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NOTE. M, OTTO having apprized his Majesty's government, through Captain George, that the proposal made by the court of Vienna for fixing Luneville as the place for carrying on the proposed negotiation for a general peace has been acceded to by the French government, it only remains on that head to express his Majesty's agreement to the same proposal; and to declare, that in confequence thereof a proper person fhill be sent to Luneville, on his Majesty's part, io meei the plenipotentiaries of Austria and France, as soon as the passports for such minister and his suite fhall be received: provided that the French government is willing to enter into the necessary engagements, that his Majesty's plenipotentiary Mall be at liberty to communicate freely, and in the usual manner, by courier with this country, and with the dominions of his Majesty's allies.
With respect to the proposal for a general armistice by sea and land between Great Britain and France, the King would see with great satisfaction the moment when he could with propriety adopt any measure, the immediate effect of which would be to put a stop, at least for a time, to the calamities of war; but an armistice, as applying to naval operations, has at no period ever been agreed on between Great Britain and France, during the course of their negoriations for peace, or until the preliminaries have been actually signed ; such a step cannot therefore be considered as necessary to negotiation, and from the disputes to which its execution must unavoidably be expected to give rise, ihere is just reason 10 appreheed that it might more probably tend to obstruct than to facilitate the success of those endeavours which the two parties might employ for the restoration of peace. Besides this it is to be considered, that the circumstances of a naval war are obviously not such as to admit of such equal arrangements as are easily established with regard to military operations, when suspended by such an agreement.
It appears therefore, at all events, preinature to enter even into the discullion of this question, until, from the course of the negotiations, it shall more clearly appear how far they are likely to lead to a satisfactory issue. But in any case no decision could be taken here on such a subject, unless the French governinent had previously explained, in what manner it is conceived that the principles of the regulations adopted in the German armulice with respect to blockaded towns can be applied to the naval ports and arsenals of France and her allies now blockaded by his Majesty's facets, so as to carry bona fide into execution, as to the respective maritime forces, the same objects which those ftipula
tions have in view with respect to the military positions occupied by the armies in Germany and Italy.
Downing Street, Aug. 29, 1800. (Signed) GRENVILLE,
Hereford Street, No. 8, le 30 Août, 1800 Milord,
(12 Fruct. An 8. J'AI reçu hier au soir la lettre et 'la note que votre Excellence m'a fait l'honneur de m'adresler, et je me suis empressé de les ens voyer sur le champ à Douvres par un courier extraordinaire.
Je ne puis qu'être très flatté de l'approbation que le gouverne, ment de la Majesté a bien voulu donner au mode que j'avois adopté pour mes communications politiques. Celui que votre Excellence me propose a le double avaniage de la célérité et du secrèt; et je le suivrai toutes les fois que les ordres de mon gouvernement me mettront dans le cas d'en profiter. J'ai l'honneur d'être, &c.
(Signe) Отто, .
No. 8, Hereford Street, Aug. 30, 1800 My Lord,
(12th Fruc. An 8). I RECEIVED yesterday evening the letter and the note which your Excellency did me the honour to address to me ; and I immediately transmitted them to Dover by an extraordinary messenger.
I cannot but be extremely flattered by the approbation which his Majesty's government has been pleased to give to the mode which I had adopted for my political communications. That which your Excellency proposes to me combines the double advantage of dispatch and of secrecy, and I shall follow it as often as orders from my government shall afford me an opportunity of profiting by it. I have the honour to be, with the most respectful con
NOTE. ice Milord Grenville, ayant bien voulu informer
ntion de sa Majesté d'envoyer un plenipotene pour prendre part aux négociations qui feront
entamées, auflitôt que les passeports necessaires auront été expê. diés par le gouvernement François, & qu'on aura donné l'affurance d'une correspondence libre de ce plenipotentiaire avec sa cour, & avec les pays appartenants aux alliés de la Majesté, le souffigné a expédié lur le champ un courier extraordinaire pour communiquer ces difpofitions à fon gouvernement.
Les sentiments de conciliation & d'humanité qui ont influé sur cette décifion du cabinet font un heureux présage du rétablissement de la bonne harmonie entre deux pays qui, par le genie, les talens, & l'industrie de leurs peuples, sont fi fortement intéreffés à chérir les arts & les jouissances de la paix. C'est pour atteindre plus promptement ce but fi ardemment desiré par l'Europe entière, que le roulligné avoit été chargé de soumettre au gouvernement Britannique le projet d'une trêve maritime, mais les ministres de la Majesté ayant jugé qu'il seroit prématuré d'entrer même en difcussion sur cet objet, il doit respecter les motifs qui leur paroissent militer contre une pareille négociation, quoiqu'il ait eu tout lieu d'esperer que l'adhesion de la Majesté à cette proposition auroit pû devenir le gage de la continuation des deux armistices conclús en Allemagne & en Italie, le gouvernement François ne pouvant consentir long tems à sacrifier les avantages que lui donne la pofition militaire sur le continent, fans être assuré d'un sacrifice analogue de la part de la Grande Bretagne. Si par la force impérieuse des circonstances, le resultât des négociations de Luneville étoit soumis aux nouvelles chances de la guerre, il est à presumer que les instructions & déliberations respectives n'auroient plus pour base un état de chose connu & apprécié de toutes partes, et que Jes dispositions pacifiques manifestées par les puissances belligerentes ne produiroient pas des effets aussi prompts & aussi falutaires, qu'on auroit pû en esperer d'une trêve générale.
Les appréhensions du sousligné touchant le renouvellement probable des hostilités en Allemagne & en Italie, nonobstant les né. gociations qui de concert avec la Majefté feront entamées à Luneville, font confirinées par l'ordre qu'il a reçu de solliciter une réponse avant le 3 Septembre. Hereford Street, le 12 Fruer. An 8 (Signé) OTTO.
(30 Août 1800).
(No. 12.) Translation,
NOTE. HIS Excellency Lord Grenville having been pleased to inform the undersigned of the intention of bis Majesty to send a plenipotentiary to Luneville, in order to take a share in the negotiations which thall be entered upon, as soon as the necessary passports
shall have been transmitted by the French government, and as foon as assurance shall have been given respecting the free correspondence of this plenipotentiary with his court, and with the countries belonging to the allies of his Majesty, the undersigned immediately dispatched an extraordinary messenger in order to communicate thefe difpofitions to his government.
The conciliatory and humane sentiments which have had an inAuence in producing this decision of the cabinet, are a happy prefage of the re-establishment of good harmony between two countries which, from the genius, the talents, and the industry of their people, are so strongly interested in cherishing the arts and the enjoyments of peace. It is with a view to attain more fpeedily this end fo ardently desired by all Europe, that the underligned was directed to subinit to the British government the projet for a maritime trece; but the ministers of his Majesty having judged that it would be premature to enter even upon the discussion of this object, it is his duty to respect the motives which appear to them to militate against such a negotiation, although he may have had every reason to hope that the adherence of his Majesty to that propofal might have become the pledge of the continuance of the two armistices concluded in Germany and Italy; the French government not being able to confent, for any length of time, to sacrifice the advantages afforded to it by its military position upon the continent, without the assurance of an analogous sacrifice on the part of Great Britain.
If, through the imperious force of circumstances, the result of the negotiations of Luneville should be subjected to the future fortune of war, it is to be presumed that the respective instructions and deliberations would no longer have for a basis a ftate · of things known and appreciated on all Gides; and that the pacific dispositions manifested by the belligerent powers would not produce effects as prompt and falutary as might have been hoped for from a general truce.
The apprehensions of the underligned, relative to the probable tenewal of hostilities in Germany and in Italy, notwithstanding the negotiations which, in concert with his Majesty, shall be commenced at Luneville, are confirmed by the order which he has received to folicit an answer before the 3d of September. Hereford Street, the 12th Fruit. (Signed) OTTO.
Year 8 (30th Aug, 1800).
(No. 13.) Sir,
Downing Street, Sept. 2, 1800. I AM to desire that you will apprize M. Otto, that the King tias been pleased eventually to make choice of Mt. Grenville to
represent his Majesty at Luneville, and of Mr. Garlike, now his Majesty's secretary of leynion at Berlin, to act as hus M: jesty's secretary to Mr. Grenville's million. It will therefore be neccffary that a separate paliport for Mr. Garlike thould be furnithed by the French government, such as will enable him to proceed dirc&tly from Berlin to Luneville. You will add, that it will be a matter of convenience to his Majesty's government, and to Mr. Garlike personally, if that paflport, initead of being sent through London, were transmitted, through the French ininiiter at Berlin, to the Earl of Carysfort, his Majesty's minifter at that court.
I wish you farther to remark 10 M. Otto, that it is usual in the opening of negotiations for peace, that such previous explanations fhould take place as may enable the respective minifters to arrive nearly at the same time at the place of negotiation ; and that as the communication on this point may be received here so much fooner from Paris than froin Vienna, his Majesty's government would with to be informed through you of the period which may be fixed for the arrival of the Austrian and French plenipotentiaries at Luneville, in order that no delay may take place on his Majesty's part in the opening of the negotiation.
I am, &c. To Captain George.
(No. 14.) Milord,
Hereford Street, 4 Sept. (17 Fruel.). M. GEORGE n'étant pas encore revenu de Margate, où il a conduit sa famille, j'espère que votre Excellence ne desapprouvera pas que je vous falle pafler directement les communications très importantes que j'ai reçues ce matin par un courier extraordinaire. Je dois ajouter que li fa Majetté consent à l'armittice proposé, je suis chargé de remettre le pail-port, et de donner toutes les aítürances demandées pour le plénipotentiaire qui pourra être nommé. J'ai l'honneur d'être, avec la plus haute considération,