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The provisional treaty. communicated to the Senate at its last session, concluded by Col (adsden with the Seminole Indians, will be obligatory, on its ratification by that body. The deputation of their chiefs, which went to Arkansas to examine their destined country, nas returned, aud reported favorably upon it for their future residence. The want of an appropriation to defray the expense, prevented the removal of most, it not all of them during the past season.

In the progressive execution of the late Creek treaty, an unfortunate circumstance took place, which has occasioned considerable excitement in the State of Alabama. By a provision of that treaty, all intruders

were to be removed from the ceded land, until the country was sus ve yeri, and the stipulated selections were made. This has not yet been done, and in the interim repeated complaints of gross injustice and cruel treatment towards the Creeks were received by the department. It was represented that in many instances they were driven from the lands tney had cultivated, that they were unmercifully beaten, that their dwellings were buint, and that they were compelled to flee to the woods for safety

Upder these circumstances of provocation and outrage, the persecuted Indians applied to the Government for that protection guarantied to them by the treaty. Instructions were accordingly issued to the marshal of the southern district of Alabaina, couched in conciliating language, 10 expel the intruders, after giving them reasonable notice to leave the ceded land, and so to execute the order as to occasion them the least possible loss and inconvenience. They had put themselves in the wrong, and it devolved upon the Goverament to right the injured party. In the discharge of that duty by the marshal, au intruder, named Owen, lost his flife by resisting the law of the land. It has been officially represented to the department that, previously to the catastrophe, ou his evincing a determination not to yield to authority, he had been expostulated with, and cautioned to forbear resistance : also, that he was armed, and, while in the act of firing at one of the men on duty, was shot in that hostile position. The occurence, however much to be deplored, seems, froni the above representation, to have been avoidable only at the extreme peril of lite : and that to the reckless rashness of the individual can alone be impuled the unhappy result of his original trespass.

Under an act of the last session of Congress, to enable the President to extinguish the Indian title to land within the States of Indiana and Minois, and the Territory of Michigan, commissioners were appointed, and a treaty has been concluded with the united nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Pottawatomie Indians, by wnich they have relinquished to the United States all their land within the said States, and all that was held or claimed hy them jointly in the said territory. The treaty comes paiticularly commended in the fact of total cession without any reserva. Lion, thereby ensuring the prompt e migration of the Indians, and serving as a prevention of unjust speculation in their lands.

The commissioners appointed by the act of July 14, 1832, to adjust difficulties in the location of the land of the emigrating Indians, and for Other purposes, have happily succeeded in concluding a treaty with the Creeks and Cherokees, whereby the boundaries of the lands of the two nations have been definitively and permanently established, and a long existing controversy has been terminated to their mutual satisfaction.

'IIX "TOA

13

Statement showing the amount and disposition of the funds, provided by treaties, for

purposes of education.
Tribes. Date of Treaty. L&ws.

Disposition of the Funds.
Miamies Oct 26, 1826 Mar. 2, 1827 2,000 Choctaw Academy.
Pottawatamies Oct. 26, 1826 Mar. 2, 1827 2,000 Do. do.
Sep. 30, 1828 Mar. 2, 1829 1,000 .Do.

do.
Kickapoos

Oct. 24, 1832 Mar. 2, 1833 500 Schools in the nation.
Shawnees and

Oct. 26, 1832 Mar. 2, 1833 500 Do.
Delawares
Choctaws Oct. 24, 1816 Mar. 3, 1817 6,000 Do.
Do.

Jan. 20, 1825 Mar. 3, 1828 6,000 Choctaw Academy.
Do. Sep. 27, 1830 Mar. 2, 1831 12,500 Cherokees & schools in nation.

Sep 27, 1830 Mar. 2, 1831 10,000 Choctaw Academy.
Potta watamies

Oct. 27, 1832 Mar. 2, 1833 2,000 Do. do.
of Indianas
Winnebagoes Sep. 15, 1832 Mar. 2, 1833 3,000 Schools in the nation.
Menomonees Feb. 8, 1831 Mar. 2, 1833 500 Protestant Episcopal Church.
Chippewas Aug. 5, 1826 Mar. 2, 1827) 1,000 Baptist General Convention.
Chippew'sMe-
nomoneesWin-
nebagoes, and

Aug. 11, 1827 May 20, 1830 1,500 Not disposed of,
N. Y Indians
Sacs, Foxes &

loways
Chicka saws July 15, 1794 Feb. 25, 1779 2,500 Am. Board of Foreign Missions
Creeks, East Mar, 24, 1832 June 4, 1832 3,000 Not disposed of.
Cherokees, West May 6, 1828 May 28, 1828 2,000 schools in the nation.
Seminoles Sep. 18, 1823 May 26, 1824 1,000 Choctaw Academy.
Quapaws Aug 24, 1818 Mar. 3, 1819 1,0001 Do. do.

steady pace.
lence and rapine.
not be given in this Volume
ritory of Arkansas.

(See Vol xi. page 239.) lan Schools, during the past year, a full staternent of their condition canAs reports have been received from only twenty of the fifty-three Indi

INDIAN SCHOOLS. force among them, have, in a great degree, repressed their spirit for vio: Indian tribes. Tendency to civilization, and the presence of a military

Few hostilities have been committed during the past year among the advantageously situated, and progressing towards civilization with

The commissioners represent the Indians west of the Mississippi to he them land weet of the Mississippi, to induce their removal from the Ter

They have also concluded a treaty with the Quapaws, and assigned

[graphic]

IN DJAN AGENTS.

Officers and other persons employed in the Indian Department.

Name and Office,

Where employed.

Compensation.

...........

...............

................

.....................

........

Superintendent of Indian

Affairs.
Willia ni Clark....... . St. Louis.......

1500 00
Agenis.
Hugh Montgomery Cherokee Agency, East....... 1300 001
George Vashon.... ...do......do.... West..

1500 00 John Campbell .... Creek Agency, West........

1500 00 Francis W. Armstrong.... Choctaw Agency, West....

1500 00 Benjamin Reynolds... Chickasaw Agency..............

1300 00 Jerjel Brouks.. ... Red River Agency..

1200 00 R. W Cummins...... Delaware Agency

1300 00 P. L. Chouteau.. Osage Agency

1500 00 Marston G. Clark........ Kaazas Ageucy. ..................... 1000 00 W.S Davenport. Rock Island...

1200 00 JohDougherty.... Upper Missouri Agency..

1800 00 Lawrence Talia ferro..... St. Peters

1300 00 Joseph M Street.......... Prairie du Chien........

1200 00 George Boyd.. ............ Green Bay...........

1500 00 Henry R. Schoolcrast..... Sault Ste. Marie and Mackinac..... 1400 00 Thomas J. V. Owen. .... Chicago...............

1300 00 William Marshall........ Indiana Agency.............

1200 00 Wiley Thompson... Seminole Agency..

1500 00 Sub-Agents. Leonard Tarrant.. .... Creek Agency, East..

500 00 William Armstrong....... Choctaw Agency, East...

500 00 David McClellan..............do......do.... West..

500 00 John L. Allen............ Chickasau Agency...... F. W. Miller.. Delaware Agency............

500 00 Alexander McNair.... ... Osage Agency.

500 00 Horatio Grooms.... ...... St. Peters...........................

500 00 T. B. Burnett........

Prairie du Chien...................... 500 0 George Johnson .......... Sault Ste. Marie and Mackinac..... 500 00 Francis Audrain........

.......... Sa'ult Sie. Marie and Mackinac.... 500 00 Gholson Kercheval.. Chicago.......

500 00 N. D. Grover.. ......... .Indiana Agency..

500 00 John Ruland.... ......... St. Louis..................

500 00 William Gordon. ........ do.......................

500 00 Henry Connor..... Detroit....

500 00 Kintzing Prichett ....do......

500 00 David M Sheffield ....... Appalachicola Agency..

500 001 R hard M. Haunum...... Arkansas Superiniendency..

500 00 Audrew S. Hughes loway Villages...................

500 00 Jonathan L Bean Sivux Sub-Agency...

800 00 John McElvain ..........'Ohio......do........................ 500 00!

..... 500 00

........

.........

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Robert A. McCabe... . Fort Winnebago........ ....

600 0011 James Suryker......... ..., New York Agency.. ........... 500 00 James Jackson.......... Maumee Sub-Agency...

500 00 Henry Gratiot............ Rock River...........

500 00 Jpo. F. A. Sandford.... Mandan Villages......

800 00 Pierre Menard, jr., ........Peoria Şub-Agency.

500 00 William Popè.... Seminole Agency

500 00 Vacant...... ............. St. Joseph's Sub-Agency....

500 00 ....do... -pringwells.......

980 00 ....do... ..............

Seneca Sub-Agency, West.......... 500 00 .................

Cherokee Agency, East... ........... ....do.............. Upper Missouri Agency.

500 00 ...do...................... Galena Sub-Agency..

500 00) Interpreters Andrew S. Hughes..... Toway Villages......

350 00 J.F A, Sandford Mandan Village..

400 00 John Ruland. ........... St. Louis..............

480 00 Edmund A. Brush.... French Interpret. & Translat. Detroit 48000 Paddy Carr.......... Creek Agency, East.................. 400 00 ....do....do.. West................

400 00 Alexander Saunders.. Cherokee Agency, East......... 400 00 Middleton McKay....

........ Choctaw Agency, East.............. 400 00 R. M. Jones...... .........do......do.... West............ 400 00 Jackson Kemp. ..... Chickasaw Agency....

400 00 Larkin Edwards.......... Caddo Agency..

480 00 John W. Edwards........ Quapaw Agency

400 00 Anthony Shane............. Shawnee Agency. ...........

400 60 Baptiste Peoria... Delaware Agency..

400 00 Baptiste Mongradier..... Osage Agency..

400 00 Clement Lessert.......... Kanzas Agency...............

400 00 Vacant................... Seneca Agency....

400.00 Antoine Le Clerc ........ Rock Islanii..............

400 00 Joseph Hames.. Upper Missouri Agency

400 00 Duncan Campbell...... St. Peters...........

420 00 Amable Grignon........... Prairie du Chien..

400 00 Richard Prickett...... ... Green Bay........

300 00 Genrge Johnsop ........

360 00 Francis Audrain....

250 00 Sault Ste. Marie and Mackinac.. Heory A. Levake........

360 00 John M. Johnston......

360.00 H.J Granerot............ Mackinac....................

120 00 Pierre Le Clerc.......... Chicago....

480.00 Luther Rice ............. lodian Agency..

500 00 Toney Proctor.......... Appalachicola Sub-Agency.

365 00 Cudjoe

Seminole Agency... Jeffrey Dorney... ........... loway Sub Agency.

400 00 W. Thornton ...... Cherokee Agency, West............

400 00 L. Rencourt.... Sioux Sub Agency. ..........

400 00 Touis'nt Charbouneau.... Mandan Villages

400 00 James Raokin.... Ohio Agency...one scris.......**

480 00 Vacaut.... ................... Fort Winnebago..........

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Horatio Jones.......... New York Agency..........

400 00 Henry Gratiot.... Rock River .................

480 00 Jacques Metter............ St. Louis.......

450 00 Vacant............... Detroit....... .......

480 00 Clerks. C. C. Trowbridge.... Detroit..

400 00 George Maguire. St. Louis.........

480 00 A. R. Chouteau.. ...do.....

480 00 Messenger. Antoine Dunord..

Detroit...,

..............1 250 00

...................

........

COMMISSIONERS AND SPECIAL AGENTS.

}

To treat with the Indians West of the Mississippi, and for other purposes.
Montfort Stokes, Commissioner,
Henry L. Ellsworth, Commissioner,

$8 per day, and $8 for every 20

miles of travel to each. J. F. Schermerhorn, Commissioner, Samuel C. Stambaugh, Secretary, $5 per day, and $5 for every 20 miles travel.

To treat with the Pottawatamies of Illinois.
George B. Porter, Commissioner,
Thos. J. V. Owen, Commissioner,

$8 per day, and $8 for every 20

miles of travel to each. Wm, Weatherford, Commissioner,

To treat with the Miamies of Indiana.
George B Porter, Commissioner,
J. F.Schermerhorn, Commissioner,

$8 per day, and $8 for every 201 William Marshall, Commissioner,

miles of travel to each. To locate Choctaw Reservations. George W. Martin, Agent, $5 per day, and $5 for every 20 miles of travel,

To locate reservations of Choclaw Orphans. William Trahern, Agent, $5 per day, and $5 for every 20 miles of travel.

To superintend Choctaw emigrations. William Armstrong, Special Agent, $2000 per annum.

To superintend Cherokee emigrations.
Benjamin F. Currey, Special Agent, $2000 per annun.

For enrolling the Cherokees, East.
J. M.C. Montgomery, Agent,
William M. Davis, Agent,

$1000 per appuin to each. William Harring, Agent,

To superinlend the remoral of the Pollawalamies.
Abel C. Pepper, Special Agent, $2000 per annuin.

For the removal of the Pollawałamies,
R. Schoonover, Assistant Agent, $4 per day.
Lewis H. Sanois, Assistant Ageni, $4 per day.

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