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EfTays by a Society of G:ntlemen at Exeter. 8vo. gs. in Bo r.is. Cadell. If the volume before us we are pre- to amorous voluptuousnefs
, as in diffio sented with prose and pucrry jum- pates the bluthes of guilt? Who can bled together in a jirange conturion. blame either Lubin or Annette .' And We have historical, moral, philusophical, what fimple girl, too fond in love, might and critical efsays, odes, sonucis, and not unwittingly follow the example of translated verse, a!! incongruous.-- her heroine The Author's aim is, Among the historical cilays (for we doubtless, to persuade us that the free Ball pursue fome degree of order in coinmerce of the sexes is right, because our Review, though the Editor seems it is naturai, and that all our ideas to the zo deipife arrangement) there are feye- contrary originate in nothing else but ral curious disquifitions. The Remaks inftitution or hanit, the policy of states, on the early population of lay and or the refinements of society. Europe display much acuteness of in. The Philufophical Essays contain such veliigation. The Il ftorical Outlines of novelties as will, doubtless, excite a Faicunry disc.ver both ingenuity and very general attention; and the Critical learning. The only morai estay in the (particularly that on the Shields of Collection is that on Benevolence and Hercules and Achilles) are marked by Friendthip, as opposed to Principle, the original conceptions of a mind inwhere the sentiment is so well worihy dependent on authorities. the attention of our younger Readers Before we dismiss this article, we in particular, that we shall indulge feel ourselves under the necefsity of ourielves in making a pretty large performing the less agreeable part of 'extract from it :
the Critic's office, that of puricing “ Th: Tales of Marmontel," says defects. the ingenious Author, “ are very com.
In the Address to the Society we. moniy put into the hands of young read, “ Our minds would be subservi. peoplc; but they have surely a very ent to that bond of politeness which bad tendency. Not a single story, consecrates the intercourse," &c. How perhaps, is ipotless-not one
minds can be subfervient to a bond, or tainted by fome indelicate allusion, such how a bond can confecrate any thing, we as a young lady, pofíeiling the genuine cannot divine. In“ Lines 'read at the modesty of her lex, could not read Second Meeting of the Society,'' the without a bluth. The eviciples, in. Poet thus stumdles at the threinold: deed, of Mrs. Woottoncraft might “ A theme invites-a rugged word the bildiy challenge us to point out the
" theme, zhtett impropriety in the most in- “ That ne'er was heard by the Caftadicent of the tries in question; but “ lian Stream." trily who have been vet untaught to Such a poet deserves to be pilloried. mertion every part of the human frame The vindication of the character of wish the fame indifference as we notice Pindar, from p. 16 to 52, is a heavy, our heads and our hands, mutt ofren, in dry, and uninteresting performance. piriting Marmontel, difcrver an emo- All the Remarks on the British Monu. ton by
the cherk's f to crimfoning. menis in Davon, from p. 106 to 13% Nex: 1.) the Socpherdefs of the Alps, might, in our opinion, have been spare which is full of romantic iniprobabili ed, particularly those on the Cromlech, țies, perhaps no production of Mar, which is described already by Mr. Polo montel is more imprelive than that of whele in his “ Historical Views of Der Annette and Lubin. Speaking, in- vonshire.” If there remarks were deed, as a critic, I consider it as a per. written by Mr. Polwhele (which how. fcct piece. It is drawn from nature; ever does not ftrike us as being the cate), the outline is fine; the colouring is they are here out of place, and his Sube deiicious; yet, as a moralist, 1 inust scribers have just reason to complain of cindemu ii. I have frequently heard him ;-if they were written by Mr. it mentioned by women as a tale ex. Swete (as the accompanying engravings quilitely well it. What is it, howe seem to intimate), there is something of erer, but an insidinus appeal of nature a hostile appearance in thus obtruding to our apperites and painons, in favour an account of Devonian monuments of the unrettrained indulgence of love? on the public, wizhout a reference to What is it but a specious ap logy for the - Historical Views," where the sube criminal intercourse! Dues it not throw ject is already extravíted ; or to the the vuil. of innocence over the textures great work, “ The Itutorý of Devon of vicc: Dots it not lund a ne iv. charu v here a very ampie, ddcrijuic of
those monuments, we apprehend, will the poetical part of this curious, and, be introduced.
upon the whole, valuable work. lo our next Review we shall notice
Miscellaneous Works of Eduard Gibhon, Esq. with Memoirs of his Life and · Writings composed by himself: lliustraced from his Letters, with Occational Notes and Narrative, by John Lord Sheffield. In Two Volumus, Quarto. T. Cadell, Jun. and W. Davies, Strand. 1996.
( Continued from Page 11.) THE materials of what remains to be diments, he haftened to England to
related of Mr. Gi’s life are furnished foothe his afflicted friend by the most partly by his letters during this period, generous sympathy, and to try to allevia: and partly by a short occafonal narrative ate bis domeitic calamity. Neither his fupplied by Lord Sheffield. In one of great corpulency, nor his extraordinary the former of these he thus speaks of a bodily c«mplaints, could prevent him visit to M. Neckar:
for a moment from refolving on an ex. "I passed four days at the castle of Capet pedition that might have deterred the with Neckar, and would have withed to most active you.g man. With an alert. have shewn him, as a warning to any nefs by no means ratural to him, he aspiring youth porteffed with the dæmon undertook a long circuitous journey by of ambition. With all the means of pri- the frontiers of an enemy worse an vate happiness in his power, he is the favage, within the found of their canmost milerable of human beings ; the non, within the range of the ligho past, the present, and the future, are troops of the different armies, and equally odious to him. When I sug. through roads ruined by the enormous gested some domestic amusements of machinery of war. books, buildings, &c. he answered with He arrived safely in England about a deep tone of despair, Dans l'état ou je the latter end of May; and, exceptin, fuis, je ne puis sentir que le coup de vint a visit to Lord Egremont, and Mr. Haya qui m'a ablatii.-How different from ley, was pot abient from Sheffield the careless cheerfulness wich which our Place till the beginning of October, poor friend Lord North supported his when be went to Mrs. Gibbon at fall ! Madame Neckar maintains more Bain, the widow of lus father, who external composure, mais le diable n'y had early delerved, and invariably rta perd rien."
tained, his affection. From Bath he We have the satisfaction of inform- proceeded to Lord Spencer's at Althorp, ing our readers, that it appears from and continued in good health and in ex. Subsequent epiftles, that this deep and cellent spirits during the whole sum. dark cloud of melancholy gradually dir. mér. But in a lecter dated the oth of persed.
November 1793, Mr. Gibbon thus dee In the year 1991 Mr. Gibbon re- scribes to bis friend the alarming ceived a visit from Lord and Lady change : Sheffield, of which a brief account is “ I must at length withdraw the veil given by his visitor. Among other par. before my state of health, though the ticulars is mentioned, what we have al- naked truth may alarin you more than ready had occasion to remark and la. a fit of the gout. Have you never obe ment, that Mr. Gibbon from early served, through my inexpresfibles, youth had contracted a partiality for a large prominency circa genitalia, foreign manners and foreign habits of which, as it was not at all painful, and life, which made him less a stranger very little troublesome, I had strangely abroad, than he was in fome respects in neglected for many years? But lioce his native country.
my departure from Sheffield Place, it His next and last journey to England has increafed (mott ftupendously), is displays our Author in a very amiable increasing, and ought to be diminished. and interesting light. He had engaged Yesterdiy I sent for Farajuhar, who to pass a year there with his fiiend, is allowed to be a very filiul furgcon. bue the war had rendered travelling After viewing and palpinx's he very exceedingly inconvenient, and, together riously desired to cillin aslistance, and with his increasing bodily infirmities, has examined again to-day with Mr. bad induced him to lay aside the under- Cline, a surgeon, as he lavs, of the fist taking. But the unexpected death of eminence. They both pronounce it a Lady She field removed every difficulty bydrocele (a collcétiun ot'ivater). which and delay. In spite of increasing impe: must be let out by the operalion of tape
ping; but from its magnitude and long the same Auid as before was dife neglect, they think it a most extraordio charged. dary case, and with to have another Soon after this second operation, Mr. surgeon, Dr. Bayley, present. If the Gibbon went down to Shefficla Placing bufness should go off smootnly, I lhall “and his discourse,''says his friend, "was be delivered from my burinen (it is al- never more brilliart nor more enter. most as big as a small child), and walk taining than on his arrival. There wet; about in four or five days with a truss, however, on the whole, a very con&c."
fiderable change in his appearance and Immediately on receiving the above his habits. That ready, cheerful, valerrer, Lord Sheffield went from rious, and animating conversation, Brighthelmstone to London, and was which had been admired in him bca agreeably surprized to find that his fore, was now not always to be found friend had dined that day at Lord Lu. in the library or the dining-room. He can's, from whence he did not return to moved with difficulty, and retired his lodgings till eleven o'clock at night. much sooner from company than had “ Thole," says bis Lordship, “who been hitherto his custom. On the had seen him within the last eight or twenty-third of December his appetite ten years, must be surprized to hear began to fail him. He observed, that it that he could doube whether his ditor: was a very bad sign with bim when he der was apparent.”
could not eat his breakfast, this was When he returned to England in the strongest expreflion of apprehen. 1787, his friends were greatly alarmed fion which he appears to have utter. by a prodigious increate, which was ed. A considerable degree of fever now fuppored to proceed froin a rupture. made its appearance. Inflammation Lord Sheffield could not underland why arose from the weight and bulk of the be, who had talked with his friend
Vater again collected very every other subject without reserve, past; and ihough the fever went off, thould never in any shape hint at a ma- he never entirely recovered an appelady lo obvious and inconvenient; and cite even for bis breakfast. Towards on mentioning the circumstance to him the end of the month Lord Shepheld valee de chambre, he replied, that Mr. became very uneasy at his fituation, and G.could not bear the Icast allusion tothe thought it necellary to advise him to let complaint, and never would luffer will out for London. On his arrival there, to notice it.
remedies were applied to abate the in. We have inserted this anecdote as an flammation, but it was not thought extraordinary instance both of the im. proper to pierce the tumour for the becility cven of a vigorous mind, and of third ume will Monday the 13th of its ikili in concealing from itself what it Jannary, when no less than fix quarts does not chufe to investigate. Had the of fiuid were discharged. He leemed intelligent historian tried in earnest to much relieved by this evacuation ; his conquer this foolith bathfulncés, had he spiries continued good; and there was converted freely on the matter at an no apprehension that his life was in earlier period with his friends, his life dinger, though it was feared that he might have been prutraétud, if not ab. might not be reltured to a comfortable folutely preferved from this perilous fate, and that motion would be always discale, and he would not have added troubicfome; but he himself talked of another fatal example to the multitudes a radicalcure. that may be found in the story of man- On Tuesday the 14th, when the kind, of ihe danger as well as the weak. ris of inflammation and fever was pels of human vanity.
supposed to be over, as, his medical On the Thurflay following the daie attendants expressed no fears for bis of the letter quoted above, Mr. Gibbon lite, Lord Sheffield returned to his leat was tapped for the first time, and fous in Suflex. The next morning he requarts of a transparent watery fluid ceived a good account of Mr. Gibbon, were discharged by the operation. He mentioning that he gained (trength - was abroad again in a few days, but every hour: but in the evening & the water evidently colle&ting very fait, letter came by express, dated at noon it was agreed that a second punciure that day, which acquainted hiip that fhould be made a fortnight after the his friend had suffered a viulent actack firit. Tois accordingly took place at the preceding night, and that it was not the time propused, and three quarts of probable he would live till Lord S.'s arrival. His Lord fhip reached Mr. expected at eleven, Thould come. Til G.'s Jorgings in St. James's Street about that hour he ipoke with great fa. abour midnight, and was informed that cility. Mr. Farquhar came ar che rime his friend had expired at a guarrer appointed, and Mr. Gibbon was then before one o'clock on that day, the 16th visibly dying. When the valer de of January 1794.
enamore returned, after attending Mr. li seems that when Lord Sheffield Farquhar out of the room, Mr. Gib: quitred him on Tuesday afternoon, ne bon said, Pourquoi efl.ce que vous me kw some company, Lady Lucan and quitter! This was at half past eleveni Ladv Spencer, and theught himself well At twelve he drank some brandy enough at night to cmit his opium and water from a tea-pot, and defirdraught, which he had been used to ed his favouritc servant to continue in take for some time. He lepe very in the room. The above were the last differently ; before nine the next morn- words he pronounced articulately. He ing he role, but could not eat breakfast. preserved his fenses to the last ; and He appeared tolerably well, but com. when he could no longer speak, his serplained at times of a pain in his ftc- vant havicg alked a question, he made mach. At one o'clock he received a 2 lign to thew that he understood him. visit of an hour from Madame de Syl. He ivas quite tranquil, and did not fir, va, and at three his friend Mr. Crau. but lay with his eyes half thut. About furd of Auchinames called, and Itayed a quarter before one he cealed to with him will past five o'clock. They breache. talked as usual on various subjects ; and The valet de chambre observed, that twenty hours before his death, Mr. Mr. Gibbon did not at any time the w Gibbon fell into a conversation, not the least sign of alarm, or apprehension uocumerion with him, on the probable of death; and it does not appear that duration of his life. He laid, that he he ever thought himself in danger, un. thought himself likely to live for ten, less his dehre to speak to Mr. Darell twelve, or perhaps twenty years. About may be confidered in that light. fx, he are the wing of a chicken, and Lord Sheffield apolngizes for dwelling drank three glasses of Madeira. Af. so long on these minute and melancholy fer dioner he became very uneasy and circumstances; yet he thinks that the impatject, complained a great deal, and close of such a life can hardly fail to inappeared so weak, that his servant was tereft every reader; and inlinuaros be. 'slarned. He sent to his friend and rides, that the public has received a difrelation, Mr. Robert Darell, whose ferent and very erroneous account of house was not far diftant, defiring to the lat moments of his friend. fee hinty, as he had fumething parii. From the variety of Letters contained calar to communicate. Unfortunately in the Appendix, we thall select two of this interview never took piace. very opposite characters for the entet.
During the evening he complained tainment of our readers; the first, much of his stomach, and of an incli. written to his father in the year 1760 ; nation to vomit. Soon after nide te and the other in the year 1993 to a notook his opium draught and went to ble Lord, congratulating him on his bed. About ten he complained vf apparintinent, as we believe, to the dimuch pain, and desired that warm rection of the Admiraiy. napkins might be applied to his fromach. He almost incessantly expressed MR. GIBZON TO HIS FATHER. a Tense of prin till about four o'clock
"DEAR SIR, in the morning, when he said his ito. miach was much easier. About leven the " Ax address in writing from a per servant asked whether he thoald lend son who has the pleasure of being with for Mr. Farquhar? Ale answered, no: you every day, may appear singular. that he was as well as he had been the However, I have preferred this merhod, day before. At half past eight he got as upon paper I can speak without a out of bed, and said he was plus adicit bluth, and be heard without interrupthan he bad been for three months paít, tion. It my letter dilplease you, im. and gor into bed again without lift. pite it, dear Sir, only to yourself. You ence, and beter than usual. About have created me not like a son, but like ojne he said that he would rife. The a friend. Can you be furprized that I fervant, however, persuaded hiin to re- thould communica:e to a friend all my $12'n in bedrill A1r. Farqular, who was thoughts and all any deures! Unleis VOL. XXX, Sept. 1796.
the friend approve them, let the father repugnance such an opinion must pros never know them ; or at least, let him duce, offers but an indifferent prospects know at the same time that however But I hear you say, it is not neceflary reasonable, however eligible my scheme that every man should enter into perlia. may appear to me, I would raiher for: ment with such exalted hopes. It is to get it for ever than cause him the flight. acquire a title the most glorious of any eft uneasiness.
in a free country, and to employ the “ When I first returned to England, weight and confideration it gives in the attentive to my future interest, you service of one's friends. Such motives, were so good as to give me hopes of a though not glorious, yet are not difhoscat in parliament. This feat, it was nourable ; and if we had a borough in supposed, would be an expence of fif. our command, if you could bring me teen hundred pounds. This design flat. in without any great expence, or if our tered my vanity, as it might enable me fortune enabled us to despise that ex. to Ibine in so august an affembly. It pence, then indeed I should think thema flattered a pobler passion : I promised of the greatest Arength; but with our myself, that by the means of this feat I private fortune, is it worth while to might be one day the instrument of some purchase at fo high a rate a title, hogoud to my country. But I soon per. nourable in itself, but which I must ceived how little a mere virtuous incli. hare with every fellow that can lay out nation, unassisted by talents, could con- fifteen hundred pounds ? . Besides, dear tribute towards that great end ; and a Sir, a merchandize is of little value to very short examination discovered to the owner when he is resolved not to me, that those talents had not fallen to sell it. my lot. Do not, dear Sir, impute this “ I should affront your penetration, declaration to a false modesty, the mean- did I not suppose you now see the drift eft species of pride. Whatever else I of this letter. It is to appropriate to may be ignorant of, I think I know another ute the sum which you de• myself, and thall always endeavour to stined to bring me into parliament; to mention my good qualities without va- employ it, not in making me great, but nity, and my defects without repug. in rendering me happy. I have of.
I thall say nothing of the most ten heard you say yourself, that the al. intimate acquaintance with his country lowance you had been so indulgent as to and language, fo absolutely necessary to grant me, though very liberal in regard any senator. Since they may be ac. to your estate, was yet but small, when quired to alledge iny deficiency in them, compared with the almost necessary ex. would seem only the plea of laziness. travagancies of the age. I bave indeed But I shall say with great truth, that I found it so, notwithtanding a good deal never possessed that gift of speech, the of economy, and an exemption from first requisite of an orator, which use many of the common expences of youth. and labour may improve, but which na- This, dear Sir, would be a way of fupture alone can bestow. That my tem. plying those deficiencies, withoat any per, quiet, retired, somewhat reserved, additional expence to you. But I fora could neither acquire popularity, bear up bear. If you think my proposals reaagainst opposition, nor mix with casc in sonable, you want no entreaties to en. the crowds of public life. That even gage you to comply with them ;
if my genius (if you will allow me any) otherwise, all will be without effect. is better qualificd for the deliberate “ All that I am afraid of, dear Sir, compositions of the closet, than for the is, that I fould seem not so much af. extemporary discourses of the parlia- ing a favour, as this really is, as exacting ment. An unexpected objection would a debt. After all I can say, you will disconcert me; and as I am incapable ftill remain the best judge of my good, of explaining to others what I do not and your own circumftances. Perhaps, thoroughly understand myself, I should like most landed gentlemen, an addition be moditating while I ought to be an. to my annuity would suit you better swering. I even want necessary pre- than a sum of money given at once ; judices of party, and of nation. In po- perhaps the fum itself may be too confipular assemblies, it is often necessary to derable. Whatever you thall think preinspire them; and never orator inspired per to bestow upon me, or in whatever well a patrion which he did not feel manner, will be received with equal himself.' Suppose me even mistaken in gratitude, iny own character ; to let out with the