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ses occasioned by the lodian aggressions in 1832, have been, for the most pari paid in this year. These three jiems amount to nearly two millions of doilars. But when this sum is deducted from the whole ar nual expenditure, il shows that more than twenty millions of dollars have been expended, during The present year, for the various other ohjecis authorized by law, exclusive of the amount sei apart for the reimbursement of the four and a half per rent. stock. The pens.ons for lise, granted under the acts of 1818 and 1832, to the officers and soldiers of the revolution, have increased considerably the annual expenditure, Mo e than four millions of dollars have been a redy paid, on ihat account, during the present year. There is, indeed, no item in the li-t of appropriations, which our citizens generally more cheerfully contribute to pay, than the one last mentioned; but, in the order of nature, il must be annually decreasing; and in the estimates of the coming year, tho-e payable under the act of June, 1832, are se down at tniee millions of dollars. The ditferent sums, above mentioned, therefore, show six millions of dollars paid for purposes which cannot be considered as entering into the ordinary and regular expenses of the Governme!'t, and form po rule by which its future annual expenditure ought to be estimared.
The receipts of 1334 millist be very much below those of the present year. A large portion of the receipts from custonis, as already stated, has been derived from the importaitons of previous years. But, from the change in the sysiem of credit, only a small part of the duties accruing in this year will go into the receipts of the next; and the diminished rate of duties, which take effect on the 1st of January next on some of the most productive articles, and the entire exemption of others, will contribute still more to reduce the receipts of the coming year, as compared with the presenti.
In estimating the receipis from customs for the year 1834 st fifteen millions of dollars, I have assumed hat the imporis of ihat yea: will nearly equal those of 1832. This estimate is higher than the average of the last five or six years, but i is believed to be a safe one; for although the importations of each of the iwo'las! years were unusually large, yet the imporis of the sent one have gone still higher, and the general state of our commerce and che situation of he country justify the belief that there will be no serious igrination in the coming yeam The condition of the mercanule classes does notiid cate any excess of importations ; inderd, the short credits and cash duties will be found to contributi greatly to preveni overtrading in that respect Moreover, many articles in common uue are admitted free from heb iy. This will produce an increased ability in the commurity to buy those which pay dury, and consequently it greater culisempuon. There appears, therefore, to be no reason fo apprehend any serious diminution in the im. portations of 1834, and it will be safe to estimate is receipts by the standard libove mentioned. Yet any material excess beyond that esumate cannot, I Think, be counted ou. The p:oduce of the public lands can hardly fall short of the sun at which it has been stated, and will perhaps exceed it.
In this view of the receipis of 1834, ihe income of the year will about equal the estimared expenditure; and, with the aid of the balance in the Treasury
the 1st of January next, it will be sufficient for all the waris of the G v. pinment, includ ng ihe amonu neces:ary to pay off the residue of the national ilebi. I must, however, be observed that, in addition to the appropriations now asked for, there will be an unexpended balance of former appropriations Imounting to ihe sum of $5,190,287 62, which will probably be r-quired, in the course of the ensuing year, for the objects for wisich it has been appropropriated And if t. e entire amount of ar propriations, proposed in the estimaies fo: 1831, were also to be required within the year, here would not be noney pilougli in the Treasury to meet them), afier satisfying the balances aliove stated, and paying off the public debt. But the experience of former years shows that a portion of vie appropriations may always be expected to frema i unexpended at the end of the year; and the average of these unexpended balances for the last four years is about $5,300,000. In estimating
pree fatince in the Treasury at the close of 1834, I have therefore assumer that a portion of the estimates of expenditures, herewih submited will not be used during the year; and thai balances of appropriations, equal to the amouni alihe clo-e of the present year, will in lik. manuer renain in the Treasury at the end of the year 1834, and go jito ibe expenses of the succeed 18 year; and it is not necessary to raise money for the public use sooner than 11 will probably be needed. But the bilance stared at the end of 1834 's not to be considered as a clear surplus. It will still be chargeable will the amount of appropriations estimated to remain unexpended ai that time
From this state of the finances, and of the proposed appropriations, it is ev dent that a reduction of the revenue canno at ibis vinie be made, withou injury to the public service. Under the act of the last session, the receipts of 1835 will be less ban those of 1834, as a further reduction in the rate of duises will take effect on the Ist ul January, 1835.; and if the appropriation should be kept up to the amount authorized for the present year, the charge upon the Treasury in 1835 would be more than it could probably meet. But the debt will then have been entirely paid ; and if a guarded rule of appropration is at once commenced, there will be no difficulty in bringing down the expeuditure, without injury to ihe public service.
If the revenue is not to be reduced more than the existing laws provide for, theie se ois to be no sufficient reason 10 open at this time the vexed question of the tariff. The manner in wbich duties are now apportioned on chifferent articles, would be liable to insuporable objections, if i were to be considered as a settled and permanent system. But the law is temporary on ihe face of it, and was intended as a compromise between conflicting inte. rests; and unless the revenue to arise under it should bereafter be more productive than is anticipated, it will be neressary in two years from this time to impose duties on articles that are now tree, in order to meet the current expenses of the Government. There would seem, therefore, to be no advantage in agitating the question at the present moment. Yet, some modifications of ihe exising laws will be necessary, in order to carry into effect
ne intentions of the Lrgislature, and to guard against altempts to evade its provisions, withovi, in any degree, affecting its principles.
It is, however, respectfully recommendefiliai ilie appropriat ons for 1834 should be regulated by a proper regard to economy. Heretofore, the receipts to be expéc!ed could be ascer ained with some degree of certainty, because they were principally derived from the imports of previous years; and the bonds taken io the duties on slich imports showed the amount of receipts which might sależy be counied on. Burr, under the new system of cash duties and short cred is, earh year must nainly depend for its incone on its own imports. Andas commerce is always more or less liable 10 fluctuations, the public interest requires that there should be at all limes in the Treasury a ufficient som to provide for unforeseen contingencies, and to guarıl ugainst disappointment in the estimated receipis. The calculations on the income of a succeeding year are necessarily more uncertain under he present sykten, Than under the former one of long crediis. And if the anticipatons of the freceipts of 1834 and 1835 shonid be fuily realized, there will not be more han ought to be provided in the estimated scale of expenditures. At the last session of Congress, the appropriations exceeded twenty one million lave bindied thousand dollars, being nearly three million five hundred thousand collars ahove the estimates presented at the beginning of the session - similar amount of expendi ure, authorized at the pieseni session, might render it becessary to provide additional revenue earlier than is now coutenplated
It is understood to be conceded on all hinds that a tariif for protection merely is to be finally abandoned, and 'hat the revenue is to be reduced to thie necessary wants of the Government. Various causes have con ributed 110 enlarge the pro osed expenditur's for 1834, as will be seen by the par. licular estimates from the different departments. But it is believed that all
the objects for which this Government was established, can be effek sually attained at much less annual expense here. Iter; and the harmony and nu uw a good feeling of this extensive country will be best secured and perpetuated by: rigidly confining tini operations of the General Government to its appro. priate spher.
If thi is one, and its expenditures are regulated by a striet econodiy, the burdens it imposes will scarcely be felt by our citizens, while its blessings are inestimable.
As the public debt will soon be extinguished, it is proper that the booksandf papers, which bew.g to the various ioan officers, should be transmitted to ihe seat vi Government, and placed among the archives of the nation. It is believed that the outstanding debt can be purchased on favorable terms, in the course of the ensuing year, and tha: it an be nast conveniently purchased ar the Treasury. It appears, iherefore, desirable that provision should be made by law for immediately transmitting 10 this depariment all the books and papers relating to the national debt The money can readily be reni:led to the public c editor, without charge to him, or to the Goverpment, and be cau lie paid at any place where he day wish to receive it.
The act of March 30, 1817, abolished the office of Commissioner of loans, and travsferred the duties to the Bank of th United States. The money he cessary to pay the public creditors has, from time to time, been advanced 10 the Bank by the Treasury; and it a, pears tbt large sums have remawed for a considerable time in the Bank, without being applied to the purposes fort which they were intended. The amount has been reduced within a few months past. But the statement from the Register's oflice, herewith presenred, will show that $773,111 98 skill remained in their hands on the 1st or} October last A portion of this sum, as appears by the paper referred tu, was advanced some years ago; and there is no reason why this money should continue in the bands of the Bank, wiere it is useless to ibe Government as well as to the creditor. The delay in the payment has probxb y, in sooie in. sances,
been caused by the death of the party entitled, and the ignorance of his representatives as to his claim on the United States. The situation off these outstanding claims renders it still more necessary that the books ani! papers relating to the pubic debt should be forth with transmitted to this de. partient, where the proper inquiries could be made as to the cause of the Kelay, and measures taken to ascertain who is entitled to receive the money
As the amount is justly due from the United States to some one, and may belong to persons who are ignorant of their rights, justice seems to require that the Government should take measures to apprise them of their claims, and of the readiness of the United States to discharge then.
The destructiou of the buiiding occupied by the Treasury Department has occasioned the loss of some valuable papers. . But it is believed that none have been destroyed, that can materially affect the public interest It will become necessary to provide another building, and the loss already sustained in the documents and records of this office shows the propriety of erecting it upon a different plau from the former one, and of placing the archives of the Governmeni in a situation less exposed to danger.
The inconveniences which are felt from the present situation of the offi. ces connected with this department, as well as the niore exposed condition of the papers, induce me to invite the early attention of Congress to this subject.
The report from the Commissioner of the General Land Office is here with presented, showing the condition of thai branch of the public service, and containing suggestions for its improvement. All of which is respectfully submitteil,
R. B. TANEY, Secretary of the Treasury Hon. ANDREW STEVENSON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives of the United Stales.
A statement exhibiting the values and quantities, respectively, of merchandise on which
duties actually accrued during the year 1832, (consisting of the diffecence between articles paying duties imported and those entitled to drawback e-exported,) and also of the nett revenue which accrued that year from duties on merchandise, tonnage, and light money.
Merchandise paying Duties ad valorem. 44,133 dolls. at 12 per cent...... 5,295 96 2,502,454..do...... 12)....do....
312.806 75 5,138,716..do......15.. .do.......... 770,807 40
8,105,905..do......20 .....do... ...... 1,621,181 00 21,984,290..do......25 .....do.......... 5,496 072 50 4,069,513..do......30......do.......... 1,20.853 90 596.409..do......33...
....do......... 198,803 00 1,132 612..do......35 .....do.......... 396,403 70
394.045.,do......40 .....do........... 157,618 00 5,344,821..do......45 ....do........... 2,405,169 45
461,137..do ....50.....do.......... 230.568 50 49,774,035.. ....... av. 25.7............... 12,815 580 16 12,815,580 16
Duties on specific articles. 1. Wines, 5,326,094 galls. at 15.7 cis. av. 8:37,249 83 2. Spirits, 2,339,928...do... 60..do . 1,404.332 77
Molasses, 16,354,788 ..do......5..do.. 817.739 40 3. Teas, 8,826,905..lbs . .14.1 do.. 1,243,597 70 4. Coffee, 41,603,576...do ............. 363,492 21 15. Sugar,, 48,465,838 ..o......3.4 do.. 1,486.685 54 6. Stult, 3,823,811 bushels...... 382,284 45 7. All other articles,...
5,151,643 79 11 677,025 69 From which deduct duties on merchandise refunded, 24,492,605 85
after deducting Therefrom duties which accrued on marchandise inipoited, the particulars of which were not rendered by collectors, and difference of calculation, 1,086,002 46
$23,406,603 39 To which add 10 per cent, extra duty on foreign vessels, ....
28,898 56 Discounts retained on drawback,
1,509 74 luterest on bonds, ..................... 11,541 85 S. orage,
3,339 24 Custoin-house charges on British Canadian vessels, .....
906 15 47,195 54
$23,453,798 93 Deduct drawback on domestic refived sugar exported, ...
3,110 00 45,950 65 Duties on merchandise, ....
23,407,848 28 Add duties on tonnage, ................. 28,387 74 Light money,
21,173 66 49.561 40 Gross revenue,.....
23,457,409 68 Deduct experses of collection,..
1,279,674 38 Nest reve:ue, in 1832,.....
$22 178,735 301
Explanatory statements, in relation to specific duties 1. Wines. Madeira,
177,1 6 galls at 50 cts. 88,563 00 Sherry,
39,358 do 50
19 679 00 Red, of France and Spain, 1,227.200 do 10
122,720 00 Red, of France,
876 645 do 6
52,598 70 White, of France and Spain, 2,244 307 do 15
336,646 05 French, in bottles and cases, 97,082 do
29.124 60 Frenchi,
31,334 38 Sicily,
87,141 do 30
26 142 30 All other,
434.806 do 30
5,326,094 do av. 15.7 $837,249 83 2. Sirits. From grain 1st proof 626,982 galls at 57 cts, 357.379 74
14,405 58 41h do 9,960 do 67
6,673 20 5th do 17.555 do 75
13,166 25 Other materials, 1st and 20 183,163 do 53 70,576 39
386,713 do 57 220,426 41 4th do
1,115,738 do 63 702,914 94 51h do 19,869 do 72
14,305 68 Above 5th do 186 do 85
158 10 2,341,502
1,405,088 29 Exported, 1.574 do 48
2.339.928 do 60 av. $1,404.332 77 3. Teas. Bohea,
730.854 lbs, at
29.354 16 Souchong and other black, 2,449,285 do 10
240,928 50 Hyson skin and other green,
1,274,450 do 12
152,934 00 Hyson and young hyson,
3,927,446 do 18
706,940 28 Imperial, gunpowder, &c. 526.605 do 25
131.651 25 8,871,640 do
1,261,808 19 Exported : Hyson skin, Ibs.
at 34 cts. 30 94 Hyson kini,
686 84 Hysoin & Young Hyson, 27,468
40 10,987 20 Imperial
50 7,361 50 44,735
1,242,141 71 Extra duty on teas imported from other places than China
855 99 8,826,905
$1.243 597 70 4. COFFEE. Imported 136,9.30 lbs at 2 CIS.
2,739 00 Do 97, 25.355 1
970,253 52 97,162,305
972,992 55 Exported, lbs. 5,313,617
at 2 cts. 106,272 34
1 502,256 90
971 10 55,558.729
609.590 34 41.603,576
$363,492 21 5. SUGAR. Brown, clayed, &c. 46,194,798 lbs. at 3 cts 1,385,843 94 White, clayed, or powdered 2,271,040
490.841 60 48,465,838 3.4 $1,476,685 54