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counsels which equity and a well understood interest have long. given her upon this subject. She appears more than ever to conlider nations as tributary to her-her commerce, her industry, and her maritime power are to concentrate all their treasures in her hands-These odious principles have just been openly professed and proclaimed by the ministers, and even by men who it might have been supposed would have had more liberal ideas. Has not Mr. Sheridan said in the House of Commons, that England ought not for any consideration to furier herself to be disporsessed of the empire of the seas, which she has poffessed for two centuries ? -It is upon their conquests in India that the English rest the trident they have usurped. To tear it from their grasp, it was necessary to direct against India the blow that was preparing to be struck. To penetrate into that remote region, the fortest, most certain, and least expected road, was that of Egypt. Bonaparte conceived it, and the plan long meditated of occupying that country was suddenly resolved upon, and not less rapidly attempted. He does not alone, like vulgar conquerors, found his hopes of success upon those means of force and destruction which the genius of war has invented, but, equally philanthropical, and wise, he prepares and combines all the means of forming a powerful colony, and of making it flourish. He associates to his destiny those precious men who cultivate the sciences which protect liberty, and the beneficent arts by which conquerors make the conquered forget their defeat. The loss of the facet at Aboukir, by suspending its ulterior destination, had no other effect on the French army

than the forcing it to think seriously of establishing itself in a solid and durable manner in Egypt, which it had already nearly conquered. To the political object which the expedition to Egypt had in view, was added the intention of wresting that fine country from the tyranny of the Mamelukes, the violators of treaties of impreffing upon the Ottoman empire the sentiment of our dignity and power--and, by establishing a point of immediate contact with it, of communicating to it sufficient vigour to shelter it from the attack meditating against it. But the temporary successes of Nelson, the gold and the menaces of the cabinet of St. James's, the imbecility of the greater part of the ministers of Selim the Third, the fanaticisın, ignorance, and pride of all,' disappointed the combinations and the hopes of enlightened and prospective friendship."

Gaudin proceeded to pay a tribute of praise to all the foldiers of the army, and of regret for the loss of Kleber. He .concluded by moving, that all the late papers relative to Egypt should be printed and distributed, and that two copies should be deposited in the library of the Tribunate, as a monument of its gratitude to the arıny of Egypt.


Y y 2

Circular Letter from the French Minister for foreign Affairs to all the

Powers in Amity with France, respecting the Attempt on the Life of Bonaparte, on the 24th of December. Şir,

Paris. You will read with horror in the annexed paper the account

of an attempt made against the life of the Chief Conful. From the circumstances of the crime you will perceive what a vile and execrable description of men were the instruments of it. The genius of France has once more saved his life. Whatever conjectures may be formed concerning the quarter from which the first impulse proceeded; Europe, in learning that the crime has been frustrated, will become more and more convinced that the destiny of a great man is under the immediate protection of Heaven itself, and that it has placed it too far above the reach of a handful of villains, for them to be enabled to succeed in their designs, or to arrest its course.

The attempt was not unforeseen—it had been conceived by a set of men, who have always taken a part more or less prominent in the horrors of the revolution, who have ever been anxious to excite previous terror by announcing their infernal designs. It is fix weeks fince this last enterprise has been announced. The public voice loudly proclaimed the necessity of redoubling mea. sures of precaution.' The Chief Conful owes this deference to that enthusiasm of which he is the object, to satisfy this national sensibility, by giving orders for a more active vigilance to be exercised around his person.




Bath Houses having met on the 11th of November 1800, his Majesty

opened the Seffion with the following Speech from the Throne. My Lords, and Gentlemen, MY tender

concern for the welfare of my subje&ts, and a sense of the difficulties with which the poorer classes particularly have to struggle, from the present high price of provisions, have induced me to call you together at an earlier period than I. had otherwise intended. No object can be nearer my heart than that, by your care and wisdom, all fuch measures may be adopted as may, upon full consideration, appear best calculated to alleviate this severe pressure, and to prevent the danger of its recurrence by promoting, as far as pollible, the permanent extension and improvement of our agriculture.

For the object of immediate relief, your attention will naturally be directed, in the first instance, to the best mode of affording the earliest and the most ample encouragement for the importation of all descriptions of grain from abroad.

Such a supply, aided by the examples which you have set on former occasions of attention to economy and frugality in the consumption of corn, is most likely to contribute to a reduction in the present high price, and to insure, at the same time, the means of meeting the demands for ihe necessary consumption of

the year.

The present circumstances will also, I am persuaded, render the state of the laws respecting the commerce in the various articles of provision the object of your serious deliberation,

If on the result of that deliberation it shall appear to you that the evil necessarily arising from unfavourable seasons has been increased by any undue combinations or fraudulent practices for the fake of adding unfairly to the price, you will feel an earnest deal fire of effectually preventing such abuses; but you will, I am fure, be careful to distinguish any practices of this nature from that regular and long-established course of trade which experience has shown to be indispensable, in the present state of society, for thic supply of the markets, and for the subsistence of my people.


You will have seen with concern the temporary disturbances which have taken place in some parts of the kingdom. Those malicious and disaffected persons who cruelly take advantage of the prefent difficulties to excite any of my subjects to acts in violation of the laws and of the public peace, are in the present circumstances doubly criminal, as such proceedings must necessarily and immediately tend to increase, in the highest degree, the evil complained of, while they, at the same time, endanger the permanent tranquillity of the country; on which the well-being of the industrious classes of the community must always principally depend.

The voluntary exertions which have on this occasion been made. for the immediate repression of these outrages, and in support of the laws and public peace, are therefore entitled to my highest praife.

Gentlemen of the House of Commons, Under the circumstances of the present meeting, I am defirous of asking of you such fupplies only as may be necessary for carrying on the public service, till the Parliament of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland may conveniently be assembled. The estimates for that purpole will be laid before you; and I. have no doubt of your readiness to make such provision as the public interests may appear to require.

My Lords and Gentlemen, I have directed copies to be laid before you, of those communi. cations which have recently pailed between me and the French government, respecting the commencement of negotiations for peace. You will see in them fresh and striking proofs of my earnest de fire to contribute to the re-establishinent of general tranquillity. That defire on my part has hitherto been unhappily frustrated, by the determmination of the enemy to enter only on a separate negotiation, in which it was in poffible for me to engage, consistently; either with public faith, or with a due regard to the permanent fecurity of Europe.

My anxiety for the speedy restoration of peace remains unaltered, and there will be no obitacle nor delay on my part to the adoption of such measures as may best tend to promote and accelerate that desirable end, consistently with the honour of this country and the true interests of my people: but if the disposition of our enemies should continue to render this great object of all my wishes unattainable, without the facrifice of thele effential confiderations, on the maintenance of which all its advantages mult depend, you will, I am confident, persevere in affording me the same loyal and steady support, which I have experienced through the whole of this important contest, and which has, under the Blessing of Providence, enabled me, during a period of such un.


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exampled difficulty and calamity to all the surrounding nations, to maintain uniin paired the security and honour of these kingdoms.

Same Day, in the House of Lords, AN address of thanks to his Majesty's speech was moved by the Duke of Somerset, and seconded by Lord Hobart,

Lord Holland moved an amendment, to the following effect :

“ That we cannot conceal or dillemble from his Majesty, that a change of councils appears to us neceifary, for the attainment and establishment of peace upon any solid foundation.”

Lord Holland's amendment was negatived by a majority of, Contents 50--Non-contents 5. The original address was then put and carried, Contents 50--Non-contents 5. Majority 45.

On the same Day, in the House of Commons, SIR John Wrottelley moved the address to his Majesty's speech, 'which was seconded by Mr. Dickenson

Mr. Grey moved an amendment, to the effect that the last paragraph of the address should be left out, for the purpose of fubftituting another, expreflive of a wish for a speedy negotiation


for peace.


The amendment was negatived without a division, and the original address was then put and carried without a division.

The humble Address of the House of Conimons to the King.

Most gracious Sovereign, WE, your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Commons of Great Britain, in Parliament allembled, beg leave to return your Majesty the humble thanks of this House for your Majesty's molt gracious speech from the throne.

We acknowledge with gratitude the tender concern which your Majelty at all times (hows for the welfare of your subjects, and that paternal sense of the difficulties with which the poorer claffes of them particularly have to struggle from the present high price of provisions, which have induced your Majesty to call us together at this time: we beg to ailure your Majeity, that it will be equally our with and our duty to adopt, as expeditiously as possible, all fuch measures as may, upon due confideration, appear best calculated to alleviate this severe preilure, and to prevent the danger of its recurrence, by promoting, as far as possible, the permanent extension and improvement of our agriculture.

For the object of immediate relief, our attention will naturally be directed, in the first instance, to the best mode of affording the 4


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