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THE.;

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIEW,

FOR JULY 1802.

JAMES RENNELL, ESQ. F. R. S. OF LONDON AND EDINBURGH.

(WITH AN ENGRAVING.] W

with an admirable Portrait, we Major Rennell was for the second time must express our regret that we have it engaged in the fiege of Pondicherry., but little in our power to satisfy the Some time, we believe, about the laudable curiosity of the Public as to year 1778, while in India, he mar. the personal history, of so juftly emi- ried Miss Thackeray, daughter of the nent a character.

Rev. Dr. T. many years Head Master

of Harrow School ; by whoni he has MAJOR RENNELL was born of a very living two sons and a daughter.. ancient and respectable family at Chud. Few men (particularly who bave tra leigh, in Devonshire, on the 22d No velled) are so much attached to do. veinber 1742 ; and is first cousin, by mettic enjoyments as the Major, who, the paternal side, to the reverend and having long declined public employlearned Master of the Temple (whose ments, now leads, for the most part, a father, the Rev. Dr. Rennell, was a retired life in the bolom of his family, Prebendary of Winchester).

but affiduoudy pursues his literary After receiving a private education, labours. his firit outset in life was in the naval In his intercourse with his friends, service. While yet very young, he the Major possesses a remarkable flow of was employed at the fiege of Pondi. spirits, and abounds with interesting cherry, and was much noticed for his subjects of conversation : at the same active assistance in cutting out some time, as to whatever relates to himself, French men of war from the roads in he is one of the moit disident, unthe night.

assuming men in the world. At what time he exchanged the nayal To the indefatigable labours and for the military service, we have not profound knowledge of Major Renheard ; but about the year 1770 we nell, the science of geography has been find him in India, attached to the more indebted than to any modern corps of Engineers, his zeal and fer- writer that we can name, not except. vices in which promoted bim in no ing even D'Anville or De Line ; and long course of time to the rank of when his name was enrolled among Major ; and his very extensive and the Fellows of the Royal Society, that accurate acquaintance with the requi- learned body received, perhaps, as fite fciences foon pointed him out to much honour as it conferred. the Government as the most proper We entertained a hope that we should person to fill the important office of have been enabled to furnith our Surveyor-General in Bengal.

Readers with some account of the Ma. We remember to have heard from jor's active military services in India, good authority some years since, that of which we understand he bears many one day, marching in India at the honourable testimonials about his pers head of a detachment, he was suddenly fon; but in this expectation we have attacked by a tyger ; when with great been for the present disappointed : at a coolness he received the animal on the future time, however, we may, perhaps, point of the bayonet, which he thrust be enabled to sender more complete down his throat, and dispatched him: and satisfactory, both to the Public the bayonet was much bent by the and to ourfelves, a Memoir which force of the thrust. It is worthy of we must here close by a brief but

complete

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complete epàmeration (with occadonat attack with certainty. In its course remarks of the literary productions of through the plains, it receives eleven Major Rennell.

rivers, some of which are equal to

the Rhine, and none smaller than 3778. " A Chart of the Bank and

the Thames ; belides many others Current of Cape Lagullas :" with of lesser note." The inland navigaLetter-press.

tion of Bengal gives constant em. 1781. “'A Bengal Atlas," in folio : ployment to 20,000 boatmen ; and with Letter-press.

by the latter end of July all the lower “ An Account of the Ganges and parts of Bengal, contiguous to the Burrampooter Rivers ;" which in. rivers, are overflowed more than 100 terfeet the country of Bengal in such miles in width.--From what we have a variety of directions, as to form here extracted, the reader will see the most complete and easy inland that this is a very curious work, navigation that can be conceived. and will well recompense the trouble This account is contained in a letter of a reference to the Philosophical written from the spot to the Pre- Transactions, in which it will be fident of the Royal Society, and found at length. accompanied by a plan of the course 1782. “ Memoir of a Map I of Hinof the Ganges, than which we find doostan ; or, The Mogul's Empire : the Burrampooter (though much less with an Examination of some Posia heard of) is a ftill larger river. They tions in the former System of Indian both “ derive their sources (says the Geography, and some Illustrations Major) from the vast mountains of of the present one : and a complete Thibet, from whence they proceed Index of the Names to the Map." in opposite directions, the Ganges 4to.-An analytical review of this seeking the plains of Indoftan by work will be found in our Illd the West ; and the Burrampooter volume (for 1783), p. 52. by the East. The Ganges, after 1784. A Second Edition of the “ Me. wandering 750 miles through moun. moir," &c. improved. tainous regions, issues forth a deity 1788. “ A Map of Hindooftan in to the fuperftitious, yet gladdened, four Sheets ;" with a new Memoir, inhabitants of Hindoftan or Indoftan. From Hurdoar, in latitude 30 deg. “ A Map of the Peninsula of where it guses through an opening

India in two Sheets." in the mountains, it Hows with a 1790.

“ Memoir on the Geography smooth navigable stream through de. of Africa,” 4to. with a Map of lightful plains during the remainder Africa.--This was subjoined to the of its course to the sea (which is Narratives of Messrs. Ledyard and about 1350 miles €), diffusing plenty Lucas, in the “ Proceedings of the immediately by means of its living Association for promoting the Dir productions, and secondarily by covery of the interior Parts of Afri. enriching the adjacent lands, and ca:" a work not fold, but printed affording an easy means of transport for the use of the Members of the for the productions of its borders. Affociation. In a military view, it opens a com- 1791. « On the Rate of Travelling munication between the different as performed by Camels ; and its posts, and serves in the capacity of a Application, by a Scale, to the Pur. military way through the country ; poles of Geometry.”—This paper l'enders unnecessary the forming of was presented to the Royal Society Il magazines, and infinitely surpasses and the Major had the prize medal the celebrated inland navigation of awarded to him for it. It gives the North America, where the carrying results of the observations of several places not only obstruct the progress travellers g in the Great and Little of an army, but enable the adversary Deserts, and is extremely curious. to determine his place and mode of 1792. A Second Edition of the “ Me.

Philofophical Transactions, Vol. LXXI. Part I.
+ In the whole, 2100 miles !
| The Map itfelf is on iwo Sheets.

Phil. Trani. Vol. LXXXI. Part II.
Mr. Carmichael, Colonel Capper, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Irvin, Mr. Holford, &c.

in 4to.

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moir* of 1988 was published: with of the Nile, and the Canals of Suez; additional Maps and Letter-press. the Oasis and Temple of Jupiter

" The Marches (to Seringapa. Ammon, the ancient Circumnaviga. tam) of the British Armies in the tion of Africa, and other Subjects of Peninsula of India, during the Cam. History and Geography. The whole paigns of 1790 and 1791 ; illustrated explained by Eleven Maps, adapted and explained by Reference to a Map, to the different Subjects, and accom. compiled from authentic Documents panied with a complete Index.” One transmitted by Earl Cornwallis from volume, quarto. We find, how. India.” , 8vo. with a large Sheet ever, that ibis volume, though comMap. This is a very important and plete in itself, is only the cominteresting military detail, and affords mencement of a great plan of its the most regular and best connected Author, to correct the Geography, narrative that has yet been published ancient and niodern, of that part of the operations to which it relates. of Alia which lies between India 1793. A 'Third Edition of the “ Me- and Europe ; a talk which the Major moir” of 1788 was published. tells us, in his Preface, he had many

“ A new Map of the Peninsula of years ago undertaken, and wbich he India," in one Sheet ; with a Quarto has since performed to the best of his “Memoir,"on occalion of the Treaty abilities, so far as his stock of mateof Seringapatam in 1792.

rials adınitied; but that it would - A Second “ Memoir on the Geo. have been an act of imprudence in an

graphy of Africa ;" for the African individual to venture on so great an Allociation,

expence as the execution of the work “ Observations on a Current that in all its parts required. The Geoprevails to the Welt ward of the Scilly graphy of Herodotus, therefore, in Inands."- This was printed in the the present volume, may be cona. Philosophical Transactions.

dered as the first part. The remain. 1798. A Third “Memoir" on the ing parts will consist of the ancient Geography of Africa, with a Map gengraphy, as it was improved by illustrative of Mr. Parke's Route (for the Grecían conquests and eltablishthe African Association). In these ments ; together with such portions geographical illustrations the sources of military history as appear to want of modern error on the subject of the explanation. Maps of ancient geo. Niger are well pointed out ; the graphy, on scales adapted to the purauthority of Herodotus is established; pose, are intended to accompany the course of the Senegal river ascer- them. tained; the grounds for the con- “ A corrected Sheet Map of the struction of a map of Africa, and Peninsula of India, in which the Par. the variations of the compass, judi- tition of the whole Empire of Tippoo ciously laid down; the physical and Sultan is thewn; and ihe Cellions of political geography of Norih Africa 1792 clearly distinguished from those well discusled, and the comparison

of 1799." of the ancient and modern geogra. 1802. A Fourth “ Memoir" on the phy made with great judgment and African Geography, with an inprecision

proved Map of Africa, and a Mip 1800. “ The Geographical System of of Mr. Housemann's Route (for the

Herodotus examined and explained, African Association).
by a Comparison with those of other
ancient Authors, and with modern The foregoing list exhibits strong
Geography. In the Course of the proofs of the talents and industry of
Work are introduced Dillertations Major Rennell; who still enjoys a ge-
on the itinerary Stade of the Greeks, neral Itate of health and spirits that
the Expedition of Darius Hydalpes enable, and will we hope encourage,
to Scythia, the Position and Remains him to lay the learned and political
of Antient Babylon, the Alluvions world under additional obligations. J.

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SOME ACCOUNT OF THOMAS GARNETT, M. D. &c.
This Gentleman, whose parents are Lonsdale, of a respectable family.

still living, was born the 211t of About the age of fourteen, after having April 1766, at Barbon, near Kirkby received the first rudimients of educa.

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tion at his native village, he was placed fituation, which was far too laborious
nnder the tuition of Mr. Dawson, at for the state of his health, at the close
Sedbergh, in Yorkshire, where he laid of 1801, he devoted himself to his pro-
the foundation of his medical and phi. feflional practice, and took the house in
Jofophical knowledge. After this he Great Marlborough-street, where he
proceeded to Edinburgh, and took his built a new and convenient apartment,
degree about the year 1788. During and completed an expensive apparatus
bis refidence there, he became the pupil for the purpose of giving lectures to the
of Dr. Brown, whose new system of public. During the winter of 1805
medicine Dr. Garnett, from this time, and 1802, he gave regular courses on
held in the highest estimation. Soon experimental philofopliyand chemistry,
after this he vilted London, and at- and also a new course on “Zoonomia,
tended the practice of the hospitals. or, " the Laws of Animal Life,'
He had now arrived at an age which arranged according to the Brunonian
made it necessary for him to think of theory. These were interrupted in
some permanent establishment. With February, for some weeks, by a dan-
this view he left London, and, on the gerous illness, which left him in a
death of Dr. Wilson, repaired to Har- languid state i though he not only
rogate, where he published an analysis relumed and finished the lectures he
of the Spa there, and was soon engaged had begun, but also commenced two
in an extensive practice. As this, how- courses on botany, one at his own
ever, was neceffarily limited to the house, and the other at Brompton.
length of the season, which lasted only In the midst of these, he received,
three or four months, Dr. G. soon after by infection, from a patient whom he
his marriage, which took place in 1795, had attended, the fever which termi-
formed the design of emigrating to Ame- nated his existence in the space of ten
rica. At Liverpool, where he was days.
waiting to embark, he was so Itrongly Thus, in the prime of life, at the
folicited by Dr. Currie, and several precise period when manhood attains
others, to give a chemical course of its highett point of perfection, and the
Jedures, that he could not refuse his labours of early industry and applicas
consent. These lectures met with a tion were about to be compenfated by
most welcome reception, as did also a a proportionate degree of emolument
course on experimental philosophy, and reputation, Death closed the
which he was afterwards induced to scene :-the hope of friendship was
begin. He then received a pressing blighted, and the bright prospect, just
invitation from Manchester, where he opened to the view, throuded'in dark-
delivered the same lectures, with equal ness. His loss will be felt and lamented
fuccess. These circumstances happily far beyond the circuit of his immediate
operated to prevent his departure to acquaintance ; but who can paint the

;
America, and he became a successful distress of his family and connections,
candidate for the vacant Profesorship of those who knew him well, and ten-
of Anderson's institution at Gla'gow, derly loved him ; who have experi-
which made it impossible for him to enced his amiableness of difpofition,
accept an invitation he had received to

his intrinsic goodness of heart, bis give le&tures at Dublin. In Scotland, steadiness of friendship, his manly bekis leisure hours were employed in nevolence and sensibility, and the uncollecting materials for his Tour assuming modesty of his deportment. through the Highlands ;" which work As an author, his writings have uniwas in some degree impeded by the formly tended to encourage and profudden death of his wife (for whom he mote the cultivation and advancement had the sincerelt affection) in child. of useful knowledge; as a philosopher birth;

event which so strongly and a man of science, he has secured for affected his feelings, that he never himself a lofty place in the temple of thought of it but with agony: Dr. G. Fame, and an honourable mention in was induced to relinquith the institu. the annals of pofterity; as the private tion at Glasgow, by favourable offers friend and companion, his name is en. froin the new Royal Institution in graven on the hearts, and will be dear London, where, for one season, he was to the recollection, of all who enjoyed Professor of Natural Philosophy and the happiness and the advantage of his Chemistry, and delivered the whole of society. . the lectures. On retiring from this

ESSAYS

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ESSAYS AFTER THE MANNER OF GOLDSMITH,

ESSAY XVIII.

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“ My mind to me a kingdom is.”-Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. The mind is an indefeasible estate for as fast as he could, and looking behind

which we owe homage to no Lord him at every initant, in apprehenfion of or Baron; it is derived from the Creator the park-keeper, in his green jacket himself ; a treasure kindly bestowed on being still at his heels, until he came his creatures for their felicity, sufici. to the gate, where he met a man of ent, if used with discretion, to bear us decent appearance, whoin be immedi. through life, and comfort us when all ately accolted. “ Pray, my good friend, other treasure fails. How truly great, am I out of the Park ? Yes.". bow independent, is the human mind, Moredius instantly began to jump and when unendlaved by vice or prejudice, dance about, to the altonishment of the and how fuperior to the attacks of stranger.-" I am at liberty !" cried tyranny or ile scorn of fools. The Moredius ; “ I am at liberty !"-It man of sense may feel himself re- was tiine to think of returning home ; proached or neglected ; but he has and he enquired the nearest way.only to retire from the objects of his “ The nearest way to the village, anvexation to Solitude, who will at all swered the stranger," is through the times receive the exile from the world, Park."-" Through the Park," reand present him purer delights and plied Moredius ; « rather let me go pleasures for his entertainment and in- twelve miles out of my way than wbere Atruction, unfading and immortal. Nature will invite me in, and a rascally

There are few rational people who park-keeper turn me out, because I have not tasted at times the bliss of did not walk upon a chalk:d line. being free, who have not left the me- I have a great mind to write to his tropolis and its cares to snatch' a moLordhip, and coinplain of the treatment of tranquillity, abltracted froin ment of his servant."-" You may common pursuits and amusements ; save yourself that trouble," replied the who have not looked behind on the stranger ; “ his Lordship has the line town with a kind of triumph, and cried chalked out too."-" How fo?" interout, with exultation, “ Good bye ! I rupted Moredius.-" The ground is am at liberty 1"

every inch mortgaged, and the estate And yet, wander where we will, the just 'now forecloled."-" Good beatyranny of wealth and power will pur- vens !” cried Moredius, “ what regret, sue us.

what remorse, muft occupy the mind of Moredius was one of those beings the man who sees, through his extravawho aiked litele from fortune or ambi- gancies, one blefling fubtracted after tion; he was quiet and inoffensve, another, till nothing is left him but and 'thrunk back like the lenlitive the contemplation of objects which he plant at the touch of rudeness. More. cannot enjoy, and leave to walk like a dius was fond of peace and retirement, stranger in domains once his own; let and one day straggled from a country me no longer complain of the unfair disvillage near town, within the bound. tribution of Fortune ; the may do all the aries of a Nobleman's paik, through can for her favourites; but Providence which there was a public foot path. smooths all inequalities, and will perMoredius, attracted by some beautiful mit the good alone to be rich; the scenery to the left of the entrance, in- mind is the best kingdom, and without cautiouly bent his steps toward the it parks, mantions, fervants, and the spot, to indulge in contemplation, luxuries of the table, are only the torwhen his attention was awakened by menting objects of reflection incident to the voice of a man who was pursuing the situation of the man who has every him at a distance, accompanied by a thing, and owns nothing. Methinks í dog. Moredius stopped; wlien ihe see him in a thoughtful attitude re. man in rude and insulting language clining on his foplia. How .grand ! ordered him back, telling him, that it how beautiful ! how elegant ! is every was his Lordship's orders that no one article of furniture. Einpty pomp! should go out of the foot way. More- wretched magnificence ! his company dius in itantly obeyed, without utter. are retired, he is left alone; the eye ing a fyllable, and kept the path with that just now sparkled in all the riotous the molt exact measurement; walking pleasure of the moment is funk; Re

ncction

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