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limites, si ne l'ayant jamais perdu de vue, ceux-ci ne parviennent à l'atteindre qu'à une plus grande distance de la côte.

Article II. Le droit de visiter les navires de commerce de l'une et de l'autre nation, dans les parages ci-dessus indiqués, ne pourra être exercé que par des bâtimens de guerre dont les commandans auront le grade de capitaine ou, au moins, celui de lieutenant de vaisseau.

Article III. Le nombre des bâtimens à investir de ce droit sera fixé chaque année, par une convention spéciale; il pourra n'être pas le même pour l'une et l'autre nation, mais dans aucun cas, le nombre des croiseurs de l'une ne devra être de plus du double de celui des croiseurs de l'autre.

Article IV. Les noms des bâtimens, et ceux de leurs commandans seront communiqués par chacun des Gouvernemens contractans à l'autre, et il sera donné réciproquement avis de toutes les mutations qui pourront survenir parmi les croiseurs.

Article V. Des instructions seront rédigées et arrêtées en commun par les deux Gouvernemens pour les croiseurs de l'une et de l'autre nation, qui devront se prêter une mutuelle assistance dans toutes les circonstances où il pourra être utile qu'ils agissent de concert. Les bâtimens de guerre réciproquement autorisés à exercer la visite, seront munis d'une autorisation spéciale de chacun des deux Gouvernemens.

Article VI. Toutes les fois qu'un des croiseurs aura poursuivi et atteindra, comme suspect, un navire de commerce, le commandant, avant de procéder à la visite, devra montrer au capitaine les ordres spéciaux qui lui confèrent le droit exceptionnel de le visiter; et lorsqu'il aura reconnu que les expéditions seront régulières, et les opérations licites, il fera constater sur le journal du bord, que la visite n'a eu lieu qu'en vertu des dits ordres. Ces formalités étant remplies le navire sera libre de continuer sa route.

Article VII. Les navires capturés pour s'être livrés à la Traite ou comme soupçonnés d'être armés pour cet infâme trafic, seront, ainsi que leurs équipages, remis sans délai à la juridiction de la nation à laquelle ils appartiendront.

Il est d'ailleurs bien entendu qu'ils seront jugés d'après les loix en vigueur dans leurs pays respectifs.

Article VIII. Dans aucun cas le droit de visite réciproque ne pourra s'exercer à bord des bâtimens de guerre de l'une et de l'autre nation.

Les deux Gouvernemens conviendront d'un signal spécial dont les seuls croiseurs investis de ce droit devront être pourvus, et dont il ne sera donné connaissance à aucun autre bâtiment étranger à la croisière.

Article IX. Les Hautes Parties Contractantes au présent Traité sont d'accord pour inviter les autres Puissances Maritimes à y accéder dans le plus bref délai possible.

Article X. La présente Convention sera ratifiée et les ratifications en seront échangées dans le délai d'une mois, ou plus tôt si faire se peut

En foi de quoi les Plénipotentiaires ont signé la présente Convention et y ont apposé le sceau de leurs armes. Fait à Paris le 30 Novembre, 1831.

(L.S.) GRANVille.

(L.S.) HORACE SEBASTIANI.

Translation.

THE Courts of Great Britain and of France being desirous of rendering more effectual the means of suppression which have hitherto been in force against the criminal traffic known under the name of the Slave Trade, they have deemed it expedient to negotiate and conclude, a Convention for the attainment of so salutary an object; and they have to this end named as their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say,

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable the Lord Viscount Granville, Peer of Parliament, Member of the Privy Council, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at the Court of France:

And His Majesty the King of the French the Lieutenant-General Count Horace Sebastiani, Grand Cross of the Order of the Legion of Honour, Member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Departments, and Minister and Secretary of State for the Department of Foreign Affairs :

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found to be in due form, have signed the following Articles:

:

ARTICLE I. The mutual right of search may be exercised on board the vessels of each of the two nations, but only within the waters hereinafter described, namely:

1. Along the western coast of Africa, from Cape Verde to the distance of ten degrees to the south of the equator; that is to say, from the eighteenth degree of south latitude to the fifteenth degree of north latitude, and as far as the thirtieth degree of west longitude, reckoning from the meridian of Paris.

2. All round the Island of Madagascar, to the extent of twenty leagues from that island.

3. To the same distance from the coasts of the Island of Cuba.

4. To the same distance from the coasts of the Island of Porto Rico.

5. To the same distance from the coasts of Brazil.

It is however understood, that a suspected vessel descried, and begun to be chased by the cruizers whilst within the said space of twenty leagues, may be searched by them beyond those limits, if, without having ever lost sight of her, they should only succeed in coming up with her at a greater distance from the coast.

Article II. The right of searching merchant vessels of either of the two nations on the waters hereinbefore mentioned, shall be exercised only by ships of war, whose commanders shall have the rank of captain, or at least that of lieutenant, in the navy.

Article III. The number of ships to be invested with this right shall be fixed each year, by a special agreement; the number for each nation need not be the same, but in no case shall the number of the cruizers of the one nation be more than double the number of the cruizers of the other.

Article IV. The names of the ships and of their commanders shall be communicated by each of the contracting Governments to the other, and information shall be reciprocally given of all changes which may take place in the cruizers.

Article V. Instructions shall be drawn up and agreed upon in common by the two Governments for the cruizers of both nations, which cruizers shall afford to each other

mutual assistance in all circumstances in which it may be useful that they should act in concert.

The ships of war authorized to exercise the reciprocal right of search shall be furnished with special authority from each of the two Governments.

Article VI. Whenever a cruizer shall have chased and overtaken a merchant vessel as liable to suspicion, the commanding officer, before he proceeds to the search, shall exhibit to the captain of the merchant vessel the special orders which confer upon him, by exception, the right to visit her; and in case he shall ascertain the ship's papers to be regular, and her proceedings lawful, he shall certify upon the log-book of the vessel that the search took place only in virtue of the said order. These formalities having been completed, the vessel shall be at liberty to continue her course.

Article VII. The vessels captured for being engaged in the Slave Trade, or as being suspected of being fitted out for that infamous traffic, shall, together with their crews, be delivered over without delay to the jurisdiction of the nation to which they belong. It is furthermore distinctly understood that they shall only be judged according to the laws in force in their respective countries.

Article VIII. In no case shall the right of mutual search be exercised upon the ships of war of either nation.

The two Governments shall agree upon a particular signal, with which those cruizers only shall be furnished which are invested with this right, and which signal shall not be made known to any other ship not employed upon this service.

Article IX. The High Contracting Parties to the present Treaty agree to invite the other Maritime Powers to accede to it within as short a period as possible.

Article X. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications of it shall be exchanged within one month, or sooner if it be possible.

In faith of which, the Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Convention, and have affixed thereto the seal of their arms.

Done at Paris, the 30th November, 1831. (L.S.) GRANVILLE.

(L.S.) HORACE SEBASTIANI.

SUPLEMENTARY CONVENTION between His Majesty and the King of the French, for the more effectual suppression of the Traffic in Slaves.-Signed at Paris, March 22, 1833.

[Ratifications exchanged at Paris, April 12, 1833.]

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the King of the French, having felt the necessity of developing some of the clauses contained in the Convention which was signed between their Majesties on the 30th November, 1831, relating to the suppression of the crime of Slave Trade, have named as their Plenipotentiaries for this purpose, to wit:

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Granville, Viscount Granville, Peer of the United Kingdom, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, member of the Privy Council of His Britannic Majesty, and his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Court of France;

And His Majesty the King of the French, M. Charles Leonce Achille Victor, Duc de Broglie, Peer of France, Knight of the Royal Order of the Legion of Honour, Minister and Secretary of State for the Department of Foreign Affairs:

Who, after having exchanged their powers, which have been found in good and due form, have agreed on the following Articles:

ARTICLE I. Whenever a merchant-vessel, navigating under the flag of one of the two nations, shall have been detained by the cruizers of the other, duly authorized to that effect, conformably to the provisions of the Convention of the 30th November, 1831, such merchant-vessel, as also her master, her crew, her cargo, and the slaves who may be on board, shall be carried to such places as shall have been appointed by the Contracting Parties respectively, in order that proceedings may be there instituted respecting them, agreeably to the laws of each country, and they shall be delivered over to the authorities appointed for that purpose by the respective Governments.

When the commander of the cruizer shall not think

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