and when they come to die : now, will he raise their bodies, and the bodies of others, to life again at the last day ?,
A. Yes, they shall all be raised.
Q. Will their bodies then be weak, will they feel cold, hunger, thirst, and weariness, as they now do?
A. No, none of these things.
Q. Will their bodies ever die any more after they are raised to life?
A. No. Q. Will their souls and bodies be joined together again? A. Yes. Q. Will God's people be more happy then, than they were while their bodies were asleep? A. Yes.
* The only way I have to express their “entering into glory,” or being glorified ; there being no word in ihe Indian language answering to that general term.
Q. Will Christ then own these to be his people before all the world? A. Yes.
Q. But God's people find so much sin in themselves, that they are often ashamed of themselves, and will not Christ be ashamed to own such for his friends at that day?
A. No, he never will be ashamed of them.
Q. Will Christ then show all the world, that he has put away these people's sins,* and that he looks upon them as if they had never sinned at all ? A. Yes.
Q. Will he look upon them as if they had never sinned, for the sake of any good things they have done themselves, or for the sake of his righteousness accounted to them as if it was theirs ?
A. For the sake of his righteousness counted to them, not for their own goodness.
Q. Will God's children then be as happy as they can desire to be?
A. Yes. Q. The children of God while in this world, can but now and then draw near to him, and they are ready to think they can never have enough of God and Christ, but will they have enough there, as much as they can desire ?
A. O yes, enough, enough.
Q. Will the children of God love him then as much as they desire, will they find nothing to hinder their love from going to him ?
A. Nothing at all, they shall love him as much 'as they desire.
Q. Will they never be weary of God and Christ, and the pleasures of heaven, so as we are weary of our friends and enjoyments here, after we have been pleased with them a while? A. No, never.
Q. Could God's people be happy if they knew God loved them, and yet felt at the same time that they could not love and honour him ? A. No, no.
Q. Will this then make God's people perfectly happy, to love God above all, to honour him continually, and to feel his love to them? A. Yes.
Q. And will this happiness last for ever?
“These questions, like the former, were answered without hesitation or missing, as I remember in any one instance."
“ Questions upon the duty which God requires of men. Q. Has God let us know any thing of his will, or what he would have us to do to please him ? A. Yes.
* The only way I have to express their being openly—acquitted. In like manner, when I speak of justification, I have no other way but to call it God's looking upon us as good creatures.
Q. And does he require us to do his will, and to please him?
, business to command us as a father does his children ?
Q. Why is it right that God should command us to do what he pleases?
À. Because he made us, and gives us all our good things.
Q. Does God require us to do any thing that will hurt us, and take away our comfort and happiness? A. No,
Q. But God requires sinners to repent and be sorry for their sins, and to have their hearts broken; now, does not this hurt them, and take away their comfort, to be made sorry, and to have their hearts broken?
A. No, it does them good.
Q. Did God teach man his will at first by writing it down in a book, or did he put it into his heart, and teach him without a book what was right?
A. He put it into his heart, and made him know what he should do.
Q. Has God since that time writ down his will in a book ? A. Yes.
Q. Has God written his whole will in his book; has he there told us all that he would have us believe and do?
Q. What need was there of this book, if God at first put his will into the heart of man, and made him feel what he should do?
A. There was need of it, because we have sinned, and made our hearts blind.
Q. And has God writ down the same things in his book, that he at first put into the heart of man?
“In this manner I endeavour to adapt my instructions to the capacities of my people ; although they may perhaps seem strange to others who have never experienced the difficulty of the work. These, of which I have given an account, are the methods I am from time to time pursuing, in order to instruct them in the principles of Christianity. I think I may say, it is my great concern that these instructions be given them in such a manner, that they may not only be doctrinally taught, but duly affected thereby; that divine truths may come to them,
not in word only, but in power and in the Holy Ghost,' and be received - not as the word of man.'