Revolutionary Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic

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University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007 - 233 strani
The Seneca Falls Convention is typically seen as the beginning of first women's rights movement in the United States. "Revolutionary Backlash" argues otherwise. According to Rosemarie Zagarri, the debate over women's rights began not in the decades prior to 1848 but during the American Revolution itself. Integrating the approaches of women's historians and political historians, this study explores changes in women's status that occurred from the time of the American Revolution until the election of Andrew Jackson.Although the period produced no collective movement for women's rights, women built on precedents established during the Revolution and gained an informal foothold in party politics and male electoral activities. Leaders of both parties, Federalists and Democratic-Republicans, vied for women's allegiance and sought their support in times of national crisis. Women, in turn, attended rallies, organized political activities, and voiced their opinions on the issues of the day. After the publication of Mary Wollstonecraft's "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman," a widespread debate about the nature of women's rights ensued. The state of New Jersey attempted a bold experiment: for a brief time, women there voted on the same terms as men.Yet as Zagarri argues, this opening for women soon closed. By 1828, women's politicization was seen more as a liability than as a strength, contributing to a divisive political climate that repeatedly brought the country to the brink of civil war. The increasing sophistication of party organizations and triumph of universal suffrage for white males marginalized those who could not vote, especially women. Yet all was not lost. Women had alreadybegun to participate in charitable movements, benevolent societies, and social reform organizations. Through these organizations, women found another way to practice politics.Spanning the first fifty years of the nation's history, "Revolutionary Backlash" uncovers women's forgotten role in early American politics and explores an alternative explanation for the emergence of the first women's rights movement.

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Rosemarie Zagarri’s Revolutionary Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic examines women’s role in politics during the first fifty years of the American Republic. Zagarri draws ... Celotno mnenje


Female Politicians
Patriotism and Partisanship
Women and the War of Politics
A DemocracyFor Whom?
Memory and Forgetting
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O avtorju (2007)

Rosemarie Zagarri is Professor of History at George Mason University.

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