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kerms unwilling to acknowledge that Mr. tance, I had a commodicus opportunity F. has completely analyzed the whole. of particularly examining. It was the iz 6! know that long and uninteresting figure of a man, I think the size of life. letters are formidable things to men who It held in its hand a metal Ityle ; a card know the value of time and icience; büt of Dutch vellum being laid under it. A Is this happens to be upon the subject, for- {pring was touched, which released the give me for adding one very admirable internal clock work from its itop, when

piece of mechanitin to those you have the figure immediately began to draw. hlouched upon. When at Geneva, 1 Mr. Droz happening once 89 be sent for y called upon Droz, fon of the original in a great hurry to wait upon some conDroz of la Chaux de Fonds (where I also fiderable personage at the Welt end of the was). He shewed me an oval gold inuff- town, left me in pofleflion of the keys, box, about (if I recolle & right) four which opened the recelles, of all his nainches and a half long; by 3 inches chinery. He opened the drawing-malter bread, and about an inch and a half himself; wound it upi explained its thick. It was double, having an hori- leading parts ; and taught me how to zontal partition í fo that it may be con- make it obey my requirings, as it had Lidered as one box placed on another, obeyed its own. Mr. Droz then went with a lid of course to each box-one away. After the first card was finished, contained, snuff in the other, as soon as the figure refted. I put a second, and se - the lid was opened, there rose up a very on, to five separate cards, all different

Small bird, of green enantelled gold, fit- subjects : but five or fix was the extent ting on a gold itand. - Immediately this of its delineating powers. The firkt 5 minute curiohty wagged jis tail, Shook its card contained, I may truly say, elegant swings, opened its bill of white enamelled portraits and likenesses of the king and s gold, and poured forth, minute as it was queen, facing each other : and it was

(being only three quarters of an inch from curious to observe with what precifion the beak to the extremity of the tail) such the figure lifted up his pencil in the à clear melodious fong as would have transiticn of it from one point of the filled a room of 20.05 jy feet aquare with draft to another, without making the least ils barmony, Droz agreed to meet me llur whatever for instance in pafling af Florence, and we visited the Abbé from the forehead to the eye, nole, and Fontana together. He afterwards joined chin; or from the waving curls of the me at Rome, and exhibited his bird to hair to the ear, &c. I have the cards the Pope and the Cardinals in the Va- now by mne, &c. &c.viadas.

cican palace, to the admiration, I may 2. Say to the attonishment, of all who law We must not omit to mention the nu. -uswand heard it.??

merous Tables on divers subjet matters 19 Another extract from a second letter which will be of excellent ute to the cala soupon the fame subject, by Mr. Collinson, culator. Upon the whole then, we fed

is as follows a " Permit me to speak of no difficulty to pronounce this Dictionary another Automaton of Droz's, which le, equal to its design, and as well worthy the - veral years since he exhibited in England; attention of the young Itudent as the ve

and which, from my personal acquain. teran proficient. **14 (ilwusliu”, - By br.

- A Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis, explaining the various Crimes and 2. Mildemeanors which at present are felt as a Pressure upon the Community; and sitt i Suggelting Remedies for their Prevention. By a Magiftrate acting for the

Counties of Middletex, Surry, Kent, and Essex , for the City and Liberty, of 1. Westminster; and for the Liberty of the Tower of London. The Second Edition,

11: Revised and Enlarged. 8vo. 7s. Boards. Dilly. Luc:1 WE E cannot assign a more solid season and to the community at large. To®

:) for extending our attention to the publications of luch general utility, present improved edition of this excellent every channel of recommendation thould

work, thaa that of its containing a great be opened, more especially when their 3. Syariety of new matter, of the first importa fuccels, as in the present instance, is cal..

sance, and moit highly interesting to the dif- culated to anfwer the molt benevolent bferent rapiks of respectable and reputable purposes, and every improvement, in fuc. 1.2... Housekeepers, to all other honeft, and cellive editions ought to be duly noticed elindustrious inhabitants of the Metropolis, by alliduous reviewets. Impressed with


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this idea, and rejoiced to find that the have not been noticed, but are not forff opinion given of the merit of the whole recommended to men of opulence and phiplan, in our copious reviews of the lanthropy, as proper objects for their priArit edition, has been confirmed by the vate munificence. public; our readers will not be diłpleafed The first is, the establishment of an at our giving a fhort account in the Au- asylum or place of industry for poor, inthor's own modef words of the progressi digent male calculis dilcharged from of the work, previous to our examination gaols after punishment, and who are and difcuffion of the new materials he has willing to work, but unable to obtain introduced.

the means of fubfiitence on account of "The very general approbation mani, the loss of character ; " for the Police telted by the rapid demand for this Trea- of the Country has not provided any tise, and the circumstance of the whole place of industry, in which those who impression being so foon out of print, were disposed to reforın might find sub. while it has gratified the author in a par. fistence in return for labour---Discharged ticular degree, laas also urged him to pro- from a prison or from the buiks, thrown ceed in the completion of his original des at large upon the world, without triends, fign, by presenting to the public a new without food or raiment, and with the edition, very much enlarged, and also constant calls of nature upon them for improved in every instance where imper. both, without a home, or any asylum to tections have either been discovered by Thelter them from the inclemency of the himtelf, or pointed out by others.' But weather, what is to become of them? while his anxiety thus to obey the calls from dire necesity, it is to be feared that of the public in hastening forward the fe- many return to their cld courses. And cond edition, has encouraged him to hope thus it is, that through the medium of that the remedies he has tuggested for the these miferable outcasts of Society, erimes many existing evils maybe spoedilyadopted; are increased, and become a regular. and while he has written with a view not trade, becauso they can make no other only of suggesting the means of relieving election.” the metropolis from preisures of great The second is the establishment of ag magnitude-but alio,' of allotting the asylum or place of industry for poor, inwbole emolument to purpufes connected digent jemate outcalts, discharged fron with tbis immediate objed, he still looks gaois; and miserable, forlorn prostitutes, with confidence for the carne indulgence who are willing to work for their subitt. which he formerly experienced, since the ence, but unable to find employinent on work has unavoidably been again ushered account of loss of character ; " and when into the world, under disadvantages which it is considered that (including the vari. may render it still liable to some imper. ous clalids), above fifly shofend females, fection."

are supposed to live chiefly by prostitve « Since the publication of the fira edic tion in this great metropolis ; a strong tion, the author has felt great fatisfa&tion impulfe must arise in the mind favour. in receiving the most unqualiñed appro- able to an indtitution which would afford bation communicated by several of the the means of reforming the morals of at highest characters, as well as some of the least a part of these untortunate and miableft and belt-informed inen in the metro. ferable beings." polis, bearing testimony to the propriety Such are the propositions of PATRICE and praćticability of the remedies he has CoLQUHOVN, 'Esq. one of the Ma: suggested for removing the very alarming giftrates prefiding at the office in Worevils which have been detailed in this hip-itreet, Finsbury Square, which is Treatise.",

one of the seven Public Oltices'established It is now high time to gratify the cu.. by the Police A&t of the 3rd, and conti. rioûty of those who may with to know nued by a tublequent AX of the 36th of to whom the public stands indebted for his present Majesty, passed in May 1796. such a valuable collection of useful infóra. And he is of opinion, that with proper mation, and falutary advice; and who, management fuch beneficial works might with uncommon liberality, not onlydevotes be introduced as would nearly, if not his literary labours to the public Service, wholly, cover the expence in both establish-** but generously assigns over the profits of, ments. It was in contemplating these this and the former edition in ajd of two charitable plans in particular, and the exa huinene institutions, which appear to be tensive line of acting mentioned in the indispensably necesary., but which hitherta title-page of the present edition, which • See our Magazine for Junte, Vol. XXIX. p. 383: and for July, Vol. XXX. p. 45.



must have given him uncommon experi- sismg generdtion against the evil examples "ence and intermaticn, that we judged it which are exhibited in the metropolis, beceflary, (without permission) to infert perhaps in a greater degree than was ever our author's name in the prefent review; before experienced, particularly among for any respectable persons may wish to the lower ranks of society." confuli him, upon very interesting lubo Ini tracing and enumerating the causes jects, and to alatt nim in promoting and of the increas of crimes in the metrocarrying into execution the laudable im- polis, very material fresh information provements and refcrms in our imperfect will be found in Chapter 1.. We notice lyfem of Police, pointed out in the courie particularly the increase of the tower of hiselaborate Trentile; and as be appears order of the Jews, reared under the inflya in every page of it to be the friend, as far as ence of evil examples, and bred to no justice will permii, ot unfortunate crimin profession that can render thein useful to, nals of every class, who must discover in his the country. character the mild, beneficent, and mercia The inimenfe temptations held on: to ful mariitrate, we can adliga no proper the diffe.ent classes of dishoneft perfons; motive for withholding his name froin the is dedueed from a general views of the title-page and advertilements of future valt magnitude and proud height to which editions; to which we think it would the commerce of the 'metropolis has ado *give additional weight and authority. vanced : the information, hipported by

The principal improvements of the authentic documents, upon this fubject, is present enlarged edition Hall now be amply detailed in Chapters III. and xv. pointed out in the order in which they and we hope the following fuminary will are introduced, and as concisely as pollic excite an irresistible desire in all persons ble, as they are intended chiefly to re- who are interested in cominercial property. commend and promote its general çircu- to perule and profit by thote details as lation, and thus to accelerate the public they are stated in the work, to which we demand for another impression, the pro- refer them. It appears then, “'that fits being as we have ieen fo charitably 13,500 hips and vetiels, and 40,000 wag. appropriated.

gons (including their repeated voyages) In ths address to the Reader, immedi. annually bring and carry away a noving ately following the title-page, a new and property estimated at One Hundred and interesting view of the preient depraved Twenty Millions ; and if to this shall Hate of the morals of the metropolis is added, the merchandize, provisions, bank introduced, it is discovered that acts of notes, and money deposited, and in cona delinquency, and the corruption of man- stant tranlit within the metropolis' in the ness, have uniformly kept pace with the course of a year, they may be estimated increase of the riches of the Capital; and at Kitty Millions more,

forming together, this is more clearly elucidated by a me- the astonishing sum of One Hundred and lancholy estimate of persons who are fup. Seventy Millions of property, continually pared to lapport themleives in and near exposed to depredations in ten thousand the metropolis, by pufluits either crimi- different ways.” The various modes of nal, illegal, or immoral. They are carrying on and accomplishing these de clasicd under 24 different heads (amongst predations on the River Thames, and on which we find Lottery Insurance Swind. Thore, are diftinctly pointed out's the lers, of whớn we muit take further no. proper remedies are likewise fuggefted; tice hereafter), and, dreadful to relate, and we are pleased to find, that the for. the total amounts to 115,000 persons. mation of Docks, and the building of " It opens, lays our author, " a wide quays, or wharts, and warehouses,properly field for doing goou, to men of opulence, incloed, where goods could be inmeditalents ind virtue-to patricts, and phia ately conveyed from the ships into the lanthropilte, who love their Country, and repositories of the merchants, is recomglory in its prosperity. Such men will mended by our author, as the grand reTpeedily discover, through this medium, medy against river plunder, and the that like the Roman governments when thetis.committed in landing goods from enveloped in riches and luxury, the nas hips and other velleks. tional profperity may be of thort duration, Much uletul knowledge may be achazarding the came calamisies wherever... quired by ihop keepers, publicans, and publiq maorals are neglected, and no efidual other retail dealers, by referring to Chapmeaiures adopted for the purpolo either of ter VI, on the coinage and circulation of checking the alarming growth of depra- . bafe. money. But above all wire recomvity and crimes, or of guading the mend to the notice and criqus attention ..



of the great number of persons

whom it the English and Irish Lotteries: ker this unfortunately concerns, the history of purpole, they are induced to fell or para the frands practised by gamblers and other the property of their mafters, wherever harpers, at Faro and other gaming can be pilfered in a little way, and fou tables, kept in the houses of perlons of to elude detection, till at length this fpe

fuperior tank, and in Subscription-houses, cies of population, by being rendered to in open defiance of the lawsand in miliar to their minds, too often tenninate Lottery insurance offices. Our author has in more atrocious crimes. As for the taken indefatigable pains to inveligate labouring poor, they relost to this de this last evil, being of the first magni- ceitful and fraudulent expedient, at els tele; and he has so clearly demonstrated expence fonctimes of pledging epey that all persons infuring numbers in the ticle of household gocds, as well as the Letreries with there

notorious cheats and last rag of their own, and their children impofturs are most egregious dupes, as wearing apparel, not leaving a lingi to kave no patible excule for the tolly change of raiment parlament (ignoranee being removed) of those who It is calculated that at thefe frande, during the drawing &f the next Irish and lent infurance offices (about 400 in num English Lotteries, fall be tempted to throw ber) insurances are made to the extent of away their money, in hopes of great gains, 800,000l. which they receive in premium in this

illegal and fraudulent branch of during the Irish Lottery, and above One gainbling, after they have read the cau. Million during the Englifk ; and it wa tions and advice given in Chapter VII. estimated that this infamous confederacy, * This class of fharpers," lays our au, during the latt Lottery, supported about throt, " take Lottery insurances where 2000 agents and clerks, and nearly 2500 ganabling, among the higher and midaling Morccen men, including a confiderable ranks, is carried on to an extent which number of Ruffians and Bludgeon-me, exceeds all credibility, producing confe- by whom the civil power was trample quences to many private families, of upon, and put to defiance in a mult great worth and respectability, of the alarming and shameful manner, disgrassa Inoft diftreffing nature, and implicating ful to its Police; a pre-concerted plan in this milery the innocent and amiable being formed and executed by a set of branches of such families, whose luffer- miscreants, composed chiefly of the mat: ings, arising from this scurce, while they opulent part of the fraudulent insurers, claim the tear of pity, would require for the purpose of alarining and terrifying many volumes to recount; but hence those officers of Justice with whom, by and thame throw a veil ever the calamity, pecuniary gratuities, they could not prewhile

urged by the hopes of retrieving viously make their peace, by the dinraformer losses, or of acquiring property in nings of hired ruftians and bludgeon-men, an eaty way, the evil goes on, and seems whom they employed and furnithed with to increase, in spite of every guard which arms to reüft the civil authority, and even the legiflature bias wisely eitablished.” to commit murder, if attempts should

Independent of the superior ràriks of made to execute the warrants of the civil, life, we find the greatest encouragement magistrates. The remedies propoled, in is given to these fraudulent iniurance order to diminish, and finally to root out offices by the lower orders of the commu- this enormous evil, are clafled under eiget nity, nore especially by the pampered diftin&t beads, and appear to be judicioully male and fernale fervants in the houles of calculated to answer the purpole, but they perfons of fashion and fortune, who are cccupy more fpace in the treatise thin faid, alınost without a Ingle exception, can poslibly allow them in our review. to be in the constant habit of infuring in (To be concluded in our next.

ave Persons who go about from house to house among their former customers, and strend in the back-parlours of public-licules, where they are met by their customers who make in Surances,

A Leiter to tbe Riglr Hlorouvabil Jobs Lord count of himself and his writings, and in Steffidid, on the Publication of the Merrors and the next the opinion of others respecting books Letters of tbe late Edward Gibbon, Efg. Streuf- and has executed the task imposed on himbury. Svo. 3796. Eddoues.

self with spirit and Ohrewdness, but nor with

out a condiderable degree ef feverity. It may THE Author of this Letrer proposes in the be fuppofed, that neither Mr. Gibbon isor his h. It place to examine Mr. Cibbon's own ac. gatimenes cn iqligion are belt in any eflima.

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lion by the present writer. They are is entitled-tó but a may degree of praite, examined with great freedom, and cenfured, though it seems from the Advertifement prea we think, with justice and without refcrve. fixed to have been acted at the place where it u When we consider,” says the Author, ad- was printed. drefiing himself to Lord Sheffield, « their principal tendency and probable effe&ts, what- Inftruction to the Children of Sunday Schocis, ever their fortune may be, one of the things and orber Charitable Serraries of L-arring; dewhich yon; my Lord, and every friend of man. figned for tbe Promotion of their Wilfard in toe kind ought moft to wish, is, that they may Present Life, and of their Happiness in that ubist fpeedily payith! But, alas ! this is not the is to come. By Abrabam Crocker. Frome!' 12 me. ofaat rate of noxious things : he (Mr. G.) Wills. 4d. has left the world a lasing memorial of HIM TILT : fo long as any regard for virtue, any reven

A useful, cheap, and unoftentatious manual. rence for true religion thall remain--He will Stand forth a melancholy monument of mis. from the Clouds, breb in ebele Days and in Ancient

Remarks concerning Stones fuid 10 bave fallen applied talents and mischievous endowments." This pamphilet is evidently the production of F. A. $. 456. Nicola

Times, By Edward King, Eją. F. A. S. and no crdinary writer. Joax!!! A Nord, by Matilda Firajobr. and modern of stones fupposed to have fallen

In this pamphlet all the accounts antient 4 Falsit 12m. Hockham and Carpenter. from the clouds are with great industry col. . The Author of thefe volumes, by the motto lected together and brought into one point of in the title-page, appears to disclaim any great view. Many of these are very extraordinary, preterfion's to wit or sprightliners of génius, tluugh they do not appear to have been re. She primeres, however, the powerofolelineating ceived with implicit credit by the philosophical characters, and is not without observation on part of the comniunity. Mr. King has not Kife and existing manness. The heroine of the given a decided opinion on the subject him. work is the daughter of the Lady wliore felf, though it is evident that the result of his råtve gives the title to the performance. The enquiries lean to the sentiments ot those who fruxions she is thrown into are sometimes give credit to the reality of a consolidation within the bounds, hoe moft Kequerely cut of certain fpecies of Atone in the clouds. of the reach of probability, and the young Whatever may become of the philosophy of kdy bierfeif at some times has too much fim. the pamphlet, we are at least indebted to Mr, plifty, and at others too much threwdness. King for the facts contained in it. The rentiments are such as deserve to meet the approbation of the reader, and the moralin- Revolusions, a Poem, in Two books. By culcated is favourable to the interests of virtue. P. Courrier. 8vo. 1796, Law. Cigital "Letters, &c. of Sir Fobn Falfaf, of Revolutions both in prose and verle, and

The world is already fickened with the noise de L Friérds, now first made public, by a Gehditat; a Descendane of Dame Quickly from found less disgusting Declining any introduce

the prefent Author is not likely to render the Graire Monufripts, which bave been in ihe Pijl: foon of the Quickly Family near Four Hundred tion in the hape of an argument, he begins with Tian. 12770. Robir fors.

stating the generat intent of his poem in the

following manners The late enormous forgery attempted to be

" After some preliminary observations, imposed on the Public has evidently g.ven the American is the first Revolution noticed rile to, this publication, which, however, in the ensuing pages; as a relief between is an effort at humour too tecnie to be entitled this and that of the French, a few conjectures to much praise. Our old friends Falstaff, are offered on the primary effi&s of printing, Pistol, Nym. Shallow, &c. use the fame words with a view of the benefits resulting from the as in the Phys of Shakespeare, but the fpirit discovery of that art. France then becomes which originaliy produced the characters is the subject of attention ; and the principal totally evaporated.

events of her Revolution, till the fall of Ro

bespierre, for the greater part of the first Tbe Cutlege. An Operctic Farce, in Two book; which terminates with fome refoca AEs. By James Smitb." Towkhury. 8vo. tions on the dismemberment of Poland, and

the probability of that country regaining its This piece is founded on the hackneyed cire independence." cumstance of a gentleman assuming the disa

ci The second book commences with guide of a fervans, for obtaining a more free comparative retrospect of Hiftory and Proacafe to his milliers. The execution of is phecy, whence is hewa theis relative har. YuL. XXX, Oct. 1790.


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