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THE

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

For SEPTEMBER 1796.

JAMES PETIT ANDREWS, Esq.

(WITH A PORTRAIT.) OF this Gentleman, whose life has the Second, from the last period to the ac

been usefully devoted to the service cession of Edward the VIth, in the subof the Publick, a short account has been sequent year. Both Volumes have been already given in our Magazine for Sep- well received by the Publick. tember 1789, p. 172, to which we refer Since the publication of the last work, our Readers. Since that period, Mr. we have heard that Mr. Andrews proANDREWS has produced a very useful, poses to continue Henry's History of entertaining, and accurate work, entitled, England, from the period at which death “ The History of Great Britain con- put an end to that historian's labours. In nected with the Chronology of Europe ; the execution of this work we think the with Notes, &c. containing Anecdotes Publick interested, and therefore with it of the Times, Lives of the Learned, every success. and Specimens of their Works," 4to. On the institution of the new Police, formed partly on the plan of Henault's Mr. Andrews was appointed one of FrenchHistory and containing a great fund the Commiffioners for the District of of important information. The Firft Vo- Queen's Square and St. Margaret's Weltlume, containing the period from Cæfar's minster, and continues at this time to invasion to the deposition and death of employ himself in the duties of that lao Richard II. was published in 1794 ; and borious and useful office,

ON POPE's HOMER.

[Continued from Vol. XXIX. Page 383.] DEAR P.

formable to the genius of the Latin lanMY valourous knight has acquitted guage ; than which indeed none is more

himself, you tay, very mantully in hackneyed and common'; quâ nihil est the armour borrowed from Homer. But tritius, as Mr. Wakefield justly observes I value myself too much, you think, on with his accustomed sagaeity. By this rule the fancied affiftance of my Roman auxi- the noun Marti might,

no doubt, with true liary; whcm perhaps I may not find grammatical accuracy, be applied to the either fo faithful or to powerful an ally, verb peperit. . But in this place, you will as I seem disposed to hope. And you re- observe, it cannot be to applied confiftentfer me to the last elegant and amended ly with the other parts of the sentence. edition of his works, p. 32. If the punc- Will you give me your attention for a few tuation suggested by Mr. Wakefield, in minutes, while I analyze the construcopposition, I believe, to the authority of tion? all former editors, be adopted, ļ confess it at once overthrows the main pillas, on

-Depotem, which my argument refts,

Traia quem peperit Sacerdos

Marti, redonabo. Iras, & invifum nepotem

What! quem nepotem Marti? This Troia quem peperit Sacerdas

explication appears at once to be inadMarti, redonabo.

B. III. D. . miffible. No luch absurdity, perhaps it I have often admired with you the inge- will be faid, is included in the fentenee, nious conjectures occasionally thrown out when rightly explained. The relative by this very acute and learned editor: and so pronoun quem is not immediately applied far as the general position goes of joining to the antecedent subject, expreced in the the objeét, to which any thing in any manpreceding line : which it mult here be alker is applied, to the verb denoting the lowed to relinquish, and to take up anomode of application in the dative cale, I ther subject more appropriate to Mars, entirely agree with him now. This mode as virum, or perhaps rather filium, under. of conltruction I consider as ftri&tly cous food. The grandionoť Jano, the speaker,

Xa

is

its parts :

is the same with the son of Mars ; so that as I am very unwilling to lose my Roman the fentence, when duly filled up, would auxiliary: run thus,

To make you some amends for the faz Troia quem peperit Sacerdos

tigue you must have endured in this te Mibi scilicet nepotem, eundem filium of the finetto scenes in the whole Iliad,

dious investigation, I will casry you to one Marri. This surely is rather a violent whether of Homer or Pope ; I mean the ellipse; and, I fulpeet, not justiñed by interview between Hector and Androany other instance of a similar construction. mache in the fixth book; where we lee Nor is this all, There is still ano.

the characters of husband and father, wife ther objcētion, not less important than the and mother, represented in a variety of afabove, to the punctuation proposed by feetingcircumstances and patheticspeeches, Mr. Wakefield. If admitted, it leaves naturally arising from the incidents, a no object, either expressed or understood, they happen, "imagined and worked for the verb redoraso, in its applicative up with equal delicacy of sentiment as sense, to act upon. Now we can scarce bring ourselves to think that so nice and

manner. The prayer, particularly, offered accurate a writer, fo confummate a maiter up by Hector for his lon, I could never

tead, even when a boy at school, where of language, as Horace is universally al. Homer does not always appear the moft lowed to be, would at any time deforin engaging, without the tenderelt emotions his composition by fo material a defect. of iympathy. Now that I am a father, In the only intance where this word oc- with congenial affections, I feel the ineurs again, the sentence is complete in all presion, as I doubt not you do, with pro

portionably stronger effect. How happens it Quis te redonavil Quiritem

then, that a man with so much poetical Diis patriis ? &c.

L. II. 0.9.

sensibility as Pope must be allowed ta Horace, it is well known, valued himself have possessed, in tranflating the three as having been the first who transplanted concluding lines of this affecting prayer, the Lyric form of Poetry into Italy, from mould appear in no degree to have felt Greece its native clime, where it flourish

the force of that happily-chosen circum, ed with so much luxuriancy and beauty.

fance, which constitutes the great beauty

of the passage, and on which the pathos Princeps Æolium carmen ad Italos

of it principally depends. Hector, antiDeduxiffe modos.

L.III.O. 3o. cipating the glory which he fondly hopes Add to this the fondness which he his boy may one day gain, closes bis petievery where discovers for transfusing, tion with this affectionate with : into these compositions especially, the Και ποτε τις ειπος, ΠΑΤΡΟΣ 3' ΟΓΕ phrases and idioms of the Greek poets,

ΠΟΛΛΟΝ ΑΜΕΙΝΩΝ; ; wherever they fuited his purpole ; and

Εκ πολεμά ακοντα: φεροι δ'αναρα βροτιthere will, I think, remain little doubt but that he meant in this paliage to ren

osla, der the Greek expression, as he found it

Κτεινας δηιον ανδρα : χαρείη δε φρενα. in Homer,

Lening.
Αχιλης μεθεμεν χoλον

II. VI. L. 479.

Eustathius obferves on the word TIS
Iras
Marti redonabo.

εφη και ΤΙΝΕΣ ειπωσιν, αλλα ΤΙΣ, ΕΙΣ

δηλαδη. .' This mode of expression, tho" But I detain you too long in the mere adjustment of a point; an employment, fors, either English or French, is by no

generally little attended to by the trandawhich your fine writers of the tirit order affedt, I know, to despise ; as fit only for

means accidental or immaterial. It apthe loweft drudges in the walk of litera.

pears to have been chosen with great ture ; the nibblers of old books ; tbe word.

art by the poet, in order to mark calcbers, we belive upon sillables, &c. &c. distinętly the image which he meant to If you should think, what however date the lines in terms correspondent to

represent. I will, with your leave, tranapprchend you will not think, any

excuse

the G text. necellary, I have dweit the longer on this lubject, conceiving, as I am afured you him on his return from battle, bearing the

" And hereafter may fome one hail do, that no observation of fo respectable bloody spoils of an enemywhom he hasilait

, a critic as Mr. Wakefield, which may saying He far surpasses bis fatber": and may chance to fall in our way, hould be light- his mother rejoice in her mind. "Who is this ingly paled by: Perhaps too I have la.. someone? Very clearly fome hoarý veteran, bourld this point the more ftrenuously, who had often Teen the courage of Hector

in the field; who had fcught and been collect of the same fort, as having ocTed to conquest under his command. Pope, cationally dropped in discourte froia in the fine phrenly of his enthusiasm, was you. But Pope,—while you allow, nay not contented with this limited triumph, even court me to correfpond with you on nor with this parfimonious praile. His there subjects, you will not be impatient, victorious hero mutt bear the spoils of whatever I may chance to fay—but Pope more enemies than one ; and whole hofts has other faults to answer for. By this mutt hail his conqueft :

unfortunate defertion of the text he not > So when, triumphant from successful toils, only detaces the fine imagery of Homer, £ Of beroes. Nain he bears the reeking (poils,

so happily fancied to awaken sentiment Whole bofts may hail him with de served ac- and atteet the feelings; he has also en: claim,

tangled his compontion with inexplica- And lay, tbis clief tranfcends bis fatber's fame;

ble difficulties. Where, cr what are the While, pleas'd amidst the general shouts of hosts, who are to hail the triumphant Troy,

hero on his return? Are they the hoits His mother's conscious heart o'erflows with joy. which he had led to battle ?

Or are By this extravagant exaggeration, they a corps of reserve ready to be drawn : which, I doubt not, is by mary confi- out, when occasion should call for them, dered as a sublimé iinprovement of Pope

on this extraordinary service? Are they upon his author, the original thought is, luppoled all, as if drilled to this with you fee, entirely loft ; and all the pleasing other military exercises, to break out, at affociations, excited by the appearance of once, with one voice, into the same accla the old soldier, are difípated, and vanish mation? We find no such perplexities in amidst the thouts of the noily multitude, the genuine work of Homer. "The hcary which the translator substitutes in his veteran, now pait lervice, remained in place. The hoary veteran speaks from the young hero's triumphant entry, he is

the city, waiting the event.

On seeing his own knowledge and recollection. The applauding hosts could only speak he had often attended in Gimilar situations.

of courie reminded of the father, whora from seport. So far indeed Pope very well Fenders the words of the applautive fenence The applause, therefore, which he utters fontittently with his own

ideas.

in the warm emotions of his joy, is not " This chief transcends his father's fame.” only subliine and animated, but from a But does Homer say anything like this speaker of this defcription equally natu

ral and proper -παρος δ' όγε πολλον αμεινον. . Pope's matter, whom in many lines he “He far surpaffes his fath r'

has copied very clofely, might have taught in the martial exploits, not which Fame him better : reports of him, but which the old soldier Some aged man, who lives this act to see, had himself seen the father perform. And who in former cimes remember'd me. I cculd almost fancy that Vandyke

DRYDIN. might catch the hint of his famous \ In the last couplet he succeeds better, Belitarius from this description. · The and rises above all competition. The Soldier of the painter is the same with abrupt and unexpected transition of Hector that of the poet. It is this striking fi- from the object, for whom he was thus gure, which by its contemplative attitude, fervently fupplicating the Gods, to his and lericus cast of countçnance, gives the wife, márks in the most delicate manner piece its moral effect. We enter at the tenderness of his affection; at all once into all his feelings ; and go along times, and on all occasions, alive and atwith him in the train of melancholy reflec- tentive to her happinels; with which every tions, which must naturally rise in his idea of pleasure and satisfaction was in his mind on beholding his general, whom mind intimately connected. This is very before he had seen to often at the head of elegantly expresled by Pope ; though still victorious armies with all the

in conformity to his previous miscon. ' Pride, pomp, and circumstance of glorious ception : war,"

While, pleas'd amidst the general thouts of dow reduced to fo humiliating a fituation,

Troy,

(joy. 28 to be relieved only by the casual cha- His mother's conscious heart o'erflows with rity of women and children. Would the Dryden's version appears in comparison effect have been equally powerful, had the very tat and infipid : painter crowded his canvass with a whole That at these words his mother may rejoice, tegiment or a sympathizing army? And add her fuffrage to the public voice.

I do not know how far your sentiments I will leave you in the pleasing enjoy. will coincide with mine in these observa ment of your favourite's acknowledged tions ; though something I seem to ff. fuperioritv. for the nrelent adien.

T AB L'E TAL K;

OR, CHARACTERS, ANECDOTES, &c, OF ILLUSTRIOUS AND CELEBRATED BRITISH CHARACTERS, DURING THE LAST Fifty YEARS, (MOST OF THEM NEVER BEFO'R E PUBLISHED.)

[Continuent from Page 84.] DUKE OF PORTLAND.

where the principal personage (the Devil) Chafter of tbe late DUKE OF Port- was locked up by way of safety, they

LAND, Faiker 19 the preferit Duke, hired a mob to break open the door the written by bis Faber-in lar EDWARD night before, and steal him. This they EARL OF OXFORD, previous to the ttiected, to the no small mortification of former's Marriage wih bis Daughter. the Whigs, and the derangement of the (EXTRACTED FROM A LETTER

intended ipectacle. DATED 1734.)

Next day Lord Oxford, who was a re* THE perton we have chosen for cur puted Tory, meeting Garth in the Court

son-in-law has the faireft and of Requests, called out to him, by way of most unexceptionable character, and bis triumph, * Garth, I am told you have composition the mott unlike the generz- lo t your Devil; pray how has all this lity of the young gentlemen of this age, happened ?"-" Becsuse," says Garth, which you will think was no imall ingre. "you have found your G-d, his disciples dient towards our approbation of him. stole him away in the night." As I hope inuch and long to fee you in Garth, writing a letter one evening at E:gland, I lv lieve when you see the Duke the St. James's Coffee-house, was much you will be plealed with him, as he is embarralied by an Irish gentleman, who Tree froin thu prevailing qualifications of was rude enough to look over his thoukiei the present fet of young men of quality, all the time. Garth, however, seerned to ļuch as gaming, tharping, piltering, lys take no rotice of this, 'till towards the ing, &c. dic. On the contrary, he is conclusion, when he humoroully added, endowed with qualifications they are by way of a pofticript, “ I should write ftrangers to, tuch as justice, honcur, ex- you more by this post, but there's a cellent temper both of mind and body, damned tall impudent Irishman looking fiving with all his own family: and the over my shoulder all the time,"_"Whaq manner in which he propoted hiintelf was

do

you mean, Sir !" says the Irishwhat became a gentleman and a man of man; “ do you think I looked over your honour.” [The prefent Duke is the letter ?"_"Sir,” says Garth very glaveeldett ton of that marriage, and with the ly, “I vevet once opened my lips te hereditary honours polleties all the here- you." Aye, but by Jditary virtues.)

put it down for all that."

i That's impossible, Sir," says Garth, “as you

day you never once looked over my letter." Garth, it is well known, was one of the greatest Whigs of Queen Anne's time; THE LATE VISCOUNT FALMOUTH. and, at that period, thote on his fide went This Nobleman, so well known in all great lengths in celebrating the Anniver- the public places of resort in this metroJary of Queen Elizabeth, by burning the polis about twenty years ago, and who, Devil, the Pope, and the Pretender toge: in conjunction with ihe late Baron Halther. Party butine's running very high lang and seme others of an ancient filandabout the latter end of the Eueen's reign, ing, were pleasantly called the Goa? greater procellion than ordinary was terie, in his general love of pleafurę ina intended to be brought out on one of eluded the pleature of doing a good a&ion, thote Anniverfaries. A computation and very properly dedicated part of a very may be loosely made

the exeefs of par

extentive fortune to publick charities and ty spirit and felly which then prevailed, the relief of private distress. In one of when the figure of the Devil alone cost bis morning perambulations in St. James's fitteen hundred pounds. The intended Park, of which he was a conftánt fre: parade of this proceflion being much quenter, and upon those occasions drefest talked of, set the Toties at work to coun- uncommonly plain, he happened to take teplot them, and getting intelligence is dat upon the same bench with a per

ton

-s, you have

SIR SAMUEL GARTH.

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fon equally fiedy in appearance, but his address, and delred he would call upin very different circumtances relative to on him again in a week's time. The spirits and fortune.

poor man, penetrated with kindness, took It being about the latter end of August, his leave. In the mean time his Lordship and the town very thin of people, a con- made the proper enquiries into the real verfation commenced relative to this cir- state and character of the man ; which cumitance; when the gentleman observed, fully answering his own description of rather gloomingly, “ how unequally this himself, he procured him a Captain's comworld was divided, some rolling in their mission in a marching regiinent in Ireland, carriages and spending unneceffarily at where he and his family embarked foon watering places, whilst others had great after, under all the impressions of so fordifficulties to get bread for themselves and tunate a change of circumstances. families." -This remark gave his Lordthip a hint of his associate's condition,

THE PRETENDER. and he fell into it in all the spirit of com- The fufpicions of an intended invasion plaint and mortification. After some by the Pretender, previous to the death of cunverfation of this nature, the clock at Queev Anne, were fo general at that the Horse-guards ftruck five, and his time, and were so much confirmed by the Lordship still continuing his feat, his af- papers and letters of information tranffuciate feelingly observed, “I believe, mitted by order of the Electoral family of Sir, the fame reason that induces you to Hanover', that the Whigs were determined it so long in the Park at this hour is to be beforehand with the Tories in this pretty much the same as to mytelf,—the busines; and, if the Queen had not died want of a good dinner." Upon my so suddenly, the former would have taken vord," said his Lordship very gravely, up arms in defence of their religion and " I'm very sorry that should be

your

liberties. tafe; but at present, thank God, it is General Stanhope (the ancestor of the not mine; and, as you state your cale fo present Earl Stanhope) was to have comfrankly, such as my dinner is, which I manded the army, and Lord Cadogan to believe (pulling out his watch), must be have feized the Tower. All the officers about this time ready, you are perfectly on half-pay, fome of whom were living a velcome to take share of it.” The gen- few years ago, had signed the association. tleman immediately consented, and as his The place of rendezvous was appointed Lordship lived in St. James's Square, they behind Montague-house. The officers kad not long to walk, when they arrived kept their arms in readiness in their bed. at bis door. The stranger was at first chambers, and were prepared to obey the itaggered at the appearance of the house, fummons at a minute's warning. The but, fuppofing his Lordlip the butler, Queen, however, dying before this plot and that the family were out of town, he was ripe enough for execution, and the kept talking on with his usual freedom, unanimous resolution of the Council 'till one of the footmen opening the door, (principally affected by the exertions of and addressing his master as his Lordship, the Dukes of Argyle and Somerset) in discovered his rank and condition. taking cautious measures for the better

The gentleman on this drew back, security of the Hanover succession, every made many apologies for his mistake, and thing succeeded so much to the fatisfac. offered to take his leave; but his Lord- tion of the Whigs, as to render all ideas of thip was resolute in keeping him to din- infurre&tion unnecessary. ner, which he took care should be a good In the Memoirs of Lord Chesterfield by one to the ftranger, by all manner of bof. Dr. Maty, we are told that Lord Bopitalities and attentions.

lingbroke never heard of this design till In the course of conversation his Lord. his return to England in 1722 ; and he ship drew from him his story; which further adds, « that Lord Bolingbroke was, that he was a Lieutenant upon half- assured Lord Chesterfield, that he never had pay, with a wife, a mother, and two chil. any fixed scheine in relation to the Predren to fupports that part of this small tender, and that he had always avoided ftipend was mortgaged, and that misfor- speaking of him to the Queen, who, he funes were growing upon him with little laid, did not like to hear any thing of a or no prospect of a remedy.

fucceflor. He likewise added, ibat iba His Lordthip heard all very attentively, Pretender never was in England during and, after begging his acceptance of a rol. the Tory administration." Bank-note, told him he meant that only What credit may be due to Lord Boas a relief to his present neceflities; took lingbroke's affertion on this head, may be

gathered

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