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Captains. - 68.
Uriah P. Levy.
S. H. Stringham. Charles Gauntt.
Thomas Crabbe. Sarouel W. Downing.
Thomas Paine. Henry W. Ogden.
John C. Long.
Andrew Fitzhugh. Hugh N. Page.
Hiram Paulding. Stephen Champlin.
Commanders. — 97. Joel Abbot.
Joshua R. Sands. Wm. M. Armstrong. John Stone Paine. Lewis E. Simonds. John J. Young.
William F. Shields. Joseph Morehead. John M. Dale.
Charles H. Bell. G. J. Pendergrast, Thomas Petigru. Harrison H. Cocke. Abraham Bigelow. William C. Nicholson John S. Chauncey. William J. McCluney. Frederick Varnum. James B. Cooper. John Kelly. John B. Montgomery. Joseph R. Jarvis. E. W. Carpender. Edmund Byrne. Horace B. Sawyer. Sam'ı W. Le Compte. John L. Saunders. William H. Gardner. Cornelius K. Suribling. Charles T. Platt. Joseph B. Hull.
David G. Farragut.
Richard S. Pinckney. George N. Holling. Charles Wilkes. Timothy G. Benham.
A. G. Slaughter.
William Pearson. Charles H. Jackson. Rob. B. Cunningham. Henry A. Adams. William L. Howard. Andrew A. Harwood. James Glynn.
James D. Knight. Thomas J. Leib. Theodorus Bailey. Joseph Myers. Joseph Mallison. Thomas 0. Selfridge. Hugh Y. Purviance. Thomas R. Gedney. William S. Walker. Henry Eagle.
George Adams. Victor M. Randolph. George F. Pearson. Andrew K. Long. Cadwalader Ringgold. Frederic Engle. James T. Gerry. G. J. Van Brunt. Wm. F. Lynch. John Rudu.
John S. Nicholas. William M. Glendy. Henry W. Morris. Robert Ritchie.
Samuel F. Du Pont. George P. Upshur. Isaac S. Sterett. William W. McKean. William L. Hudson. George S. Blake. Francis B. Ellison. Franklin Buchanan. George A. Magruder. Z. F. Johnston. Edw. B. Boutwell. Samuel Mercer. John Pope.
William Green. Sidney Smith Lee. Charles Lowndes. Levin M. Powell. Samuel Barron.
Wm. C. Whillle. L. M. Goldsborough.
6. Pay or the Navy, per annum.
Pay. CAPTAINS, 63, senior in service, $4,500 ASSISTANT SURGEONS, 43, waiting on leave, 3,500
orders, Captains of Squadrons,
850 Other Captains on duty,
after passing, 1,200 COMMANDERS, 97, in sea service, 2,500
at navy yards,
930 at navy yards, or on
after passing, 1,150 other duty, 2,100 PURSERS, 64, from
$1,500 to 3,500 on leave, &c.,
1,800 CHAPLAINS, 24, in sea service, 1,200 LIEUTENANTS, 327, commanding, 1,800
on leave, &c.,
800 on other duty,
1,500 PROFESSORS of Mathematics, 12, 1,200 waiting orders,
1,200 PASSED MIDSHIPMEN, 255, on duty, 750 SURGEONS, 69, 1st 5 years in com., 5 1,000
waiting orders, 600 in navy yards, &c., 1,250 MIDSHIPMEN, 183, in sea service,
400 in sea service, 1,333
on other duty,
330 of the fleet, 1,500
on leave, &c.,
300 2d 5 years, on leave, 1,200 MASTERS, 21, of ship of the line at sea, 1,100 at navy yards, &c., 1,500
on other duty,
1,000 in sea service, 1,600
on leave, &c.,
750 of the fleet, 1,800 TEACHERS, 2,
450 3d 5 years, on leave, 1,400 BOATSWAINS, 39 of a ship of the line. ?
and at certain yards,
45 at navy yards, &c., 1,750 GUNNERS,
on other duty, 700 in sea service, 1,866 CARPENTERS, 43
on leave, 1st 10 years, 500 of the fleet, 2,100 SAILMAKERS,
2d 10 years, 600 4th 5 years, on leave, 1,600 CHIEF ENGINEER, on duty, 1st 5 years, 1,500 at navy yards, &c., 2,000
after 5 years, 2,000 in sea service, 2,133
on leave, 1st 5 years, 1,200 of the fleet, 2,400
after 5 years, 1,400 20 years and upwards, First AssistanT ENGINEER, on duty, 1,000 on leave, 1,800
on leave, 850 at navy yards, &c., 2,250 Second Assistant ENGINEBR, on duty, 800 in sea service, 2,400
on leave, 600 of the fleet,
2,700 THIRD ASSISTANT ENGINEER, on duty, 600 PASSED ASSISTANT SURGEONS, 38.
on leave, 400 Note. One ration per day only is allowed to each officer when attached 10 vessels for sea service, since the passage of ihe law of the 311 of March, 1835, regulating the pay of the navy. Teachers receive two rations per day, at 20 cents each.
7. VESSELS OF WAR OF The United States Navy. — August 5, 1850. (The officers marked thus (*) have the rank of Commanders ; thus (t), Lieutenants ;
the rest are Captains.) Name and Rate. Where and when built. Commanded by Where stationed. Ships of the Line. 11.
1837 *S. Barron,
Rec'g ship, Norfolk. Franklin, 74 1515 *Jas. T. Gerry,
Boston. Columbus, 74 Washington, 1819
Norfolk. Ohio, 74 New York,
Boston. North Carolina, 74 Philadelphia, 182*Stephen B. Wilson, Rec'g ship, N. York. Delaware, 74 Gosport, Va., 1820
On stocks, Ports'th. Fermoat, 74 Boston, 1845
On stocks, Boston. New York, 74
Norfolk New Orleans, 74
1825 Charles Boarman, Coast of Brazil. Columbia,
44 Portsmouth, 1841 Jas. M. McIntosh, Coast of Brazil. Cumberland, 44 Boston,
1812 W. K. Latimer, Mediterranean. Savannah, 41 New York, 1812*Z. F. Johnston,
44 Philadelphia, 1813 Chas. Gaunit, South Pacific.
On stocks, Ports'th.
N. York. St. Lawrence,
41 Norfolk, 1847 Hiram Paulding, Baltic Sea. Frigates, ad Class. 2. Constellation, 36 Baltimore, 1797
Norfolk Macedonian, 36 Capt'd 1812, reb'ı 1836
· New York. Sloops of War. 22. Saratoga,
20 Portsmouth, 1842 *Wm. S. Walker, East Indieg. John Adams, 20 Charleston, S.C.,: 1799 *L. M. Powell, Coast of Africa. Sincennes,
20 New York, 18:26 *W. L. Hudson, Pacific Ocean. Warren,
1826 Ch. W. Pickering, Falmouth,
1827 *Thomas Peligru, Fairfield, 20 New York,
182**Wm. H. Gardner, Pacific Ocean. St. Louis,
20 Washington, 1828 *H, H. Cocke, Coast of Brazil. Cyane,
2 New York,
1837 Portsmouth, 20 Portsmouth, 1843 *Elisha Peck, Coast of Africa. Plymouth,
20 Boston, 1813 *Thomas R. Gedney, East Indies. St. Mary's, 20 Washington, 1814
Filling for sea, Norrk. Albany,
20 New York 1846 - Victor M. Randolph Home Squadron. Germantown,
20 Philadelphia, 1846 *Charles Lowndles, Ontario,
18 Baltimore, 1813 *H. Y Purviance, Rec'g ship. Baltimore. Decatur,
16 New York,
1839 *James Glynn, Eist Indies. Yorktown,
16 Norfolk, 1839 *John Marston, Coast of Africa. Marion,
1839 *W. M. Glendy, East Indies. Dale,
16 Pbiladelphia, 1839 *Wm. Pearson, Coast of Africa. Brigs. 4. Dolphin,
10 New York, 1836 |Thomas J. Page, East Indies, Porpoise,
1836 James L. Lardner, Coast of Africa. Bainbridge,
10 Norfolk, 18431A. H. Foote, Coast of Africa. Schooners. 5. Flirt,
2 Transfd from W.D. Ebenezer Farrand, Home Squadron. Wave, 1
Coast Survey. Phenix,
i Purchased, 1816
1 Rebuilt in 1820.
Name and Rate. Where and when built. Commanded by Taney.
Transf'd from T. D.
tJ. C. Walsh,
Portsmouth, 1843 Josiah Talınall,
4 New York, 1837 Union,
4 Norfolk, 1812 *S. F. Du Pont, Michigan,
1 Erie, Pa., 1813 *Oscar Bullus, Alleghany,
2 Pittsburg, Pa.,
3 Purchased, 1816 + William Smith, General Taylor, Transf'd from W. D. Water Witch,
6 Philadelphia, 1836 B. J. Totten, Erie,
4 Baltimore, 1813 +William D. Porter, Lexington,
6 New York, 1825 J. K. Mitchell, Southampton,
4 Norfolk, 1815 E. L. Handy, Supply,
4 Purchased, 1846+C H A. Kennedy, Fredonia,
1816'F. A. Neville,
V. THE MARINE CORPS. The marine corps has the organization of a brigade. The pay and allowances of the officers of the marine corps are the same as those of officers of the same grades in the infantry of the army, except the adjutant and inspector, who have the same pay and allowances as the paymaster of the marines. The marine corps is subject to the laws and regulations of the navy, except when detached for service with the army by the order of the President of the United States. The head-quarters of the corps are at Washington.* | Archibald Henderson, Colonel-Commandant.
Adjutant & Inspector.
Thomas A. Linton, .
* Those officers who were dropped from the roster of the corps on the 18th of August, 1848, under the act of March 20, 1847, were restored to their former rank and pay by the act of March 30, 1819.
Brigadier General by brevet. i With the rank of Major. With the rank of Captain.
VI. CONGRESS. The Congress of the United States consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and must assemble at least once every year, on the first Monday of December, unless it is otherwise provided by law.
The Senate is composed of two members from each State ; and, of course, the regular number is now 62. They are chosen by the Legislatures of the several States, for the term of six years, one third of them being elected biennially.
The Vice-President of the United States is the President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. In his absence, a President pro tempore is chosen by the Senate.
The House of Representatives is composed of members from the several States, elected by the people, for the term of two years. The Representatives are apportioned among the different States according to population. The 31st Congress is chosen according to the act of Congress of 1842, the ratio being “one Representative for every 70,680 persons in each State, and one additional Representative for each State having a fraction greater than one moiety of the said ratio, computed according to the rule prescribed by the Constitution of the United States.” The law of 1842 also requires, that the Representatives of each State “shall be elected by districts composed of a contiguous territory, equal in number to the number of Representatives to which said State may be entitled, no one district electing more than one Representative.” The present number of Representatives is 232, and there are two Delegates, one each from Oregon and Minesota, who have a right to speak, but not to vote.
Since the 4th of March, 1817, the compensation of each member of the Senate and House of Representatives has been $8 a day, during the period of his attendance in Congress, without deduction in case of sickness; and $8 for every twenty miles' travel, in the usual road, in going to and returning from the seat of government. The compensation of the President of the Senate pro tempore, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, is $16 a day.
THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS. The Senate.
William R. King, Alabama, President.
Augusta, 1853 William Upham, Montpelier, 1855 New Hampshire.
Massachuselts. John P. Hale, Dover, 1853 * Robt. C. Winthrop, Boston, 1851 Moses Norris, Jr., Manchester, 1855 John Davis, Worcester, 1853
Appointed by the Governor to hold office until the Legislature fills the vacancy.