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cure fuch information respecting the va. I propose preparing, in the course of the rious forts of Live Stock in the kingdom, entuing recess, for the confideration of the as will enable us to give, in the course of Board, and, if it should have the good next year, complete information to the fortune of theeting with their approbation, Public upon that important fubject. to be laid before his Majelty and buth
I have ever considered it to be a wise Houses of Parliament; a General Report principle for the Board to adopt, not to on the Agricultural State of Scotland,
and print books for reference, but books for the Means of its limprovement. That life ; not masly volumes on a variety of work will probably explain, in a satisdifferent subjects, beyond the income of factory manner, the foundness of that pothe generality of the people to purchase, or litical' maxim, that the prosperity of a their time to peruse ; but, if possible, dis- country ought to be founded on a spirit of tinet publications, each of them on one internal improvement; and that a single article, exclusively of every other, avoiding additional acre cultivated at home is more the intermixture of various topics, and truly valuable, than the most extensive districts in the same work. It would also postessions acquired ahroad, at an enor. be desirable, that no paper should be puh. mous expence of treafure and of blood; lished by the Board, until it has first been and retained with difficulty and danger. printed, circulated among all those who To that important subject, when hostilities are likely to correct and improve it, and are brought to a conclufion, I trust that thus brought to some degree of perfection the attention of this country will be diprevious to its publication. Agriculture, rected. Fortunately, by the exertions of though often treated of, has hitherto never the Board of Agriculture, when Peace is been discussed ; and it can never be much happily restored, the internal ttate of this improve!, until information relpecting it kingdom will be sufficiently ascertained, huis been collected froin all quarters, has and we shall be able to judge, what are been afterwards thoroughly canvassed, the fittest Iteps to be taken, in order to and lias ultimately been condensed and make the utmost of our domestic resources. fyftemarized. Such, however, has been To that period I look up with much the great number of communications tranf- anxiety. If Europe once more breathes in mitted to the Board upon various impor. peace, and is governed by wise counsel. tant fubjects, in particular Farm Buildings, lors, the contest among nations naturally Cottages, and the State of the Poor, Ein- will be, not who will feel the greateit bankinenis, Roads, the Conftruction of eagernels to rush again into the horrors of Mills, and of Hand Mills in particular; war, under the pretence of promoting together with a variety of interettir.g pa- national glory, but who will be the mult pers relpreeting the Agriculture of foreign anxious to remain in peace, for securing countries, that the Board has resolved to the national interests. print a specimen of those papers in one I cannot conclude without expressing volume quarto, in order to ascertain the my best acknowledgments for the allittopinion of the Public respecting that mode ance I have received from so many respecto of Jaying before it the papers we have able Members, in carrying on the bulinels received, in addition to the County Re. of this inititution. By their exertions, I ports now publishing.
trust, it will be brought to fuch a itare, The business gone through by the Board that from its establishment will be date, of Agriculture is certainly more than could not only the improvement and internal poffibly be expected from an inititution profperity of our own country, but muchi poffefsed of frien limited powers, and of of the comforts enjoyed in future times by lo confined an income. The time, how. fociety in general. Perinit me to adil, ever, it is to be hoped, is not far diftant, that when the Board re-n embles, each of when it will be put on a better and more us will, I hope, bring some proof of his relpectable footing ;-when the fuperior zeal for the cause, by the additional in. importance of such inquiries, the superior forination we thall respectively furnith. value of agricultural resources, and dread. He who augments the stores of useful ful expence, and fatal consequences occa. knowledge already accumulated, whillt he foned by their deficiency, will be so clearly secures to himself the most fatisfactory afeertained, as not to be a subject of doubt fuurces of enjoyment, promotes at the to the weakeit underttanding. For the same time, in the mott effe&tual manner, purpoke of effecting to desirable an object, the happiness of others,
TABLE T A L K;
OR, CHARACTERS, ANECDOTES, &c. OF ILLUSTRIOUS AND CELEBRATED BRITISH CHARACTERS, DURING THE LAST FIFTY YEARS,
(MOST OF THEM NEVER BEFORE PUBLISHED.)
( Continued from Vol. XXIX. P. 372. ) EARL OF CLONCARTIE. amiable man, can be efeemed, his cha., WHEN this Nobleman, was Captain racter must rise in the admiration of
of a man of war, and was cruising mankind. off the coast of Guinea, he happened to It is to be lamented, that whilft the lose his Chaplain, who was carried off Press teems with memoirs of every little by a yellow fever ; upon which the dabbler in politics and literature, we. Lieutenant, who was a Scotchman, have had as yet no Life of this great gave him norice of it by saying at the - The greatness and uniformity of same time, “that he was sorry to in- his character, it is true, present no ex-, , form him that he died a Roman Catho. traordinary revolutions; but the cataJic." “ Well, so much the better," logue of good actions, the history of faid his Lordhip. “Oot away, my
benevolence, are what the Biographer. Lord, how can you say fo of a British Should delight in, and, us examples, Clergyman?" " Why,” says his Lord- must delight and improve pofierity. thip, “because I believe I'm the first When Sir George Saville first came Captain of a man of war that could home from his cravels, there was a pea boat of a Chaplain who had any religion tition presented to him at one of the at all."
county meetings from a tenant of his,
who ftated that he had lost the greatest SIR GEORGE SAVILLE.
part of his property by a fire. Sir Perhaps there was nothing but an George, who then took up that just and eztreme modesty, joined to a temper of wise principle of judging for himself, mind overlooking the inore ambitious said, very coolly, that he would confi. , buftling scenes of life, which prevented der of it, and passed it by. The rest of this worthy man from being celebrated the company, consisting of foine of the is or.e of the first characters of modern firft Gentlemen in the county, seemed times; but such is the nature of fame, to think that this conduct of the Baronet that its candidates must have some kind augured not a little of parsimony and of eccentricity to give it a general spread: in humanity, and immediately put about -the steady uniforin practice of the the hat for a subscription, which every zmiable virtues seldom travels beyond body but Sir George readily complied the circle of private friend thips, or the with. The next day Sir George made efteem and gratitude of the good and the necessary inquiries relative to iha wife ; whilft the splendour of popular misforcunes of his tenant, and found talenis, though more than balanced by them not only to be truly stated, but great vices, draws round them that that the goodness of his private characglare of indiscriminate admiration, ter still rendered himn more an object of which is often as discouraging to morals confideraiion. Satisfied with this ac. as to politics.
count, he waited upon him, explained. Notwithstanding this general remark, to him why he did not immediately rethe character of Sir George Saville lieve him on his petition, and was now cannor fail of being ever dear to Eng. come to ask a lavour in his turn, which bilhonen; for though he never ambi- was, “that he would please to accept a tioned the sphere of high fituarión, five hundred pound Bank noit, as a re. either in Administration or Opposition, ward for his character, and as an allevia lo exhibit his talents and his virtues, “ation -of his misfortunes;" laying him they were at all times so much at the only under one injunction, that he was service of his country, and so oppor- never to speak of the transa&tion. tunely brought forth for the good of Though the poor man was penetraced mankind, that whilft an honest inde- with gratitude for this noble act of bepeodent Representative of the People, nevolence, it was with reluctance he a wife and virtuous citizen, and an promised to conform to this act of fee VOL. XXX. JULY 1796.
crecy. He, however, complied for rendered him even respectable to his several months; till fitting one evening adversaries. with some friends, who were abusing His speeches in Parliament are per. Sir George for his supposed act of un- haps some of the beft reasoned during kindness to him, the latter burst into the course of the American War. He tears, and said, “ he could hold out no did not often speak, nor was he, in comlonger." He then related the circum- parison with the Auency and prolixity stances of Sir George's generosity to of his cotemporaries, what may hini, which afforded the highest satis- called a great orator ; but he spoke rafaction to the company, and gave a tionally, coolly, and persuasively; ne happy assurance of Sir George's future had credit with the public for the most good discernment and liberality. pure and upright intentions, and with
this impression in his favour-"Truch Soon after this Sir George Saville came mended from his tongue.' happened to be on a special jury, on the He understood the character of his trial of property to the amount of about cotemporaries with great skill, and at fifteen hundred pounds, where though times described them with a briefness be saw from the nature of the evidence and perspicuity which made everybody that the plaintiff had a clear title, his subscribe to their characteristical fidelity. brother jurors thought otherwise. On Of Charles Fox, when he was 2 retiring from the box, Sir George, young man, he predicted his rising with great coolnels and perspicuity of greatness, as well as where the git of reasoning, which he was very, much bis talents refted; he praised him" for master of, endeavoured to convince his readiness at finding out blots-his them of their error; but to nc purpose; celerity in hitting the bird's eye of an prejudice in favour of the opposite argument," and his general talents for party, or some other cause prevailid; Opposition ; heuce, he said, others may ihey were unanimous against him. In have more stock, but Fox had more this dilemma he was for some time une ready-money about him than any of his determined how to proceed-his high party. sense of justice and honour would not of Burke, he said he was a man to permit him to accede to their verdict. draw admiration on whatever fide he From their obftinacy be found he could arranged, or almost on whatever topic not convince them by reason, and as to he discussed. To the late Mr. Dowder. bringing them to, by what is called tiring well he likewise paid great compliments, ibem cui, he equally despaired of, from for the manliness of his understanding, the weakness of his own constitution. the extensiveness of his comprehension, He at last made up his mind, and ac- and the general integrity of his views. ceded to their verdict; but before ever One of the laft Parliamentary serhe went out of Court, he gave a draft vices of this good man's life, was his to the plaintiff on his banker for the precuring an X & in favour of the Ro. 1500l. (the full amount of the action) man Catholics of this kingdom, intitled, as a satisfaction for the injustice he was
“An Act for relieving his Majefty's obliged to do him from the peculiar Subjects profefling thc Popish Religion fituation of his health."
from certain Penalties and Disabilities
imposed on them by an AEt made in the He carried the strictness of his moral eleventh and twelfth Years of the Reign character into Parliament; and though of King William the Third.” it is too much the fashion of that House The nature of this laft Act, which (and indeed by most politicians laid Sir George's humanity has happily obdown as indispensibly necessary) to act literated from our Statute books, was in parties for the better enforcement one of the most grievous perhaps ever and carrying on of public measures, imposed on a subjcet under the protecSir George ftood principally as a Sena. tion of a free Government; "it pu. tor on his own bottom : 'tis true, he oca nifhed the celebration of the mass with casionally joined the opposition of that perpetual imprisonment-the keeping day, and particularly in their disappro. a Catholic school was subject to the same bation of the late American War; yet unproportioned punishment—whilf whenever he faw a necessity of think every Roman Catholic was, under the ing differently from them, he always fame Act, to forfeit his estate to his adied according to his opinion, with a neareft Protestant relation, until, chro' coolness and equanimity of temper that a profesion of what he did not believe,
he redeemed by his hypocrisy what the cord it with as much circumstance and Law had transferred to uis kinsman as minuteness as possible-yet such is the the recompence of his profligacy." nature of the human mind, that with
An Act lo oppreffive one would think all its inclinations to do right, it is under needed but to be recited to be repealed that operation which in some degree -it was so by the Legislature of this prevents it." country, through the friendly medium Everybody present submitted to the of Sir George Saville ; yet such was justness of this remark, and, tho' come the bigotry and superstition of a number of them confifted of men of the first of miiguided people out of doors, called rank for learning and abilities, they “ The associated Protestants," that they leemed to feel the force of this observaTelented this act of humanity by the tion in a light which nothing but the most daring acts of barbarity and devas. recent cause of it could so powerfully tation, and what history is now pain- impress. fully obliged to record under the descrip- We thall conclude these cursory retion of the Riots of 1780."
marks on the character of Sir George In the scene of riot and confusion Saville with the following ketch drawn which the passing this Bill created, it by the Right Hor.. Edmund Burke; ono was not to be expected that the mover who had known him long and intimate. and framer of it could pass unnoticed. Sir ly, and who even in this miniature will George Saville's house was accordingly leave to posterity a likeness equally one of the first marked out for devastation, dear to patriotism as to the rights of which the mob in a great measure ef: humanity. What gave occasion to this fected by breaking several of the win- character was a report which had dows, and by frequent attempts to set gone abroad at the time of Mr. it on fire, which they woulå have ac- Burke's election for the city of Bristol, complished but for the interference of that he was the principal mover of his numerous friends, who rallied round, the Bill in favour of the Roman Cahim in this hour of difficulty and dan- tholics; and Mr. Burke thinking it nee ger.
cessary to disclaim this point to his conThe coolness of his temper was truly ftituents, takes this occasion to state the exemplary amidit all this tunult ; no fact as it happened in the House of unmaniy complaints against the ingra. Commons, and at the same time do jur. tisude of the public, no felf-condemna- rice to the disinterested views and tion for his original interference in the general character of the respectable aua business. The consciousness of having thor of the Bill. done his duty was indeed his murus * I find it has been industriously abeneus, and with this defence he com• given out in this city (Bristol) - from posed himself with all the philosophy kindness to me unquestionably that I of a Chriftian, and with all the becom; was the mover or seconder of this Ast: ing prudence of self-preservation. The the fact is, I did not once open my lips following little circuinftance will help on the subject during the whole proto elucidate this last observation.
gress of it. I do not lay this as disa On that night when the mob was most claiming my share in that measure ; very riotous, a number of Sir George's far from it. I inform you of this fact, friends' insisted on fitting up with him, left I thould seem to arrogate to myself for the better prote&tion of his person the merits which belong to ancther. and family-it was likewise agreed To have been the man chosen out to amongst them, that parties should (ally redeem our fellow.citizens from farery, out from time to time, to make such to purify our laws from absurdity and reports as circumstances would present. injustice, and to cleanse our religion On the giving in of those reports, it from the blot and stain of persecution, was observable that scarcely iwo ac. would be an honour and happiness to counts agreed, one making the danger which my wishes would undoubtedly less, another greater, and lo on ; upon aspire, but to which nothing but my which Sir George, with great compo
wishes could pofsibly have entitled me. furt, made the following observation: That great work was in hands in every
“ Here, Gentlemen," says he, " is a respect far better qualified than minekne leffon for an historians we have a the Mover of the Bill was Sir GEORGE fact of the day before us, reported by SAVILLE. men of integrity and abilities, anxious, " When au act of great and fingular to search for truth, and willing to re, humanity was to be done, and done
with all the weight and authority that “ Such was the Mover of the Ad belonged to it, ithe world could cait that is complained of by, men who are its eyes upon none but him. I hope not quite so good as 'lie is--an Aćt that few things which have a tendency most affuredly not brought in by him to bless or to adorn life have wholly escape from any partiality to that lect wbich is ed my observation in my passage eiro' it. the object of it; for amongst his faults I have fought the acquaintance of that I really cannot help reckoning a greater Gentleman, and have seen hin in all degree of prejudice agaifft inat people, fi:uaricns. He is a true genius, with than becomes so wise a man. I know an understanding vigorous and acute that he inclines to a sort of disgust, and refined, and dir nguilbing even to mixed with a considerable degree of arexcess; and illuminated with a moft perity, to the syfem ; and he has few, unbounded, peculiar, and original cast or rather no habits with any of its proof imagination. With these ne por- feffors : what he has done was on quite seffes many external and inftrumental orber motives. –The murives were those advantages; and he makes use of thein which he declared in his excellent speech ali.
on his Morion for the Bill, namely, “ His fortune is amongst the largest ; “his extreme zeal for the Proteftant a fortune which, wholly unincun.bured Religion, which he thought uiterly as it is with one single charge from difgraced by the Act of 1699, and bis - luxury, vanity, or excels, links under rootid hatred to all kind of opprethor the benevolence of its dispfer. This under any colour, or upon any pretence private benevolence expanding itfelf whatfoever." into patriotism, renders his whole being the estate of the public, in which he has Sir George was in his person taller not reserved a peculium for himself of than the middle fize, uf a thin make and profit, diversion, or relaxation. adult complexion. His conftitution was
“During the retliun, the firit in and by no means trong or vigorous, though the last out of the House of Commons; both in body and mind he was remark. he paffes from the Senate to the Camp, ably active. From a careless, easy ad. and, seldom seeing the seat of his ancer- drels (almost burdering en negligence), tors, he is always in Parliament to serve he gave the impresion of a nian who his country, or in the field to defend it. had lived rather freely in the early
“ But in all well-wrought composi- parts of life, though nothing could be tions, some particulars ftand out more
more the contrary. In fact, when he eminently than the rest, and the spoke either in or out of Parliament, things which wll carry his name to
what he said was clear, sensible, and pofterity are his two Bills-I mean perfuative ; :nd whenever philanthropy that for a liinitation of the claims was the subject, there was soinething of the Crown upon Landed Ettares, in his features which seemed to invite and this for the relief of the Ro: the unfortunate to take refuge under man Catholics. By the former he has their benignity, emancipated property-by the latter hiu In thort, Sir George Saville was upon has quiered conscience; and by both he the whole, what we may say with rehas taught chat grand lesson to Govern- fected triumph, ment and subject, “ Nol nger to regard THIS WAS AN ENGLISHMAN. each other as adverse parties.”
NEW DISCOVERY RESPECTING THE VARIATION OF THE MAGNETIC
NEEDLE. WE feel a great satisfaction in having fure correêt angles to the true meri
it in our power to announce to the dian. public, that a Gentleman has disccvered The inventor has termed it Azimutal. the cause of the variation of the Magoe. -By being compared with the common tic Ncodle ; and that, thro' his theory, Needle, it indicates the true variation. he has contructed a Compass, which Wirat is most extraordinary in it is, ftands invariably due North and South, that any quantity of iron, placed at one on all parts of the globe. The navig?- yard distance, does not in the least af. tor, by this wonderfui discovery, can fect it. always steer a true course ; and the We are likewise informed, that the Engineer or Surveyor will always mea inventar has a Needle, which indicates