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arrival. His Lordfhip reached Mr. exprêted at eleven, should come. Till G.'s Jorgings in St. James's Street about that hour he spoke with great fa. about midnight, and was informed that cility. Mr. Farquhar came ar che time his friend had expired at a quarrer appointed, and Mr. Gibbon was then before one o'clock on that day, the 16th vilivly dring. When the valer de of January 1794.

enamore returned, after attending Mr. · It seems that when Lord Sheffield Farquhar out of the room, Mr. Gib: quitted him on Tuesday afternoon, ne bon said, Pourquoi eft.ce que vous me faw some company, Lady Lucan and quitter! This was at half past eleveni Lady Spencer, and theught himself well At twelve he drank some brandý enough at night to cinit his opium and water from a tea-pot, and defir. draught, which he had been used to ed his favourite ferrant to continue in take for some time. He fiepe very in the roum. The above were the last differently; before nine the next morn- words he pronounced articulately. He ing he role, but could not eat breakfast. preserved' his senses to the last ; and lle appeared tolerably well, but coni. when he couid no longer speak, his serplained at times of a pain in his ftc- vant haviog asked a que suon, he made mach. At one o'clock he received a 2 lign to thew that he understood him. vifit of an hour from Madame de Syl. He ivas quite tranquil, and did not fir, xa, and at three his friend Mr. Crau. but lay with his eyes half shut. About furd of Auchinames called, and Nayed a quarter before one he cealed to with him will past five o'clock. They breache. talked as usual on various subjects; and The vale de chambre observed, that twenty bours before his death, Mr. Mr. Gibton did not at any time thew Gibboa fell into a conversation, not the least sign of alarm, or apprehension uncommon with him, on the probable of death; and it does not appear that duration of his life. He said, that he he ever thought himself in danger, ua. thought himself likely to live for ten, less his delire to speak to Mr. Dare!! twelve, or periaps twenty years. About may be confidered in that light. fx, he are the wing of a chicken, and Lord Sheffield apologizes for dwelling drank rbree glasses of Madeira. Af. fo long on these minute and melancholy fér tioner he became very uneasy and circumstances; yet he thinks that the impatient, complained a great deal, and close of such a life can hardly fail to inappeared so weak, that his servant was terest every reader; and inlinuaros be. vlarned. He sent to his friend and fides, that the public has received a difrelation, Mr. Robert Darell, whose ferent and very erroneous account of house was not far diftant, defiring to the la moments of his friend. fee hint, as he had fumething parti. From the variety of Letters contained colar to communicate. Untoriunately in the Appendix, we th all select two of this interview never took place. very oppofite characters for the entes.

During the evening he complained tainment of our readers; the first, nouch of his stomach, and of an inclia written to his father in the year 1760 ; Dation to vomit. Soon after pipe he and the other in the year 1993 to a notook his opium draught and went to bie Lord, congratulating him on his bed. About ten he complained of appointment, as we believe, to the dimuch pain, and desired inat warm rection of the Admira.iy. napkins might be applied to his fo. mach. He almost incessantly expressed MR. GIBBON TO HIS FATHER. 1 lense of prin till about four o'clock

DEAR SIR, in the morning, when he said his ito. mach was mach casier. About setenthe " Ax address in writing from a peto fervant asked whether he thoald lend son who has the pleasure of being with for Mr. Farquhar? He answered, no: you every day, may appear singular. that he was as well as he had been the However, I have preferred this mer had, day before. At half past eight he got as upon paper I can speak without a out of bed, and said he was plus adicit bluth, and be heard without interrupthan he had been for three months paít, tior. It my leirer dilplcase you, im. and gor into bed again without itin pite it, dear Sir, only to yourčelf. You ince, and belter than visual. About have created me not like a fon, but like nine he said eat he would rise. The a friend. Can you be surprized that I Servant, however, persuaded hiin to re- should communica:s to a friend all my Tr? in bed vill Mr. Farqular, who was thoughts and at my deares ! Unleis VOL. XXX, SEPT. 1996.




the friend approve them, let the father repugnance such an opinion must proe never know them ; or at least, let him duce, offers but an indifferent prospects know at the same time that however But I hear you say, it is not neceitary seasonable, however eligible my scheme that every man should enter into parliamay appear to me, I would rather fors ment with such exalted hopes. It is ce get it for ever than cause him the flight. acquire a title the most glorious of any eft uneasiness.

in a free country, and to employ the “ When I first returned to England, weight and confideration it gives in the attentive to my future interest, you service of one's friends. Such motives, were so good as to give me hopes of a though not glorious, yet are not dithofeat in parliament. This seat, it was nourable ; and if we had a borough in supposed, would be an expence of fif. our command, if you could bring me teen hundred pounds. This design flat. in without any great expence, or if our tered my vanity, as it might enable me fortune enabled us to despise that cx. to line in so auguft an affembly. It pence, then indeed I should think them flattered a pobles passion : I promised of the greatest trength ; but with our myself, that by the means of this seat I private fortune, is it worth while to might be one day the instrument of some purchase at fo high a rate a title, hogood to my country. But I soon per. nourable in itself, but which I must ceived how little a mere virtuous incli. share with every fellow that can lay out nation, unasifted by talents, could con- fifteen hundred pounds? . Besides, dear tribute towards that great end ; and a Sir, a merchandize is of little value to very mort examination discovered 10 the owner when he is resolved not to me, that those talents had not fallen to sell it. my lot. Do not, dear Sir, impute this “ I should affront your penetration, declaration to a fasse modesty, the mean- did I not suppole you now see the drift eft fpecies of pride. Whatever else I of this letter. It is to appropriate to may be ignorant of, I think I know another ute the sum which you de. myself, and Mall always endeavour to stined to bring me into parliament; to mentiun my good qualities without va- employ it, not in making me great, but nity, and my defects without repug. in rendering me happy. I have of. nence. I shall say nothing of the most ten heard you say yourself, that the alintimate acquaintance with his country lowance you had been so indulgent as to and language, fo abfolutely neceffary to grant me, though very liberal in regard any senator. Since they may be ac. to your eftate, was yet but small, when quired, to alledge my deficiency in them, compared with the almost neceffary exwould seem only the plea of laziness. travagancies of the age. I bave indeed But I shall say with great truth, that I found it so, notwithtanding a good deal never possessed that gift of speech, the of æconomy, and an exemption from first requisite of an orator, which use many of the common expences of youth. and labour may improve, but which na. This, dear Sir, would be a way of supfure alone can bestow. That my tem- plying those deficiencies, withott any per, quiet, retired, somewhat reserved, additional expence to you. But I fure could neither acquire popularity,bcar up bear. If you think my proposals reaagainst opposition, nor mix with case in sonable, you want no entreaties to enthe crowds of public life. That even gage you to comply with them; if my genius (if you will allow me any) othertvile, all will be without effect. . is better qualified for the deliberate “ All that I am afraid of, dear Sir, compositions of the closet, than for the is, that I should secm not so much ask. extemporary discourses of the parlia. ing a favour, as this really is, as exacting ment. An unexpected objection would a debt. After all I can say, you

will disconcert me; and as I am incapable fill remain the best judge of my good, of explaining to others what I do not and your own circumftances. Perhaps, thoroughly understand myself, I should like most landed gentlemen, an addition be meditating while I ought to be an. to my annuity would suit you better swering. I even want necessary pre- than a sum of money given at once ; judices of party, and of nation. In po- perhaps the sum itself may be too conspular assemblies, it is often necessary to derable. Whatever you thall think preinspire them; and never drator inspired per to bestow upon me, or in whatever well a patsion which he did not feel manner, will be received with equal himself. Suppose me even mistaken in gratitude. my own character ; to let out with the

« I in

“I intended to stop here, but as I ah. most sincerely rejoice that you are now her the least appearance of art, I think armed in the common cause again ft the ir will be better to lay open my whole most dangerous fanatics that have ever scheme at once. The unhappy war invaded the peace of Europe ; against which now desolates Europe will oblige the new barbarians, who labour to cons me to defer seeing France till a peace. found the order and happinefs of foe But that reason can have no influence ciety ; and who, in the opinion of thinkopon Italy, a country which any scho- ing men, are not leis the enemies of fube lar muft long to fee : mould you grantjects than of kings. The hopes of the my request, and not disapprove of my wise and good are now fixed on the suc. manner of employing your bounty, I cess of England ; and I am persuaded, would leave England this autumn, and that my personal attachment to your pass the winter ac Lausanne with M. de Lordthip will be amply gratified by the Voltaire and my old friends. The are important share which your counsels mies no longer obftruet my passage, and will assume in that success. I could with it must be indifferent to you whether I that some of your former associates poso am at Lausanne or at London during the fessed sufficient strength of mind to exwinter, fince I shall not be at Beriton tricate themselves from the toils of pre. In the spring I would cross the Alps ; judice and party; but I grieve that a and, after some ftay in Italy, as the war man, whom it is impossible for me noć moft then be terminated, return home to love and adınire, should refuse to through France, to live happily with obey the voice of his country, and I you and my dear mother. I am now begin to fear, that the powerful genius two-and-twenty: a tour must take up of Mr. ***, instead of being useful, a confiderable time ; and though I bea will be adverse to the public service, lieve you have no thoughts of settling At this momentous crisis we lhould en. me foon (and I am sure I have not), yet list our whole force of virtue, ability, so many things may intervene, that the and spirit; and without any view to his man who does not travel early runs a private advantage, I could with that great rid of not travelling at all. But ****** might be properly stationed this part of my scheme, as well as the in some part of the line. whole, I submit entirely to you.

" Mr. Neckar, in whore houfe I am " Permit me, dear Sir, to add, that now rehiding on a visit of fome days, I do not know whether the complete wishes me to express the fentiments of compliance with my wishes could in. esteem and confideration which he en. create my love and gratitude ; but that tertains for your Lordlip's character. 3 anı very sure, no refusal could dimi. As a friend to the interest of mankind, with those sentiments with which I fall he is warmly attached to the welfare of always remain, dear Sir,

Great Brirain, which he has long re“ Your most dutiful and obedient vered as the first, and perhaps as the " Son and Servant,

Jaft asylum of general liberty. His late " E. GIBBON, Jun." eloquent work, Du Pouvoir Executif,

which your Lord thip has assuredly read, The other Letter we shall select is is a valuable testimony of his esteem for addressed to an eminent and a very efi- our constitution; and the testimony of mable personage; and, though of a very a fagacious and impartial stranger may different nature from the preceding, dir. have taught fome of our countrymen to plays an equal energy of lentiment, and value the political blessings which they i fill superior felicity of language. have been tempted to dcfpise.

“ I cherish a lively hope of being in England, and of paying my respets to

your Lordship before the end of the ** Rolle*, February 23, 1793. Summer; but the events of the year are MY LORD

so uncertain, and the sea and land are "I do not merely contragulate your encompassed with so many difficulties Lordip's promotion to an office which and dangers, that I am doubtful wheyour abilities have long deserved. Myther it will be practicable for me to larisfaction does not arise from an affu. execute my purpose. I am, my Lord, rance of the wisdom and vigour which most respectfully, and your Lordship Administration will derive from the fup. will permit me to add, most affection. ose of fo respectate an ally. But as ately, your most faithful humble fere a friend to government in general, I vant.'


A town between Lausanne and Geneva, where M. Neckar chen refided.


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On the second volume of this work thousand years, all orders of men apwe shall not long detain the reader, as piied chemielves to letters with an enits contents are generally neither to in- ihufiafin which produced in them the teresting nor to original as those of the highest efteem and veneration for one first.

of their principal reforers. Besides, as The following character of Erasmus the general attention, from piety, froin from Les Extraiis raiounes de me: Leco curiosity, from vanity, and from intereft, tures, is judicious and neat :

was directed towanis the religious dif. “ If we consider the character of putes, a great divine was the fashion. Erasmus, we thall be iininediately ftruck aule chara er, and all parties endea. with his extensive erudition ; and that, youred to attract or to preserve him. heightened by tivo circumftancoi. But to which of those parties did Eres.

* First, That he was scarceiy ever mus adhere. His writings, and even fixed ux months in a place (excepring his conduct, were oftea equivoca!. The ar Bahl); that to this wandering lite, Cuibulics claim him, though they ac. which deprived hiin both of books and knowledge that he was often indiscreet. leilure, must be added, a continued bad Le Clero chalienges him for the Prote. state of health, and the constant avoca- tants, though he blames him for not tion of a vast correspondence, Second. profeínog what he knew to have been ly, That his learning was all real, and the irurn; and artributes his referre founded on the accurate perutal of the solely to timidity and self-interest. ancient aurauts. The numerous cui. Erasinus has certainly exposed all the tions be published fuliciently evince it; groífer fuperftitions of the Romith w and bcfides, those convenient compila- Thip to the ridicule of the public ; and tions of all furts, where a modernau. bad his free opinion been taken, I. be. thor can learn to be a profound scholar, lieve that he was a Proiettant upon mor at a very sınall expence, did not then of the contested points. But many other exist ; every thing was to be fought for motives bight restrain him from a de. in the originals themselves. But herides claration. He was always persuaded, this learning, which was common to that any 'speculative truths were dearly many, Erafimus polleled a genius, with purchased at the expence of practica! out which no writer will ever descend virtue and pubiic peace. Burides, many to posterity; a genius which could fie confiderations might often make him through the yain subuletics of the balance as to those truths : prejudices of Schools, revive the laws of criticism, education, the authority of the fathers, treat every subject with eloquence and and a natural inclination to scepticism. delicacy; fometimes emulaie the an- Add to all this, that really disapproying çients, often imitate thein, and never many things in the Proteftant commu. copy thein. As to his morais, they had nion, though more in the Romith, by the poor merit of being regular. To remaining in the loose ituation of a the vobler part of his character I find in an who was unwilling tu.quit the rehim very deficient. A partite of all ligion of his anceitors, ne could blame the great men of his time, he was nei, many things in it with freedoni ; where. ther ashamed to magnify their charac- as, had he defcrred it, he must either ters by the lowest adulatiur, nor to de. have set iap a ftandard himieli, or elle base his own by the most impudent foii. have enlisted blindly under that of Lucitations, to obtain presents which veryther or Æclainpadius. It is furprizoften he did not want, The adventure ing that Erasmus, who could ice of Eppendorf is another proof how inuch through nucli more plausible fables, bedearer his inuoly was to him than his lieved finnly in witchcraft." character. Notwithstanding thef:faults, The bort diterracion on To Win never nian enjoyed a greater personal will be iron Majk, has, we believe, ale cunlideration. All the Tcholars, and all rudy appeared in fome of the periodie the princes of Europe, looked upon him cil publications. Our author conjecas an oracle. Even Charles the Fifth tures thar this unfortunate prifuper, who and Francis the First agreed in this. It was known in the Baliile by the name we enquire why this happened to him of Vla:chiali, was the natural con of the raiher than to fome other great nen of Queen Mother of France and Cardi. a merit equal, and perhaps fuperior to a Mazaria ; and the hypothesis is Eraimus, we must say that it was ow- certainly nuore probable than that of ing to the rime when he lived; when Mons. D'Anquent. Indeed, if

be the world, awakırk from a sleep of a only admired that Marchiali was a pri


frner from the first moment of his exift. to communicate to the reader, by exence, Mr. Gibbon's may be considered tracts, by epitome, and by occasional as a fufficient tulution of an hitherto in- remarks, are induced to conciute, in explicante historical problem.

opposition to the generally received opiThe Antiquities of ide House of Bruns. n'on, that Mr. Giobon was a icholar not wick contiitot about ninety pagis, write lets profound than elegant ; more proten with care and Ipurit. The defcrip. found, probably, than any of his antation of the Nupcials of Boniface, Marquis gonilts; that his defeces as a writer, of Tuscary, and of the Character of Al- whether critical, moral, or religious, beti Axo ibe Second, are portraits diawn were the consequence of his foreign prein our aurhor's best manner.

judices and his foreign manners; and We have now finished our survey of that his excellencies were exclusively this voluminous and amuting work ; his own; the rich fruits of indefatigable and, from the judgment we have formed industry and of inventive genius, of it, which we liave allu endeavoured

R.R. The Rural Economy of the West of England ; including Devonshire, and Parts

of Somerletshire, Dorsettlire, and Cornwall. Together with Minutes in Practice. By Mir. Marihall. 2 Vols. 8vo. 12$. Bards. Robinsons, &c.

( Coniinued from Page 100.) HAVING, in cur iaf Number, given “ Bue (thanks to the Disposer of Cir:

an analysis of these volume, we cumftances), - now, when I am acwill, in resuming the fubiect, begin by quainted with the several Districts of conveying to our readers tuine account this Department of the Island, I am of their rise, and the claim they have to convinced, that there is no other Grua. public attention. This we are enabled tion, which could have been made to do in the writer's own words, as he equally favorable to my views, as that has given in this, as in his former re- in which I was placed-as it were proporis, a brief detail of the circumstances videntially. There is no other indi. that attended his furvey.

vidual station, in which I could have "Tomy valuable and lamented friend, commanded, 10 well, the two Counthe late SiR FRANCIS DRAKE, whose ties of Devon and CORNWALL, and, at tirtues were best known to those who the samne time, the fertile Diftrict of the were best acquainted with his private South Hans," the Garden of Decharacter, I ain chiefly indebted tor the vonshire,"--of which dillinguithed Di. opporiunity of forming the Register, Atrict the Valley of the Tamer forms, in which is now under punication.

reality, a part. "In the Summer of 1791,I made my “ Betije, in the Valley of the Ta. first journey into the WEST of DEVON. mer, and on the magnificent Farm on SHIRE, :0 examine into the itate of his which I refided, -he very first in the Kural concerns, in that part, of the Country, -I potsessed the most favora county; and, in the Autumn of the ablc opportunity, that either circumfame year, returned, to endeavour to faces or choice had to give, of Hudy. retrieve them from the disgraceful ftate ing the DANMONIAN PRACTICE, in in which I had found thein. In the all its branches, and in its almoft pris. succeeding Autumn, I made a third tine purity *. journev, to the famo quarter; and, in “ A few particulars of modern prac. the summer of 1794, I went over the tice, that have been recently introduced whole of the DRAKE ESTATE, dying into this part of the land, especially in different parts of Devon ihire.

into the South Hains, have not de" It will perhaps be said, that the ranged the LONG-ESTABLISHED SYSVALLEY OF THE TA MER, is too con- TEM O! DANMONTAN HUSBANDRY; bned, and is of rco litele importance as which is ftill ti: taly rooted, in the seve. a District, to be suitable for à PRINCI- ral Distries of this Department; and PAL STATION. Indeed, it is more than remains as distinguishable from the orprobable, that had I cbofin my fiation, dinary management of the body of the it would not have been that which cir. Island, as if the Peniniula, they form, cumkances aligned me.

had been recently attached to it. anmonian,- an epithet derived from Danmonia, the ansient name of part, or the whole, of this Western Peninsula of Britain.

* More.

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