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Art. I, Sec. 8. Continued.


to provide for punishment of counterfeiting

securities and coin of U. S.


to establish post-offices and post-roads.


to promote progress of science and useful arts

by securing to authors and inventors exclu-

sive rights.


to constitute tribunals inferior to Supremo



to define and punish piracies and felonies on

high seas, and offenses against law of na-



to declare war,

grant letters of marque and reprisal,

and make rules concerning captures.


to raise and support armies.

appropriations to be limited to two years.


to provide and maintain a navy,

14. To make rules for government of land and naval forces.

15. To provide for calling forth the militia.

to execute laws, suppress insurrections, etc.

16. To provide for organizing and arming the militia.

and for governing them when in employ of


authority of States as to appointment of off-

cers reserved.

also as to disciplining militia.
17. To exercise exclusive legislation over seat of government.

and over sites of public works or buildings,

18. To make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its


Seo. 9.–1. Migration or importation of slaves, restriction of.

tax or duty may be imposed.

2. Habeas corpus not to be suspended except.

3. No bill of attainder or er post facto law to be passod.

4. No direct tax unless in proportion to census.

5. No tax or duty on exports from any State.

6. No preference to be given in commerce or revenue to

ports of any State.

no entry, clearance, or duties on vessels

bound to or from States.
7. Money to be drawn only on appropriations made by law.

statements of receipts and expenditures to be pub-

8. No title of nobility to be granted.

no officer to accept presents from foreign powers.

SEO. 10.-l. No State to enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederar


or grant letters of marque and reprisal.

or coin money:

or emit bills of credit.

or make anything but gold and silver a legal


or pass any bill of attainder.

or ex post facto law.

or law impairing obligation of contract.

or grant any title of nobility.

2. No State, without consent of Congress, shall lay any

imposts or duties.

except absolutely necessary.

and the net produce to be for use of Gov-


and the laws subject to revision of Congress.

SEC. 1.-1. The executive power is vested in a President.

his term of office shall be four years.

the term of office of Vice-President shall

be the same.

they shall

be elected together.

2. Each State shall appoint Presidential electors.

to be in number equal to the whole number of

their Senators and Representatives.

no Senator or Representative or public U. S.

officer shall be an elector.

3. Manner of voting by electors.

REPEALED. See XIIth Amendment.

4. Congress may determine time of choosing electors.

and the day of their meeting to elect.

to be the same throughout the U.S.

5. Natural-born citizens alone eligible for President.

to have attained the age of thirty-five, and

been fourteen years a resident.

6. The Vice-President to assume the duties of President in

case of his death, resignation, etc.

Congress may by law provide for the case of death, resig.

nation, etc., of the President.

and declare what officer shall then act.

7. The compensation of the President shall not be increased

or diminished during his 1 m of


and be shall not receive during dat pe-

riod any other emo?ument.
8. Oath or affirmation of President.
SEC. 2.-1. President shall be Commander in Chief of Army and Navy.

and of tho Militia of the several States, when

in service of the U.S.
may require written opinions of executive of.

may grant reprieves and pardons, except in im.


2. By and with consent of Congress, may make treaties.

and shall nominate and appoint Ambassadors, etc.

and all other officers whose appointments are not

otherwise provided for.

Congress may vest appointment of inferior officers

as they think proper.
3. President may fill vacancies during recess of Senate.
SEC. 3.-President to give information of state of the Union.

to recommend measures to Congress.
on extraordinary occasions may convene Congress.
in case of disagreement may adjourn Congress.
to receive Ambassadors and Ministers.
to take care that the laws are adininistered.
to commission all olicers of the U.S.

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The enumeration of rights not to disparage others retained

by the people.




Powers not delegated nor prohibited to the States are re

served to the States or to the people.


The judicial power not to extend to actions against a State

by citizen of another State, or of a foreign State.


Presidential electors to meet in their respective States.

and vote by ballot for President and Vice-Presi.


the ballots for each office to be distinct.
distinct lists to be made, signed, certified, and

transmitted to the President of the Senate.

the President of the Senate to open the certifi-

cates in presence of both houses of Congress.
and the votes shall then be counted.

the person having the greatest number of votes

shall be President.

if there be nomajority the House of Represent-
atives shall elect from those having the high-

est number, not exceeding three.

the votes shall be taken by States, each State

having one vote.

a quorum shall consist of a representation from

two-thirds of the States.

a majority of all the States necessary to a choice.

if the House neglect to choose a President, the

Vice-President shall act as such.

the person having the greatest number of votes

for Vice-President shall be Vice-Presideut,

if it be a majority of the electors.

if not such majority, then the Senate shall

choose the Vice-President from the two high-

est on the list.

a quorum shall consist of two thirds of the

whole number of Senators.

a majority shall be necessary for a choice.

constitutional ineligibility for President ren-

ders a person ineligible for Vice-President.


Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except for crime,

shall exist in the United States.
Congress may enforce this article.


SEO. 1.-All persons born or naturalized in the U. S. are citizens of

the U.S. and of the State where they reside.
States cannot abridge the privileges and immu.

nities of citizens.

nor deprive any person of life, liberty, or prop-

erty without due process of law.

nor deny to any person the equal protection of

the law.

SEC. 2.-Representatives shall be apportioned according to the whole

number of persons in each State, exclud-

ing Indians not taxed.

but when the right to vote is denied to male

citizens over twenty-one, the basis of
representation shall be reduced accord-

Art. XIV, Sec. 2.-Continued.

except for participation in the rebellion or

for other crimes.

SEC. 3.-Persons engaged in insurrection or rebellion having previ.

ously taken the oath to support the Constitution

of the U. S. are disqualified from holding office.

Congress may by a two-third vote of each house re-

move the disability.

SEC. 4.-The validity of the public debt of the U. S., authorized by

law, shall not be questioned.
debts or obligations incurred in aid of rebellion are ille.

gal and void.

claims for ss or emancipation of any slave are illegal

and void.

SEC. 5.-Congress shall have power to enforce these provisions.


SEC. 1.-The right of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged

on account of race, color, or previous condition of servj.

SEC. 2.-Congress shall have power to enforce this article.

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