Slike strani

angry with the two servants and turned them away and they went very far off; and as he could no longer harvest any crops through lack of the servants, he ate what he had gathered and came near dying of hunger. That he sent his son-inlaw to call the two servants and bring them back and he could not find them, seek as he might. That thereupon the old man went to seek them and, having found them, he brought them once more into his service, and with their aid he had once more large crops, and thus he continued for many years in that land; and after a long time they went away and nothing more was heard of them.

“He said also, that after the old man, there came to that land a man called The Drinker, and he grew angry with the people of that place and he sent much water so that the whole country was covered with water, and he went to a very high mountain range which is seen from there, and which is called The Mountain of the Foam (Sierra de la Espuma), and he took with him a little dog and a coyote. (This mountain range, Superstition Mountains, is called 'of the foam, because at the end of it, which is cut off and steep like the corner of a bastion, there is seen high up near the top a white brow as of rock, which also continues along the range for a good distance, and the Indians say that this is the mark of the foam of the water which rose to that height.) That The Drinker went up, and left the dog below that he might notify him when the water came too far, and when the water reached the brow of the foam the dog notified The Drinker, because at that time the animals

talked, and the latter carried him up. That after some days The Drinker Man sent the Rosesucker to Coyote to bring him mud; they brought some to him and of the mud he made men of different kinds, and some turned out good and others bad. That these men scattered over the land, upstream and downstream; after some time he sent some men of his to see if the other men upstream talked; these went, and returned saying that although they talked, they had not understood what they said, and that The Drinker Man was very angry because these men talked without his having given them leave. That next he sent other men downstream to see those who had gone that way and they returned saying that they

had received them well, that they spoke another tongue, but that they had understood them. Then The Drinker Man told them that those men downstream were the good men, and there were such as far as the Opa, with whom they are friendly, and that there were the Apache, who are their enemies. He said also that at one time The Drinker Man was angry with the people and killed many and transformed them into saguaros, (giant cacti), and on this account there are so many saguaros in that country. Furthermore, he said that at another time The Drinker Man was very angry with the men and caused the sun to come down to burn them, and was making an end of them; that he now begged him much not to burn them, and therefore The Drinker Man said that he would no longer burn them and then he told the sun to go up, but not so much as before, and he told them that he left

[ocr errors][ocr errors]


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

it lower in order to burn them by means of it, if ever they made him angry again, and for this reason it is so hot in that country in summer.

In the account of Casa Grande given by Johnston in his Journal, in Emory's “Notes of a Military Reconnaissance," Washington, 1848, he wrote:

“The general asked a Pimo who made the house (Casa Grande) I had seen. 'It is the Casa de Montezuma,' said he; "it was built by the son of the most beautiful woman who once dwelt in yon mountain; she was fair and al the handsome men came to court her, but in vain; when they came, they paid tribute, and out of this small store, she fed all people in times of famine, and it did not diminish; at last, as she lay asleep, a drop of rain fell upon her navel, and she became pregnant, and brought forth a boy, who was the builder of all these houses.'

Capt. F. D. Grossman, in the Smithsonian Report for 1871, made the following allusions to the Pima legends regarding Casa Grande:

“The Pimas claim to be the direct descendants of the chief So-ho. The children of So-ho reinhabited the Gila River Valley, and soon the people became numerous. One of the direct descendants of So-ho, King Sivano, erected the Casas Grandes on the Gila River. Here he governed a large empire, before-long before the Spaniards were known.”

The following quotation is taken from Bandelier's Final Report, 1892, pt. 2, in Papers Arch. Inst. Amer.:

[graphic][merged small]
« PrejšnjaNaprej »