Slike strani

of the great pumber of persons whom it the Engliñ and Irish Lotteries : for this

mfortunately concerns, the hiftory of purpole, they are induced to fell or pawa the frands practifed by gamblers and other the property of their inafters, wherever it Sharpers, at Faro and other gaming can be piltered in a litile way, and so as tables, kept in the houses of perlons of to elude detection, till at length this spe"Superior tank, and in Subscription-houses, cies of puculation, by being rendered laq in open defiance of the laws, and in miliar to their minds, too otien terininates Lottery inlurance offices, Our author has in more atrocious crimes. As for the

taken indefatigahlę pains to invefligate labouring poor, they resort to this de this last eyil, being of the first magni- ceitful and fraudulent expedient, at the refe; and he has to clearly demonstrated expence fometimes of pledging every arthat all persons inluring numbers in the ticle of household goods, as well as the

Lotreries with the e notorious cheats and last rag of theis own, and their children's impoftors are most egregious dupes, as wearing apparel, not kaving a single 'to kave no posible excule for the folly change of raiment!

(ignorance being remover!) of those who It is calculated that at these fraude, during the drawing cf the next Irish and lent insurance offices (about 400 in num. Englia Lotteries,mail be tempted to throw bus) insurances are made to the extent of 3way their money, in hopes of great gains, 800,000l. which they receive in premiums in this illegal ar.d fraudulent branch of durir.g the Irish Lottery, and above Orte gambling,

after they have read the cau. Million during the English ; and it was tions and advice given in Chapter VII. estimated that this infamous confederacy, * This class of tharpers," lays our au, during the latt Lottery, supported about thot, " take Lottery insurances where 2000 agents and clerks, and nearly 7500 Garabling, among the higher and middling Morccep men, including a considerable ranks, is carried on to an extent which number of Ruffians and Bludgeon-men, exceeds all credibility, producing consę, by whom the civil power was trampled quences to many private families, of upor, und put to defiance in a molt great worth and respectability, of the alarming and frameful manner, disgrassa molt diftreffing nature, and implicating ful to its Police; a pre-concerted plan in this miery the inpocent and amiable being formed and executed by a set of branches of such families, whose suffer- miscreants, composed chilly of the more ings, ariling from this scurce, while they opulent part of the fraudulent insurers, - ckiin' the teas of piły, would require for the purpose of alarining and terrifying miny volumes to recount; but Tilence those officers of Justice with whom, by and fhare throw a veil over the calamity, pecuniary gratuities, they could not pres while urged by the hopes of retrieving viously niake their peace, by the threal. former losses, or of acquiring property in nings of hired rutians and hludgeon-mes, · an eaty way, the evil goes on, and seems whom they einployed and furnithed with to increase, in spite of every guard which arms to reaft the civil authority, and even the legiflature bias wisely established.” to conimit murder, if attempts thaould be Independent of the superior ranks of made to execute

the warrants of the civil life, we find the greatest encouragement magistrates. The remedies proposed, in is given to these fraudulent iniurance order to dininish, and finally to root out offices by the lower orders of the commu- this enormousevil

, are claffed under eight nity, more especially by the pampered dittin&t teads, and appear to be judicioully : male and feinale fervants in the holes of calculated to answer the purpose, but they

perfons of fathion and fortune, who are cccupy incre space in the treatise then we Hid, almost without a Gngle exception, can pollibly allow them in our review, to be in the constant habit of infuring in 1 To be concluded in our next.)

Persons who go about from house to house among their former customers, and, attend in dic back-parlours of public-louses, where they are met by their customers who make in furances.

A Leire to the Riglt torourable Jobur Lord count of himself and his writings; and in Sheffield, on the Publication of the Mimors and the next the opinion of others respecting bock; Letters of the late Edward Gibbon, Fjg. Streuf- and has executed the task imposed on himbury. Svo. 5796. Eddowes.

self with spirit and threwdness, but pct withe

out a considerable degree of severity. It may THE Author of this Letrer proposes in the be fuppofed, that neither Mr. Gibbon nor his kint place to examine Mr. Gibbon's own ac. {qptiments on religion are beld in any cAima.

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dict they the present writer. They are is entitled tó bus a may degree of praile, ermined with great freedom, and censured, though it seems from the Advertifement prewe think, with justice and without referve. fixer to have been acted at the place where it

When we confider,” says the Author, ad- was printed. dreting Himbelf to Lord Sheffield, « their principal eendency and probable effects, what- Juftruction to the Children of Sunday Schodis, ever their fortune may be, one of the things ar.d orber Charitable Seminaries of L'arting; dewhich you my Lord, and every friend of man figned for tbe Promotion of their Wilfard' in roe kind ought most to with, is, that they may Present Life, and of their Happiness in shat ubick fpeedily parich! But, alas ! this is not the is to come. By Abrabam Crocker. Frome?' 22me. ufual fue of noxious things : he (Mr. G.) Wills. 4d. has left the world a lasing memorial of kimo HELT : fo long as any regard for virtue, any reva

A useful, cheap, and unoftentatious manual, rence for true religion Mall remain-He will Stand forth a melancholy monument of mif. from spe Clouds, beeb in these Days and in Ancient

Remarks concerning Stones said to bave fallen applied talents and mischievous endowments." This pamphlet is evidently the production of F. 4. S. 460. Nicol,


, By Edward King, Ej. F. 8. S. and Do crdinary writer. 404!!!: A Novel, by Matilda Firajobr. and modern of stones fupposed to have fallen

In this pamphlet all the accounts antient 4 Valsa! 12m0. 'Hopkhan and Carpenter. from the clouds are with great industry col.

The Author of thefe volumes, by the motto lected together and brought into one point of in the title page, 'appears to disclaim any great view. Many of these are very extraordinary, pretention to wit or sprightliness of genius, tluugh they do not appear to have been re. Skie portofres, however, the powerof delineating ceived with implicit credit by the philosophical characters, and is not without obfervation on part of the community. Mr. King has not Kre and exifting mannets.' The heroine of the given a decided opinion on the subjęct him. Work is the daughter of the Lady whore felf, though it is evident that the result of his riärtve gitts the title to the performance. The enquiries lean to the sentiments ot ti.ose who frustions The is thrown into are sometimes give credit to the reality of a consolidation within the bounds, båt moft frequently cut of certain fpecies of stone in the clouds of the reach of probability, and the young Whatever may become of the philosophy of Lady herfeift Yome times has too much fim. the pamphlet, we are at least indebted to Mr, plictty, and at others too much drewdness, King for the facts contained in it. The Rentiments are such as defirve to meet the approbat:on of the reader, and the moralin- Revolutions, a Poem, in Two books. By culcated is favourable to the interests of virtue. P. Courtier. 8vo. 1796. Law, * Origihar Letters, &c. of Sir Fobn Falaf, of Revolutions both in prose and verle, and

The world is already fickened with the noise and Friends, now for made public, hy a Gewdleman' . Descendant of Dame Quietly, from the prefent Author is not likely to render the Ghaine Manufriprs , rohicb b.204 been is : be Piger

found less disgusting Declining any introduce fer of the Quickly Family near Four Hundred tion in the Mape of an argument, he begins with Tian. 12910. Robinfors.

stating the general intent of his poem in the

following manners The late enormous forgery attempted to be

• After fome preliminary observations, imposed on the Public has evidently given the American is the first Revolution noticed rile to this publication, which, however, in the ensuing pages; as a relief between is an effort at humour too tecnie to be entitled this and that of the French, a few conje&tures o much praise. Our old friends Falftaff, are offered on the primary effi&s of printing, Piftol, Nym. Shallow, &c. use the same words with a view of the benefits resulting from the as in the Plays of Shakespeare, but the fpirit discovery of that art. France then becomes which originaliy produced the characters is the subject of attention ; and the principal totally evaporated.

events of her Revolution, till the fall of Ro.

bespierre, Torm the greater part of the first The Cottage. An Operatic Farce, in Two book; which terminates with fome refleco Asier By Fames Smitb." Towkryhury'

. 8vo. tions on the dirmeraberment of Poland, and

the probability of that country regaining its This piece is founded on the hackneyed cira independence." cumstance of a gegucman affuming the disa ci "The second book commences with guile of a kervans, for obtaining a more free comparative retrospect of Hiftory and Pro. access to his milliefs. The execution of is phecy, whence is thewo their relative har. Yol. XXX, OCT. 1796.



mony ;--the expectation of happier years, This Poem is not without feveral prominents and the reasonable ground on which thac ex- and even brilliant paffuges, but as a whole pectation is built ; the promises of Divine Re. can hardly be perufed without languor. ist velation, and the corresponding improvement o society."


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L. 324:

Ιφίδος λέων, , twee

Iphigenia Leo. THE subject of this prophecy iş Po be oraçulaf, for the speaker was Calfan,

lyxena. She was flain by Neoptole dra. His terms must be obscure and mus; who, according to Lycophron, was rare, for oracles were ambiguous, the son of Achilles and Ipbigrun,

He therefore, in the stead of the well. Ptolemy's poets read the Bible both in known word Iphigenia, has fubftituted the Greek version and original Hebrew. 'Ipisi which is a patronyme noun, formed The resemblance between the ttories of from ’lqi. It is formed by the faine analogy Iphigenia and Jephthe's daughter, and that regulates the words Exubis, Ierapie, between the names Jephthe and Iphi, and others. Thus is ’lqis, which means could not escape their obfervation, phi Iphi's, i. c. Jephthe's daughter, pfed as is a corruption from Jephthe; and the import of the word annexed is evident. Meurlius,

and Potter, are filent with rę.

an equivalent for Iphigenia. Canter, But the familiar currency of cominon wards by no means recommended them to gard to this word; and the Scholiaft's re. our poet's choice. His language mult mark upon ir is by no means fàtisfactory,

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SOME ACCOUNT OF ROBERT BURNS. IT is not likely that the extinction of heard Burns himself make use of God

a spirit like the late Robert Burns forbid I should, any more than the gine. Thould be unattended with a variety of rality of other people, assume the Hatterposthumous anecdotes, memoirs, Biç. re- ing and peculiar privilege of fitting apon lative to the very rare and uaccumon his jury. But the intinacy of our acpersonage whom it animated. I mall quaintance, for several years past, may not attempt to enlist with the voluninous perhaps juilify my presenting to the Pub corps of biographers, who, it is proba- lic a few of those ideas and observations ble, may, without poslesing his geniys, I have had the opportunity of forming, arrogate to themielves the privilege of and which to the day that closed for ever criticising the character or writings of the scene of his happy qualities and of Mr. Burns. “ The inspiring mantle" his errors, I have never had the imallert thrown over him by that tutelary Mule çaufc to deviate in or to recall.

who firk found him, like the prophet It will be the misfortune of Burnis's 人

Elitha, at his plough," bas been the reputation in the records of literature, portion of few, may be the portion of not only to future generations and to fos fewer till; and if it is true, that men of reign countçies, but even with his native

genius have a claim in their iteral çapa- Scotland and a nużnber of his cotempo Fities to the legal rights of the British raries, that he has been regarded as a citizen in a court of justice, that of be. poet, and nothing but & pcet. I must ing tried only by their peers," (I bor- not bę fupposed that I conlider ihis title

pow here, an expreßion I have frequently as a rival onç ; 120 perton can be more sirw but e The poctig genius of my country found me as the prophetis bard Elijah did. Elidha, a ji pbe plough i and threw her inspiring mantle over me. She bade me sing the loves, she logs, 2 the rurale Songs and rural pleasures of my natal soil, in my native longue, 8C ignis 30 jut awu

Burns's Prefatory Address to the Nohlemen and ows gud y : wur

Gentlemen without Caledonian Hupl...

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INIS FOR OCTOBER 11746. HT penetrated, with the respect due to the dent fallies of enthusiastic patriotifira wreath bestowed by the Muses than my

The keenness of satire was, I am at a loss fel; and much certainly is due to the whether to lay his forte or his

foible: For merits of a Self-taught bard, deprived though nature had endowed him with a of the advantages of a classical education, portion of the most pointed excellence in and the interceurse of minds congenial to that “ perilous gift," he suffered it too dis own, till that period of life when his often to be the vehicle of personal, and native fire had already blazed forth in fometimes unfounded, animofities. It all its wild graces of genuine fimplicity, was not always that sportiveness of huand energetic eloquence of fentiment.

mour, “that unwary pleasantry,” which But the fact is, that even when all his Sterne has described to us, in colours se honours are yielded to him, Burns will conciliatory; but the darts of ridicule undoubtedly be found to move in a sphere were frequently directed as the caprice of lels splendid, lels dignified, and even in the instant suggested, or the altercations Several other writers have done and that dle the restlessness of his spirit into

de peefy was "(I appeal to all who had the rest or averfion. This, however, was advantage of being perfonally acquainted not unexceptionably the case; his wit with him) a&tually not his furie. 1 If (which is no unusual matter indeed) had others had climbed more fuccessfully to always the itart of his judgment, and the heights of Parnassus, none certainly would lead him to the indulgence of rail. ever ouelhone Burns in the charnis - the lery, uniformly acute, but often unac. furtery I would almost call it; of fascina- companied with the least desire to wound: ting conversation, the spontaneous elo- The fuppreffion of an arch and fullquence of focial argument, or the unftu- pointed bon mot from the dread of injurdied poignancy of brilliant repartee. His ing its object, the fage of Zurich

very perfonal endowments were perfectly cor- properly

classes as a virtue only to be fought relpondent with the qualifications of his for in the Kalender of Saints; if fo, mind 1, His form was manly, his action Burns must not be dealt with unconscien

kergy itself, entirely divested, howe- tioully for being rather deficient in it. ver, of all those graces, of that polish He paid the forfeit of his talents as dearaequired only in the refinement opporto travagant arithmietic” to lay of him as of nity to mix; but wbere, fuch was the ir- Yorick," that for every ten jokes he got circled him, though his manners and And much allowance should be made appearance were always peculiar, yet he by a candid mind for the splenetic

warmth never failed to delight and to excel. His of a spirit whom " distress had often figure certainly bore the authentic impress fpited with the world, and which, unof his birth and original station of life ; bounded in its intellectual fallies and purit feemed rather moulded by nature for fuits, continually experienced the curbs the rough exercises of agriculture, than imposed by the waywardness of his forthe gentler cultivation of the belles let- tune; the vivacity of his withès and tema tres. His features were stamped with the per, checked by almost habitual disaphardy character of independence, and the pointments, and endowed with a heart firmiefs of conscious, though not arrogant that acknowledged the ruling paffion of pre-eminence. I believeno man was ever independence, without having ever been

gifted with a larger portion of the “ vi placed beyond the grasp of penury. His Wida animi. * The animated expref- foul was never languid or inactive, and fons of his ccontenance were almolt pe- his genius was extinguithed only with the culiar to himself. The rapid lightnings laft (parks of retreating life. His pallions of his eye were always the harbingers of rendered him, according as they disclosed fome flath of genius, whether they darted themselves in affection or antipathy, the the fiery glances of insulted and indignant object of enthusiastic attachment of Toft fuperiority or beamed with tie impallioned rancorous malevolende's pár ke poffeffed sentiment of fervent and impetuous affec- none of that negative infipidity of chations. His voice alone could improve tacter whose love may be regarded with upon the magic of his eye; sonorous, indifference, or whose resentment

could be alternately captivated the leat with the thould feet, the tempes of his companions melody of poetic numbers, the perfpi- took the tin&ture from his own, for he rity of servous rrafering, or the are acknowledged in the univerfe but two

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clares of

es of objects—those of adoration the probation from him was always an honefti móft fervent, or of averlion the most in- tribute from the warmth and 'fincerity of vincible. It has been frequently re-' his heart. proached to him, that unfusceptible indi? It has been sometimes represented by ference, otten hating where he ought to those wlio, it should seein, had a view to have despised, he alternately opened his detract, though they could not hope heart and poured forth all the trea- wholly to obicure, that native brilliancy sures of his understanding to such as which the powers of this fingular man were incapable of appreciating the ho- had invariably bestowed on every thing mage, and elevated to the privileges of that came from his lips or pery, that the an adversary many who were unqualified bittory of the Ayrshire Plow-boy was an in talent, or in nature, for the honour of ingenicus fiction, fabricated for the pur-! a contest fo distinguishell.

poles of obtaining the intereft of the It is faid, that the celebrated Dr. John-' great, and enhancing the merits of what, son professed to love a good hater :" in reality, required no foil. The Cotter's ** -A tenperament that had singularly Saturday Night,- Tan O'Shanter, and : adapted him to cherith a preposleision in the Mountain Daisy, besides''a ' number tavour of our bard ; who, perhaps, could of later productions, where the maturity fall little mort even of the lurly Doctor in of his genitis will be readily traced, and this quclification, as long as the disposi- which will be given to the Public as foon tion to ill will continued; but the veríatili- as his friends have collected and arranged ty of his passions were fortunately tempered them, speak itfficiently for theinfelvess to their fertor; he was feldom, never and had they fallen from a hand more indeed, implacable in his resentments; diftinguished in the ranks of society thar and sometimes, it has been alledged, not that of a peasant, they had perhaps beinviolably steady in his engagements of stowed as unufual a grace there, as even friendihip. Much indeed has been talked to the humble fhade of ruftic inspiration efhis inconftancy and caprices; but I ain

from which they really fprung: is clined to believe, they originated less

To the obicure scene of Mr? Burosisme from a levity of retentment, than froin education, and to the laborions, though an impetuosity of feeling, that rendered honourable ftation of rural induitry in him prompt to take unibrage ; and his which his parentage enrolled him, almost fenations of pique, where he fancied be every inhabitant of the fouth of Scotland had discovered the traces of unkindintis, can give teftimony. His only lurvjving scorn, or neglta, took their measures of brother, Gilbert Burns, now guides the atperity from the over-flowings of the opploughshare of his 'forefathers in Ayr: polite sentiment which preceded thein, ihire, at a small farin near Mauchline ; and which feldom failed to regain its ascen.' and cur poet's eldest son (a lad of nine dancy in his bofom on the return of its years of age, whole early difpofitions al. cahner reflection. He was candid and ready prove him the beritor of his father's. manly in the avowal of his wrongs, and talents, as well as indigence) has been his avowal was a reparation :-His na

destined by his family to the humble einsi ve herre never forlaking him a moment, ployments of the loon. the value of a iruk acknowledgement

Íhat Burns had received no claffical was enhanced tentold cowards a griiercus

education, and was acquainted with inind, from its never being attended with

tire Greek and Roman' authors only ierviliry. His mind, oryanized only for through the mediuin of translations, is a the stronger and more acure operations of fact that can be indisputably proved. I the paflions; was impracticable to the have feldom seen him at a lofs in converfa. efforts of fupercili uiness, that would tion, tnlefs where the dead languages and kave depressed it into humility, and equally their writers were the subject of diteurSuperior to the encroachments of vepal fons when I have pressed him to tell me fuggentions, that might lave led him into why he never took pains to acquire the the mazes of hypocrity,

Latin in particular, a language his He has been obferved, that he was far happy memory had to foon enabled him frora averle to the incente of Aattery, and to be master of, he used only to reply, . could receive it tempered with less delica-' with a limnile, that he atready knew cy than might have been expcéted, as he all the Latin he desired to learn, and that." fellom trangrefled in that way limfelf; was, " onmia vincit amor;" 2 phraré, where be paid a compliment indeed it might that from his writings, and most favourite skaim the power of intoxication, a apo purluits, it thould undvobtedly seem he

. was

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