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immense an establishment of cavalry ought to be kept up, more especially at a period like the present, when the militia, the natural military strength of the country, never was in so formidable a state ; when, in addition to the army of the line, so many corps of fencibles, sea fencibles, and of volunteers, both cavalry and infantry, have stepped forward with so much zeal and 'spirit in the public defence; and when the British navy, surpaslıng, if it is possible, its former strength and glory, is adequate of itself to defend the dominions of the British crown from the attack of the enemy:

[The motion was not persevered in.]

On Monday, the int of December, in the House of Commons,

Mr. Sheridan moved, THAT an humble address be presented to his Majesty, humbly

to assure him that we have taken into our moit serious consideration the papers relative to the negotiation for peace with France; and that the result of our reflections on this important subject, founded as well on due examination of the documents now referred to us, as on experience of the past conduct of most of your Majesty's allies, is an humble but earnest desire that your Majesty will omit no proper opportunity which may arise, confistently with the good faith ever preserved on the part of your Majesty, of entering into a separate negotiation with the government of France for a speedy and honourable peace : and further, we implore your Majesty not to fanction any new engagements which thall preclude such a mode of negotiation.

FAfter a debate the House divided ; Ayes 35-Noes 155. Majority 120.]

On Tuesday, the 2d of December, in the House of Lords, the Earl of

Suffolk moved, THAT a copy of the monthly returns of the army employed in

Holland, from the ift of August 1799, to the aft of December in the same year, be laid before the House. --Agreed to.

His Lord hip 'then moved, That copies of all the letters which passed between Lord Elgin and Sir Sidney Smith, relative to the convention with General Kleber, be laid before the House.

The motion was negatived without a division.

His Lord'hip then moved, That Sir John Douglas be requested to attend at the bar of the House, The motion was withdrawo.


On Thursday, the 4th of December, in the House of Commst,

Mr. Jones moved, THAT an humble address be presented to his Majesty, earnestly

imploring his Majesty, that, taking into confideration the sufferings of his loyal and affectionate people, he will be graciously pleafed no longer to listen to the councils of his present ministers, who, by their profusion and extravagance, have brought their country to the brink of famine and ruin; and who, by their incapacity, have thown themselves unequal to condua the war with effect, or enter into negotiations of peace with honour.

[After a debate the House divided ; Ayes 13-Noes 66. Majority 53.]

On Tuesday, the 23. of December, in the House of Lords, Lord

Holand moved FOR a variety of papers which had passed between the British

government, Lord Keith, and General Kleber, relative to the violation of the treaty of El-Arisch.

[After a debate the House divided; Contents 2-Non-contents 12.]

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On Wednesday, the 311t of December, in the House of Commars,

Mr. Nicholl moved, THAT an humble address be presented to his Majesty, humbly

requesting that he would be graciously pleased to take into consideration ihe unhappy condition of his subjects suffering from famine, the consequence of those measures which his minifters have adopted in the prosecution of the present war: that peace alone can afford immediate and complete relief from this calamity: that he would take into confideration the decrease of the gold coin, and the imminent danger of national bankruptcy, from the issue of paper money: that his faithful Commons fee with much anxiety, the prospect of new conteits with other powers: that they are penetrated with the deepeit affliction, when they behold his Majesty's ministers, alike regardless of the honour and safety of the King, and the welfare of his people, obstinately perfevering to resist every offer from the enemy to treat for peace. That his faithful Commons have therefore thought it their duty to recommend to his Majesty immediately to take measures for opening a negotiation for peace with France.

[A division took place, when the votes appeared, for the mofion I-against it 42.]

The Speech of the Speaker of the House of Commons, at the Bar of the

House of Lords, on l'ednesday, 311 December 1800. Most Gracious Sovereign, THE HE bill now tendered to your Majesty by your faithful Com.

mons, completes the provition which has been made for the several branches of the public service, till that period when your Majesty will receive the advice and assistance of your Parliament of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Imprefied with a well-grounded confidence in the strength and resources of the empire, and partaking, as they carnestly do, of that solicitude for the restoration of peace, of which your Majesty has given a recent though unavailing proof, your Commons are convinced that nothing can contribute more effectually to the accomplish. ment of that great object, than to manifest the ability and deter. mination of this country to be fully prepared for the further prosecution of a contest, the continuance of which may justly be afcribed to the unwarrantable pretensions of the enemy.

But on no occasion has the attention of your Parliament been more deeply and anxiously engaged, than by those important con. siderations to which it was peculiarly directed at the opening of the present session, in consequence of your Majesty's paternal concern for the welfare and comfort of your people. To alleviate, to the utmost of their power, the presure upon all descriptions of their fellow- subjects, and upon the poorer classes in particular, your Commons have deemed to be the firit and most urgent of their duties. The measures adopted for this purpose are those which, they trust, are best calculated to afford substantial and exa tensive relief, and to provide for the necessary demands of the year. Much of their efficacy must, however, depend upon that temper, good sense, and fortitude, which this country has displayed under the leverest trials, and which were never more con{picuous than at the present conjuncture.

These, Sire, the last proceedings of your Parliament, previous to the great æra now on the point of commencing, are the indication and result of that common interest and fellow-feeling with the people, by which it has ever been actuated, and which are the best safeguard of all that is most valuable in society. To that æra your Commons look forward with a confident expectation, that the consolidated wisdom and authority of the legillature of Great Britain and Ireland, under the auspicious government of your Majesty, and of your illustrious House, will diffuse throughout every part of the united kingdom, the full benefits of that constitution which has been proved to be favourable, in an unexampled degree, to the enjoyment of civil liberty and public prosperity;


and which cannot, therefore, fail to animate the zeal and determination of those who may share its blessings, to cherish and maintain it in their own times, and to transmit it as the best inheritance to their pofterity.

His Majesty's Speech to both Houses, on the same Day, on concluding

the last Seffron of the British Parliament. My Lords and Gentlemen, I

CANNOT close this session of Parliament without returning

you my particular acknowledgments for the distinguished industry and zeal with which you have applied yourselves to the interesting object which, at the commencement of the session, I most especially recommended to your attention. It has been my carnest with that nothing should be omitted which could tend to relieve the pressure occasioned by the prefent dearth of provisions, and to insure a sufficient supply till the produce of the next harvest can be brought into use. : The diligence with which your inquiries have been conducted, has afforded you the best means of ascertaining the true circumftances of our present situation, and the extensive measures which you have wisely adopted in consequence, for diminishing the consumption of grain, and procuring an increased supply, will, I doubt not,' be found productive of the most salutary effect.

Much, however, must depend on the disposition which will, I am confident, be manifested by all those who have the means of carrying into execution my folemn recommendation and injunction, issued at your desire, for the adoption of all practicable economy in the use of those articles which are necessary to the fubfistence of the poorer classes of any subjects.

The time fixed for the commencement of the Union of Great Britain and Ireland will necessarily terminate your proceedings on this important subject; but I am persuaded that the confideration of it will be resuined with the same zeal and temper, on the first meeting of the Parliament of the united kingdom.

The early period which I have appointed for that meeting will afford a speedy opportunity of completing whatever you may have left unfinished, and of considering what measures may tend further to alleviate the pressure on my people, or to prevent the danger of its renewal.

Gentlemen of the House of Commons, I thank you for the readiness with which you have granted the fupplies necessary, under the present circumstances, for the public service.


My Lords and Gentlemen, The detention of the property of my subjects in the ports of Ruslia, contrary to the most folemn treaties, and the imprisona ment of British sailors in that country, have excited in me sentiments, in which you and all my subjects will, I am sure, par ticipate.

I have already taken such steps as this occasion indispensa. bly required; and it will afford me great satisfaction if they have proved effectual ; but if it shall be necessary to maintain, against any combination, the honour and independence of the British empire, and those maritime rights and interests on which both our prosperity and our security must always depend, I entertain no doubt either of the success of those means which, in such an event, 1 shall be cnabled to exert, or of the determination of my Parliament and my people to afford me a support proportioned to the importance of the interests which we have to maintain,

After which the Lord Chancellor announced his Majesty's desire to have his royal proclamation read, appointing the Lords ånd Commons of the present British Parliament to be members of their respective Houses on the part of Great Britain in the Impéa' rial Parliament, and fixing the meeting of the said Imperial Parliament on Thursday, the 22d of January. The proclamation was accordingly read, and which concluded the proceedings of the British Parliament,

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* Proclamation ifsued by the French General on his entering Salzburg.. INHABITANTS of Salzburg, the bloody engagements which

have happened under the walls of your city, have made you acquainted with the horrors of war, and must have alarmed you. Baniih your fears; from this moment your dangers are past. Vi&tory conducts the French within your walls; be assured that the soldiers of a nation which, in triuinphing over its enemies, continually holds cut to them the olive of peace, have no intention of carrying terror and dismay into your peaceful habitations. Be tranquil therefore ; your properties, your customs, your religious opinions, shall be respected. The garrison occupying your city will preserve good order. The principles of justice entera tained by the General in Chief, Moreau, are already known to you. The first injunction which he laid upon me, in contiding to me the command of this place, was, to provide for your security. I shall strictly attend to it.

• The following papers did not arrive in time to be inserted in their proper places. VOL. X.

3 A


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