« PrejšnjaNaprej »
If good faith shall be again broken, we are at Prague, at Vienna, and at Venice.
Such self-devotion and such success necessarily secures to our rmies all the gratitude of their country. The government is: nxious to find new expressions to consecrate their exploits; but here is one which by its fimplicity will be always worthy of the Lentiments and the courage of the French foldiers.
The government has proposed to the Legislative Body four Iraughts of a law, declaring that the army of the Rhine, the Gallo-Batavian army, the army of Italy, and the army of the Grisons, have deserved well of the country.
The Chief Consul, BONAPARTE,
Convention entered into between Russia and the Porte, respecting the
In the Name of the Almighty God! THOSE countries which were originally subject to the republic
of Venice, and which afterwards fell into the hands of the French, having been fince delivered from their yoke by means of the united fleets of Russia and the Sublime Porte, aided by the Supreme Arbiter of victory, and approved by the unanimous wishes and efforts of the inhabitants, his Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, and his Majesty the Ottoman Emperor, being resolved to observe those principles of justice, moderation, and disinterestedness, the practice of which they folemnly promised in their treaty of alliance, and as the dignity of the two courts requires that a promise publicly made should be executed by both parties, they have agreed to establish in the faid countries such a form of government as may leave no grounds of apprehension for the repose and safety of the states of the Sublime Porte, notwithstanding its vicinity, and which may at the same time accord with the habits, usages, religion, and with of the inhabitants. To accomplish this falutary work, his Majesty the Emperor of Russia has named as his plenipotentiary and envoy extraordinary to the Ottoman Porte, the high and noble Waffely Tamara, knight of the order of St. Ann, of the first class, commander of the fovereign order of St. John of Jerusalem; and his Majesty the Ottoman Emperor, the illustrious and estimable Ismet Bey and Ahmed Alif Reis-Effendi ; who after exchanging their full powers, have agreed on the following articles :
1. The faid Ex-Venetian illes shall form a republic, which faall be governed by the notables of the country, and which, like Ragusa, shall be as a vallal under the protection of the Porte, and Thall acknowledge its superiority. Russia guarantees the integrity of this republic.
II. These ifles, which are Corfu, Cephalonia, Cerigo, St. Maure, Ithaca, &c. Mall be called “The Seven United Idands, and fall enjoy the same privileges as Ragusa. The two powers thall salify the new constitution of the republic, after it shall have been accepted.
III. The inhabitants of the said illes fall enjoy the same privi. Jeges in Turkey as the Raguisans. They shall have in that coustry their own consul, and their ships thall be protected from the corfairs of the states of Barbary.
IV. The republic Mall pay every year to the Porte 75,003 piastres, which it thall send, as Ragusa does, by a solemn eorba!. fy;, and in consequence of this tribute the subjects of the new stare Thall in Turkey be excmpted from every other impofition.
V. In case of neceffity, Ruflia and the Porte ihall send to these isles during the present war, but not beyond that period, the troops and vessels requisite for their defence.
Vl. The ships of the republic may in future navigate freely in the Black Sea under their new flag.
VII. First, the Ex-Venetian countries, such as Prevesa, Par. ga, Vonitz, and Butrinto, which are situated on the continent, and border on Albania, shall hereafter belong to the Porte, and the Christians of those countries thall be fubje&t to a Turkish commandant, as well as those of Wallachia and Moldavia. The Mahometans thall not be allowed to purchase there any property. The Raja princes of these Ex-Venetian countries Thall be at liberty to rebuild their churches, and for two years they shall be exempt from all impofition, and thall pay hereafter to the Porte only what they before paid to Venice.--Second, as a testimony of the friendship which unites his Majesty the Emperor of Russia ta his Majesty the Ottoman Emperor, and at the same time to show how much the former is interested in the happiness of the Sublime Porte and its allies, he promises to employ his good offices to cause his allies and the other powers, who shall be invited for that purpose, when a general peace takes place, to accept and guaran. tee every thing contained in the 2d, 5th, 7th, and 8th articles of this convention, and every thing that relates to the political exiftence of these islands.
VIII. The present convention shall be ratified within the course of two months. Done at Constantinople, March 21, 1800. (Signeul)
ESSEID IBRAHIM ISMET BEY.
HISTORY OF THE
From the LONDON GAZETTE, May 7, 1800.
Downing Street, May 6. "HE following intelligence, which had been received at Vienna,
has been transmitted from Lord Minto to Lord Grenville, his Majesty's principal Secretary of State for foreign Affairs, in a letter dated April 20.
Accounts have been received from General Melas, dated the 10th inftant.
It had been the General's intention to move forward against Varagio on the oth; but having learnt that the enemy having received a reinforcement of 3000 men, intended to make a vigorous defence in this advantageous position, General Melas halted in consequence, and deferred the attack until the following day; the battle was bloody, a great number of men being killed on both sides; at length the perseverance of his Imperial Majesty's troops was successful; several officers and about 200 inen were made prisoners; among the former were some belonging to the suite of General Massena, who had hastened in person to the scene of action, in the hope that his presence would inspire his troops with additional courage : he led them repeatedly to the charge : the enemy flying in disorder, was pursued as far as Invrea. That part of them which took the road leading along the sea-coast suffered conliderably by the fire of the squadron of his Britannic Majesty. On another side, M. le Comte de Hohenzollern attacked and carried the Bochetta on the gth, making 200 prisoners, with fix pieces of cannon.
In the night between the 7th and 8th Generai Kaim surprised the enemy's posts at Mount Cenis, taking 200 prisoners and fix pieces of cannon, and established himself in that position.
Vienna, April 19. ACCORDING to farther accounts from General Melas, respecting his advancing into the territory of the Genoefe coast, the enemy had intrenched their position on la Torre di Cadibuona in the most advantageous manner, occupied by 3000 men. This position General Melas Vol. X.
ordered the division of Mitrowsky to attack on the 6th inftant, and its conquest would have been difficult had not a battalion of the regiment Neislky, under the command of Major Gertich, undertaken to storm it, which decided the victory in favour of the Austrians. Five pieces of artillery were iken; a chief of brigade, 20 officers, and 2co privates, made prisoners; and it was only owing to the ground being favourable to the enemy, that they succeeded in reaching their second position on Monte Ajuto, whither they fled, notwithstanding the many steep mountains, pursued with incredible swiftness by our brave troops. General Count St. Julien and Major-general Lattermann meanwhile afcended and took Monte Ajuto and Monte Negiro, and the whole of the troops of General St. Julien pursued the enemy on three roads towards Vado and Savona. At the pontion of Monte Negiro, a chief of battalion, 12 offi. cers, and 100 privates were made prisoners, and one cannon and several Imall field-pieces taken.
On the 5th, in the morning, Field-marshal-lieutenant Elsnitz ascended Monte St. Giacomo, and occupied Monte Sette Pani with the brigade of General Ulm.
The enemy having evacuated the fort of Vado in the preceding night, after spiking their cannon, and having fled towards the sea near Nice, Monte Altiflimo and the fort of Vado were occupied by our troops on the fame day, where they found 17 pieces of heavy artillery. General Melas afterwards blockaded the citadel of Savona with the Imperial troops.
On the 8th, the English Adiniral Lord Keith entered the port of Vado, with two fhips of the line, of 74 guns, four cutters, a brig, and eight fhips laden with provisions.
General Mielas having received certain information that the main force of the enemy was ailembled in and near Genoa, he intrusted the blockade of the citadel of Savona io General Elfnitz, and with the rest of his army purtued his march along Nonte Notte and Monte Negiro, in a manner which enabled him to take a position with his left wing, on the Lake near Albizola, and along the rivulet of Rezo, and to fix his head-quarters at Madona di Savona.
General Ott reported to General Melas, that, on the 6th, he had gained some advantages over the enemy at Cornua and Reccio; and that he had driven them from a second position on Monte Capunardo.
Go the following day the aforeiaid General resolved to march to Monte Creto, in order to alift in forcing the Bochetta, which General Count Hohenzollern had undertaken to aitack.'
In the different engagements which have hitherto taken place, the loss of our troops has been inconsiderable.
Besides other prisoners made in the city of Savona, one of the enemy's hospitals, with 350 men, fell into our hands; and General Melas states, thai prisoners are still coming in ; all of whom report that the enemy were unprepared for a formidable atack on that fide, which also appears from the circumstance of several ofiicers being made prisoners on the most impailable mountains, whither they had been sent by the French generals, to learch for a communication with the interior of France, as well as with Nice and Genoa.
'Intelligence has likewise been received here, that two of our regiments have taken by storm the Bochetta, which had hitherto been considered more formidable than a large fortress, and must effect the speedy fall of Genoa. A considerable number of French troops were inade prisoners
there.---The valour of the army under General Melas excites universal admiration. His masterly designs are carried into execution by his troops, though the difficulties should appear insurmountable. The plan of the French for the whole campaign has been disconcerted by his skill
. In the Genoefe the French fought desperately; but all resistance will be in vain, Genoa being entirely blockaded by our troops by land, and bombarded by the English by fea, who are said to have caused considerable damage in that city, by firing red-hot balls. Letters from Milan state, that it has been summoned both by Lord Keith and General Melas,
Italy.- Copy of a Letter from the Office of the Commander in Chief of the Im
perial Army, to the Imperial military Commander in Chief in Upper Auftria, dated Pavid, April 10.
I HASTEN to communicate to you the pleasing intelligence just received from the commanding General, respecting the opening of the campaign by the Imperial army of Italy, by several important victories and a most rapid progress, in the following enclosure:
On the 5th, in the evening, the army was placed in a position, beginning in the district of the Stura, and thence along the Appenines as far as Carcare, which enabled them, at five different points, to contribute to the grand object, viz. to advance into the Riviera di Ponente, and, if poflible, to obtain poffeffion of the city of Genoa, and of the two fortresses, Savona and Vado.
On the 6th, at daybreak, three divisions of the army marched from the camp of Carcare, of which that under F. M. Lieutenant Mitrousky was charged with storming the intrenched position on le Torre di Cadíbuona and Monte Ajuto—while the brigade under General Count St. Julien, which previonfly had been dispatched against Monte Note, to observe the village of Saffello, was charged with making itself master of the advantageous part of Monte Notte. The two divisions, Elfnitz and Morzin, at the same time advanced from the camp of Carcare to Malore, to obtain possession of the avenues of Mount St. Giacomo, and to prepare the attack of that position for the day following, while the brigade of General Ulm was stationed against the mountain of Sette Panni.
The position on la Torre di Cadibuona, advantageously intrenched by the enemy, was attacked at three different points by the three brigades of Buffy, Sticker, and Lattermann, commanded by Ġeneral Count Palffy, during the indisposition of F. M. Lieutenant Mitrousky, and, from the enemy's violent and well-directed cannonade, would have baffled the skill and bravery of our troops for some time, had not a battalion of Reiskey, which was ordered against the right wing of that position, led by excellent officers, succeeded in surrounding it, carrying at the point of the bayonet the outer works, which were kined with a numerous artillery. This unexampled bravery had the happy confequence of causing the other batteries to be carried by similar intrepidity, by which we gained a splendid victory. Four pieces of ordnance, severai small field-pieces, and a considerahle quantity of ammunition, fell into our hands--20 officers and nearly 300 men were made prisoners on the parapets, and only from the ground being particularly favourable to the enemy, they obtained fome advantages in their flight, which, by circuitous routes, and in great confusion, they directed towards the highest precipice of Monte Ajuto,