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fcompanying the other Indians in their emigation. It is believed thar this party is composed principally of the worst portion of the inbe, and that they intend to hang upon the white settlements, in order to indulge the vicious habits they have acquired. As the Government has scrupulously fulfilled its engagements with these people, which terminate with this year, and as every exertion has been made the proper agents to in. duce them to remove, nothing remains but to leave them to the results of their own experience. It cannot be long before they will feel the necessity of rejoining the great body of the tribe.
Satisfied as you have been, thal the very existence of the Creeks in Alabama required their establishmeat in the country west of the Mississippi, where so many of their tribe already reside, you have not hesitated to embrace every opportunity which offered, of accomplishing this objects Instructions have been three times given, to ascertain their views, and to endeavor to persuade them to acquiesce in this course. The two first attempls proved unsuccessful. The result of the last is unknown. Loodepen'ieut of the general reasons arising out of our Indian relations, which operated to induce these efforts, the peculiar state of things among these ludians, and a strong desire to remove the difficulties connected with them, had much influence in directing the negotiations.
The Sacs and Foxes have quietly removed to the region assigned to them; and the Winnebagoes have left the country upon Rock river, agreeably to the stipulations of the treaty with them, and retired across the Mississippi, to their lands north of the Ouisconsin.
Treaties have been formed with the Pottawatamies, Chippewas, and Ottawas, claiming the district on the west side of Lake Michigan, soulb of Green Bay, aod north of Chicago, for its cussion to the United States and with the Pottawatamies of the peninsula of Michigan, for the relinquishment of their reservation south of Grand river.
With the exception, therefore, of the Miamies, in the State of Indiana, of a hand of ine Wyandots, at Upper Sandusky, in Ohio, and of scattered portions of the Ottawas and Chippewas, in the peninsula of Michigan, north of Grand river, and of Saganaw bay, probably not exceeding altogether, five thousand individuals, the whole country north of the Ohio, and east of the Mississippi, including the States of Ohio, lodiana, and Illinois, and the Territory of Michigan, as far as the Fox and Ouis. consin rivers, has been cleared of the embarrassments of Indian relations; and the Indians themselves have either already emigrated, or have stipulated to do so, withiu limited periods, and upon such terms us will ensure them adequate subsistence, and the means of establishing themselves comfortably in their new residence, unless, indeed, the aid and efforts of the Government are rendered useless by their habitual indolence and improvidence. The Cherokees occupying portions of land in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, and Tennessee, and probably not ex. ceeding eleven thousand persons, are the only Indians south of the Ohio, and east of the Mississippi, with whom an arrangement has not been made, either for emigration, or for a change of political relations. It 18 to be
regretted that the same causes which have heretofore prevented an ada ljustment of the difficulties of that tiibe, and their removal west, yet con. lunue to defeat the efforts of the Government. These causas are, lid doubt, principally to be traced to the ascendiney of particular individu
als, and to their desire to retain political influence and power. It is expected that about five hundred of these ludịans will remove west this sea.
son, and the residue of the Cherokees, then remainiog east of the Missis. sippi, wil be, agreeably to previous computations, about ten thousand five hundred.
The cominissioners west of the Mississippi are engaged in the execution of the duties counected with our Indian relations in that quarter. They have succeeded in arranging satisfactorily the disputed question of boundaries between the Creeks and Cherokees, which has for some time ocoasioned much embarrassment. They have also formed treaties with the Creeks, the Cherokees, the Senecas and Shawanees, the Quapaws and the the Seminoles of Florida, by which all matters connected with these tribes have been satisfactorily adjusted. Their labors will be now directed to the other subjects indicated in their instructions, and which are important to a permanent arrangement of the various questions arising out of the new state of things which will be created in that region. Among these, one of the most interesting is a practical plan for regulating the intercourse of the various tribes, indigenous and emigrant, with one another, and with the United States, and for the establishment of some general principles, by which their own internal Government can be saiely administered by themselves, and a general superintending authority exercised by the United States, so far as may be necessary to restrain boslilities ainong them, and incursions into our borders
Until such a system jis adopted, it is evident that the condition of these Indians cannot be secure, nor will the obligation imposed upon the Government be fulfilled. The task requires av intimale knowledge of the local circumstances of the tribes of that region, and of the country they inbabit, and a practica) acquaintance with Indian habits, feelings and mode of life. I trust the commissioners will be able to report a plan which will fulfil the expectaiation of those who have observed with solicitude the course of this matter, and which will eventually secure the prosperity of the Indians. AS it is probable, however, that this cannot be effrcted within the time limited for the duties of the coinmissioners, I would respectfully suggest the propriety of their term of service being prolonged until the close of the next year.
There has beeen presented for allowance, under the pension act of June 7, 1832, thirty thousand six hundred claims. The whole of these have been ex's mined, and either admitteit, rejected, or returned to the parties for suppleme tary action Tueviy-three thousand four hundred a...thirty eight certificates have been issuell, pleven hundred and eleven clairns have been rejected, three hundred returned cases are in the office, awaitiog or undergoing re-examination, thirteen hundred and fifty-one,
which are jricomplete in their proofs, are suspended till these are furnished aud four thousand four hundred and twenty-five are in the hands of the the parties for additional evidence or authentication, or in transilu between them and the office.
It is creditable to the industry and efficiency of the Peusion office, that uch a mass of business should have been performed within the period which has el upsed since the passage of the bove law. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, Sii, your obedient Servant,
CON:)ITION OF THE ARMY.
Since my last annual report on the state of the army, [Vol. XI p. 170, nothing material has occurred in the movements of the troops, worthy of particular notice. The discipline of the several corps continues to be maintained with regularity, and there is every reason to believe that they are in a condition for active service.
The battalion of mounted rangers has been discharged, and the regiment of dragoons, authorized by the act of 2d of March, 1833,
in lieu of that o ttalion, has been partially raised : Fre companies of it are mounted, and have been ordered to Fort Gibson under Colonel Dodge, to be in readiness to accompany the commission-is
in the eosuing season, on their contemplaied visit to the Indian country : The remaining five companies are being raised. The lateness of the selections and appointments of the captains and other officers, fron, the mounted rangers has bren the cause of the delay in filling the regiment: but there is every prospect that, before the end of the year, the regiment will be completed to its establishment.
The results expected to be proluced by the operation of the act of the 2d of March of the iast session of Congress, “for the improvement of the condition of the non-commissioned officers and privates of the army, a ud for the prevention of desertior,” so far as they can be ascerlained, are decidedly favorable and satisfactory. The men who now offer to enlist, are found to be of a more respectable class, and the num ber of enlistments does not diminish. in regard to desertions, there are strong indications of the salutary operations of the law, as the average number of men who have deserted, for a given period since the passage of the bill is, by a comparison with the number of desertions for corresspouding periods in the three years preceding, one-third less. A further proof of the beneficial influence of the law on the rank and file of the army is found in the fact that soldiers who have honorably completed their
term of service, now more readily re-enlist, which is considered a decided advantage to the public, both as it regards economy in the expenditure for the military service, and in reference to the efficiency of the army.
At Albany, 65; Boston, 8; Buffalo, 24; Baltimore, 88; Burlington, 23; Easton, 84; Fredericksburg, 4; Fredericktown, 109; Hartford, 5; Ithaca, 13; Lancaster, 60; Lynchburg, 5; Louisville, 2 ; Middleburg, 24; New York, 175; New Be sfond, 3; Providence, 3; Philadelphia, 153 ; Plattsburg, 30; Port Deposit, 20 ; Rochester, 59; Sackett's Harbor, 99; Utica, 19; Whitehall, 66 ; Cincinnati, 3; Frankfort, 1; Lexington, 3; Louisville, 20; Maysville, 2; Natchez, 2 ; Newport, 9.—Total number enlisted at Recruiting Stations, 1081
In the Dragoons, 443, 1st Regiment of Artillery, 74; 21, 34; 3d, 38, 411, 64; Ist Regiment of Infantry, 12; 20, 96; 31, 8; 4th, 86 ; 5th, 5; 6th, 43; 7th, 16. In the detachment at West Point, 9; Band at West
Point, 3; Detachment of Orderlies at Washington, 5; Ordnance Depots, 19 ;-'Total enlistments in Regiments and Detachments, 955. Total) number eolisteil, 2,036.
Eastern Department, u der the command of Brevet Major General Winfield Scott.
and No. of
companies. gate. Fort W.nuebago Pontigo. Fox & Ouiscono sin rivers
Lt. col. Cutier 5th Ini 4 177 Fort Brady Sauli St. Marie, M. T. Captain Cubbs 2d “ 2 113 Fort Mackinac Michillinackinac, M. T Mejor Whis ler 2d u 2 104 Fort Howard Green Bay, M. T. Bi. br gen. Brooke 5th Fort Dearborn Head of Michigan, Il Major Gien 51b "62 93 For! Gratiot Ou Jer of L.Huron, M.T. Bl. coajor Payne
4th Art 2 102 Fort Niagara Mw York Lt. col. Cummings 2d Inf 2
124 Hancock Barr’ks Holton Plantation, Me, Bt maj Ct.rke 20 6. 4 115 Fot Sullivan Lastport, Maine Captain Ch Ids 3d Art 1 49 Fort Prebka Portland, Maine Capt McClintock 3d < 1 49 Fort ('o stiution Portsmouth, V Hamp. Capi. Avsart 3d “ 1 51 FilIndependence Boston, Massachuselis Bt. li. col Brooks 30 61 50 Fort Wolcott Newpori, Rhode Island Bt. maj. Lumax 3d < 1 43 Fort Trumbull New London, Conn. Captain Scuders 1&3 - 2
107 Miliary Academy West Point, New York Major De Rossiy detach.- +9 Fri Columbus New York, New York Bi li. col. Fapving 4ii. Ari I Fort Hamilton New York, New York
Bi. Major Pierce 4.0 " 2 F::rt Meltemiy Billimore, Maryland Bi.col. Wallach Isi
62 Fort Severn Annapolis, Maryland Bi Major Erving 4 h
71 Fort Washington on the Poiomac, Md. Bt. major Masov 1st
th 35 Fort Johnson Near Smithfield, N. C, Bt. maj. Churchillist
"61 531 Beautort Beautoit, N. Carolina Bt. niajor Kirby
1st 61 46 Fort Moultrie Chaileston, S. Car.
ad "12 Castle Pinck.ty do do Major Gates
Ist Augusta Arsenal Augusia, Georgia Lieut. Herring
det 17 Ogiethorpe B'cks Savannah, Georgia Bt. cap. Merchant2d
60) Fort Marion St. Augustive, Florida Captain Drane
47 Camp Armistead NearTellicoPlains, Teon Captain Belton
2d « 2 93
52 1268. Western Department, under the command of Brevet Major General Edmund P. Gaines. Fort Suelling Upper Mississip; i
Mjoi Bliss Ist lut 3 119 Fort Crawford Piairie du Chien M T Colonel Taylor Ist 66 5 215 Forl Armstrong Rock I-land, Lilinois L.col. Davenport 1st
< 2 79 Fort Leavenw'in Misso near Little Platte Captain Wickliffe 6th 4 138 Jefferson Barr'ks Near St. Louis, Mo. Lt. col. Baker Drag's 52
6th Inf 63 Furt Gibson Arkansas Territory Colonel Arbuckle 7th "! 9 428 Fo., Smith On the Arkansas Captain Siuart 7th 1 -3 For: Jesup Near Natchitoches La. B. br.g.Leavi-uw'h 3d
248 For Towson On the Kiamich', A T Lt. Col. Vose 3d "4 195 Baton Rouge Baton Rouge, Louisiana l'aptian Wilson 4th “ 3 146 New Orleans New Orleans, Lo'risiana Li. col. Twiggs 4th 62 111 Fort Wood Chef Menteur, Louisiana.st maj Zautzinger 2d Art 10 Fort Pike Petite Coquille. La. " maj. Moun fort2d
49 F:-1 Jackson Near New Orleans, La. Captain Baden 2d
40 Fort Mitchell Near Creek Agency, Ala B, maj. McIntosh|2d
41h Inf3 Fort King Alachua, Florida Saptain Graham · 416
59 Key West Key West, Florida B1. maj. Glassell 412
Operations under the Quartermaster's Deparlment, during the past year.
ROADS. of the public works under the direction of the Department, the military road in the State of Maine, which has been in a construction for several years, is now completed, and is represented by the officer charged with its superintendence, to be of a superior character. Connecting as it does the resources of the Atlantic with an interior post on a distant frontier, it inay be justly considered a work of importance, at least in its military relations
The road from Fort Howard, Green Bay, to Fort Crawford, nu the Mississippi river, has been surveyed and located during the present sea
This is an inportant military communication, intended to connect three of the exterior posts on the Northwestern frontier.
The Washington and Jackson road, in the Territory of Arkansas, a highly important communication, connecting the centre of the territory, with its frontier on Red river, has been extended as far as the limited appropriation made at the last session of Congress for the purpose would warrant.
The road froin Pensacola to Tallahassee, and thence to St Augustine, in Florida, has been partially repaired.
That portion of the road from Memphis, Tennessee, to Little Rock, Arkansas, lying between the latter place and Saint Francis river, has been in a course of repair.
BARRACKS. Measures were taken early in the year to procure a suitable site for the barracks authorized in the vicinity of New Orleans ; but the malignant diseases which have prevailed there throughout the season, have occasioned much delay, and prevented any conclusive arrangement being made. An experienced officer is on his way to New Orleans, with iustructions to adopt immediate and energetic measuses
to accomplish the work; and unless the diseases which have proved so destructive should continue through the winter, it is believed that ac. commodations for two companies at least may be ready by the 1st of June, 1834.
Arrangements have been made for repairing the barracks and building a hospital at Baton Rouge ; aud a site has been obtained for the bar. racks authorized to be erected in the city of Savannah, and the officer charged with the superintendence has obtained a part of the materials, and has comuenced ihe work.
The barracks at Fort Crawford, owing to the interruption of operations by the presence of the cholera, and causes connected with our Indian relations in that vicinity, have not yet been completed. Nor has it been practicable to complete the barracks at Fort Howard, Green Bay.
The store house authorized to be erected in Pittsburg, has been completed ; and the necessary repairs have been bestowed on the wharf at Fort Washington, Maryland,
J)ELAWARE BREAKWATER. lo regard to the Delaware breakwater, the experiment has now been fa irly made. That work alredy affords a good barbor for such vessels engaged in transporting the materials used in its construction, as well as