Slike strani

Armifice conculded at Steyer, the 25th of December 1800. '. Army of the Rhine.-The General of Division, Chief of the Staff, to

the Minister of War. Head-quarters at Steyer, Dec. 26, 9th Year of the French Citizen Minister, Republic, one and indivisible. THE Archduke Charles has proposed an armistice to the Gene

ral in Chief, by announcing to him that the Emperor had sent a courier to M. de Cobentzel with orders to sign a peace.

The General in Chief, considering that the line of the Traun and the Inn was forced, that we were advanced one hundred leagues before the other armies, and were already near the rearguard of the Austrian army in Italy; that, consequently, M. de Bellegarde could avail himself of the possession of Salzburg and Inspruck, as the two grand openings by which he could fend troops to join those that were left in the Tyrol, and by attacking our rear with these, might cut off our communication with the Travn; for these reasons he thought proper to agree to a suspenfion of arms, which procuring great advantage for us, would put us in a condition to learn the movements of the army of Italy, of which we had as yet heard no account.

The character of the Archduke Charles, and his well-known loyalty, gave us sufficient assurances of the Emperor's desire to put an end to the war. He was also impelled to it by the deplorable condition of his army, which having in the course of twenty days lost seventy leagues of territory, twenty-five thousand prisoners, twelve or fifteen thousand in killed or wounded, one hundred and forty pieces of cannon, and immense magazines, was no longer able, nor could it be able in three months, to hinder out army from conquering all Austria, and dictating laws in the capital. But in order to effect this without danger, it would have been necessary for the army of Italy to be already in possession of the defiles of Carinthia.

Besides, the General in Chief was of opinion, that to stop in the most brilliant victories was conformable to the character of moderation by which the First Conful manifests himself to Europe.

I have the honour to present you with a copy of the convention of the armistice. The Emperor immediately entered into a treaty; and our line running along the Danube to the mountains of the Tyrol, putting us in poffeffion of Kufstein, Scharnitz, Braunau, &c. will enable us to recommence the war with great advantages, and, above all, with great security.. Health and refpect.



HIS Majesty the Emperor and King willing to treat immediately for peace with the French republic, whatever the deter


mination of his allies may be ; the Generals in Chief of the French army and of the Imperial army in Germany, desirous of putting a stop, as far as is in their power, to the evils inseparable froin war, have agreed to treat for an armistice and suspension of arms: for this purpose they have respectively charged with special powers the following persons, viz. The General in Chief Moreau has authorized the General of Brigade Victor Faneau Lahoric, and his Royal Highness the Archduke Charles, Major Comte de Grime, and Colonel Wairother de Vetal, of the staff, who have agreed to the following conditions:

Art. I. The line of demarcation between the portion of the Gillo-Batavian army in Germany, under the orders of General Augereau, in the circles of Westphalia, the Upper Rhine, and Franconia, as far as Bayersdorf, Thall be specially determined upon between that general and the general of the Imperial and Royal arıny opposed to him. From Bayerfdorf that line passes to Harlard, Nuremberg, Neumarck, Parsberg, Laver, Stadtarndoff, and Ratisbon, where it crosses the Danube, along the right bank of which it extends to the Erlaph, and then proceeds to the source of that river ; passes through Markgamingen, Kogelback, Goulingen, Haminox, Menlerg, Leopoldttein, Heislemach, Vorderenberg, and Leoben ; runs along the left bank of the Mubr to the spot where that river crosses the way from Salzburg to Klagenfurt, which it pursues to the Spiritat; then goes through Brixen to Botzen, and at last reaches Bormio in the Valteline, where it joins the army of Italy.

II. Chanchard's map of Germany shall regulate any differences that may arise concerning the line of demarcation.

III. Upon the rivers which shall separate the two armies, the destruction or the preservat on of bridges shall be regulated by particular arrangements, according to what inay be judged useful either for the wants of the armies, or for those of the communes. The Generals in Chief of the respective armies shall either be acquainted with those objccts, or fhall leave it to the generals com. manding in those places to settle them. The navigation of the rivers thall be frec, as well to the armies as to the people of the country.

IV. ,The French army shall not only occupy exclusively all the points of the above line of demarcation ; but, in order to place a continued interval between both armies, the line of the advanced polls of the Imperial and Royalarıny shall, with the exception of the Danube, be distant at least one German mile (four English ones) from that of the French army.

V. With the exception of the safeguards, or those of the police, which shall be sent into the Tyrol by the two respective armies, and in equal numbers, but which thall be as few as possible, there Thall remain no other troops of his Imperial Majesty within the

3 A 2


compass of the line of demarcation. Those which are now in the Grilons, the Tyrol, and in Carinthia, must retire immediately by the route of Klagenfurt to Pruck, in order to join the Imperial arıny in Gerinany, without their being able to proceed towards Italy.

They thall set out from the places where they are as soon as they hear of the present convention; and they thaíl march on foot at ihe rate of one German post and a half per day.

The General in Chief of the French army of the Rhine is authorized to ensure the execution of this article, by means of persons deputed by him to follow the march of the Imperial troops as far as Pruck."

The Imperial troops which may have occasion to withdraw from the Upper Palatinate, from Suabia, or Franconia, thall go the thortest way to the line of demarcation.

The execution of this article must not be delayed, under any pretence whatever, beyond the necessary time, allowing for the distances.

VI. The fortresses of Kufstein, Schornitz, and the points of permanent fortification in the Tyrol, shall be given up as a security to the French army, to be restored in the same state in which they are found at the conclusion and ratification of peace, should it follow this armistice without the resumption of hostilities.

The defiles of Fintlitermunz, Naudert, and the other fortifications of the Tyrol, thall be surrendered to the disposition of the

VII. The magazines in that country belonging to the Imperial army are left at their disposal.

- VIII. The fortress of Wurtzbourg, in Franconia, and the : place of Braunau, in Bavaria, shall be also given up to the French

army, to be restored according to the same conditions as the fortreises of Kufstein and Schærnitz.

IX. The troops, both those belonging to the Empire and those of his linperial and Royal Majelty, which occupy the places, shall evacuate thein ; that is to iay, the garrison of Wurtzbourg on the 4th of January 1lol; that of Braunau on the same day, and those in the fortreffes of Tyrol on the 8th of January.

X. All the garrisons thall march out with the honours of war, and repair with their arms and baggage by the shortest way to the Imperial army. Nothing shall be taken away by them with respect to artillery, and stores of all kinds, with the exception of

neceffary subfiftence for thein on their march beyond the line of à demarcation.

XI. Deputies shall be sent respectively appointed to ascertain the state of the places in question; but it is clearly understood that any delay of theirs thall not retard the evacuation.

French army.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

XII. The extraordinary levies ordered in the Tyrol shall be immediately disbanded, and the inhabitants sent back to their homes.

The order and execution of this disbandment shall not be re. tarded under any pretext. · XIII. The General in Chief of the army of the Rhine being desirous to give on bis part to his Royal Highness the Archduke Charles an unequivocal proof of the motives which have determined him to demand the evacuation of the Tyrol, declares, that with the exception of the fortresses of Kufstein, Scharnitz, and Fintlitermunz, he will confine himself to having in the Tyrol safeguards or guards of police, agreed to in the 5th article, for the purpose i of securing the communications. He will also at the same time furnith the inhabitants with all the facilities in his power for their subsistence, and the French army shall not interfere in any respect with the government of the country.

XIV. The portion of the territory of the Empire, and of the states of his Imperial Majesty in the Tyrol, is put under the protection of the French army, for the purpose of maintaining the right of property and the actual forms of government. The inhabitants of these countries shall not be molested on account of any services rendered by them to the Imperial army, nor for any political opinion, or for having taken an active part in the war.

XV. In consequence of the above-mentioned arrangements, there thall be between the Gallo-Batavian army in Germany and that of the Rhine, and the armies of his Imperial Majesty and of his allies in the Germanic Empire, an armistice and suspension of arms, which shall not be of a less duration than for thirty days. At the expiration of this delay, hostilities shall not be refumed until after a notice of fifteen days, to date from the hour in which the notification of the rupture ihall be made known ; and the armistice shall be indefinitely prolonged until the notice of rupture.

XVI. No corps or detachment, either of the army of the Rhine or of that of his Imperial Majesty in Germany, shall be fent to the respective arinics in Italy, as long as there ihall be no armistice between the French and the Imperial armies in that country. The violation of this article fall be considered as an immediate rupture of the armistice.

XVII. The General in Chief of the army of the Rhine thall transmit, with the utmost dispatch, the present convention to the Generals in Chief of the armies Gallo-Batavian, in the Grisons, and of Italy, with the most preiling invitation, particularly to the commander in chief of the army of Italy, to conclude, on his part, a fufpenfion of hostilities.

There thall be afforded, at the same time, every kind of facility for the passage of officers and couriers whom his Highness the Archduke Charles may think it neceflary to send, either to the


places which are to be evacuated, or to the Tyrol, and in general to the country comprehended within the line of demarcation during the armistice. Done at Sieyer, the 25th of December, in the ninth year.

(A true copy) DESSOLLES, The General of Division, and Chief of the general Staff.

Message from the Compuls to the Legislative Body, the Tribunate, and

the Conservative Senate, on the 12th Nivole (2d January). THE 'HE republic triumphs, and her enemies again implore her

moderation. The victory of Hohenlinden has resounded through all Europe ; it will be counted by history among the number of the most brilliant days which have illustrated French valour; but it was scarcely fo considered by our brave defenders, who do not think that they have truly conquered, until their country has not an enemy left. The army of the Rhine paffed the Inn; every day was a batile, every battle a triumph.

The Gallo-Batavian army conquered at Bamberg. The army of the Grisons, through the snow and ice, surmounted the Splagon, in order to turn the formidable lines of the Mincio and the Adige. The army of Italy carried by main force the passage of the Mincio, and blockaded Mantua. In fine, Moreau was only at five days inarch froin Vienna, master of an immense country, and of all the enemy's magazines.

It was in this position that Prince Charles desired, and that the General in Chiet of the army of the Rhine granted to him an armiftice, the conditions of which are herewith laid before you. M. de Cobentzel, the plenipotentiary of the Emperor at Lune

. ville, has declared by a note, dated the 31st December, that he was ready to open negotiations for a separate peace. Thus Austria is freed from the influence of the English court.

The government, faithful to its principles, and to the wilhes of humanity, deposits in your hands, and proclaims to France, and to all Europe," the intentions by which it is actuated.

The left bank of the Rhine shall be the boundary of the French republic: the makes no pretensions to the right bank. The interest of Europe does not permit the Emperor to pass the Adige. The independence of the Helvetic and Batavian republics shall be ensured and guaranteed. Our victories add nothing to the pretenfions of the French people: Auftria ought not to expect from her defeats what the would not have obtained from her victories,

Such are the invariable intentions of the government. The welfare of France shall be to restore calm to Germany and Italy; her glory, to deliver the continent from the avaricious and destruclive genius of England.


« PrejšnjaNaprej »