« PrejšnjaNaprej »
NO, II. (Vid. p. 120.)
Form of the oath to be administered to Assessors. You, A B, one of the assessors for the of C, for the year ensuing, do swear, that you will proceed equally and impartially, according to your best skill and judgment, in assessing and apportioning all such rates and taxes as you may, according to law, be directed to assess and apportion during that time. So help you God.
NO. III. (Vid. p. 122.)
Treasurer's complaint against Assessors. TO the justices of the court of general sessions of the peace for the county of to be held at within and for the county aforesaid, on the Tuesday of
Complains AB, treasurer of the of that CD, of [addition), on the day of
last, was duly and legally chosen by the qual. ified voters of the said to serve as an assessor thereof, and that the said C D was notified to take the oath of that office, as the law directs ; yet the said CD has, for the space of seven days after being notified as aforesaid, neglected and still neglects to take the said oath, whereby he hath forfeited the sum of five pounds for the use of the poor of the said ; wherefore your complainant prays that a warrant of distress may be issued against the said C D for the forfeiture aforesaid, in form and manner as the law directs. Dated at
A B, Treasurer.
NO. IV. (Vid. p. 149.)
Certificate of the Teacher and Committee of a Religious Society.
WE, the subscribers, A B, publick teacher of a society of the religious sect or denomination called in the town, district, precinct, or parish of
and C D E F, committee of said society ; do hereby certify, that
doth belong to said society ; and that he or she (as the case may be) frequently and usually, when able, attends with us in our stated meetings for religious worship.
NO. V. (Vid. p. 166.)
AN ACT FOR THE GOVERNMENT AND REGULATION OF SEAMEN
IN THE MERCHANTS' SERVICE.
[Passed July 20, 1790.] Section 1. BE it enacted by the senate and house of representatives upwards, bound from a port in one state, to a port in any other than an
of the United States of Anlerica in congress assembled, That, from and Masters and mariners, after the first day of December next, every master or commander to execute a shipping of any ship or vessel, bound from a port in the United States to any agreement.
foreign port, or of any ship or vessel of the burthen of fifty tons or
No. V. adjoining state, shall, before he proceed on such voyage, make an agreement, in writing or in print, with every seaman or mariner on board such ship or vessel, (except such as shall be apprentice or servant to himself or owners) declaring the voyage or voyages, term or terms of time, for which such seaman or mariner shall be shipped. And if any master or commander of such ship or vessel shall carry out any seaman or mariner, (except apprentices or servants as aforesaid) without such contract or agreement being first made and signed by the seaman and mariners, such master or com- Master, failing so to mander shall pay to every such seaman or mariner the highest price do subject, to penalty. or wages which shall have been given, at the port or place where such seaman or mariner shall have been shipped, for a similar voyage, within three months next before the time of such shipping : Provided, such seaman or mariner shall perform such voyage : or if not, then for such time as he shall continue to do duty on board such ship or vessel ; and shall moreover forfeit twenty dollars for every such seaman or mariner, one half to the use of the person prosecuting for the same, the other half to the use of the United States : and such seaman or mariner, not having signed such contract, shall not be bound by the regulations, nor subject to the penalties and forfeitures contained in this act.
Sec. 2. And be it enacted, That at the foot of every such contract, there shall be a memorandum in writing, of the day and the hour Mariner, failing to on which such seaman or mariner, who shall so ship and subscribe, ment, what penalty shall render themselves on board, to begin the voyage agreed upon. subjected to. And if any such seaman or mariner shall neglect to render himself on board the ship or vessel, for which he has shipped, at the time mentioned in such memorandum, and if the master, commander, or other officer of the ship or vessel, shall on the day on which such neglect happened, make an entry in the log-book of such ship or vessel, of the name of such seaman or mariner, and shall in like manner note the time he so neglect to render himself (after the time appointed) ; every such seaman or mariner shall forfeit for every hour which he shall so neglect to render himself, one day's pay, according to the rate of wages, agreed upon, to be deducted out of his wages. And if any such seaman or mariner shall wholly neglect to render himself on board of such ship or vessel, or having rendered himself on board, shall afterwards desert and escape, so that the ship or vessel proceed to sea without him, every such seaman or mariner shall forfeit and pay to the master, owner, or consignee of the said ship or vessel, a sum equal to that which shall have been paid to him by advance at the time of signing the contract, over and besides the sum so advanced, both which sums shall be recoverable in any court or before any justice or justices of any state, city, town, or county within the United States, which, by the laws thereof, have cognizance of debts of equal value, against such seaman or mariner, or his surety or sureties, in case he shall have given surety to proceed
Sec. 3. And be it enacted, That if the mate or first officer under the master, and a majority of the crew of any ship or vessel, bound vessel leaky, or unfit on a voyage to any foreign port, shall, after the voyage is begun to perform her voy(and before the ship or vessel shall have left the land) discover that age what proceedthe said ship or vessel is too leaky, or is otherwise unfit in her ings shall be had for crew, body, tackle, apparel, furniture, provisions or stores, to proceed on the intended voyage, and shall require such unfitness to be inquired into, the master or commander shall, upon the request of the said mate (or other officer) and such majority, forth with proceed to or stop at the nearest or most convenient.port or place
where such inquiry can be made, and shall there apply to the judge of the 'district court, if he shall there reside, or, if not, to some justice of the peace of the city, town, or place, taking with him two or more of the said crew, who shall have made such request ; and thereupon such judge or justice is hereby authorized and required to issue his precept, directed to three persons in the neighbourhood, the most skilful in maritime affairs that can be procured, requiring them to repair on board such ship or vessel, and to examine the same in respect to the defects and insufficiencies complained of, and to make report to him the said judge or justice, in writing under their hands, or the hands of two of them, whether in any, or in what respect the said ship or vessel is unfit to proceed on the intended voyage, and what addition of men, provisions, or stores, or what repairs or alterations in the body, tackle, or apparel, will be neces. sary; and upon such report the said judge or justice shall adjudge and determine, and shall endorse on the said report his judgment, whether the said ship or vessel is fit to proceed on the intended voyage ; and if not, whether such repairs can be made, or deficiena cies supplied, where the ship or vessel then lays, or whether it be
necessary for the said ship or vessel to return to the port from Master, &c, to pay whence she first sailed, to be there refitted ; and the master and
crew shall in all things conform to the said judgment ; and the master or commander shall, in the first instance, pay all the costs of such view, report, and judgment, to be taxed and allowed on a fair copy thereof, certified by the said judge or justice. But if the complaint of the said crew shall appear upon the said report and judgment, to have been without foundation, then the said master, or the owner or consignee of such ship or vessel, shall deduct the amount thereof, and of reasonable damages for the detention (to be ascertained by the said judge or justice) out of the wages growing due to the complaining seaman or mariners. And if, after such judgment, such ship or vessel is fit to proceed on her intended voyage, or after procuring such men, provisions, stores, repairs, or alterations as may be directed, the said seamen or mariners, or ei. ther of them, shall refuse to proceed on the voyage, it shall and may be lawful for any justice of the peace to commit by warrant under his hand and seal, every such seaman or mariner (who shall so refuse) to the common gaol of the county, there to remain without hail or mainprize, until he shall have paid double the sum advanced to him at the time of subscribing the contract for the voyage, together with such reasonable costs as shall be allowed by the said justice, and inserted in the said warrant, and the surety or sureties of such seaman or mariner (in case he or they shall have given any) shall remain liable for such payment ; nor shall any such seaman or mariner be discharged upon any writ of habeas corpus or otherwise, until such sum be paid by him or them, or his or their surety or sureties, for want of any form of commitment, or other previous proceedings. Provided, that sufficient matter shall be made to appear, upon the return of such habeas corpus, and an examination then to be had, to detain him for the causes herein before assigned.
Sec. 4. And be it enacted, That if any person shall harbour or se.
crete any seaman or mariner belonging to any ship or vessel, know. Penalty for harbour. ing them to belong thereto, every such person, on conviction thereof ing runaway scamen, before any court in the city, town, or county where he, she, or
thev may reside, shall forfeit and pay ten dollars for every day which he, she, or they shall continue so to harbour or secrete such seaman or mariner, one half to the use of the person prosecuting for the same, the other half to the use of the United States ; and no sum exceeding one collar, shall be recoverable from any seaman or mar
iner by any one person, for any debt contracted during the time
No. V. such seaman or mariner shall actually belong to any ship or vessel, until the voyage for which such seaman or mariner engaged shall be enced.
Sec. 5. And be it enacted, That if any seaman or mariner, who shall have subscribed such contract as is herein before described, shall absent himself from on board the ship or vessel in which he himself' from duty,
absenting shall so have shipped, without leave of the master or officer com- penalty on, and how manding on board ; and the mate, or other officer having charge of to be proceeded 2
against the log-book, shall make an entry therein of the name of such seaman or mariner, on the day on which he shall so absent himself; and if such seaman or mariner shall return to his duty within fortyeight hours, such seaman or mariner shall forfeit three days' pay for every day which he shall so absent himself, to be deducted out of his wages : But if any seaman or mariner shall absent himself for more than forty-eight hours at one time, he shall forfeit all the wages due to him, and all his goods and chattels which were on board the said ship or vessel, or in any store where they may have been lodged at the time of his desertion, to the use of the owners of the ship or vessel ; and moreover shall be liable to pay to him or them all damages which he or they may sustain by being obliged to hire other seamen or mariners in his or their place, and such damages shall be recovered with costs, in any court, or before any justice or justices having jurisdiction of the recovery of debts to the value of ten dollars or upwards.
Sec. 6. And be it enucteu, That every seaman or mariner shall be entitled to demand and receive from the master or commander of the ship or v ssel to which they belong, one third part of the wages port entitled to de which shall be due to him at every port where such ship or vessel mand his wages : shall unlade and deliver her cargo before the voyage be ended, unless the contrary be expressly stipulated in the contract ; and as soon as the voyage is ended, and the cargo or ballast be fully discharged at the last port of delivery, every seaman or mariner shall be entitled to the wages which shall be then due according to his contract ; and if such wages shall not be paid within ten days after How to recover thera, such discharge, or if any dispute shall arise between the master and seamen or mariners touching the said wages, it shall be lawful for the judge of the district where the said ship or vessel shall be, or in case his residence be more than three miles from the place, or of his absence from the place of his residence, then, for any judge or justice of the peace, to summon the master of such ship or vessel to appear before him, to shew cause why process should not issue against such ship or vessel, her tackle, furniture, and apparel, according to the course of admiralty-courts, to answer for the said wages : And if the master shall neglect to appear, or appearing, shall not shew that the wages are paid, or otherwise satisfied, or forfeited, and if the matter in dispute shall not be forth with settled, in such case the judge or justice shall certify to the clerk of the court of the district, that there is sufficient cause of complaint whereon to found admiralty-process, and thereupon the clerk of such court shall issue process against the said ship or vessel, and the suit shall be proceeded on in the said court, and final judgment be given according to the course of admiralty-courts in such cases used ; and in such suit all the seamen or mariners (having cause of complaint of the like kind against the same ship or vessel) shall be joined as complainants; and it shall be incumbent on the master or commander to produce the contract and log-book, if required, to ascertain any matters in dispute ; otherwise the complainants shall be permitted to state the contents thereof, and the proof of the
When and at what
contrary shall lie on the master or commander ; but nothing herein contained shall prevent any seaman or mariner from baving or maintaining any action at common law for the recovery of his wages, or from immediate process out of any court having admiralty jurisdiction, wherever any ship or vessel may be found, in case she shall have left the port of delivery where her voyage ended, before payment of the wages, or in case she shall be about to proceed to sea before the end of ten days next after the delivery of her cargo or ballast.
Sec. 7. And be it enacted, That if any seaman or mariner, who Mariner, deserting at shall have signed a contract to perform a voyage, shall at any port any port or place, or place, desert, or shall absent himself from such ship or vessel, how to be proceeded without leave of the master, or officer commanding in the absence against and punished. of the master, it shall be lawful for any justice of the peace within
the United States (upon the complaint of the master) to issue his warrant to apprehend such deserter, and bring him before such justice ; and if it shall then appear by due proof that he has signed a contract within the intent and meaning of this act, and that the voyage agreed for is not finished, altered, or the contract other. wise dissolved, and that such seaman or mariner has deserted the ship or vessel, or absented himself without leave, the said justice shall commit him to the house of correction or common gaol of the city, town, or place, there to remain until the said ship or vessel shall be ready to proceed on her voyage, or till the master shall require his discharge, and then to be delivered to the said master, he paying all cost of such commitment, and deducting the same out of the wages due to such seaman or mariner.
Sec. 8. And be it enacted, That every ship or vessel belonging Every ship or vessel, to a citizen or citizens of the United States, of the burthen of one furnished with a med hundred and fifty tons or upwards, navigated by ten or more periçine cheft : sons in the whole, and bound on a voyage without the limits of the
United States, shall be provided with a chest of medicines, put up by some apothecary of known reputation, and accompanied by di. rections for administering the same ; and the said medicines shall be examined by the same or some other apothecary, once at least in every year, and supplied with fresh medicines in the place of
such as shall have been used or spoiled ; and in default of having Penalty on the mas
such medicine-chest, so provided, and kept fit for use, the master or commander of such ship or vessel shall provide and pay for all such advice, medicine, or attendance of physicians, as any of the crew shall stand in need of in case of sickness at every port or place where the ship or vessel may touch or trade at during the voyage, without any deduction from the wages of such sick seaman or mariner.
Sec. 9. And be it enacted, That every ship or vessel, belonging as Ships, &c. bound a- aforesaid, bound on a voyage across the Atlantic ocean, shall, at the what supply of pro: well secured under deck, at least sixty gallons of water, one huncross the Atlantic, time of leaving the last port from whence she sails, have on board,
ter for default.
dred pounds of salted flesh meat, and one hundred pounds of whole. some ship-bread, for every person on board such ship or vessel, over and besides such other provisions, stores, and live-stock as shall by the master or passengers be put on board, and in like pro
portion for shorter or longer voyages ; and in case the crew of any Penalty for failure. ship or vessel, which shall not have been so provided, shall be put
upon short allowance in water, flesh, or bread during the voyage, the master or owner of such ship or vessel shall pay to each of the crew, one day's wages beyond the wages agreed on for every day they shall be so put to short allowance, to be recovered in the same manner as their stipulated wages.
and water shall be laid in.