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. ALASKA

ITS SOUTHERN COAST

AND

THE SITKAN ARCHIPELAGO

BY

E. RUHAMAH SCIDMORE

WITH MAP AND ILLUSTRATIONS

"Berlin, Sept. 5. - We have seen of Germany enough to show that its climate
is neither so genial, nor its soil so fertile, nor its resources of forests and mines so
rich as those of Southern Alaska." - William H. Seward - Travels Around the
World, Part VI. chap. v. page 708.

BOSTON

D. LOTHROP AND COMPANY

32 FRANKLIN STREET

18%

"7

Copyright, by
D. LOTHROP AND COMPANY,

1885.

ELECTROTYPED BY C. J. PETERS AND SON, BOSTON.

PREFACE.

THESE chapters are mainly a republication of the series of letters appearing in the columns of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat during the summer of 1883, and in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat and the New York Times during the summer of 1884. To readers of those journals, and to many exchange editors, who gave further circulation to the letters, they may carry familiar echoes. --The only excuse for offering them in this permanent form is the wish that the comparatively unknown territory, with its matchless scenery and many attractions, may be better known, and a hope that those who visit it may find in this book information that will add to their interest and enjoyment of the trip.

In rearranging the original letters many errors have been corrected and new material incorporated. During brief summer visits it was impossible to make any serious study, solve the mysteries of the native people, or give other than fleeting sketches of their out-door life and daily customs.

Elaborate resumés of the writings of Baron Wrangell and Bishop Veniaminoff have been given by Professor Dall in his work on “The Resources of Alaska," and by Ivan Petroff in the Census Report of 1880 (Vol. IX.), and have

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since been so often and so generally quoted as hardly to demand another introduction to those interested in ethnology. Such mention as I have made of the traditions and customs of the Thlinkets is condensed from many deck and table talks, and from conversations with teachers, traders, miners, and government officers in Alaska. Wherever possible, credit has been given to the original sources of information, and the “ Pacific Coast Pilot" of 1883 and other government publications have been freely consulted. The nomenclature and spelling of the “Coast Pilot” have been followed, although to its exactness and phonetic severity much picturesqueness and euphony have been sacrificed.

The map accompanying the book is a reduced section of the last general chart of Alaska published by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, and is reproduced here by the permission of the compiler, Prof. William H. Dall.

Of the illustrations, the cut of the Indian grave at Fort Wrangell was one accompanying an article published in Harper's Weekly, August 30, 1884, and other pictures have been presented to readers of the Wide Awake magazine of March, 1885. For views of the Davidson glacier, the North River, and the top of the Muir glacier, and the interior of the Greek Church at Sitka, from which cuts were made, I am indebted to a daring and successful amateur photographer of San Francisco, to whom especial credit is due.

To the officers of the ship and agents of the company I have to express appreciation of the favors and courtesies extended by them to my friends

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