« PrejšnjaNaprej »
nary and minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the King of Great Britain, at the court of Vienna, from which note it appears that the defire of his Britannic Majesty is to see a termination of the war which divides France and England, the undersigned is specially authorized to demand from his Majesty's ministry farther explanations respecting the proposition which has been transmitted by the court of Vienna ; and, at the same time, as it appears innpossible that at the moment when Austria and England take a common share in the negotiations, France should find herself under a suspension of arms with Austria, and a continuation of hostilities with England, the undersigncel is in like manner authorized to propole that a general arinistice be concluded between the armies and the fleets of the two states, adopting, with respect to the places which are besieged and blockaded, measures analogous to those which have taken place in Germany, relative to Ulm, Philipsbourg, and Ingolstadt.
The undersigned has received from his government the powers necessary for negotiating and concluding this general armistice. He begs his Excellency Lord Grenville to lay this note before his Britannic Majesty, and to transinit to him his Majesty's answeć. London, the 6th Fruct. An 8
(Signed) Отто. (Aug. 24, 1800).
(No. 3.) Sir,
Downing Street, Aug. 26, 1800. I AM to request that you will endeavour, as soon as you can, to see M. Otto, and to ask him from me, Whether he has any objection to deliver to you, sealed up for me, the papers to which his last communication refers, as his doing so will expedite his receiving the answer to it.
You will at the saine timné apprize him, that you are not informed of the particulars of that communication, or of its tendency; and that you have been charged to make this inquiry, in order to avoid drawing any attention to it. Commissioner George.
(No. 4.) BONAPARTE, Premier Consul de la république Françoise, en vertu de l'article 41 de la constitution, donne au Citoyen Otto, commissaire du gouvernment pour l'echange des prisoniers en Angleterre, pouvoir de propofer, consentir, & figner, conformement à ses instructions, un armistice général entre la republique Françoise & la Majesté le Roi de la Grande Bretagne.
Fait à Paris, au Palais du Gouvernement, le 2 Fructidor, an 8 de la république.
(Signé) Par le Premier Consul BONAPARTE. (Signé)
Le Secretaire d'Etat HUGUES B. MARET.
M. Otto's full Powers. BONAPARTE, First Conful of the French republic, in virtue of the 41st article of the constitution, gives to the Citizen Otto, commiffary of the government for the exchange of prisoners in England, power to propose, to consent to, and to sign, conformably to his instructions, a general armistice between the French republic and his Majesty the King of Great Britain.
(Signed) By the First Consul, BONAPARTE. (Signed) The Secretary of State, Hugues B. MARET. Done at Paris, at the Palace of the Government,
the 2d Fructidor, year 8 of the republic.
(No. 5.) Sir,
Downing Street, Aug. 28, 1800. I HAVE the King's commands to desire that you will, as soon as you can after the receipt of this letter, fee M. Otto; and that you will return to him the original of the paper which he delivered to you on Tuesday last.
In making proper acknowledgments to him for his attention on this occafion, you will mention, that the paper I had withed to fee was not this, but Lord Minto's note referred to in that which M. Otto addressed to me by order of his government on the 24th inítant; but that, while you were with M. Otto, I received, by a messenger from Vienna, the copy of Lord Minto's note, together with that written on the same subject by M. de Thugut to M. Talleyrand.
I enclose for your information a copy of the former, and an extract of the latter of those papers, which you will return to me after you shall have seen M. Otto. The reason of my communicating them to you is, to enable you to converse with M. Otto on the subject of them, in conformity with the instructions contained in ihe minute herewith enclosed, which you are at liberty in the course of your conversation to show to M. Otto, as containing the heads of what you are charged to communicate to him.
You will of course carefully confine your conversation within
the limits of that paper ; and you will as soon as possible deliver to me a written minute of what thall have passed between you and M. Otto on the subject. I am, &c. Commisioner George.
(No. 6.) Minute of Instructions to Captain George, August 28, 1800,
1. TO declare that the note presented at Vienna by Lord Minto contains the expression of his Majesty's sentiments, and that the King is ready to act in conformity to it.
2. To inquire whether any answer has been returned by the French government to the proposal contained in M. Thugut's letter to M. Talleyrand respecting a place for the meeting of plenipotentiaries to carry on joint negotiation; or whether M. Otto is authorized to agree with this governinent on that point, agree-' ably to the suggestion contained in M. Thugut's letter.
3. To express in that case that either of the places named by M. de Thugut would be agreed to by his Majesty, and a proper person sent thither on his Majesty's part 'o meet the plenipotentiaries of Austria and France, provided that the French government is willing to enter into sufficient engagements for the freedom of direct communication by couriers with such place of ne. gotiation.
4. That with respect to the proposal of an armistice, the King would see with great satisfaction the moment when he could with propriety adopt any measure, the immediate effect of which would be to put a stop, at least for a time, to the calamities of war; but that an armistice, as applying to naval operations, has at no period ever been agreed on between Great Britain and France during the course of their negotiations for peace, or until the preliminaries have been actually signed ; that it cannot therefore be confidered as a step necessary to negotiation'; and that from the dirput to which its execution must unavoidably be expected to give rise, it might more probably tend to obstruct than to facilitate the fuccess of those endeavours which the two parties might employ for the restoration of peace : that the circumstances of a naval war are obviously not such as to admit of such equal arrangements as are easily established with regard to military operations when suspended by such an agreement : that it appears, therefore, at all events premature to enter even into the discussion of this question, until from the course of the negotiations it thall more clearly appear how far they are likely to lead to a satisfactory issue: and that no decision could in any case be taken here on such a subject unless the French governinent had previously explained in what manner it is conceived that the principles of the regulaVOL. X.
tions adopted in the German armistice with respect to blockaded towns, can be applied to the naval ports and arsenals of France, so as to carry bona fide into execution, as to the respective mari. time forces, the objects which those stipulations have in view with respect to the military pofitions occupied by the two armies.
(No. 7.) My Lord,
Park Place, Aug. 29, 1800 IN obedience to his Majesty's commands communicated to me by your Lordship in your letter of yesterday's date, I called upon M. Otto, and had a particular conversation with him on the fubject of the papers delivered to me by your Lordship. I made a proper acknowledgment to him for the readiness which he showed to comply with your Lordship's wish of communicating the paper you wifhed to fee, which he conceived to be the one I had the honour to deliver to your Lordship, and he appears fully fenfible of the attention shown him on that occafion. I declared to him,
ift, That the note prefented at Vienna by Lord Minto contains the expression of his Majesty's sentiments, and that the King is ready to act in conformity to it.
2d, I inquired whether any anfwer had been returned by the French government to the proposal contained in M. Thugut's letter to M. Talleyrand respecting a place for the meeting of plenipotentiaries to carry on joint negotiations, and was informed by him that the place of meeting was fixed at Luneville.
3d, I informed M. Otto that either of the places named by M. Thugut would be agreed to by his Majesty, and a proper person Tent thither on his Majesty's part to meet the plenipotentiaries of Austria and France, provided that the French government is willing to enter into sufficient engagements for the freedom of direct communication by couriers with such place of negotiation ; which die promises to communicate immediately to the French government by courier.
4th, I also informed M. Otto of the very substantial reasons that will prevent his Majesty from agreeing to a general armistice previous to the signing of preliminaries, as detailed in the minute which I had the honour to receive from your Lordship; and was answered by him, that he has every reason to think, and is per fonally convinced, that the continuation of the German armistice will depend upon the conclusion of the English artistice, the advantages of the latter being considered by France as an equivalent for the very obvious disadvantages of the German one. He obferved, that the regulations contained in the German armiftice do not extend to such, places as were not actually blockaded or at tacked by the French; judging therefore from analogy, such
places only as are actually blockaded by the English forces could be comprehended in the proposed armistice ; therefore Belleifle, Malta, and Alexandria, should be put on the same footing as Ulm, Philipsburg, and Ingolstadt.
M. Otto has been instructed to require an answer to the proposal for a general armistice before the 3d of September, which makes him conclude that hostilities inay again commence about that time, should the proposed armistice be positively refused on the part of his Majesty. He farther observed, that as long as hoftilities on the continent are carried on, there can be no firm basis on which to ground negotiation, as every change on either fide would occasion a new subject of discussion.
M. Qtto farther remarked, that if a general armistice should be agreed on, he is authorized to enter into any security that may be thought necessary for the commerce of Great Britain ; and that the great importance of the subject obliges him to inquire whether he is to have a written answer on the subject of the general armistice, or whether he is to consider the present verbal communication as definitive against it.
I have the honour to be, &c.
(No. 8.) Bir,
Downing Street, Aug. 29, 1800. AS M. Otto expressed to you a desire to receive in writing the answer of the King's government to his note, I transmit to you the enclosed, which I request you will communicate to him.
I am; &c. Commissioner George. (Signed)
(No. 9.) Sir,
Downing Street, Aug. 29, 1800. ! ENCLOSE to you, by the King's command, the answer which his Majesty has thought proper that I should return to the different points contained in the note which I had the honour to receive from
you. The mode which you adopted for the transmission of that paper was perfectly satisfactory to his Majesty's government; but as Captain George has, from his situation, the opportunity of unobserved intercourse with you, I will request you to tranfmit to me, through him, any further communications with which you may be charged by your government respecting this business. M. Otta.