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GENERAL LAND OFFICE. Elijah Hayward, Cominissioner, 83 000 per annum Prior to the 25th of April, 1812, grants of Jani were issued by Letters Patent fiom the Department of State. By an act of that date, a General Land office was established, in which all patents for land are now made out and recorded.

By the art of 24th of April, 1820, all sales of Public Lands, made aftır July 1st of that year are made for cash ; and complete payment must be made on the day of purchase, The minimum price is fixed at $1 25 per acre, below which they cannot be visposed of.

By the act of 1312, the President was required to sigo all land patents, but under a law of the last session, a Secretary has been appointe: to sign them for him. During the past year, upwards of forty thousand parents for lands sold have been issued.

CLERKS IN THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE. John M. MOORE, Chief Clerk.............

$1700 00 Sumuel D King, has in charge the reports of the Commission

ers on private land claims-attends to all enquiries connect. ed with those claims, and issues the patents therefor-attends to the subject of ihe locations of Indian reserves, with various miscellaneous duties...

1150 00 Frederick Keller, issues the patents for the Virginia Military

bounty lauds, and exaniines warrants and prepares documents whereon military bounty land Scrip is issued at the Treasury, and attends to the miscellaneous enquiries and correspondence connected with these subjects..........

1150 00 Ribert Mills, draughtsman.......

1150 00 Joseph S. Wilson, superintends the issuing of patents for lands

sold by the United States, and patenis for military bounty Jands of the late war-attends to the preparation of exemplifications of records and documents, and to the correction of errors of entry at the District Land Offices......

1150 00 Sterling Gresham.... )

[ 1150 00 James R. M Bryant | Accountants,

Their duties are to 1150 00 William Simmons....! keep the individual accounts of pur- 1150 00 *William S Smith... } chasers of public lands and to examine 1150 00 + Sackett Reynolds.... | and report on quarterly accounts of

1400 00 Mead Filzhuigh.. the Receivers of Public Money..

1150 00 N. A. Randall..

1 1000 00 TB. Reily..

1000 00 John Wilson ........ Assistant Accountants...... ......

1000 00 Joseph Collins.....

1000 00 Samuel Hanson Write and record patents.........

1000 00 Edward Barnard....

1000 00 Joseph T. Walker messenger.... ........ ..........

700 00 Roderick Hamplon, assistant messenger............

350 00 * William Smith, also acts as agent for the payment of Salaries, and for the disbursement of the Contingent fund and extra appropriations for Clerk bire.

+ Sackett lieyno ds, has also in charge ihe accounts of th three per cent fund accruing on the nett proceds of public lands payable to the states wherein those lands are situated, for which he receives 8250 per annum.

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SECRETARY FOR SIGNING LAND PATENTS, Andrew J. Donleson.......

1500 00

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An Act prescribing the mode by wnich Patents for Public Lands shall

be signed and Executed. Sec 1. Be it enacted, &c. That it shall be lawful for the President of the United Stales, by and with the vice and co ent of the Senate, to appoint a Secrel ry, with a salary of one thousand five hundred dollars per annum, whose duty it shall be, uprler the direction of the President, to sign in his nanie, and for hiin, all patents for lands sold or grauted under the authority of the United States.

SEC 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and be in force until the fourth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, and no longer.

| Approved March 2, 1833.] MINT OF THE UNITED STATES The Mint of the United States was established by act of 2d of April 1792, at Philadelphia ; where, in virtue of several acts of Congress, it has ever since cintinued. Samuel Moore, Director.. 2000 00]Joseph Cloud, Melter and Wm. Findlay, Treasurer 1200 00 Refiner..

...... 1500 00 A4. Eckfeldt, Chief Coiner 1500 00] William Kneass, Engraver 1200 00 Jacob Eckfeldt, Assayer.. 1500 00|J. S. Benezet, T, sr's Clk 1000 00

COMMISSIONERS OF INSOLVENCY. 'The Commissioners of Insolvency dre appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury, under the authority of the act of March 2, 1831," for the relief of certain Insoolvent Debtors of the United States.” For their powa ers, duties, and compensation, and the maquer prescribed for application fou relief by an insolvent riebtor, together with the form of proceedings on such applicatioil, see the acts, Vol. X. p. 124, and Vol. XI. p. 106. District of Maine.

District of Maryland. William Richardson, April 1st, 1831 Beale Randall..., March 22, 1831.

District of Massachusetts. Alexander Chevees, Mar. 22, 1831. Willia in Parmentier, Mar. 29, 1831 District of Georgia. Samuel S. Lewis, March 29, 1831. Richard B Cuyler.. April 7, 1831.

District of Connecticut Mordecai Myers......... ....1832. John Beach, .......... April 9, 1831. William T. Williams, Feb. 2, 1831.

Southern District of New York. Eastern District of Florida. Johu W. Mulligan, March 22, 1831. Williain H. Simmons, April 25, 1831 Dominic T Blake.... Nov 19, 1832 Southern District of Alabama. Thomas Jefferson Smith, Feb. 1833. George W. Owen......June 1, 1831.

Dist ict of New Jersey. Eastern District of Louisiana. James G. Green.... April 25, 1831. Charles M. Conrad....Oct. 4, 1831.

District of Columbia. John N. Duncan., ....Oct. 4, 1831. William Hebb...... July 30, 1831. H. B. Cenas..........Dec. 3, 1931. District of South Carolina.

District of Missouri. Benjamin Elliott..... April 1, 1831. Arthur L. Magenis, April 20, 1831 Martin Stroble.. . April 1, 1831.

District of Ohio. James Jervey........ April 1, 1831. John A. Bryan ..... April 25, 1831,

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WAR DEPARTMENT. LEWIS CASS, of Ohio, Secretary, 86,000 per annum.

The War Department, as organized under the present Constitution, was created by act of 7th August, 1789. The Secretary of War, at first, had the superintendence of Naval Affairs. On the 37th of April, 1789, however a separation took place and a Navy Department was established. The Secretary of War superintends every branch of the Military Department; and is, hy usage, a member of tbe Cabinet: He holds his office at the will of the President. Attached to the War Department, and under the immediate direction of the Secretary, are, a Requisition Bureaui, a Bounty Land Bureau, a Pension Office, an Office of Indiam Affairs ; and an Engineer Office, a Topographical Office, an Ordvance Office, an Office for the Commissary General of Subsistence, an office for the vlothing Department, a Paymaster General's office, and a Surgeon General's office. All these. offices, together with the Head Quirters of the Commanding General, (major General Macomb) and the adjutant General's and Quartermasters General's offices, are located at Washington. To this Department velongs the erection of all fortifcations, making all topographical surveys, surveying and leasing the national lead mines; and the direction (under the laws) of intercourse with Indian tribes.

CLERKS IN THE SECRETARY'S OFFICE. DANIEL Kurtz, acling Chief Clerk.................

2000 00 Cary A. Harris, Clerk.........

1400 00 John C, Reynolds, Clerk........

1000 00 William Markward, messenger................

650 00 Francis Datcher, assistant messenger......

400 00 CLERK IN THE REQUISITION BUREAU, LAWRENCE L.. VAN KL.EECK..

1600 00 From this Bureau all the requisitions of the War Department are made out on the Treasury, and salaries and the contingencies of the Department paid.

CLERKS IN THE BOUNTY LAND BUREAU. WILLIAM GORDON, Principal..

.1400 00 Edward Stephens, Clerk..

.. 1000 00 The Bounty Land Bureau of the War Department is a Bureau in which claims for military bounty.lands, originating in the revolutionary and lale war, are examined, and from which military bounty land warrots issue.

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OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. ELBERT HERRING, Commissioner............

...3000 00 Daniel Kurts, Chief Clerk.......

1600 00 Hesekiah Miller, Clerk....

1400 00 ir miel J. Polls, Clerk..

1000 00 1Villiam Wurd, Clerk......

...1000 00 This office which had previously been one of ihe Bureaus of the fail Department, was created by an act of July 9, 1832, entitled "an actio pro

vide for the appointinent of a Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and for other purposes." This act provides that the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who shall be appointed by the President and Senate, shall, under the direction of the Secretary of War, and agreeably to such regulations as the President may, from time to time prescribe, have the direction and management of all Indian Affairs, and of all matters arising out of Indian relations.All accounts and vouchers for claims and disbursements connected with Indian affairs must be transmitted to the Commissioner for administrative examination, and by him be passed to the second Auditor of the Treasury for settlement.

CLERKS IN THE PENSION OFFICE. JAMES L. EWARDS, Com

Nathan Rice, Clerk...... 1000 00 missioner ........ ..2500 00 William R. Palmer, Clerk 1000 00 G.W. Crump, Chief Clerk 1600 00 William M. Stewart, Clerk 800 00 Benjamin L. Beall, Clerk 1400 001.John Cromwell, Clerk.... 800 00 French S. Evans, Clerk... 1400 00 Daniel D. Addison, Clerk 800 00 R. Ela, Clerk...... co... 1400 00 F. F. Franciosi, Clerk .. 800 00 William S. Allison, Clerk 1400 00 Daniel Boyd, Clerk.. . .. 800 00 Henry H. Sylvester, Clerk 1200 00 Newlon Berryman, Clerk 800 00 Vinal Luce, Clerk........ 1200 00 Erasmus D Bullock, Clerk 800 00 Daniel Brown, Clerk.. 1000 00 John T. Sprague, Clerk.. 800 00 John D. Wilson, Clerk . 1000 ool James Benson, messenger 300 00

The Pension Office was created by Congress, at its last session : the claims for Pepsious had been previously settled by a Bureau of the War Department. (See Vol. XI. p. 115.) In the office, as now established, the Commissioner of Pensions executes under the direction of the Secretary of War, such duties in relation to the various Pension laws, as may be prescribed by the President of the United States. OFFICES OF THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMY.

HEAD QUARTERS OF THE ARMY.
Major General Alexander Macomb, General-in-Chief.:
Lieutenant Samuel Cooper, Aid-de-Camp, 4th Artillery.
Lieutenant Abraham Van Buren, Aid-de-Camp, 2d Infantry.

The Army of the U.ited States is placed under the command of the Major General, who is generally styled, the General in Chief.

His dúcies comprise the arrangement of the military force in such manner as to give protection to the maritine frontier and to the interior border. He superintends the recruiting service: the discipline and police of the army; orders gedieral courts mar ial, and decides on all cases, except when the rise ot an officer or soldier is afferted, or the commission of an officer. It is his province to see that the laws and regulations governing the army are enforced, and that justice is due to all concerned In his duties he is assisted by the A ljutani General, through whose office all orders are issued to the army, and rerurns of iis strength made, as well as the general military correspondence lin relation to the dtails of service He is also assisted by the two Inspec: tors Generals, who, under his orders, inspect the condition of the several

regiments, corps, and posts, and inquire minutely into ev'ry subject relating to ihe weifare of the army; and recommend such improvements as may add to the comfort of the officers and meu ; they also report on the general condition of corps, and the individual character of its penibers. The General in Chiet has iwo Aides.de-Camp who assist him in his corresponder.ce and in the recording of it, and who also perform the duties of assistant adjutants general.

There are no clerks attached to the head quarters of the army, the correspondenie and duries being of a delicate and confidential nature, in a great degree, it is entrusted only to those who, by previous education and experience, can properly appreciate and understand its object.

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Colonel R. Jones, Adjutant General.
Lieutenant William B. Davidson, 30 Artillery.
Lieutenant James H. Preotis, 1st Artillery.
Lieutenant Lorenzo Thomas, 4th lofantry.
Brooke Williams, Clerk........

......................1150 00 John H. Hepburn, Clerk... ....................................1000 00 James L. Addison, Clerk..........

....... ....... 800 00 This office is the repository of the records which refer to the personnel of the Army, ju war, as well as in time of peace, and of the military history of every oficer and soldier, from the earliest period of the government, so far as these may have been preserved. It is here where all military appointments and commissions are made out and registered, where i he names of all enlistsed soldiers are entered, and their size, roll, and enlistments, recorded and filed, &c. It is in this office where the monthly returns of the troops, and muster rolls of companies, required by the 13th and 19th Articles of War are received and preserved ; where the original proceedings of General Courts Martial are deposited and entered, where the inventory of the effects of deceased officers and soldiers are forwarded and recorded. [901h and 941h Articles of War.)

The Adjutant General of the Army is charged with the registery of all commissioned officers, and with the distribution of their commissions; with the record of all appointments in the Army, promotions, resignations, deaths, &c. All orders which emanate from General Head Quarters of the Army, and all regulations and general orders from the War Office, are communicai. ed to the iroops by the Adjutant General

In this office, the annual returns of the Militia of the several States and Territories are deposited for safe keeping, as well as arms, munitions, and accoutrements pertaining to the same, required by law to be made to the President of the United States. The general returns of the militia of the United States, required for the use of Congress, pursuant to the act of March 2d, 1803, are consolidated in this office. Here all appointments and commissions of the officers of the militia of the District of Columbia, are registered and distributed.

ENGINEER DEPARTMENT.

Brevet Brig. Gen. Charles Gratiot, Corps of Engineers, Chief Engineer. Lieutenant W. H. C. Bartlett, of the Corps of Engineers, Assistant. Benjamin Fowler, Clerk.............

...,1150 00 J. C. Wilson, Clerk......... ...............................1000 00 Willis Fawcett, Clerk........

.....................800.00 The chief of the Corps or Engineers is stationed at the seat of Goveroment, and directs and regulates the duties of the Corps of Engineers, and those also of such of ibe Topograr hical Engineers as may be attached to the Engineer Department; and also is the Inspector of the Military Academy, and is charg. cd with its correspondence.

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