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and Pefcaire, with remainder to the eldest born of his male des scendants for ever; withing that the Neapolitan nobility thould fee a durable monument of the unfhaken fidelity of that family, and of the recompense which it has received. And in order that all which we have prescribed in this royal edict, signed with our hand, under our feal, and counterligned by our Minister of State, should be known to all, we order it to be printed and published in the usual form in the city of Naples, and in all the provinces of the kingdom.
FERDINAND. Palermo, April 25, 1800.
François SCRATTI. Published at Naples, May 8.
Letter* from Mr. Merry, Chargé des Affairs of his Britannic Ma
jesty at the Court of Denmark, and addressed to Count Bernstorf, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Copenhagen, April 10. THI HE importance which the British government must necessarily
atiach to the event which took place in the month of December last in the vicinity of Gibraltar, between some frigates of the King and the frigate of his Danish Majesty named the Hauteneu, commandad by Captain Van Dockum, and the orders which have been in consequence fent me by my Court relative to this affair, impose on me the painful duty of repeating to you in writing the complaint on this subject, which I had the honour of representing to you by word of mouth, in the audience which you were lo kind as to grant me for that purpose about three days ago. The facts upon which the question turns in this business are in themfelves very simple, and I believe such as we are already agreed upon ; that is to say, the English frigates met the Danish frigate upon the high sca escorting a convoy. The English commander, judging it proper to avail himself of the right of visiting this convoy, tent on board the Danish frigate to demand from the captain his destination. The latter having answer that he was then going to Gibraltar ; the other replied, that if he was going to stop at Gibraltas he would not visit his convoy ; but in case he should not cast anchor in that port, that the visit would certainly take place. Captain Van Dockum then informed the officer who had come on board, that he would in such case make resistance. Upon this the English captain made the signal to examine the con
* In the differences which have arisen between Denmark and England on the subject of the right of vilitation by sea, the details of the affair of the ti ft Danith frigate taken by the English in the neighbourhood of Gibraltar, have never been othcially published by the English government. The above letter, in which these details are contained, is extracted from a French paper.
To clear up
voy. The boat of the frigate the Emerald prepared to execute this order; some mutketry was fired down from the Danish frigate ; and one of the English sailors was thereby severely wounded. This frigate also took poflellion of a boat of the Englih frigate the Flora, and did not release it until after the English captain had made Captain Van Dockum underltand, that, if he did not surrender it immediately, he should commence hostilities. The Danilh frigate then repaired with its convoy to the Bay of Gibraltar. There some discutiions took place upon this subject between Lord Keith, admiral and commander of the naval forces of his Britannic Majelly in the Mediterranean, and Captain Van Dockum, whom Lord Keith thought proper to consider as personally responfble, and guilty of the injury done to a subject of his King, thinking it impoflible that this captain could be authorized to act in such a manner by the instructions of his court. the business, the English admiral sent an officer to Captai. Van Dockum, praying that he would show him these instructions, and explain their nature. The latter refused to let the admiral see the instructions, alleging that he was forbid to do so; but he told the officer that they imported that he should not permit visitation of his convoy, and that in firing upon the King's boats he only fulfilled his orders. The captain himself afterwards made a like answer, and upon his word of honour, in conversation with Lord Keith, in presence of the Governor of Gibraltar ; but he promised at the same time to surrender himself before a judge, and to give notice of his appearance ; and upon this promise he was told he might return on board. Upon his having entered his boat, he sent a letter to the admiral, in which he refused to give the notice required. These discussions were terminated by a declaration which Lord Keith made to Captain Van Dockum, that, “ if he neglected to submit, and thould thereby attempt to withdraw himself from justice, the affair should be represented to his court."
This, Count, is the statement of the facts which have occasioned the complaint which I am charged to lay before the Danish government. I flatter myself that you will find it accurate, and conformable to the correspondence between Lord Keith and Captain Van Dockum, in your possession, as you have done me the honour to inform me.
The right of visiting and examining merchant-vessels on the high fea, of whatever nation they may be, and whatever their cargoes or destinations, the British government regards as the incontestable right of every belligerent nation ; a right founded upon the law of nations, and which has been generally admitted and acknowledged. It follows of consequence, that the resistance made to this vilitation by the commander of a ship of war belonging to a friendly power, must necessarily be considered an act of hostility, such as he
is persuaded could not be enjoined by the commanders of ships of war of his Danish Majefly by their instructions. His Britannic Majesty has therefore no doubt of the displeasure which his Danish Majelty will feel on learning this violent and indefensible procedure of an officer in his service: and the King is persuaded of the promptitude with which his Danish Majelty will make to his Majesty the formal disavowal and apology which he has so just a right to expect from him in the present case, with a reparation proportioned to the nature of the offence committed.
I am specially charged, Count, to make of you a demand of this difavowal, apology, and reparation.
The confidence which I have in the acknowledged justice of his Danish Majeliy, induces me to hope that this simple and friendly reprefentation will suflice to obtain it with the promptitude which fo important a case requires; but l'ought not at the same time to concea: from you, that however great and sincere may be the desire of the King my master to maintain and cultivate the clofest harmony and friendthip with the Court of Denmark, 'nothing will induce his Majesty to depart from this just demand.
I have the honour to be, &c.
Proclamation of the provisional Government of Milan. THE HE provisional administration of this city has the satisfaction
10 manifest to their dvar fellow-citizens the generous sentiments of the First Conful of the first nation, the invincible narion. They are authorized to publish the following articles, which are to be inviolably observed :
Art. 1. The Cifa'pine republic is reorganized as a free and independent nation.
2. The free and public exercise of the Catholic religion shall be preserved in the fame state as at the epoch of the firlt conquest of Italy. In consequence, all kinds of outrage or insult to the said religion, its ministers, rites, and symbols, is prohibited, as well as every act which might tend to prevent or trouble in any manner whatever the full and free exercise of it. Infractions of the present prohibition thall be punished with the most rigorous penalties, cven with capital punishment, upon the decision of the competent authorities.
3. The property of all citizens, without distinction, Mall be refpected. 4. It is forbidden to make use of
proper secall party divisions and sentiments.
Under the happy circumstances in which these regulating maxiins are proclaimed, the adminiftration could not see without
pain that several persons have abandoned their country. In côn. sequence, and by the express order of the First Consul, the absent citizens are invited to return to their houses as speedily as the distance in which they are at the publication of the present decree shall permit them. Those are formally excepted who having taken arms against the Cisalpine republic after the treaty of Campo Formio, ought to be considered as traitors to the country.
5. All laws promulgated since the day of the invasion of the Austrian troops to the return of the French armies, being to be considered as null, and given without legal authority in a state recognised as free and independent by the major part of the powers of Europe, and by the Emperor hiinself in the said treaty of Campo Formio, all sequestrations are taken off, whether placed upon property possessed either under the title of ancient property, or in virtue of legal acquisition, under whatever pretext, and upon whatever occasion the said sequestrations may have been ordered.
6. The circulation of the cedules of the bank of Vienna is forbidden. In consequence, they shall neither have currency in private transactions, nor be received in the public treasury.
The provisional administration is persuaded that all the inhabitants of the Cisalpine republic will judge by these preliminary dispositions that the French armies, and the hero who leads them, have no other object than to bring back freedom and independence to their country. Animated with the justest gratitude, they ought to be eager to concur with all their means to the success of the arms of their deliverers, and to the return of a peace, which, after liberty has been reconquered, is the sole good to be desired. Milan-At the Commune Maison, 15th Prairial (June 4, 1800). (Signed) MARLANI, SACCHI, GOFFREDO,
the provisional Administration.
Proclamation of the Chief Consul.
Milan, 28th Prairial, June 17. BONAPARTE, Chief Conful of the French republic, consider
ing that the Cisalpine republic, having been recognised free by the Einperor, and the greatest part of the powers of Europe, it is consistent with the good faith of the French republic, agreeable to their desire to put an end to the war which desolates the continent, and to proceed to the reorganization of the said Tepublic, decrees as follows:
1. There Thall be allembled at Milan a Consulto, charged with preparing the reorganization of the republic, and drawing up the laws and regulations relative to the different branches of the public administration. Vol. X.
2. The Consulto · shall be composed of fifty members, over which the minister extraordinary of the French republic. thall preside. 3.
The Consulto, in its first fitting, shall decree its plan of business, and its division into sections.
4. The Consulto thall be required to occupy itself with all the projects of urgent regulations, which shall be demanded of ic by the extraordinary commission of the government..
Another Decree, of the same Date. BONAPARTE, First Consul of the French republic, decrees :
Art. I. There shall be established at Milan an extraordinary ministry of the French government.
2. The ministry shall be charged with all the relations with the Cisalpine government. No French agent shall communicate with that government except through this medium.
3. The funds arising whether from contributions imposed by the French government, or by the general in chief, or from property belonging to powers at war with France, shall be received under the authority and immediate fuperintendence of the extraordinary ministry. There shall for this purpose be appointed to it a French treafurer, in whose coffers all the funds Thall be deposited.
4. The funds deposited in the extraordinary treasury shall not be expended, except by order of the French ministry, and for the wants of the army.
5. The extraordinary ministry fall alone have power to convene the assembly.general of the Confulto, established for the purpose of preparing the work of the constitution and of the legislature of the Cisalpine republic, and shall preside over it.
Another Decree, of the same Date. BONAPARTE, First Consul of the French republic, decrees:
Art. 1. The government of the Cisalpine republic shall be provisionally exercised by an extraordinary committee of nine, who Thall unite all the powers of the republic, except the judicial and legislative.
2. This committee shall present to the Consulto, established by the decree of this date, the laws and regulations which shall appear to it necessary.
3. It shall have power to continue in the present tribunals the judges in office, or to replace them with others of its own choice.
4. It shall establish in every department a commissioner, who shall be charged with all the details of the adıninistration. 5. This commiffioner shall have under his command all the