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« About a month ago, one of these managed more ini mediately under my Selds, theri in a ftate of foore broken

own eye, is, I am of pinion, five ground, was laid up into narrow ribs pounds an acre better for the operation; (the gardener's trenches) by a half- reckoning on tiventy years, from the plowing ; with a wrested flow, ard with time of performing it. the teen set TEN INCHES wide ; forc- " It is obfervable, thar, in every cale ing up the ridgets, as high and - Ibarp where circunstances will allow it, an as possible ; in order to destroy the riot EIGHTEEN MONTHS FALLOW weeds, hy drought, år.d by breaking thould be broken hip, in autumn, or their fieid of pasturage; and to give the early winter; by a rib plowing; fufferfeeds of weeds an addition of air and img ir to lie, in an exposed ftare, during furface to promote their vegetation. winter. This, befides emploring the

" About a weck ago, the first-plow. winter's frosts in the great work of pued part was harrowed across the ribs, rification, fortvards the business of the with long tined harrows ;-levelling ensuingfummer, and renders the whole the surface corpinely, and following Operation a manter of leisure and con. them with a roller ard tiner harrows, penitency; and, in the end, COM. hung behind it: thus grinding down PLEAT: putting the soil in its moft every sed, and effeétually destroying profitable fare of exertion, for a length every seedling weed which had segta of vears. Uneter proper managemebrand tated.

with the attitance of FALLOW CHOPS, “ The surface is naev thickly set Lands, THUS EFFECTUALLY with another crop rf feedling weeds, RECLAIMED, may not require a which I am turning under by ONE repetition of the cperation, for half a PLOWING, across the fornier

century afterwards." rims, and in narrow plies, but wich a We clore our extracts with an ac: BROAD SHARE, and with a STERN count of the Salmon Fishery of the Ta. TWELVE INCHIES WIDE; thus moving vey: riferring to the volumes, ar large, every particle of the buil, about TEN for a detail of the rural practice of this INCHES DEEP (fome inches derper, favored quarter of the kingdom, as well perhaps, than it has ever been plowed as for:húimprovements introduced, or before), leaving the lurface rugli and luggeRed, by the author. cluddy.

* The Salmon Finery of the Tarey " Over this rough furface, I am is

appenilani to this estate. The Wech, spreading a moderate dreiling of vard which has been mentioned, is a work of dung; to be dragged and pulled and considerable magnitude and experre. It harrowed, until the dung be eficétually consists of a strong dam or breaftwerk, incorporated, with the fresh raw foil, ten or twelve feet high, thrown across brought up; thereby to incliorate it, the river, in : pare where tot projecte and to force the seeds of y, eds, with ing rocks serve happily as butire Tes which it has, no douve, been ainply to the nafonry; which is built fome. fuppired!, century afrer century. what coinpaffing, or archwise (hut not

* The weed feeds having spent regularly nur luficiently), to refiit the theinfelves, and the crude oilasing presure and force of the waters, in times received the infuence of the atmot. of Hood; when they are collected, by phere, the drefling wil beturned in, with the slopes of the Dartmore Hills, and

mean depth or fornewhat fhallow fent down with extraordinary impetuos plowing; and the Curface be suffered fry. At one end of the dain; is a io remain in the rough flatli, in which weir heute" or TRAP; on the prin. the plough leaves it, during vinter. ciple of the Vermin trap, whose 'ene

' In the spring, as soon is the crds ther.ce is outwardly large, but con. have thrown out their seedling weeds, tracted in wardiy, 1o as to eiude or preo and the weather will permit, the fur. runt the escape of the animal which has face will be greund down to powder, lo taken ir. li is remarkable, however, provoke the remainder to restoration; with respect to salmon, that airnough and, in due featun, be fun with barley the entrance is by no means fo narrow and ley berbage.

as to prevent even the largest from teThus, for the loss of ONE YEAR's turning, it is believed that there is no RENT, these fields will prebavily be initance of those which have once en. benefited for eventy years to come. tered quitting their confinement,though

1594. The fuccefs has anti'eredihe. they may have remained in it several fullest expe&tation. The field which was days. A circunftance, perhaps, which

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can only be accounted for, in the natu. timber on the other, --add to the pictu. ral propensity, or inftin&t, which directs rable effect of the fcene : which, in a them against the stream, and will not mild evening after rain, is ftill heighfuffer them to give up any advantage tened, and rendered more interesting. which they may have gained; the ar. by che animating and beautiful accome cene into the trap being an effort of paniment of salmon, difplaying feats difficulty : in this case perhaps too of futile agility;-throwing themselves great.

far out of the water, in endeavouring “ On the higher side of the trap 19 surmount the cataract; or strug(which is some twelve or fifteen feet gling, with more fatal zcal, to reach {quare on the inside), opposite to the the treacherous hold, from whence entrance, is an opening or luice in the there is no return. done work,-or rather the rock,--as a “ The species of fin taken at this passage for the water. This opening has weir are lalmon, falmon peel-provina zwolifring flood gates: the one clore, to cial “ pail," and, at some certain lea. hut out, occasionally, the whole of the sons, a few trouts. water, the other a grate, to luffer the “ Bue the principal part of the pro, water to pass, and at the same cime to duce of this lithery is taken by NET prereat ich of any confiderable fize FISHING. The river, for near a mile trom escaping. When the trap is set, below the weir, is broken into rapids the close gare is drawn up, with an iron and pools, lome of thein very deep. crow : thus suffering the water to pass Seven of eight of these pools are through the house. On the cootrary, adapred to the teine or draw net, which to take the 6th which have entered, the is drawn once or twice a day, by four close gate is let down, and the trap is men : with horses to carry the net, and presently left in a manner dry,

the fish caught ; and with dogs to con" It is oblervable, that the narrowed vey the end of the rope across the watcr, çotrance of the trap is judicioufly where it is too deep ur inconvenient tu placed, somewhat above the floor ; 10 be forded. that before the falmon are seriously The fihing seafon commences, in alarmed by the fall of the water, it has his river (the Cavey), the middle or Tunk below the mouth of the trap, and latter vod of February (but on the their retreat the more effe&tually cut Tamer not until several weeks after. off, for by following the water, near ward !), ai d closes in O&tober or Nuthe Boor, ibey are led away beneath'vember; when the weir is thrown open, the tunnel : which, like the open good, and the filh, afterward, suffered to go up gate, &c. is made of Arong wooden to Spawn. bars, open enough to permit the passage Prefently after a flood, and when of the water, but not that of the tith, falmon aie abundant, ten or twelve are

“ The top or corcring of the trap is frequently taken at a draught; fumea floor of planks, nearly level with the times more; upwards of a hundred, it top of the weir ; on the lower side of is said, were once drawn to thore. which the trap is, nf course, situated. “ No wonder that a fishery thus pro

“ Some days ago, when the water ductive, and lying at a distance from was unusually low-provincially and any habitation, thould be liable io thedo. por improperly « smalle'--the whole predations of roACHERS: especially as river påffed through the weir house. the river forms the boundary of a mine But the recent rains have fwoln it to a ing parish, notorious for its pilferers. tenfold fiže. The water now pours They have been known to come down over the weir, in a dense, broad theeein bodies, like the game poachers of {nooth, and gially above ; but furrow: Norfolk; bidding ten or a dozen men ing as it descends; and producing, in its defiance. fall, a white 'foaming whirlpool; the « The net poaching is done, chiefly, régularity of the fall being broken, on in the night; while the river abounds one fide, by the torrent, rushing down with fresh water. But, in the day the steep descent from the fluice, and, time, when the water is dead and on the other, by the margin of the river clear, the poachers are not inactive; burring its way over the native rock, then using the spear, which they throw

- pleasing objce is produced ; while with dexterity; and, by this practice, the extreme reclusenets of the fituation, are known to carry off numbers. -the wild coppice wood on the one “ Nor does daylighe' derer thoon, band, and the high grown, impending wholly, from net fishing, when the waYOL.XXX. SEPT. 1796.

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is favorable, and fith in plenty. Yefo refuge among the underwood of the yerday, in pailing, with the Hine and opposite banks; leaving behiod them a his son, through the incadows which net which has doubtlels cott them the margin the river, a party of three or profits of many a month's illicit prac. four net poachers were discovered. iice.' They fied, on our approach; taking

col. 1796.

Vefrige! of Oxford Caftle. Or a small Such is the plan delineated by Mr. Kos; Fragment of a Work intended to be published jpce- and the complete work, being ready for the dily, onjibe Hißory of Artient Cuples, and press, we can, from the present specimen, on the Progress of ArchircAurt. Boy Edward recoinmend it to the publici notice. King, Ej. F. R. S. and F. A. S. Folio. Ni.

A Summ.1ry View of Heraldry, in reference to

tbe Ufazes of Chivalry, ard tbe general Economy THIS perforr.ance, as the title page informs of the Feudal System; with an Apper-dix respecto us, is intended only as a specimen of a very British Confiturion. "By Thomas Brodion, F.A.S.

ing Sueb Diflinétions of Rankas bave Piace in the laborious and useful work, ready for the press, and intended for Speedy publication, if Edinburgb. 8vo. Printed at Edinburgh, by

Mur:del and Sons. encouragement should not be warting by the Publick at large. The industrious Author The ruience of Heraldry has been frequent, informs us, “ that the design of this under. ly considered as a useless one ; as “ a frivo. taking is to elucidate the history of the whole lous jargon invented to explain a set of whim, gradual progress of Archite&ture in all its Gcal figures, the knowledge of which termibranches, hoth ecclefiaftical, civil, and milita- nates in discovering that certain individuals Ty, in succettive periods in this country; and claim a right to have animals, trees, roses, of to afford a striking illustration of coeval and other particular ornaments, depi&ted on their contemporary manners ; and an illucidation furniture and equipage." This representatica of several obscure ordinances in feudal and the present writer undertakes 10 prove to be other laws; giving clear proofs of the one, partial and invidious. He news that Heral. by means of the most unquestionable remain dry likewise has for its object a more important ing specimens of many antient structures, one, viz. to discriminate, characterise, and now brought into one point of view, and arrange all the distinctions of rank resulting compared together ; by means of the com. from the Feudal System, and that a thorough rison of these with the most positive evidence knowledge of it is connected with the laws, of antient records and historians, from the customs, and manners of the Feudal ages, age of the firit Britons down to the beg nning and might thence be conducive to the further of the reventeenth century. Whilft, at the illucidation of that interesting period. In the same time, in the course of investigation, much execution of this plan lie considers the truc. light will, from the very nature of the en- ture of the Feudal System, the spirit, difciquiry, be cast on the history and manners of pline, maxims, and order of Chivalry. Then those primeval eastern nations, and on those of the tournaments; of the Crusades; of patriarchal ages, from whence many of the romance ; of the various modes in which first ideas of building, and of rearing either arins are exhibited; of the political depart. fortreffus or sacred structures, were unques. ment of Heraldry, comprehending all the dif. tionably derived.

tincl.ons of rark belonging to the Feudal “Mony interelling parra:es also in the fa. System ; of the distinctions of rank inícpara. cred writings, and in the most antient classic ble from the establishment of society; and, authors, wil!, it is hoped, be found to receive in an Appendix, of the distinctions of rank in. à more satisfáétory illustration from the ef- cluded in the British Constitution. The auforts in the presint undertaking, than could thor undertakes to render Heraldry intelligible well have been obtained by any other means, to readers in general, and we can say he has than this one, of an actual comparison of such not failed in his design. Should the present p.trages, with the very kind of fabrics, man. work meet with a favourable reception, Mr. ners, and usages, referred to in them; fa. Brydion proposes to enquire, at greater lengti, brics, manners, and usages well understood, into the political diftin&ions comprehended jideed, at the time when those books were in the European governments, whether ori. writien: and therefore only ro Nightly and ginating primarily in the nature of society, or incidentally mentioned :- but the reference more immediately in the constitution of the to which, in these days, unavoidably occasions, fiefs in chivalry, and in certain arrangements very frequently, much confusion of ideas, and depending on the internal economy of different much obscuruy; even to the most learned.” Rates.

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A Letter to ibe Rigbt Hon. William Pirr, the clear, diffure, and elaborate Treatise of Jiesing bow Crimes may be prevented, and tbe Saunderson, the explanatory Introduction Pople made Happy. By Jopn Donaldj.», Esq. of Ludlam, and the late judicious and 8vo. 15. Cadell.

comprehenfive System of Mr. Wood, of A very important subject it must be al

St. John's College, have left no want of such lowed; and happy would it be for the Publick

a publication, yet, without in any degree if a plan to effe á such a purpose could be presuming to rival or intending to depreciate carried into execution. The Author proposes the various excellencies of these and other ad. to the Minister to give up fo.ne taxes, and to

mirable pruciuctions on the same subject, I alter the mode of managing others, to make

am inclined to imagine that my time has not them more productive, in which cafe he be.n altogether mifemployed, in endeavouring would be ready to point out other taxes,

to illucidate, by the most laborious exactness, both popular and productive, and such as the whatever might still appear difficult or ab people would be pleased with. He then de.

ftruse in the subject upon which I have treattends the Dog tax, with the produce of which

ed." The Author acknowledges his obliga. he proposes to init cute an effective nightly fions to the productions of Baron Maleres Wach. The use of hair powder he recom

and Mr. Wcos, from which he has derived mends to be entirely given up, and the pow

advantage ; but declares that it has not been dering rooms to be convenied into libraries;

in his power to avail himself of the directing the weight of bread to be regulated, and information, or superintending judgment, of flour and grain to be sold by weight, rot mea

a single friend or alliitant. This work will fure. Some other schemes are recommended;

be found useful to young students. but whether the Minister will chust to adopt them, we must leave to time to deler.

A Sermen, preached ai the Afitos bolden af mine.

Wijboeb, before Edward Gwillim, Bjq. Chief

Justice of the Isle of Ely, ibe 2816 July 1796. Ár Introduftion to Arithmetic and Algebra. By James Najmibe, M. A. Restor of Levering: By Tbomas Manning. 8v. Nicholson. spn. 8vo. is. Deigbron.,

The design of this work is to supply an introduction to arithmetic and algebra, in which fatal effects of separating civil government

In this Sermon Mr. Nasmith deprecates the every proposition shall be not only so accu.

from religion, and inculcates the duty and rately demonftrated, hue

' so fully explained as obligation of attending to the folemnity of an to prevent the necesity of additional affis.

oath. This discourse is a very proper one for tance.

“And though, pertaps," says the the place and occafion in which it was deliAuthor,“ by many it may be conceived that

vered.

THEATRICAL JOURNAL.

AUGUST 29.

Man gave so much disguft to the ignorans THE IRON Chest, by Mr. Colman, multitude then in the Theatre, that it was

which had been unsuccessful in the course of with difficulty the play was permitted to prothe Winter at Drury Lane, was reproduced ceed. "The scene itself was cut out from the at the Hay.market, and met with that apa succeeding representations, though a few Sea. plause which muft have been highly gratifying fons afterwards it was restored with great to its Author. On this occation Mr. Elifton applause. Mr. Sheridan's Rivals, on the performed the character before represented by firit night, was with difficulty heard to the Mr. Kemble, and confirmed the opinion end; and we remember the excellent comedy which had been entertained of him as an actor of The Clandestine Marriage met with no of merit. Previous to the reproduction of small opposition from the inconfiderate conthis piece, but near fix months from its origi. duct of Mrs. Clive, who at the time, it was Dal appearance, it was published by its Author, reported, inadvisedly repeated some passages with a Preface of uncommon virulence against (thought by the audience to be vulgarisms, Me Kemble, to whomMr.Colman solely ascribed though strictly in character) against the opithe former ill fuccess of his play. ' In the fuc. nions of the Authors. We have read M. sels of Dramatick performances, we have ob- Colman's Preface' with attention, and have no served that there is much of casualty, caprice, hefitation to say, that as much as he has and accident. “Many pieces of great excel. Fadded by is to his character as a writer, so lence have very narrowly escaped condemna- much in the opinion of every calm observer tion. We remember the admirable scene of muft be subftracted from him as a man of the Bailiffs in Goldfinish's Goodanatured sardour and semper. We conceive, that

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many circumstances might have operated with Hamler and The Doldrum, Since the againn The Iron Cheft on its original appear- last Season, the following alterations have ance, besides what he has fuggelted. It been made : The former entrance to the came before the Publick with the prejudice of Boxes by the Bow. street door is now closed, being borrowed from a novel which had given and the grand faloon converted into a hand.. just offence to a numerous body of the people some coffee-room. The present entrance is ' at large. It is admitted by the Author to by spacious passages under the former avenues, have been too long, and, on his own revival, and through a commodious waiting-room, it is shortened still more than it was at Drury where persons are afterwards admitted at the Lane. It is to be observed coo, that the dir- end of the second act, on paying half-price, approbation began before Mr. Kemble ap. and to remain there till the admission of halfpeared ; and no motive is assigned to render price visitors, instead of waiting in the outer the suspicion probable, that that gentleman lobby or in the ítreets. should intentionally (and if not intentionally The piazza entrance is widened and ren. the insinuation faUs to the ground) wish to dered much more commodious than it was injure the character and property of one with before. Seven rows are added to eleven of whom he lived in habits of intimacy and the center Boxes in the second and third tiers, friendship. We have said thus much, as we which will admit 144 persons more than doubt not at a future time, and on more tem. usual, the utmost produce of which can only perate consideration, Mr. Colman will not con- be 431. 45. a night to the Manager, and not fider the time bestowed on this sple nctic effu- one hundred and forty, as has been afferted. fion as the most fortunate moment of his The large rooms which were appropriated life, or likely to elevate him in the estimation to private offices and the Beef. Tteak Club of the dispassionate and candid part of man- are now thrown open in addition to the lob. kind.' We congratulate him, however, on bies behind the Boxes, and give airinefs and the reversal of the sentence of the first audi. a commodious space for the loungers. ences, which we always thought an ur just 15. The Haymarket Theatre closed one : we applaud his spirit in demanding a for the feason with The Iron Cbeft, and The revision of it; and, though we do not agree Prijener ar Large. with him as to the cause of his first ill fuc. 17. MRs. ADDISON, who some time ago cess, or consider, this piece as one of his fung at Vauxhall Gardens, appeared for the luckiest efforts, we deem it entided to ap. first time at Covent Garden Theatre, in the plause, indeed as much as it has experi. character of Rosetra, in Love in a Village, and enced.

was received with applausc. SHIT.i, Mr. Burrows, and a young lady, DRURY LANI, TRIATRI opened appeared the first time on any Nage, at the with The Prize, The Child of Nature, anda Haymarket, in the characters of Jack Junk, High Life Beleu Stairs; and Mr. Wroughand Nancy, in “The Married Vamarried" ton was announced as the Deputy Mara. for the benefit of Mr. Johnstone.

ger. 12. COVENT GANDIN TALATAI opened

20.

PO E T R Y.

RY

The following LINIs were written at the When fame contagious Aashes from the eye.

Request of Julia, who wished-to have a And the breall-labours with the Sofieft high, Specimen of Ovid's Manner in his Amd. When like the bee inftin&ively I fip rous Works.

The humid honey from your pulpy lip,

Suck your sweet breath that beats the role AN IMPROMPTU.

perfume, THEN smiling Venus brings you to my

Or violet scenting in its prime of bloom; 23

WH

lo quick. vibrations when our tongues we arms, And giddy passion gazes on your charms,

dart, When ev'ry look and touch provokes, desire,

And pleasure's poison singles as the heart When the blood riots and cach nerve's on

fire,

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