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THIS Nobleman, whose talents have as Secretary to Lord Townshend, Lord
been from his youth employed in Lieutenant of Ireland. In April 1768 the service of his country, and whose he was chosen to represent the borough amiable qualities have acquired him the of Cockermouth in the Parliament of esteem and regard of all to whom he is Great Britain, and in July following known, is of an ancient family settled obtained a seat in the Irith Parliament, in Ireland, though originally from being chosen for Armagh. In the bea Scotland. He has been the architect of ginning of 1769 he was sworn of the his own fortune in a great measure, and Prity Council of Ireland, and continued has on every occasion thewn that he is in that kingdom during the rest of Lord deserving of the honours conferred up- Townshend's administration. In June on him. He is the only son of George 1972 he was nominated a Knight of the Macartney, Esq. of Auchinleck in Scot. Bath, and was installed at Westminster land, of an ancient family, who was se. by proxy the 1sth of the same month.. cond fon of another George Macartney, In 1774 he was chosen Member of by Elizabeth, youngek daughter of the the British Parliament for the boroughs Rev. John Winder, Prebeudary of Kil. of Air, Irwin, Rothay, Campbeltowa, Toot, and Re&tor of Carmony, in the and Inverary, and in December 1775 was county of Antrim. He was born in the appointed Captain General and Gover. year 1737. Fiis education, we believe, nor in Chief of the islands of Grenada, was received in Ireland, and from his the Grenadines, and Tobago; in which literary acquirements appears to have post he continued until the year 1779, beer liberal. In the early part of his when, on the capture of these Ilands life he travelled with the two sons of by the French, he was sent a prisoner to che late Lord Holland, by which Noble. France. On the 19th of June 8776, his man he was introduced into business. Majesty, by privy seal at St. James's, Ar the age of 27 years, in 1,64, he was and by patent at Dublin 19th July fol, appointed Envoy Extraordinary to the lowing, advanced him to the Peerage by Empress of Russia, and in O&tober fol. the title of Lord Macartney, Baron of lowing received the honour of knight- Liffanoure in the county of Antrim, hood. In June 1966, with the content though he did not take his seat until the of his Sovereign, he had confcrred on 12th of March 1588. him, by the King of Poland, the most After having terved his country in ancient order of the White Eagle; and Ruflia, in Ireland, and in the West-Inon the 20th of November 1767, he was dics, a new scene opened, and in De. appointed Ambassador Extraordinary cember 1980 he was called upon by and Plenipotentiary to the Eir press of Government, and by the East India Ruffia.
Company, to take charge of their affairs He fuon afterwards returned from Rus. at Madras and its dependencies. He sa, and was comployed in his own counisy “jas açcordingly appointed Governor
and President of Fort St. George, where guished services, and strict integrity, his conduct obtained such universal ap- to grant his Lordship an annuity of fifa probation, that in February 1785 he teen hundred pounds during the term of was appointed Governor-general of hiç natural life. Bengal. But this office, Honourable Signed, by order of the said Court, and lucrative as it was, he declined to
THOMAS MORTON, Sec. accept, and returned to England in Eaft- India House, 1316 of April 1786. January following. He immediately conformed himself to certain regulations This honourable testimony in favour since adopted in an act of parliament of Lord Macartney's conduct in India passed respecting property acquired in was not sufficient to exempt him from the East, and, at a Court of Directors being involved in a fituation which, as held the 12th of April 1786, received a publick character, we cannot but think the following honourable testimonial of he ought not to have suffered himself his good conduct in the post he had held: to be placed in. Having in India disa
« Retolved, That it is the opinion of approved the conduct of Major-Genera! this Court, that the Right Honourable Stuart, he superseded that officer, and Gcorge Lord Macartney, whilft he was sent him to Europe. Discontented with Governor of Madras, upon all occasions this mark of disgrace, on Lord Macarta manifested the greatest zeal in support ney's arrival in England the General of the interest of this Company, and called his Lordship into the field for sathat he faithfully discharged his duty as
tisfaction. They' met accordingly near fuch, more especially by adhering strict.' Kensington, the 7th of May 1786, ly' to his covenants and engagements when, after firing each his pistol, Lord with theCompany, in declining to accept Macartney was wounded, the seconds any presents from the Country Powers interfered, and the bufiness ended. A or from any person whatever in India; particular detail of this rencontre may that the example fet by his Lord hip, in be seen in our Magazine for June 1986, giving in upon oath a state of his pro. p. 464. perty gained in the Company's service, After this transaction, Lord Macartwas highly meritorious, inasmuch az ncy enjoyed for several years the quier of such conduct was after vards fanétioned a retired life, until the year 1792, when by an act of the legilature ; and by he was selected to go on an embally to which statement it appears,that his Lord China, an authentic detail of, which is thip's fortune had been very moderately thortly expected from the pen of Sir increased during his residence in India, George Staunton. This embassy em. and that the same arose solely from the ployed near three years; since which savings he made from his falary, and al, period his Lordship has resided fume time lowances authorised by this Court. at the court of the exiled King of
“Refolved, that it is incumbent upon France; and lately, in consideration of this Court to thew their fullest approba. the various services performed by his von of such upright and disinterested Lordship, his Majesty of Great Britain conduct, in the hope that fo laudable has been pleased to advance him to the an example wili be followed by their dignity of an English Peer, fervants in India, and morcover, that His Lordship, on the ift of February it is fitting that foine compensation 1968, married Lady Jane Stuart, ses thould be made to his Lordship, and that cond daughter of John Earl of Butę; it will be a proper reward for such distinc buc by her has no itsue.
ON THE HIGHLAND DRESS,
PY SIR JOIN SINCLAIR, IT is not may intentior to dispute, ei
the same time, there is every reason to ther the genuinenets, or the warlike believe, that the crews, as' worn by the appearance of the garb ivorn hy that Rothsay and Caithness Fencibles, is noi gallant Corps the 420 Regiment, and only an antient part of the dress of the which by many is fupposed to be the on. Scot:ith Highlanders, but rivals the beltly truc Highland dress. Every fuldier ed plaid in antiquity, as well as in utility must naturally entertain a predilection and elegance. for the drets of a body of men fo dis- !n tracing the antiquity of this dress, tinguished for military prowess. At it is necessary in the art place to ascer?
tain, whether it was worn by the antient that these last were most antient, as they Celtic nations, from whom the Scottish were moft necessary, Bus, however this Highlanders are acknowledged to be may be, it is abundantly evident, from descended. As my leisure at present the testimonies of many antient authors, does not admit of engaging in such re. (which have been carefully collected by searches, I shall take the liberty of quos. the two modern writers quoted below) ing modern, rather than ancient authors, ' that the antient Gauls,Britons,and other but at the same time such as have inver. Celtic nations, wore a garment wbich rigated that subject. The opinion of covered both their thighs and legs, and the celebrated Gibbon®, and the autho. very niuch resembled our breeches and ritics he quotes, are on this head ex. stockings united. This garment was tremely important. He states, that Ten called, in the Celtic tongue, the common tricus, who had been declared Emperor language of all these nations, braxe, or in Gaul, when led in triumph by au. bracce, probably because it was made of relian, was clothed in Gallic trowsers; the same party-coloured cloth with their and he remarks in a note, that the use plaids, as breac in that language fignifics of bracche, breeches or trowsers, was any thing that is party-coloured. These Aill considered in Italy as a Gallic and braxe or close rrowsers, which were both barbarian fashion. The Romans how. graceful and convenient, and discovered ever had made great advances towards the fine lape and turn of their limbs to it. To encircle the legs and thighs with great advantage, were used by the genufajcia, or bands, was understood in the ine pofterity of the Caledonian Britons time of Pompey and Horace to be a in the Highlands of Scotland till very proof of ill health and effeininacy. In lately, and are hardly yet laid aside in the age of Trajan the custom was con. Some remote corners of that country.” fined to the rich and luxurious. I: The evidence of ancient fongs nay gradually was adopted by the meanest also be adduced in support of the irows, of the people, in proof of which he re- more especially the well known verses fers to'a curious note in Casaubon ad in “ Tak'your auld Cloak about ye;' Sueton. in Auguft. c. 82.
from which it would appear, that in the la fact the trews or trowsers seem to reign of one of the Roberts, probably have been a characteristical part of the Robert Bruce, it was a usual part of the untient dress of the Gauls or Celts, and dress of the Scots : the bare knees to have been a Roman, rather than a Celtic fashion.
“ In days when our King Robert rang, Dr. Henry, who has delineated the His crews they coft but ha'f a crown, antient history of this country with fo He said they were a groat ou'r dear, much diligence and discernment, is de- And cad the Taylor chief and loun." cidedly of opinion, that trowsers were a par: of the ảntient dress, not only of the There is a book printed at Paris, an. Celtic nations in general, but of the no 1613, intitled " Les Estats, Empires, Scottish Highlanders in particular. et Principautez du Monde," which " For a confiderable time,” says this thus describes the dress of the antieut respectable hiftorian, + " the Ancient Scots : “ Leur bas de chavse ne para Britons, and other Celtic nations, had fvient pas le genoüil, et le haut (de no other garments but their plaids or chaufe) estoit de lin, ou de chanure.” mantles, which, being neither very long In English, • Their stockings (or por very broad, left their legs, arms, and more properly speaking their hose) nesome other parts of their bodies, naked. yer passed the knee, and their trowsers As this defect in their dress could not buç were of fax or hemp." And the enbe fenfibly felt, it was by degrees sup- gravings of the Scottish dress, in the plied. lé is indeed uncertain, whether Recueil de la diverfiié des babi's qui sont de the tunick or doubler, for covering more prejent en usage, 6 c. publiihed ar Paris closely the trunk of the body, or breech, in 12mo, anno 1562, (mentioned in the es and hose for covering the thighs and last edition of Pinkerton's Scottish Po. legs, were first invented and used by cms, in three volumes octavo, printed chese nations; though the limbs being anno 1792) prove, that the French, quite naked, while the trunk was tolerno who knew Scotland' To intimately, al. bly covered by the plaid, it is probable ways considered trowsers a part of the
Gibbon's History, vol. 2. p. 475 octavo editor 1792.
+ History of Great Britain, vol. 2. p. 341. Pelloutier Hift. Celt. l. 2. c. 6. b. 1. p. 307. &c, Cluv. Germ. Antiq. i 1.0. ;p. 315,&c.