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by the blackest of affalinations, deprived us of a man whose memory should be dear to all good Frenchmen. Soldiers ! Kleber has dispersed, marching at your head, that cloud of barbarians which Èurope and Asia has just poured out upon Egypt. Kleber, directing your invincible cohorts, has reconquered all Egypt in the space of ten days; Kleber had sorestored the finances of the army, that all the arrears were paid up, and the pay put in a regular course of payment : by the wisest regulations, he reformed the greatest part of the abuses, which were almost inevitable in great governments. The best homage you can pay to the memory of the brave Kleber, is to preserve that bold and imposing attiiude which makes your enemies tremble wherever you direct your courfe ; it is to constrain yourselves to that strict discipline which conftitutes the strength of armies; it is to call to your recollection that you are republicans, and that you ought to how an example of good conduct and of subordination to your chiefs, as you have every where displayed of courage and boldness in battle. Soldiers ! the seniority of rank has conferred on me, for the present, the command of the army. I have nothing to offer you but an unbounded attachment to the republic, to liberty, and to the prosperity of France. I invoke the manes of Kleber, I invoke the genius of Bonaparte, and marching in the çnidit of you, we will labour together for the good of the republic. The army shall be immediately informed of the details of the horrible aflaffination, as well as the proceedings that have taken place for the punishment of the affalfin, and the investigation of his accomplices.

(Signed) ABD. J. MENQU.

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Sentence poffed by the military Commission, held by Order of General

Menou, on the Agassin of the Commander in Chief Kleber, and his Accomplices.

In the name of the French republic. IN the 8th year of the French republic, and on the roth of June, in the house occupied by Reynier, General of Division, the following officers, assembled by order of General Menou, Commander in Chief of the army of the Ealt, &c. &c. proceeded to a definitive sentence on the assassination committed the 14th init. on the person of the General in Chief, Kleber. After reading the order, authorizing the commision to proceed in its inquiries, the reporter read the charge, and the different pieces both for and against the accused Soleyman el Alepi, Seid Abdoul Kadir el Gazi, Mohhammed el Gazi, Abdallah el Gazi, Achmed el:Ouali, and Mohhammed Effendi.

The prisoners were then brought before the court, without irons, and accompanied by those who had undertaken their de


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The doors of the commission were thrown open, and the fitting made public.

The prisoners being interrogated by the President, through the medium of Citizen Brachwich, the interpreter, persisted in the same avowal of their guilt which they had made in the course of preceding examinations. They were then conducted back to prison; and the hall being cleared, the opinions of the members of The commission were taken respectively, beginning with those of an inferior rank. They were all unanimously declared guilty, and the commission unanimously decided on inflicting on them the kind of punishment adopted in the country for the greatest crimes. Soleyman el Alepi was condemned to have his right hand burnt off, to be afterwards impaled, and to suffer his body to remain in that state to be devoured by the birds of prey. Seid Abdoul Kadir el Gazi was sentenced to capital punilhment, and his goods to be confiscated to the use of the French republic. The others were condemned to have their heads cut off, and exposed at the place of execution.

[The proceedings of the commission are signed by the members.]

The General in Chief, Menou, to the French Army of the East.

Head-quarters at Cairo, 3 Mesidor, June 22. GENERALS, officers, sub-officers, and soldiers, the whole truth ought to be known to you.---It follows: The French government having learned, in the year 6, that the enemies of the republic formed projects for taking possession of the island of Malta and of Egypt, resolved to anticipate them. The interests of the commerce of the Levant, the profits of which amounted annually to near 50,000,000, imperiously required this measure. The expedition to Malta was ordered. Its direction was intrusted to Bonaparte. It was arranged, that, at the same moment the army sailed, a French ambassador should proceed to Conftantinople, to inform the Grand Seignior of the motives for the invasion of Egypt. By a fatality, the cause of which cannot be conjectured, the ambassador was not sent to Constantinople, and the Grand Seignior was not informed of the motives of the govern. ment. Our enemies, the Russians and the English, took advantage, with address, of this circumstance, and forced the Grand Seignior to enter into the coalition, which, for several years, has combated against our revolution and our liberty. Turkish armies, directed by the English, landed at Aboukir and Damietta. You -drove them into the sea; another army, commanded by the Grand Vizier in person, advanced through Syria. Negotiations were commenced ; a capitulation, upon which I do not permit myself to make any reflection, was concluded. You know with what



perfidy it was broken ; you recollect with what indignation you learned that they wished to make you prisoners of war, as if you had lost two or three battles, while, on the contrary, you were every where triumphant. The Ottoman army advanced. You attacked it at Matharich and Heliopolis ; it was dispersed in a

Some remains of that horde threw themselves into Cairo; you were obliged to lay siege to that town, and it capitulated after a month's blockade. You know by what a horrible crime a chief, whose memory you all respect, was torn from you. They could not overcome you in battle ; your enemies, therefore, had recourse to the dagger, believing that by this black transaction they would disorganize the army of the republic. They knew not that the assassination of Kleber would only serve to redouble your enterprise and courage. Should all the hosts of the East be collected against you, you will avenge in their blood that of your general. But what shall henceforth direct our conduct ? What is to dictate to us what we are to do? That only which has the right to do so, the government of the French republic. It is to it only that belongs the right to ratify or to reject what has already been concluded, and all that can take place between the French army and the powers at war with us. All those (and I am certain that is all of you), all those, I say, that would only hear the voice of honour and attachment to the national interest, are sensible that there can exist no other way, legally and honourably, to conclude a treaty with our enemies. If I only consulted my private interest ; if I forgot for an instant that I am a Frenchman ; if I preferred for an instant my private interest to the good of the public, I would instantly return to my country. But no, brave republicans ! neither you nor I are such persons: the interest only of the republic directs us; we have only to fight and to conquer. If negotiation should be proposed, we shall hear the propositions that are to be made ; but no treaty can be executed that is not ratified by our government. You all know Bonaparte ; he who so many times conducted you to victory! It is he, in the quality of the First Consul, who ought to direct your conduct ; he knows all, and placed in the centre, he will inform us of the national will. I speak to you the language of truth ; I never knew any other. In following the examples of Bonaparte and of Kleber, I endeavour to merit your esteem. I do not pass an instant without being occupied about you, without seeking to do something useful for you. Kleber had commenced to re-establish the finances; I shall endeavour to finish his work. Henceforth the soldier shall be duly provided for ; the arrears shall be paid. I shall endeavour to destroy every abuse; but recollect, thai an instant may occasion an evil which a long time is necessary to repair. Obedience to the chiefs of every rank, exact discipline, and moral conduct, are what I demand of


the army, and what I have a right to require from it. This I shall uncealingly repeat to you: but we are republicans, and we ought to have the virtues of republicans. One day, when we shall have returned to our country, we thull glory in having belonged to an expedition which now pollelis so great a weight in the poliucal balance of the universe.


Letter sent by the French General to the Senate of Franckfort, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL Brunneteau St. Suzanne orders

Adjutant-general Lacroix to proceed to Franckfort, to demand of the magistrates the sum of 801,000 livres, as an indemnification granted to the troops of Mentz, who effected their retreat through that city. These 800,000 livres must be paid within six hours, viz. 400,cco livres in cath, and 400,000 livresin cloth, linen, leather, shoes, and lead. The city of Franckfort thall likewise be obliged, within the fame period, to furnith all the implements necessary for two bridges of boats. These orders shall be carried into execution with the utmost rigour.

Done in the head-quarters under the walls of Franckfort, 18

Meflidor (July 7), the 8th year of the French republic, one and indivifible.

July 12. Our senate has firmly refused to comply with the demands of ihe French, as also to the proposal for renewing the neutrality, Nothing has been granted them but the necellaries wanted ime: diately by their troops, which already has caused an expense of between 39 and 40,000 florins. In ready money they have not received any thing, not even the present usually given on those occasions.

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· The Minister ut War to the Prefeits and Generals, Citizens, !1

Paris, July 7 TIE Fira Conful, in the name of peace, requested your ut

molt folicitude with regard to the departure of the conscripts, ho have not obeyed the voice of honour.

When, before the opening of the campaign, the First Conful proposed peace jo several powers, those powers, then elated by Tome advantages they had gained, withed doublefs to make a luft effort in order to profit by their momentary success, or ar least 10 try, what a new government could effect.

Now that this governinent has received, in so Short an interval, that conformation which other governments have required ages to


obtain ; now while Europe beholds the pledges of its force and its wisdom; while victory and fortune crown its efforts; while victorious armies defend it, and repeated declarations of assent from the whole nation had confecrated it, these same powers will surely not reject a peace which is offered to them anew, on conditions which their reverses have not rendered more severe. Should, however, the obstinacy of the vanquished disregard the moderation of the victors; should, notwithstanding the cries of iheir people, these deluded governments not yet be tired of remaining in the pay of a power which traffics in the blood of men and the miseries of all nations, for the purpose of her own aggrandizement ; should they venture to prolong hostilities from which she alone profits, a last effort must be made, and we must conmand that peace which we now offer.

It is necessary that the enemy should know that this blow is about to be struck; it is necetsary that they thould choose either peace, or a terrible and decisive irruption. A second army of reserve is organizing at the same place whence the first took its departure. Old corps are allembling there, tried warriors command them, and young conscripts crowd to join them from all parts of France, where honour, a love of national independence, and a desire of peace, are not empty words. They glow with the will of joining their brethren, whom glorious achieveinents have already placed on a level with the ancient favourites of victory. They are eager to contribute to the termination of the war, to see service, and to aslift in some grand exploit, that they may not one day have occasion to blush in the company of those heroes who will people our communes.

Generals and Prefects! cite this example to those youths whom a shameful indolence and unpardonable indifference, more than a dread of arms, Nill retain in their habitations. The French youth is entirely warlike ; to arouse them, it is sufficient merely to talk of dangers and glory. In the army, every conscript soon becomes a veteran. The regret of quitting his family is the sole sentiment which stops him. Inspire a more powerful sentiment, the love of country, and these same young men will no longer think but of returning victorious.

They will return, and peace will accompany their steps ; it is already' more than half conquered. One effort more, if it be necellary ; it will be short and easy, if it be bur general ; it will be rendered unnecellary, if we are seen in an attitude to make it; and the hands which still wield the sword will drop it, in order to fign a treaty of friendship. I salute you.

(Signed) CARNOT,

Vol. X.



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