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a prisilcges of thich the Commons of "' 1 have omitted ro endeavours for seta Great Britain have been, time out of ting on foo: negociations to reftore peace mind, poffefied, and have invariably to Europe, and to secure for the future claimed, and do now humbly petition the general tranquillity. bis Majesty, that he wili be pleased to * The teps which I have taken for grant the same; that their persons and this purpose have at length opened the iervants Dall be free from all arrests and wag to an immediate and direct negaciamoleftation; that their words, specches, tion, the issue of which muß either proand debates shall be free; that they shall, duce th desirable end of a juít, ho. uninterruptedly, enjoy all such privio · nourable, and folid peace for us and for leges as Members of Parliament have our Allics, or must prove, beyond dirheretofore enjoyed; and that in all calos pure, to what cause alone the prolongation Whatever, the most favourable construc• of the calamities of war jult be ascribed. tion thall be put upon all their pro- " I Mall immediately send a person to ceettings

Paris with full powers to treat for this The Lord Chancellor replied, to the object; and it is iny anxious with that following 'perport:

this measure may lead to the reto*- "MR.SPEAKER

ration of general peace. But you must “ You having been by his Majesty's be sensible, chat nothing can so much con. approbation, signified through this Como tribute to give effect to this desire, as miffion, fully empowered to act in the your manifesting that we posters both the exalred office to which you have been determination and the resources to opcalled, by the choice of the Commons of pose, with increased activity ard energy, Great Britain, we have his Majesty's the farther efforts with which we may commands, ac che same time, to assure have to contend. you, that his Majesty will at all times, “ You will feel this peculiarly necesas to your words uted in the fulfilment fary at a moment when the enemy has of your duties, pur, as you have desired, openly manifested the intention of attemptthe most favourable construction ; that ing a descent on these kingdoms. “It the persons, clares, and servants of the cannot be doubled what would be the Commons, thall be free from all arrest issue of such an enterprize : bút it befits

and moleftation; that their speeches your wisdom to neglect no précautions · Thall be free and that as to all the that may either preclude the aitenpt, or

other rights and privileges of the Como secure the speedieft means of turning ic - Mors, which by your petition you have to the confusion and ruin of the enemy. *sigerted and claimed, his Majesty has " In reviewing the events of the year,

also coinmanded us to assure you he will you will have observed, thar, by the skill grant them in as full and ample a mano' and exertions of my Navy, our extenlive her as they have ever heretofore been and increasing commerce has been progranted, either by his present Majesty tected to a degree almost beyond exor by any of his predcceffors.''

ample; and the fleets of the enemy The Speaker and the Commons then have, for the greatest part of the year, withdrew, and returned to their own been blocked up in their own ports. Houses

The operations in the East and Several Peers took the oaths and their West Indies have been highly honour. fears.

able to the British arms, and productive Adjeurned. :

of great national advantage i and the THI'RSDAY, Oct. 6.

valour and good conduct of my forces, His Majesty went in the usual Atatę both by sea and land, have been eminente to the House of Pears, where, being ly conspicuous.

fested on the Throne with the accuftom. “ The fortune of war on the Continent pred bolemnities, and the Commons being has been more various, and the progress * funt inoned, and having appeared, his of the French armies threatened at one

Majely delivered the following mult period she utmost danger to all Europe. gracious Speech :

**. But from the honourable and digni. ** My Lords and Genilemen, fied perseverance uf my Ally the Emperor,

1T* à peculiar faistaltion to me, and from the intrepidity, discipline, and h in the pretene conjuncluse of affairs, to invincibie spirit of the Austrian forces

fecue ID zour advice, after the recent under the aulpicious condue of the Alchopportunity which has been given for duke Charles, such a tum has lately been

collecting the fenfe of my People, en given to the courfe of the war, as may inAngaged nin a difficult ands arduous contest Apitev, a well grounded conhdencethat 5..> for the prefervation of all, what is, most the final result of the campaign will Il dar totus.1.6 257.. it listin,

prove moje disastrous.

to the enemy,

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than its commercement and progress for from the haughty demeanour and ex. a time were favourable to their hopes. travagantterms of the Dire&ory, it could

" The apparently héttile di Ipohitions and not be effected, he was petsuaded the conduct of the Court ol Madrid have led while nation would'unite to a man, in to discuffions of which I am not yet en- sehifting and bringing, if posible, to i abled to acquaint you with the final result ; ftare of reason, a furious and implacable but I am confident, that, whatever may nariun.' The fortitude and perlevera be their stue, I Mail have given to Eu- ance of the Emperor, and the brave and rope a fărther proof of my moderation politic conduct of his victorious brochet, and, for bearance. And I can' hare no the Archduke, were the theme of his doubt of your determination to defend, Lordlip's praise; who concluded by againit every aggression, the dignity, moving an 'Adurels, the 'echo, as usual, rights, and inierelts of the British Empire. of the King's Speech. " Gentiment of the House of Com- The Earl of Usper Ofory feconded

the-motion. " Irely on your zeal and public spirit Eari Fitzwilliam then rose. He obu for such supplies as you may think ne- ferved, that ar different periods of the ceffary for the service of the year. war, he had always heard it as the prin

* It is a great fatisfaction to me to ciple of cur cotiduet, and the object if observe, that, notwithstanding the tempo. Ministers, that there should be establishrary embarrassments which have been ex- ed in France a Government with which perienced, the state of the comimerce, we could trear with condence, and at manufactures, and revenue of the coun- tain general futurē fecurity. He trem. try, proves the real extent and folidity bled when he found not a word of this of our refources, and furnishes you such principle in the Speech; but that, on means as must be equal to any exertions the contrary, it seemed all at once which ile present crilis may require. abandoned, and we were going meanly “ My Loris and Gerillimeri,

ro submit to the arrogant and declared ** The difretles which were in the last enemies of established order, not only year experienced from the scarcity of corn, in their own, but in all otber countries. art now, by the blessing of God, happily He defired their Lordships to reflect removed, and abundant harvest how the French domincered in Italy, affords the pleasing prospect of relief in Spain, and wherever they found admirthai important article to the labouring tance; and he' asked if they were preclaffes of the Community. Our imernai pared to submit to the mandates of the tranquillity bias also continued undisturhed. Directory.

At their command were " The general attaciment of my Peo- they to' let losse thote puvished for fepie to the British Confiretion has appear. dition and attacks on the Conftitution, to ed on every occasion; and the endeavours fend for the Jacobins back again frem

of those wito wished to introduce Botany Bay, and leave our Colonies and anarchy and confusion into this country ands co French regeneration. He have been reprefied by the energy and asked if France was to retain a!ther 'wildom of the laws.

conquefts. If so, with Spain, Holland, " To defeat all the designs of our and Italy in her poffeffion, or as fier enemies, to restore to my People the tributaries, he declared our commerce blellings of a secure and honourable would be gradually arrihilated; and he peace, to maintain inviolate their rea, did not think it was the disposition of ligion, laws, and liberty, and to de- such rulers as France now' had, to furt liver down unimpaired to the latest render any thing they had leized. In pofterity the glory and happiness of these short, he was sure they did not defire kingdoins, is the constant with of my peace, for at this very period that 'neheart, and the uniform end of all my gociation was opening, they had officially actions. In every measure that can con- published a most intuiting libel on the duice to these objects I am confident of Government and people of this country. receiving the firm, że ilous, and affection. He had given the war his fanction and are fupport of my Parliament." ...

support, on the principle that it was for His Majesty having retired,' and the the maintenance of civilized order and Lords being unrobed, Earl " Bathurit morality, and for the defeat of revolurose to move the ADDRESS.


tionary politicians and do&rines; and His speech was replete with approba• therefore he should move the following tion of all the meafüres adopted by amendment: Ministers, and particularly thar fór obor Thac this House, Itrongly impreftaining a safe and a folid peace which, if, sed with the justice and acceffity of


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2}'? the present war, carried on for the maintenance of civil and moral order

PROTE in Che world, and for securing the balance of power in Europe, and the

EARL FITZWILLIAM indepeudence of all Siates, will continue AGAINST THE ADDRESS OF THE HOUSE to give lois diajesty a vigorous support OF LORDS TO THE THRONE, ON HIS in afferting, the general cause of his MAJESIT'S SPEECK, ASNOUNCING, Majcay, and his Allies, and for pre. THE OPENING OP A NiGOCIATION serving the good faith, dignity, and

RE: FRENCH honour of the Crown, in full alsurance

REPUBLIC that no iteps thall be taken inconsistent with those principles, or wish the future

THF motion being made that the fafety and prosperity of these kingdons :

Address * (in answer to his Majesty's and should the apparently hostile dif- Speech) do país, it passed in te afirma

rive. positions of the Court of Madrid, infigated by the intrigues and menaces of

DISSENTIENT, the commou enemy, put his Majesty

ift, Becaule, by this Address, unae. under the necessity of repelling force

mended as it stands, the fanction of the by force, his Majesty may rely on the Lorus is given to a series of measures as determination of this House to give his ill-judged with regard to their object as Majesty the most aniple fupport in view they are derogatory from the dignity of his fending against cvery aggrellion the Majcity's Crown, and from the honour dignity, rights, and integels vf she of this hingiiom. The rei:erations of foBritish Empire."

licitations for Peace, to a species of Power Lord Grenzille, after paying high with whole very exiitence all fair and equia compliments to Earl Bashurii, for the

table accommodation is incompatible, can ability with wiich he had introduced have no other effect than that which, it is the Address, replied to Earl Fitzwilliam. potorious, all our folicijations have hitherto He said, that if his Lord thip meant, as

Irad. They must encrcato shie arrogance he thought he did, tv infinuate that the and ferocily of the common enemy of all war was undertaken by Ministers for Disons; try muft fortify eke credit, and the direct purpose of chablifunga fix clie authority of an odious Gorernment Monarchy in France, he mult deny that over an endival people; they mun umpair absolutely; they had expressed what the confidence of all other Powers in the they fill believed, that the best issue to magnanimity, constancy, and fidelity of the coolelt would be the re-establih. the British Councils; and it is niuch to be meneuf monarchy in France, but they apprehended it will inevitably tend to bad never pledged themselves, much break the ipring of that energy, and so less the Parliament, to an opinion to lower that spirit which has caracterised wild and extravagant, chat without this in former times this high-minded nation, object 90 peace could be attained. . The and whici, far from linking under misdifference of our situation from the fortune, have even risen with ibe difficulties countries, where his Lordship had de- and dangers in which our country has been tailed the infulting and domineering involveu. Spirit of the French nation, was surely 24, Because no Peace, such as may be fufficient to dispel any fears on that capable of recruiting the Arength, vecoaccount. He thanked God we were nomizing the means, augineuting the re. prepared to repe! any ignominious de- fources, and providing for the sateig of this minds; and as to the paper that had. kingdom and its infeparable connections been alluded to, it was a senseless pro and dependencies, can be, had with the dullinn, 2nd Tuch a disreputable pub- usurped Power now exercising authority Licntiun cugbt put to obstruct the pro. in France, considering the defeription, the grets of a negociation, which might tere character, and the conduct of those who minate in conditions of peace, that it compose that Government, the neihods sight be consistent with the dignity and by which they have obtained their poner, BANHOUR of the nation to accept.

the policy by which they huld át, and Lord Abiogdon said a few words the maxims ilvey have adoptexled openly against the Address, and ic was chea professed and uniformly acted, un, towards earried without a division.'

The Jeltruction of all Governments: Not The foilowing Protest was after. formed on their model and fubler vient to wards unsered on their Lord Ships their domination,

1:9 bar pertoni Journals by Ezel Fitzwilhan

341, Because the idea that this kingdom 0


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defend itself, its laws, ramification) that all ancient establiments liberties, and region, under the general are eflentially at war for the fake of selfSubjugation of all Europe, is presumptuous preservation. in the extreme, contradictory to the flip- úth, Because it has been declared pored motives for our present eager folio from the Thronc, and in cffect the prin. citations for Peace, and is certainly con. ciple has been adopted by Parliament, trary to the standing policy both of State that there was no ivay likely to obtaia and Commerce, by which Great-Britain a Peace, commonly safe and honourable, has hitherto fourithed.

but through the antient and legitimate 4th, Becaule, while the commin enemy Government long etablished in France, exercises his polver over the several States That Government in its lawfullucceffion of Europe in the way we have seen, it is has been folemnly recognized, and as. impossible long to preserve our trade, or, iftance and protection as folemnly prowhat cannot exist without it, our naval mised to thale Frenchmen who fould power. This hottile fyftem reizes on the exert themselves in its restoration. keys of the dominions of these Powers, The political principle upon which this without any confideration of their friend. recognition was inade, is very far from Mip, their enmity, or their neutrality; pre. being weakened by the conduct of the fcribes laws' to them as to conquered pro- new-invented Government. Nor and vinces; mulets and fines them at pleasure; our obligations of good faith, pledged forces (hein, without any particular quare on such itrong murives of policy is thofa rel, into direkt hostility with this kingdom, who have been found in their alegi. and expels is from such ports and inarkers ance, dilpolver, nor can they be fo, until as he thinks fit; infomuch that (Europe fairly directed efforts have been made Toinaining under its present Navery) there to secure'this great fundamental point is no barvour which we can enter without None have yet been employed with the her permillion, either in a commercial or smalltit degree of vigour and perfeve. a naval character. This general interdict

<?! cannot be begged off ; ivé mult relin it 7th, Bucause the example of the great by our power, or we are already in a state change made by the ufurpation in the of vitilage.

moral and poiitical world (more dan. sth, Because, whilft this tilurped Power gerous than all her cunguests) is by the fhal continue thus conitituted, and thus prefent procedure confirmed in all its ditpolet, no security what«ver can be force. It is the first successful example hoped for in our colonies and plantations, furnithed by hisiory of the subverfoa o! thöfe invaluable sources of our national the antient Government of a great wealth and our naval power. This War country, and of all its Laws, Orders, has 'shown that the Power prevalent in and Religion, hy the corruption of met: Fiance, hy intentionally difurganizing that cenary armies, and by the fedu&ion of plantation fyftem (wlich France had in a multitude, 'bribed by confiscation to cominon with all other European nations), sedition, in defiance of the sense, and and hy ini erting the order and relations to the entire destruction of almoft she therein eitab: med, has been able with a whole proprietory body of the nation, naval force altogether contemptible, and The fatal effects of this example must with very inconliderahle fuccurs from be felt in every country.-- New means Europe, to battle in a great measure the new arms, new pretexts are furnished most powerful armanc is ever lent from to ambirion ; and now perfoos are inthis country inio the West Indies, and at toxicated with that poison. an expenec hitherto onpiralleied, and has, 8th, Because our cagerness in fuing by the force of example, and hy the effect for Peace may induce the persons erer. of her machinations, produced, at little cising power in France crror cously to or no expence to herself either of blood believe, that we act from recetlicy, and or tre furt, universal defolation and ruia are unable to cvatinue the War, a per. hy the general deltruction of every thing suafion, which, in the event of an actual valuable and neceffary for cultivation Peace, will operate as a temptarna to throughout feveral of our inunds, tately them to renew that conduct which Miamhong the '

mot fourishing and productive. brought on the present War, Denfer The new' fylter by which these things thall we have any of the usual securicies Have been effected, leave our colunies in Peace. “In their treaties, they do Stually endangered in Peachiusan War.' not acknowledge the obligation of that "It is therefore with this genurua: tens (of i law, which for ages has been common which the Welt-India scheinestis but a to all Europe. They have not the 301

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same sentiments nor the fame ideas of us with“ unjuftly, attacking when we ther intereit in the contervation of can po longer dupe, and avhich they Peace, which have hitherto influenced throughout contemplate ass their own all regular Governments; they do not dependencies, united in arms, and in the same manner feci public diftress, furoihing resources from our future or the private misery of their futujcēts humiliation and destructinot They they will not find the fime difficulty refort to that well known and conftans on the commencement of a new War to allufion of theirs to ancient history, by cail thcir whole force into sudden action, which representing “ France as modern where, by the law, every Citizen is a Rome, and England as modern Caro foldier, and the person and properties thage," they accuse us of National per: of all are iable at once to arbitrary fidy, and hold England up as an obrequifitions. On the other hand, no ject to be biorted ouç from the face of ztrompt has b.en made to thew in what the carth.” They falsely affert, that marver, whether by a liances, by force the Englih nation supports with in mintary or naval, or by the improve- patience che continuance of the War ment und augineptation of our finances, and has extorted all his MAJESTY'S we ihall be better able us to lift their overtures for Peace, “ by complaints hoftile attempts after the Peace than at and reproaches;" and above all, not the present hour. If we remain armed, only in that palaging but throughout we cannut reap the ordinary advantage their official Nütt, they thew the most of Peace in cenemy; if we disarm, marked adherence to that insidious and We Thall be subject to be driven into a intolerable policy of their system, by new War, under every circumstance of which they, from the commencement disadvantage, unless we now prepare of the Revolution, fought to trouble and ourftises to fuffer with patience and fubvert 3!1ihe Governments in Europe. fubmiffon whatever infults, indiynities, They Audioully disjoin the Englith na. and injuries we may receive from that tion from

its Sovereign. infolent; domineering, and unjust Power. 19th, Becaufe, having acted through

gth, Because the inability of hum out the course of this awful and momenbling ourselves again to folicit Peace in tous crisis upon the principles herein a manner, which is a recognition of the expressed, and síter having, on the preFreach Republic, contrary to all the fent occafion, not only fully


, principles of the War, the danger of and jealoully examined their foundness Peace, it abrained, the improbability of and validity, but gravely attended to, its duration, and the perseverance of and scrupulously weighed the merits of the enemy throughout the interval of all thute arguments which have been Peace in their mitchievous syftem, is offered to induce a dereli&tion of them, not conjecture, but certainty. lc has conscientiously adhering tv, and firmly · been avowed by the actual Governors abiting by them, I thus folemnly reof France at the very moment when cord them, in justification of my own they had before them our application conduct, and in discharge of the duty fer a Pairport. They chose that mo. I owe to my King, my Country, and ment for publishing a State Paper, the general Interefts of Civil Society. breathing the most noftile mind. In WENTWORTH FITZWILLIAM. if they simulate and goad us, by language the most opprobrious and offen.

FRIDAY, OCT. 7. . five. They frankly tell

us, that it is not The House went up with their Adour interest to delire Peace, for that dress to St. James's, to which his Mathey regard Peace only as the oppor. jelly was plealed to return the follows **tunity of preparing fresh means for the ing answer:

ancihilation of our naval power. By “ MY LORDS, - Making Peace they do not conceal that “ I thank you tvery warms for this

it will be their object - * to wrest froin dutiful and loyal Address. The sentia sous enr maritime preponderancy-lo re- menes you have expressed, in the present

eftablish what they invidiouils call the important crisis of publis affairs, afford 1 freedom of the seas-o give a new im. me the furent pledge of your support in

pulso to the Spanith, Dutch, and French ': fuch nicafures, as the interet of the Aarinesund to carry ito ehe fighest country Mall require and, you may 3. degree of prosperity the indufry and rely upon every exertion being made o commerce of those nations," which they 4. on my part for the welfare, bappiness, Haterto be pur rivals, which they charge. and lafesy of my people in una cura * For which see Page 279;


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