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ferve with much fatisfaction, that the product of the revenue, during the present year, has been more confiderable than during any former equal period. This result affords conclusive evidence of the great resources of this country, and of the wisdom and efficiency of the meafures which have been adopted by Congress, for the protection of comincrce and preservation of public credit.

Gentlemen of the Senate, and Gentlemen of

the House of Representatives, As one of the grand community of nations, our attention is irrelistibly drawn to the important fienes which surround us. If they have cxhibited an uncommon portion of calamity, it is the province of humanity to deplore, and of wisdom to avoid the caufes which may have produced it. If, turning our eyes homeward, we find reafun to rejoice at the prospect which presents itfelt--if we perceive the interior of our country prosperous, free, and happy--it all enjoy in safety, under the protection of laws emanating only from the general will, the fruits of their own labour, we ought to fortify and cling to those institutions, which have been the source of such real felicity, and refift, with unabated perseverance, the progress of those dangerous innovations, which may diminith their influence.

To your patriotisin, Gentlemen, has been confided the honourable duty of guarding the public interells; and while the past is to your country a sure pledge that it will be faithfully discharge!, permit me to assure you, that your labours to promote the general happiness will receive from me the most zealous co-operation.



Letter from Menou, General in Chief of the Army in Egypt, is the

First Corful Bonaparte. Citizen Consul,

Cuiro, November 1. YOU have by your shining victories given 10 France the splen

dour of which events, 10 more perhaps to be inentioned, were about to deprive her. History will engrave in letters of gold the pacification of La Vendée, the re-ettablithment of the finances, and the confidence of the French ; the paffage of the Saint Gothard and Saint Bernard, the battle of Marengo, and the conquest of a great part of Germany. History fall engrave the name, the genius of Bonaparte presiding over all--directing allrepairing all. She will not forget, Citizen Conful, the expedition to Egypt, an epoch which will become to celebrated by polterity; for undoubtedly it will produce the civilization of Africa and of Afia. Citizen Consul, this army, with which you made i he tirst conquest of Italy, with which you carried into the Ealt tlie name 4


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and the glory of the French republic-this army merits all your solicitude and all your interest :- victorious over all the united forces of Alia, commanded by the Grand Vizir in person, nothing can equal its love for its country and for you, and its desire to be always the worthy favourites of glory.

The Grand Vizir is at Jatła, where he has employed all the resources of force and despotili to recruit an army that will no longer measure itself with the bayonets and artillery of Frenchmen; eight or nine thousand men who desert, and are replaced incessantly, compofe all his force. The Grand Vizir has repaired El-Arisch with activity, but without skill. He has quarrelled with the Naplufians and with Dgezzar Pacha. All the Arabs have declared war against him, and pillage his convoys. About two hundred English are united with the troops of the Grand Vizir, and exercise them at the cannon. A Rullian envoy is still in the Ottoman camp, but he is viewed with great jealousy. The Granıl Vizir has written me several leiters, part low, part infolent, to demand from me a peace. I have conítantly answered him, that it is at Paris only that he ought to treat,

The Captain Pacha cruises between Damietta and Alexandria with twenty or twenty-five ships, of which about ten or twelve are of the line. He is himself on board a three-decker, named Selim. He is the sworn enemy of the Grand Vizir. He cordially detelis the English. He is named Houssain; was a Mameluck, or a white flave, originally; has been brought up by the Grand Seignior, whose entire confidence he pofseffes. He is polished, humane, and tolerably intelligent. He sends me often Hags of truce, and is ardently desirous of peace. He feels sensibly that the position of the Porte is highly critical. He says himself, that if France does not support it, it is gone. He is jealous of all his officers, whom he knows to be sold to the Englilh ; but he wishes above all things to conclude any treaty which might increase his importance with his master. We render one another many civilities, and interchange presents.

I write to the minister at war letters full of details on all parts of the service, and on our position.

I am Jabouring towards the complete organization of the country, in regard to finances, the administration of justice, and of commerce.

I have re-established, under another form, a divan at Cairo. I have turned it into a tribunal of appeal. Three other similar tribunals are establithed in other parts of Egypt, at Siout, at Damietta, and at Rosetta, Alexandria will be considered a city of war and of commerce.

I establish connexions with all the surrounding princes. The caravans arrive from all parts. I see my way in making Suez a grand depot of commerce.


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The new organization of the finances is such, that we gain a great deal more revenue, and that the people pay much leis. I get rid by degrees of the agents who cheated us; but among them I have found one man of talent, named Mallen Yacomb, who is now forming as many auxiliary troops. Our demi-brigades take recruits. The 21st, which is in Upper Egypt, has enrolled above two hundred Egyptian Musselmen.

Several manufactories begin to rise up. We make beer, cloth, candles, wine, gold and lilver lace, hats, and a very good tannery

а has been established. Citizens Caute and Champy, men whom I cannot praise fufficiently, have performed the most wonderful things. Citizen Conful, they deserve all your beneficence. I solicit for them a just national recompense.

The Institute has renewed its sessions. Citizen Fourier, per. petual secretary, has conducted himself marvellously, and is of great service to us. I shall request, Citizen Consul, that you will do something for the Institute.

The corps of engineers, of roads and bridges, and the geogra. phical engineers, serve with distinction. The first is employed in the levelling of Egypt, and on a general system of irrigation; besides which, several works of importance are completed, and others begun. A magnificent road, planted with trees on both sides, extends from the square Ebekier to the borders of the Nile, traversing Boulac; they are now working at a road which will encircle the square of Ebekier.

All along the walls of the city, which is repaired on every point, I am making a road fixty feet broad, to be planted on both fides with trees.

The second corps, the geographical engineers, are employed by double talk in completing a chart, which will be magnificent, and which will contain the most minute details. I am also to procure the soundings of all the coasts.

The fortifications are going on with the greatest speed—every where I make them with the greatest solidity. General Samson and his inferiors are excellent officers. I particularly recommend them to you.--The minister at war will receive the details of the fortifications, which will enable you completely to judge of what has been done.--Our artillery, as to materials, is on the best footing.---Generals Sougis and Foultreir are officers of the greatest diftin&tion.

The army is in the daily receipt of its pay. It is perfealy clothed and fed. I am entirely sa'isfied with its discipline, and cannot sufficiently praise the conduct of a great part of the general officers and individuals. I have prosecuted, and still continue to profecute to extremity all dilapidators. It is not an easy thing to do good one makes enemies; but I do not regard that, when the thing succeeds and the public gains by it.


The Arabs, whom I pursue without ceasing by dromedaries, ask every where for peace. Scheiks and princes, who live fifty days journey from Egypt, seek for the friendship of the French.

1 permit some individuals, useless to the colony, to say no worse of them, to return to France.

As to myself personally, I have only the provisional command of the army. If you send me a successor, I shall obey him with the same zeal and the same exactitude which ever animated me for the good of my country, and the interest of the republic *. Health and respect.,

(Signed) AB. J. Menov.

Proclamation of the Archduke Charles to the Administration of Bohe

mia, previous to his Depirture from Prague, on the Morning of the 14th December, on his Way to take the chief Command of the Army

in Germany. HIS Royal Imperial Majesty has been pleased to confer upon

me the chief command of the army. As I consider it my. duty implicitly to obey this appointment, I take the earliest opportunity to communicate the event to the chief burgrave, and government of this kingdom, that I am to retain the chief command of the patriotic legion, as well as the other troops which are destined for the defence of Bohemia. My new appointment will not leffen my future attention and interest in every thing that concerns the defence of Bohemia : every measure for that purpose will be pursued with the same vigilance and affiduity as before : for the certain attainment of this great patriotic objed my unceasing exertions shall be employed.

On the other hand, I hope and expect from the chief burgrave and diet of the kingdom, that, like faithful subjects, they will lend their entire co-operation for the completion of those preparations of defence that have been begun, and which the urgent danger of the country fo imperiously requires. The honourable confidence I have experienced in the establishment of the legion, demands my most Gincere approbation, and is a pledge that nothing will be wanting in the exertion of those farther efforts here recom



(Signed) Prague, Dec. 12, 1800.


General Menou was appointed general of the army of the East on the

6th of September.

Vol. X.



Speech of Émile Gaudin, in the Sitting of the Tribunate, of the 22d


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“ TRIBUNES, on the 3d Mesidor, last year (228 June), you

chose one of our colleagues, as distinguithed for his eloquence as for his republican virtues, to celebrate the prodigies which the genius, the valour, the military science, the devotion and death of heroes, had worked on , the Alps, in Italy, and in Germany. Convinced that you place in the rank of your first dutiesthat you consider as one of your noblest attributes the care of proclaiming and honouring in this tribune the names and the actions of the citizens who render themselves illustrious by fighting for the liberty and happiness of the country, I ought perhaps to have waited until a new selection on your part should point out the orator who is, in your name, to pay a just tribute of praise to the army of the East for its glorious and useful exploits, and for the virtues it displays. To attempt a debarkation in Egypt, to conquer and possess that fertile land, to re-establish afterwards acrois the isthmus which attaches it to Afia, those ancient communications which formerly united the regions of the South with the people of the West-communications which were in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries a source of glory and wealth to the Venetians, was not undoubtedly a new idea ; but if it be the property of genius to conceive great enterprises, it also belongs only to genius to execute them ; genius alone can collect and combine the elements, and apply the means and the details necessary to insure success. After the peace of Campo Formio, the conqueror of Italy was invited, as much by the wishes of the nation as by the government, to command the army destined 10 combat the last and the most implacable of the enemies of the republic.-The French people did not desire that Great Britain should be starved, dismembered, or destroyed. They did not with to overthrow those ancient charters and that constitution fo justly revered and cherished by the English nation, which owes to them its splendour, and which would have done more towards its happinefs, if they had always been faithfully observed, and if the check which they imposed upon the avarice or ambition of minifters had not been fcandalously destroyed. But what the French people wished--what they have always wilhed and still wish-is the independence of their flag, of the flag of their allies, and of all navigating and commercial people ; it is the free and unreserved enjoyment by them, and by those people, of the rights and advantages of communication and conveyance, with which it leems that Nature meant to gratify all mankind when she surrounded the terrestrial part of the globe with the vast extent of seas. Proud of her numerous fleets, of the courage and skill of her failors, Eng·land has been, and still is, very far from subscribing to those


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