Slike strani

Schedule of demurrage or daily allowance for a vessel of

100 tons to 120 inclusive, £5

121 ditto 150 ditto,


151 ditto 170 ditto,
171 ditto-200 ditto,
201 ditto 220 ditto,




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Article IX. When the proprietor of a ship, suspected of carrying on an illicit Trade in Slaves, released in consequence of a sentence of one of the Mixed Commissions (or in the case, as above mentioned, of total loss), shall claim indemnification for the loss of Slaves which he may have suffered, he shall in no case be entitled to claim for more than the number of Slaves which his vessel was, by the Portuguese laws, authorised to carry, which number shall always be declared in his passport.

Article X. The Mixed Commission established in London by Article IX of the Convention of this date, shall hear and determine all claims for Portuguese ships and cargoes, captured by British cruizers on account of the unlawful trading in Slaves, since the 1st of June, 1814, till the period when the Convention of this date is to be in complete execution; awarding to them, conformably to Article IX of the Additional Convention of this date, a just and complete compensation, upon the basis laid down in the preceding Articles, either for total loss, or for losses and damages sustained by the owners and proprietors of the said ships and cargoes. The said Commission established in London shall be composed and shall proceed exactly upon the basis determined in Articles I, II, and III, of the present Regulation for the Commissions established on the coast of Africa and the Brazils.

Article XI. It shall not be permitted to any of the commissary judges, nor to the arbitrators, nor to the secretary of any of the Mixed Commissions, to demand or receive, from any one of the parties concerned in the sentences which they shall pronounce, any emolument, under any


pretext whatsoever, for the performance of the duties which are imposed upon them by the present Regulation.

Article XII. When the parties interested shall imagine they have cause to complain of any evident injustice on the part of the Mixed Commissions, they may represent it to their respective Governments, who reserve to themselves the right of mutual correspondence for removing, when they think fit, the individuals who may compose these Commissions.

Article XIII. In the case of a vessel detained unjustly, under pretence of the stipulations of the Additional Convention of this date, and in which the captor should neither be authorised by the tenour of the above-mentioned Convention, nor of the Instructions annexed to it, the Government to which the detained vessel may belong shall be entitled to demand reparation; and in such case the Government to which the captor may belong binds itself to cause the subject of complaint to be fully examined, and to inflict upon the captor, if he be found to have deserved it, a punishment proportioned to the transgression which may have been committed.

Article XIV. The two High Contracting Parties have agreed, that in the event of the death of one or more of the commissary judges, and arbitrators composing the abovementioned Mixed Commissions, their posts shall be supplied, ad interim, in the following manner: on the part of the British Government, the vacancies shall be filled successively, in the Commission which shall sit within the possessions of His Britannic Majesty, by the governor or lieutenantgovernor resident in that colony, by the principal magistrate of the place, and by the secretary; and in the Brazils, by the British Consul and Vice-Consul resident in the city in which the Mixed Commission may be estalished.

On the part of Portugal, the vacancies shall be supplied, in the Brazils, by such persons as the captain-general of the province shall name for that purpose; and, considering the difficulty which the Portuguese Government would feel in naming fit persons to fill the posts which might become vacant in the Commission established in the British possessions, it is agreed, that in the case of the

death of the Portuguese commissary judge, or arbitrator, in those possessions, the remaining individuals of the above-mentioned Commission shall be equally authorized to proceed to the judgment of such Slave-ships as may be brought before them, and to the execution of their sentence. In this case alone, however, the parties interested shall have the right of appealing from the sentence, if they think fit, to the Commission resident in the Brazils; and the Government to which the captor shall belong shall be bound fully to defray the indemnification which shall be due to them, if the appeal be judged in favour of the claimants; it being well understood that the ship and cargo shall remain, during this appeal, in the place of residence of the first Commission before whom they may have been conducted.

The High Contracting Parties have agreed to supply, as soon as possible, every vacancy that may arise in the above-mentioned Commissions from death or any other contingency. And in case that the vacancy of each of the Portuguese commissioners residing in the British possessions, be not supplied at the end of six months, the vessels which are taken there to be judged, after the expiration of that time, shall no longer have the right of appeal hereinbefore stipulated.

Done at London, the 28th of July, 1817.




Separate Article.

As soon as the total abolition of the Slave Trade, for the subjects of the Crown of Portugal, shall have taken place, the two High Contracting Parties hereby agree, by common consent, to adapt to that state of circumstances, the stipulations of the Additional Convention concluded at London, the 28th of July last; but in default of such alterations, the Additional Convention of that date shall remain in force until the expiration of fifteen years from the day on which the general abolition of the Slave Trade shall so take place, on the part of the Portuguese Govern


The present Separate Article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted, word for word, in the Additional Convention aforesaid. It shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged as soon as possible.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have thereunto affixed the seals of their arms.

Done at London, this 11th September, 1817. (Signed) CASTLEREAGH, (L.S.)



WHEREAS a Convention, having for its object the prevention of the illicit Traffic in Slaves, was concluded between His Britannic Majesty and His Most Faithful Majesty, and signed at London on the 28th of July, 1817:

And whereas by the Second Article of that Convention the Traffic in Slaves was declared still to be permitted to Portuguese subjects, only within certain territories therein. described:

And whereas the territories of Molembo and Cabinda are described by that Article to be on the eastern coast of Africa; and whereas this description is evidently a verbal mistake, the said territories of Molembo and Cabinda lying in fact upon the western, and not upon the eastern coast of Africa:

It is hereby declared, by the undersigned, that the word eastern, in that part of the Second Article above alluded to, shall be held to be annulled, and the word western to stand in its place; and the latter part of the Article in question shall accordingly be held to run thus:

"The territories of Molembo and Cabinda, upon the western coast of Africa, from the fifth degree twelve minutes, to the eighth degree south latitude."

It was further agreed between the undersigned, that the present Declaration shall be considered as an integral part of the said Convention.

In witness and in faith of the above, the undersigned, His Britannic Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and His Most Faithful Majesty's Envoy Extraor

dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of St. James's, have hereunto set their hands and seals, at London, this 3rd day of April, 1819.




ADDITIONAL ARTICLES to the Convention between Great Britain and Portugal relative to the Slave Trade.Lisbon, 15th March, 1823.

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and Algarves, wishing to remove every obstacle to the faithful execution of the Convention signed in London, by their respective Plenipotentiaries, on the 28th July, 1817, for the purpose of preventing their subjects from engaging in any illicit Traffic in Slaves; and seeing the necessity of adding, to that intent, certain Articles to the said Convention, have, for this purpose, named their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say :

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Edward Michael Ward, Esquire, his Chargé d'Affaires at the Court of Lisbon; and

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and Algarves, Jose Bazilio Rademaker, Chief Clerk of the Department of State for Foreign Affairs, &c.:

Who, after having exchanged their respective full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles :

ARTICLE I. Whereas it is stated in the 1st Article of the Instructions intended for the British and Portuguese ships of war employed to prevent the illicit Traffic in Slaves, that "ships on board of which no Slaves shall be found, intended for purposes of traffic, shall not be detained on any account or pretence whatever:" and whereas it has been found by experience, that vessels employed in the illegal traffic have put their Slaves momentarily on shore, immediately prior to their being visited by ships of war, and that such vessels have thus found means to evade for

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