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the leading persons of that age, that Two circumstances occurred in the

has yet been given : impeachment and acquittal of this. No free from fanaticism, is perhaps as rare as

"Hypocrisy, "fays he,'quite pure, and bleman, which should be a memento to fanaticism entirely purged from all mix• all statesmen and others of the very great "ture of hypocrity: To congenial to the hu. uncertainty of popular favour. Lord Oxiord being out of town on the day of 'tis impollibie to counterfeit long thule

man mind is all religious sentiment, that his being impeached by Lord Coningsby, huly fervours, without feeling fome

Ihare of the assumed warmth ;-and, on appeared at for a very serene and uncon.

the other hand, fo precarious and tem. cerned; bur, observing all the Lords as they came in pass off from the Earls porary, from the frailty of human na. Bench, where he sat, on purpose to avoid

ture, is the operation of those spiritual him, it was too much for his spirits, and Aantly employed, muft often be countero

views, chat the religious extafies, if corhe rerired.

Two years afterwards, when this No. feit, and must be warped by the most bleman was brought from the Tower to

familiar motives of interest and ambition be tried, and was acquitted on the same

which insensibly gain upon the mind.' day, the thoutings and huzzas of the Public (who took the horses off his car.

LATE LORD GUILDFORD. riage and crew him to his own house) unfortunate) Nobleman went into bufi,

This very amiable (though politically were so great, that Erasmus Lewis, his ners very early in life, and attached quondam secretary, writing to a friend himself to the duties of his office with of this circumstance, says, at present unremitting care and affiduity.

Το Lord Oxford has more fricads than an excellene classical education,and many ever he had in his life."

social qualities, he joined a knowledge of

the German, French, and Italian lan. DAVID HUME.

guages, with a temper of that naturally Hume having asserted in his History conciliating disposition, that the severek of England, that if ever the National of his parliamentary opponents were no debe came up to one bundred millions longer such out of the iphere of politics. this country would be ruined, was asked When he was young in office, as one by a friend, how he could make such a of the Lords of the Treasury under the mistake, seeing that the debt was then old Duke of Newcastle, he was met one far abuve that sum, aod likely to be much morning by the late Gcorge Grenville, more? “ Owing to a mistake, Sir and another gentleman, walking in the (says he), common to writers by profeffon, Park, and muttering foinething to himwho are often obliged to adope ftatc. self, seemingly as if rehearsing an ora. ments on the authority of other peo- tion. “Here comes blubbering North,". ple."

says the latter to Mr. Grenville; "I When Hume was complimented by a wonder what he is getting by heart, for Noble Marquis now living, on the cor. I'm sure it can be nothing of his own." rectness of his stile, particularly in his “You're inistaken (lays the other); North History of England-he observed, " If is a young man of great promise, and he had thewn any peculiar correctness, high qualifications; and if he does not re'twas owing to the uncommor care he lax in his political pursuits, is very likely took in the execution of his work, as to be the Prime Minister of this country." he wrote it over three tinies before he . This prediction was fulfilled twelve sent it to the press."

years afterwards. On the appointment of the late Field- Of his political acumen in the con. marshal Conway to be Secretary of State duct of the American war, a subject in the year 1766, Hune was asked, if he that nearly engrossed the whole of his was not much surprised that a general Administration, the belt that can be officer thould have that promotion. faid of it was, that he was mistakca:-if Not at all, Sir (says Hume);-confider otherwise, it cannot be denied, even by the political interests of Great Britain his most intimate friends, it was his duty are always best supported by men of to resign. The arcana of fu recent and war.',

complicated a transaction, as they refpe& Th' following picture of Fanaticism, the interior of this great question, howe, as given by Hume, is perhaps the best ver, are difficult at preient to unravel. key to the character of Cromwell, and History will have better materials to work

wth, and lefs partialities to encounter. plaint was made to him by one of the

Of his wit and good-humour we have pensioners of the hospital, that the vice too many instances to doubt.-He never iuals were not so good as they should be, ftrained for either : like the great particularly the beef, which ac times Earl of Buth, he had them always ivas not eatable. This complaint being at command, nor had he the forcid renewed, his Lordstip went privately vices of avarice and ambition to balance one morning to the Charter-House, and these pleasing qualities. Mr Burke asking the house steward whether he paid a jutt tribute to the former one day had any.cold beef in the house (such as coming out of the House of Comnions, the pensioners usually eat), dehred he after his Lord thip had kepe them in a would bring it up. The beef was ac. roar of laugh:er for some minutes be- cordingly introduced, the look of which fore. “Well, there's no denying it,-- to pleased his Lordhip that he immedi. this man has more wit than all of us ately asked him, if he could provide (meaning the oppofition) putngether." hit with moftard, bread,and small.beers

One day, when che late Aiderman which being likewise brought, his Lordo Sawbridge was haranguing on his an- tip rook a chair, and cat a very hearty Dual motion in favour of andual par. luncheon : after this he ordered the liaments, look ng over to the Treasury complainant to be brought up, and then Bench (the dav being extremely hot) asked him, whether that was the he observed L rd North with his head same kind of beef usually served? The recliping on his left thoulder, seemingly man said, “ Yes." "And the same smallasleep; upon which he fto, ped fhort and beer, bread, muftard, &c, por “ Yes," uried oui, “ Bor what fignifies my in. says the man, “I believe pretty much deavours to come at the root of this the same." “ Why then,” says his political es t, when the Noble Lord in Lord hip, "all I have to say is this : If the blue ribband is so little attentive to you have any complaint to make in fu. me that he has fallen into a profound iure about such provisions, you must Deep!" This raised a laugh with the apply to another governor, and, as here Alderman's party, which his Lordship is no difputing tafies, he might perbaps immediately cursed against rhem, by ob- redrels you; but as for my part, as you serving, loud enough to be heard, "No, may see, my friend(pointing to his plate), I was not asleep, but I wish to God I I have decidedly given it against you.' had been."

When his brother, the present Bishop Coming up to the door of the House of Winchester,was married to his present of Commons one evening rather late, lady, who was a Mifs Bannifier, a con Pearson, the late door.keeper, stopped fidential friend was asking his Lordlip, him, and, in his lac nic free manner of what could be bis brother's motive for speaking, said, “No, my Lord, you can't the natch ? " Slie is no profcffed beau. come in here.” “Why so?” said his ty, no great fortune, of no great fa. Lor-fhip, somewhat surprised. • Be- mily.” i Why, in respect to her beauty cause they are now balloting for an and forcune l have not much to say of Election Committee, and the doors of either; but I must beg your pardon in courfe are locked..." Aye,” says his respect to blood, as I hear the is

very Lord thip with a fmile, " and yet this nearly related to the Stairs." is rather herd, confidering some people Towards the close of the American call this my House of Commons."

war, a Noble Lord in the other House Having had some prescience of a fit having, in the warmth of debate, called of the gout coming on him, he desired Lord North “this rbing of a minifter," his man to get him his large goury some injudicious friends exaggerated the hoes. The man looked for them for matter to hini, wanted to make it a perSome time, but, not finding them in the fonal quarrel, and said, they thought osual places where he generally put his Lordship should relent it,'" And le them, concluded they were stolen, and I will," says his Lordlhip very coolly, began curfing the thief. “ Poh," says by continuing in office; as I know his his Lordship, seemingly very gravely Lord thip has no other resentment against (though at the same time agi:ated with me, than withing to be ibe thing 'I am." some pain ),how can you be so ill-natured, On the evening of that day when he John i-Now all the harm I with the moved an adjournment of the House for poor rogue is, that my fooes may fit bim.' a few

days, for the purpose of resigning, Lord North being one of the Gover. his cffice, comiog through the lobby of 0979 of the Chaster-Housc,a formal com- the House, arm in arm with one of his


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friends, he asked him to go home and with propriety; and this they frequently dine with him ; the other told him, he acknowledged. would with pleasure, but was partly en- To the brother of one of his principal gaged. "Come come,” says his Lordship, opponents in the House of Commons hc "put off your engagement, and have the continued a very valuable Collection in virtue to say, yeu dined with a fallen the Colonies almost during the whole Minister onihe very day of nis dismissal.” of his Administration. He was often The friend allented, and went home spoke to about displacing him, and he as with him.

constantly answered, " Why should I Upon his retirement from office, he visit the sins of the brother upon a man went down to Baih for the recovery of who does his duty, and has given me no his health, and particular y for his fight, particular offence?" which was neariy dost. The conversa. In thurt, like his predecessor Sir Ro. tion turning one day after dinner, on bert Walpole, though very much baited the perishable condition of party zeal during his Adminiltration, he had no and political enmity, his Lordship enemies as a man; he lived long enough thoroughly agreed in the principle'; out of office to be reconciled io all his and, as a proof of it, says he, “ There political opposers, who, when the cause is Colonel Barré (who by the by was of contention ceased, had candour enough as blind as his Lordship), no man has to acknowledge his private worth and opposed me more in the House of Com- integrity. mons than he has, and I, of course, him; He met his blindness and increasing and yet I can fairly answer for myself, infirmities with great firmness in the boa and I dare say I may equally do so for fom of his family, and even with a good. him, we should be bcth very glad to see humour, and Aalhes of wit and merrione arciber at this moment.

ment, that made his table one of the The cause of Lord North's blindness, most desirable places to be a guest ata it is faid, originated from the frequency In his last moments he only regretted of Janding his dispatches. He was na- not having it in his power to see his fa. turally very near-lighted, and carried vourite and youngest son, who the up every paper he looked at immedi- morning of his father's death landed as ately under his eye; the papers which Dover from his travels, but could not were fresh written he sanded in this po- be in town time enough to receive the fition, which being so frequently repeat- blesing of an affectionate and indulgent ed, the dust settled in his eyes, and ulti- parent. mately produced a total blindness. The son above alluded to is the pre

The natural civility and gooil-humour sent Honourable Frederick North, now of this Nobleman left himn no enemies secretary of state under his Excellency out of the House of Commons.-Even Sir Gilbert Elliot, Viceroy of Currica the principals of Opposition knew these a gentleman who unites to the moftami. qualities to be so predominant in his able and seductive manners, a travelled Lordhip,that they frequently petitioned knowledge, an extensiveness of learning, him as First Lord of the Triatury for and an industry of, mind, that we think little favours and indulgencies for iheir cannot fait of rendering him an orna. friends and conftituents, which he as ment to his country. readily granted, when he could do it

(To be continued.)



SIR, ACCORDING to promise, I now send you a further extract from the Manuscript Irhen rrentioned--but haye nog lipce found any more of the Continuation.

E. T.

it was sold, and the neighbours used to near Bride, has only 4os. per annurn but he would not have them if the tay. left of his father's great estate, which lor toid him so, er said any more than happened to be overlooked. He was so that he had brought him a fuit. His mtan as to lie and live in the stabies father and mother would come to Oxo helonging to the seat of the family after ford in the coach and fit, and itay


there till they had spent it, and then the sex, built after a plan of Inigo Jones, and former would carry his wife home behind leaving an estate of 4000l. per annum, bin.

30,000. to his widow, 4000l. a piece to

four daughters, and 10, charitable LORD SHAFT ESBURY.

uses, after marrying three wives without The father of the present Lord fortunes. Shafte (bury, and grandi in to the Lord Chancellor, loving a prvate studious life,

MRS. SARAH STOUT. and not having a very good constitution, Mrs. Sarah Stout, whufe death was did not defign to marry, but wished that charged upon Spencer Cowper, , was his brother thou!'', and accordingly spoke ftrangled accidentally by drawing the to Mr. Michelthwaite, his friend and Steenkirk too tight upon her neck, as neighbour, to enquire a proper person me with four or five young persons were out for him, one triat would conform to at a game of romps upon the staircale ; his humour, without regarding her for- but it was not done by Mr. Cowper, tune. Mr. Micheithwaite, courting a though one of the company. Mrs. Clao daughter of Mr. Ewer of Hertforddhire, vering, Lord Chancellor Cowper's second cmaended her sister, and brought my wife, whom he married during the life Lorii to see her, who liked her very well of his first, was there too: they were so for hiinfelf, and soon after came again to confounded with the accident, that they make the proposal, which was accepled foolishly resolved to throw her into the (ner fortune being about 15001.); and water, thinking it would pass that the the third time of his coming he married had drowned herleif; whereas, if they "her, promisng to make a handsome let. had let it come abroad immediately in tlemene if the did not accept the thirds, the manner it really happened, nobody and the same night carried her home could have been condemnedfor it... Mrs. with only the cloaths on her back, to, Burrell, who had it from Mr. Stout, a which he made the addition of a warm nephew of Mrs. Stout, 1727, wrapping gown to wear at home, from whence the hardly ever went till his in

MR. CLAYTON. diipaticion, after two or three years, One Mr. Clayton, a lawyer in Che. made it necefsary to go to Naples, where hire, of 4001. a year, makes it his bu. he died. The estate will be about soool. finess to retrieve estates that are waiting. per annum,

by managing them in person. He is now

with the Earl of Derby for that end, SIR JOHN MAYNARD.

who had outlived his estate by the waste Sir John Maynard raised one of the and extravagance of his servants, with. greatet eltates that was ever got by the out any fault of his own besides neglect, lavo-laving out 30,00cl. upon Gunnerf. ing to oversee them.-Mr. Leigh, 1730 bury-houle near Brentforu, in Middle

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A SHORT ACCOUNT of several GARDENS near LONDON , with REMARKS on fome PARTICULARS wherein they excel or are debiçents upon a VIEW of them in DECEMBER 1691.

[From "THE ARCHÆOLOGIA,” Vol. XII. with additional Notes.] HAMPTON COURT GARDEN nual heat. In these there are no orange

, iron palisade round about next the park, but such tender foreign ones that need aid all in walks, grals plats, and bor- continual warmth, ders. Next to the house, fome flat 2. KENSINGTON GARDENS are not and broad beds are set with narrow great, nor abeunding with fine plants. rows of dwarf box, in figures like lace The orange, ftmon, myrtles, and what patterns. In one of the lesser gardens other trees they had there in summer, " a large green-house divided into seve. were all rt moved 10 Mr. Londup's and pa! rocns, and all of them with stoves Mr. Wile's green-hule *, at Brumpvader them, and fire to keep a conţi. ton.park, a lude mile from themi, Buc

the *These persons are mentioned by Mr. Addison in the Spectator, No 477, in these terras e l' boodun and Wy we are our heroịc poets: and ış as a çriuç I may ungle out any passage of their the walks and grass laid very fine, and of them thirteen feet high, and very fall they were digging up a fiat of four or of fruit, the gardener not having iakea five acres to enlarge their garden. off so many flowers this last summer as


3. THE QUEEN DOW AGER'S* GAR: usually others do. He said, he gathered DIN AT HAMMERSMITH has a good off them at least ten thousand oranges green-house, with a high erected front this last year. The heir of the family to the south, whence the rouf falls being but five years of age, the trur. backward, The house is well fored toes icke care of the orangery, and this with greens of cominon kinds ; but the year they built a new house over them, Quicen not being for curious plants or There are some myrılcs growing among flowers, they were not of one nios curi- them, but they look not well for want ous forts of greens, and in the garden of trimming. The rett of the garden there is litele of value but wa!l trecs; is all out of order, the orangery being though the gardener there, Mons. the gardener's chief care; but it is ca. Hermon Van Guine, is a man of great pable of being made one of ihe beft gare skill and industry, having raised great dens in England, the soil being very Dumbers of orange and lemon trees by agrecable, and a clear filver fiream run. inoculation, with myriles, Roman bayes, ning through it. and other greens of pretty tapes, which 5. CHELSEA Physic GARDEN has he has to dispose of.

great variety of plants, both in and out BIDDINGTON GARDEN †, at of green-houses. Their perennial green present in the hands of the Duke of hedges and row's of different-coloured horfolk; bur belonging to one family of herbs are very pretty, and so are their Carew, has in it the best orangery in banks fit with shades of herbs in the England. The orange and lemon trees Trilh ftick way ; but many plants of the there grow in the ground, and have garden were not in so good order as might done so near one hundred years, as the be expected, and as would have been as, gardener, an aged man, said he believed. fwerable to other things in it. After I had There are a great number of them, the been there, I heard that Mr. Warts, the house wherein they are being above keeper of it, was biamed for his negica, (wo hundred feet long; they are most and that he would be removed.


works to commend, I Mall take r.ctice of that part of the upper garden of Kensington, which was at first nothing but a gr.vel-pit. It mu!t have been a fine genius for gardening, that could have thought of forming such an unsightly hollow into so beautiful an arca, ani to bare hit the eye with so uncommon and agreeabli a scene as that which it is now wrought inta to give this particular spot of ground the greater effect, they have made a very pleating cos, want; for as on the one side of the walk you see th's lollow baron, with its several little plan, qitions lying fo conveniently under the eye of the beholder; on the other Ode of it thers appears a feeming mound, made up of trees, riúng one higher than another in proportion 2$ they approach the center. A fpectator who has not heard this account of it, would think this circular mount was not only a real one, but that it had been actually scooped out of that hollow space which I have before inentioned. i never yet met with any one who has walked in this garden, who was not íruck with that part of it which I have here mentioned.”

* Katharine, widow of Charles II. The house the resided in is by the water fide, now an academy in the potefiion of Mr. Jones. Lyjens's Ervirens of Loxdm, Vol. II. p. 406.

† This garrlen was laid out by Sir Francis Carew in the reign ci Queen Elizabeth. Hc planted it with choice fruit trees, in which he took great delight, and spared no expence in procuring them from foreign countries. The first orange trees in England are said to have been planted by him. Aubrey fays, they were brought from Italy by Sir Francis Carew, from the seeds of the first oranges which were inported into England by Sir Walter Raleigh, who had married hic niece, the daughter of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton : the trees were planted in the open ground, and were preserved in the winter by a moreable med; ebey fourished for about a century and a half, being destroyed by the hard troft in 1739-40.

A few years before this period Mr. Watts seems to liave conducted himself to the radil. faction at least of Sir Hans Sloane, who in 1695 says he (Watts) had been very successful in the management of his planes, and expresses fome wonder that the Cedrus mentis Libami, an in. habitant of a very different climate, should thrive so well in the open air as to propagate itself by layers, and that seed sown the lift autumn had succeeded very well. Miller says, that in 1750 these trees were upwarde of eleven fcct in girth. Josfens's Entirens, Vol. II. p. 167..


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