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vicinity, to the cutting away of the hanging timber from the banks, and to the removal of Jogs, &c. from the sand bars.

41. Road from Memphir, on the Mississippi, to William Strong's house, on the St. Francis.-An examination and survey, have been made of the country between the two points above named, with the view to the location of this road; but the reports and drawings thereon not having been received, nothing has been done by this departorient.

42. Cumberland road in Onio-Theaffairs of this part of the national road have been man. aged in a manner highly satisfactory. The operations on it, though much influenced by the prevalence of the cholera in the section of country through which it passt s. have been prosecuted with a zeal and ability highly ereditable to the officer charged with their direction. 43. Cumberland road in Indiana.- The western division, beginning at Indianapo Jis, will soon be in a traveling condition for a distance of 33 miles west. The contracts for 1833, embraces the entire distance from the 34th to the 71st mile, inclusive ; and the works provided for by them bave progressed in a manner altogether satisfactory to the superintendent. When these contracts shall be completed, carriages will be able to travel, with but trifling interruption, from Indianapolis to the eastern boundary of Illinois. 44. Cumberland road in Illinois. - A belief was induced in the early part of 1833, that the af fairs of this part of the road were conducted in a manner not likely to be productive of results desired by the Government; and, upon investigation, it was ascertained that a state of things existed which rendered any progress in the way of extension, during the year, totally inconsistent with a proper regard for the public interest. 45. Cumberland road east of the Ohio.-'The repairs of this part of the national avenue hare progressed well. In Maryland, three thousand two hundred and thirty-seven rods have received the entire cov. ering of stone, and are completed; two thousand eight hundred and thirty-four rods have received a covering of nine, sixteen hundred and ninety-seven of six, and twenty-seven of threr inches of metal. Three thousand nine hundred and eleven rods have been graded and are ready to receive the covering; and for which there are, on the line of the road, six thousand one hundred and thirty-eight perches of broken or prepared, and upwards of seven thousand perches of rough stone. In Pennsylvania, six thousand nine hundred and ninrty-three rods of the road have been completed; ten thousand and ten rods have receive ed a corering of nine inches, six hundred and ninety-two of six,and three thousand five hundred and ninety-five of four and a half inches of metal. Four hundred and ninety-four rods of the road are graded and ready to receive its cover; and there are near the road side 7,611 perches of prepared, and 2,236 perches of rough stone. In Virginia, eight hundred and twelve rods have been covered with four and a hallinches of metal, and one hundred and seventy

six with three inches. Eighteen hundred and fifty-five rods of the road have been graded, and are ready for receiving the metal; and for which, there are, on the line of the road

eight thonsand three hundred and fifty perehes of prepared, and twelve thousand sis hundred and forty-five perches of rough stone. Besides this, there is a considerable quanti

ty of stone out at the different quarries, which will be hauled to the road and prepared during the winter. Five thousand four hundred and fifty-three cubic yards of masonry have been constructed on different parts of the entire road. The new location to turn Wills's mountain has been opened, and considerable progress made in the bridge to cross Wills's creek.

46. Road from Columbus, Georgia, to Line creek, Alabama.-'This road has been located after a careful examination of the country through which it passts; and its construction will be prosecuted with as much despatch as circumstances will permit. The greater part of the road is in a district of country entirely uninhabited. 47. Road from Detroit to Chicago, Michigan. The contracts in 1832, for the construction of this road, extended as

far as the 132d mile west from Detroit. Upon examination, it was found that between the $150th and 157th mile the country is extremely broken, and the traveling not only difficult but dangerous : it was, therefore, deemed advisable to contract for this part of the road in 1833, and to postpone, until 1834 the portion between the 132d and the 150th mile. 48. Road from Detroit to Saganaw.-No doubts are entertained of the contractors being able to comply with their engagements on this and the Chicago road. 49. Road from La Plaisance bay to meet the Chicngo road from Detroit.-Twenty-seven miles of this road have theen put under contract; and hopes are entertained that all will be done by the 31st January, 1834. 50. Road from Detroit to the mouth of Grand river: -On ten miles of this road, the first class of operations consisting of clearing and grubbing, excepting on one mile, will be completed by the close of the season: 51. Road from Detroit to Fort Gratiot. This road was put under contract last season to its termination, and would have been completed before the close of this, had not some sections of it been under water for a grea portion of the time.. 51. Northern boundary of Ohio.-The officer

charged with collecting data prepiratory to the adjustment of this line, has been engaged with an assistant in a reconnoissance to determine the stations and points where the more important instruments are to be jused, and to ascertain more accurately the extent and nature of the duty required by the law creating this service. This was deemed necessary before ordering all the instruments; and, accordingly, complete sets of observations were made for the del termination of the latitude and longitude at and near the four principal points, viz. on Guillor Ship island, in Lake Erie; at the north point of Maumee bay or Bay point; the south bend of Lake Michigan; and near the same parrallel on the Mississippi.

140

Officers, 8c Engineer Department.

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fufficers and Agents, Civil and Military, nol named in the Army Regisít

employed under the Engineer Deparlment. J. G Swift, Improvements at Big Sodus Bay, and Gepnesse River, New

York, $6 per day and 21 pr ct. on disbursements, not to exceed $2 pr ua Ezra Crowell, Hyannis Harbor, Mass $2 per day and 25 per cent on dis

bursements, not to exce: d $ per day. T. M Clark, Merrimack River, Ma-sachusctis, 5 per cent on disbursements Thomas Buntin,

du $2 50 per day for superintending. B. W. Hall,

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Joseph Bradford, Plynurh Beach, 5 per cent on disbursements.
A. S. Bowley, Provincetowi), do

do E Young, do

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do S. Dickerson, jr. do

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do T B. Smith, Preservation of St George's an:l Deer Islaods, $4 per day and

213 per cent on disbursemen's, not to exceed $2 per day. Gurdon Trumbull, Stoningtou Harbor, 5 per ceni on disbursements. Jer Stur ges Will River,

do

do Timothy Ferguson, Piscataqua River, do

do Peter Grant, Kennebeck River,

do B. Palmer, Kennebonk River

do Ashbel Dart, l'onneaui Creek, 23 per cent on disbursement's. M. Hubbard, Ashtabula Creek,

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do H. Phelps, Grand River,

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do A. W. Walworth, Cleaveland Harhor, do

do J. Wright, Huron River, $2 per day. H. M. Shreve, Ohio, Miss., Red and Arkansas Rivers, $6 per day and 2) per

rent on disbursements, not to exceed $2 per day. John Milroy, Cumberland Road east of indianopolis, $1200 per annum. Homer Juhnson, do

west of do

do Wm. C. Greenur, do in the state of Illinois, $1250 per annum. Wn. McKnight, Cumberland River, Tenn., $1200 per annum and 25 per

cent on disbursements, not to excerd 82 per day. John Martin, Sap. Road from Line Creek, Alabama, to Chatahoochie river

Georgia, $1000 per annum. J. D. Selden, Gen. Sup. works in N. Y. Pa. and Obio, $6 per day and 2) per

cent on disbursemenis, not to exceed $2 per day.

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Civil Engineers, employed under the Topographical Bureau, with the

amount of Compensation, pay and emolumenls allowed lo each. Wm. Howard, Civil Engineer, Surveys in Penn and Ark. Territory, $6 per

day and 12 cents per mile while traveling under orders. De Wit! Clinton, do Surveys in Vermont,

do

do G. W. Hughes, Assistant Civil Engineer, Washington City, $3 50 per day

and $3 while on office duty, and 10 cents per mile while traveling, &c. H Stansbury, Civil Engineer, Sur's in Ohio, $110 p mon. and 10 cts pr mile. 1. B. Guyon, Surveys in Mississippi, $3 50 cents per day, and $3 while on

office duty, and 10 cents per mile while traveling under orders. C. V. Hagner, Assistant to Dr. Howard, do

do do V. Van Antwerp, Assistant to H. Stansbury, do do do John P Bailey,

do

do

do do E. Stansbury,

do

do

do do I W. Smith, Assistant to Dr. Howard, do

do do Im Beckwith,

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do do M H. Stansbury,

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do do E W. Rohinson,

do $1 50 per day, and 10 cents per mile while trave ing under orders.

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Operations of the Ordnance Department, during the past year.

During the year between the 1st of October, 1832, and the 30th September, 1833, ainoog other articles of ordnance and ordnance stores, which have been fabricated or procured at the several Arsenals and Ar mories, are the following, viz.

Of artillery, 212 32-pounder cannon ; 1 42.pounder casemate car. riage; 1 32-pounder casemate carriage ; 9 24-pounder casemate carri. fages; 17 24-pounder barbette carriages ; 5 10-inch seacoast mortar beds 177 field artillery carriages, complete.

Of small arms manufactured at the national armories, 25,291 muskets, complete ; 3,290 Hall's rifles.

Of accoutrements for small arms, about 4,550 sets for infantry, 2,031 sets for riflemen, and 1,260 sets for cavalry.

The operations at the national armories, and at the various arsenals of construction and deposite, during the past year, have been conducted with inproved ability and economy, and have been followed by the most satisfactory results. This may be also said with regard to the business of collecting the materials and erecting the necessary workshops, storehouses and magazines on the sites adopted for the arsenal in Florida, on the Appalachicola, and for the arsenals in the Territory of Michigan, near the city of Detroit, which were authorized by the acts of the 5th of April and the 28th June, 1832.

The former of these arsenals will occupy a healthful eminence on the left bank of the Appalachicola, near the junction of the Flint and Charo tahoochie, and at the distauce of about sixty-five miles from the mouth of the Appalachicola.

The new arsenal in the Territory of Michigan will be situated upon a high sandy ridge, on the right bank of the river Rouge, and on the great road from the city of Detroit to Chicago, at the distance of ten miles from Detroit. These two arsenals are principally intended as places of deposite and repair ; but they will be constructed in such a manner as to enable their operations to be so extended (whenever any emergency shall require it) as to make them also places of construction.

The arsenal on the river Rouge will be a source for supplying muni tions of war to the militia and military posts of the Northwest and Michigan Territories, and to the militia of the northern parts of the States of Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. It is intended to replace the old depot of munitions of war, hitherto inconveniently situated in the city of Detroit, and which will be abandoned so soon as the new arsenal builuings are sufficiently a.lvanced to receive the munitions now in depot

The arms, &c., procured under the act for arming and equipping the militia, are

Muskels, complete, 11,180 ; Rifles, (Hall's) do., 1,500 ; Seis of lui. ranıry accoutreinents, 4,549 ; sets of rifle accoutrements, 1,901; rifle

tasks, copper, 6,251; belt plates, 3,611 ; Artillery swords, 1,100; Ara tillery sword belts, 3,016 ; sabre bells, 1,720; cavalry cartridge boxes,

1,307 ; holsters, pairs, 1,085; hides of buff leather, 800 ; six pounder iron cannon, 1 ; six pounder cannon balls, 6,435 ; six pounder field carriages, with equipments, complete. 63; Twelve pounder, do, 4; six pounder field carriages, timber, sets. 47.

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614

Apportionment of Arms to the Militia, for the year 1832, under the Act of 1808.
STATES AND TER- Date of the Number of No.ofarms
RITORIES.

return. Militia. apport'nd. Ordnance and Ordnance Mine

1832 40.006 455 Stores, distributed to the New Hampshire 1832 28,025 319 Militia, under the act of Massachusetts 1832 46 796

53

April, 1908, from the 1st Connecticut

1832 26,034 296 of October, 1832, to the Rhode Island

1832 5,950 69 30th September, 1833. Vermont 1824 25,81 291

5 sıx pouuder iron canNew York

1832

186,223 2,122 New Jersey

non and carriages with 1829 39,171 447

equipments, &c. comPennsylvania 1832 182,285 2,077

plete. Delaware 1827 9,229 105

100 rifles. Maryland

1832 46,450

530

143 Hall's do. (Virginia

1832
102,971 1,173

544 muskets, complete. North Carolina 1832 65.751

750

1,220 pistols. South Carolina 1832 51,112

582

610 sabres. Georgia

1831 42,832 488 Kentucky

400 artillery swords 1832 65,852 750

1,047 sets rifle accoutreTennessce

1832 72,991

832

ments. Ohio

1832

132,161 1,506 60 sabre belts. Louisiana

1829 14,808

169 Indiana

60 pair holsters. 1832 53,913

100 sets accoutrements Mississippi

1830 13,724

156

for Hall. rifles. Illinois

1831 27,386 312 Alabama

50 sets infantry ac 1829 22,446

255

coutrements. Missouri

1830 5,326 61 Michigan

100 artillery sword belts 1831 5,476 62 Arkansas

60 cavalry cartridge 1825 2,028 23

boxes. Florida

1831

827
Dist. of Columbia 1832 1,249 14
Total

1,316,615 15,000
Quantity of Lead made at U. S. Lead Mines, annually, from 1821 to 1833.

Fever River. Missouri. Total. lbs. of lead made from 1821 to 30 Sep. 1823

335, 130

335, 130 Do. for the year ending 30 Sep. 1824

175.220

175,220 Do.

do.

rlo. 1825 664,5,30 386,590 1,151,120 Do.

do.

do. 1826 958,842|1,374,962 2.333,804 Do.

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do. 1827 5 182,180 910,3806, 92,560 Do.

do.

do. 1828 11,105,810 1,205,92012,311,730 Do,

do.

do. 1829 13,343,150 1,198,161 14,541,310 Do. do.

1830 8,323,998 8,060 8,332,058 Do.

do.
do. 1831 6,381,900

67,189 6.449.080 Do.

do.
do. 1832 4,281,876

4,281,876 Do,

do.
do. 1833 7,941 792

7.941,792 Total, 58,694 48815,15;,2: 2163,815,740 Operations of the United States' Lead Mines in the vicinity of Fever River, from the 30th

September, 1832, to the 30th September, 1833.
Pounds of lead made
Pounds of lead which have accrued as rent

472,645 Rent lead remaining due 30th September, 1832

132,183 otal of rents due in the year ending 3016 September, 1833, Pounds of lead received as rent in the year ending Sept 1833,

393,7341 Renis remaining due 30th September, 1833,

lbs. 211.194

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604,828

INDIAN AFFAIRS

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Operations under Indian Departmen', during the year. In accordance with the policy of the Government, measures have been taken for the due execution of the treaties concludent with the Shawlers and Delawares, late of Cape Girardeau, with the Kaskaskias and Peorias, the Kicka po e, the Piankeshaws, and Weas, and with the Winnr. bagoes; all of which were ratified at the last session of Congress; and those tribes, excrpling a portion of the Winnebagoes, are now located on the lands set apart for their permanent residence.

The treaty concluded with the Chickasaw nation, also ratified at the last session of Congress, has been put in the course of execution, and an exploring party, conducted by their agent, Col. Reynolds, has gone to the West for the purpose of procuring land for the future accommodation of theii tribe

Measures have also been set on.foot for the execution of the several treaties made with the Potta watamies, with the Ottawas of the Maumee, with the confederated tribes of the Sac and Fox Indians, and with the uvited nation of the Senecas and Shawnees Iudians, which were ratified at the last session of Congress.

Suitable steps have likewise been taken to carry into effect the treaty concluded with the Menomonces, to which the New York Indians were also parties, and ratified at the last session of Congress. delegation has been despatched to examine the country designated for the residence

of the latter, and on their report a final decision may be expected, to remove either to Green Bay, or west of the Mississippi. Their emigration to the West may possibly be induced by the cordial invitation of those of their nation, already settled in that region, to join them, and by their favorable representation of the fertility of the soil and delightfulness of the climate,

The Cherokees continue, in the midst of increasing embarrassments, to evince the same pertinaciousness on the subject of removal, that has hitherto marked their counsels, and warred with their best interests. An unfavorable influence on this qurstion is exercised by some of the chiefs, with no very laudable motives, maintained by the rigorous discipline which their despotic structure of internal government authorizes. Nors withstanding this, it is understood that the spirit of emigration is active among the great body of the nation, under the proffers made to them for exchange of residence ; and the belief is entertained that at least fifteen hundred will einigrate in the ensuing spring, to seek better fortunes in more fertile domains, and under auspices favorable to their prosperity and increase.

Recent communications from the agent of the remaining band of W'ya odots in Ohio furnish good reason to conclude that their emigration will soon take place. They have lately been invited in most cordial terms by their brothers in the West to join them, with such a description of the cliinate and country, as to bave produced a great change of sentiment, and , strong inclination to be re-united to their tribe.

Col. James Gadsden has succeeded in making treaties with the two remaining bands of the Appalachicola Indians, and, upon their removal, Florida will cease to possess an Indian population.

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