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The Minister at War to the General commanding the fourth military
Paris, July 24. IT is the desire of the Chief Consul, Citizen General,
that the Russians, thrown into our hands by the fate of war, should be treated with the attention particularly due to unfortunate bravery. You will, in concert with the Commissaire Ordonnateur, take care that they shall have reason to praise the conduct of the French towards them. The Ruffian officers are the object of the special confideration of the Chief Consul. Their bravery, their loyalty, the delicacy of their behaviour in the places where they are detained, merit his esteem for them.
He wishes to give them a proof of this distinction, by authorizing them to come to Paris, and to reside there as long as they choose. He is desirous also that they should be informed that he will see them with pleasure. This favour, never before granted to a whole body of officers who have been prisoners of war, is a mark of homage paid to national virtue. I request, Citizen Ceneral, you will communicate my letter to the Ruffian officers detained within your division; and in order to have passports delivered to those who may wish to take advantage of the permission given to them by the Chief Consul, they may apply at the office for prisoners of war.
A true copy
The Confuls of the Republic to the Minister of Marine.
July 24. THE HE Consuls cannot perceive without concern, Citizen
Minister, that several vessels of the Brest fleet have been disarmed; and that at a moment in which more than ever it was efsential to complete the organization of our fleet, we have suffered ourselves to be discouraged by the first difficulties which have prefented themselves.
It is at a moment in which the continental war absorbs the principal resource of the nation, and the principal attention of government, that the ministers of the marine, the admirals, and the administrators, ought to redouble their courage, and to surmount every obstacle.
Cause an inquiry to be made into the conduct of those administrators, or officers, who have ordered the disarming of the four vessels which have quitted the road, and gone into the harbour, and of those who would have authorized the dismissal of the sailors. Such operations could not be legal without the special order of government,
Take measures that sailors may be raised at the same time on all our coasts, and that also our ships may be equipped, and stored with every thing necessary for their navigation. The French people wish for a marine. It eagerly wishes for it: it will make all the necessary facrifices, that its with may be gratified.
Keep a just but ftri&t eye upon all your officers, and upon the different branches of the administration. It is time that dilapidations should be put an end to. Dismiss those persons who have long been too clearly pointed out by public opinion as participating in fraudulent transactions. Since the law cannot reach them, let us deprive them at least of the power of doing injury. In the course of Fructidor, if circumstances permit it, the First Conful will go to visit the fleet at Brest. Take care that he may have nothing to do but bestow eulogiums on the minister and principal agents of government. The Confuls will make known to the French people, the officers and the administrators who have serve ed with zeal, and will point out to the public opinion those who by a culpable apathy shall have appeared unworthy of it.
Rewards shall be adjudged to the ship which shall be best conducted, and the crew of which shall be beft disciplined.
Order the commander of the squadron at Brest, as well as all the other commanders and captains of ships, to remain conftantly on board, to feep in their vessels, and to exercise their crews with increased activity. Establish prizes for the young feamen who Thall most distinguish themselves by their exertions, and for the gunners who shall fire most correctly. Let not a day pass without their exercising themselves at firing at marks on the coast, and in the open sea. (Signed) BONAPARTE, First Consul.
H. B. Maret, Secretary of State.
Order of the 25th July. The Consuls of the Republic to the Minister of Marine and of Colonies. GOVERNMENT had given orders, Citizen Minister, that
the frigates should leave the bason of Dunkirk, and should repair to Flushing to finish arming.
There has been no such thing done ; all the frigates have remained in the road of Dunkirk, and no measures have been taken for the security of these ships, and particularly not to place them in Cafety from fire-ships : and yet there were in the port, gunboats and other small arıned vessels, which a little vigilance and Zeal might have sent into the road.
Government have learnt that petty rivalry between the ordi. nator, the commandant at arms, and the commandant of the coad, has been the cause of a negligence thus prejudicialThey
are aware how often this rivalry has been in the navy fatal to the service.
Issue immediately orders to arrest at Dunkirk, the chief of the administration, the officer commanding in the port, the captain of La Desirée, and all the officers and mates who were on duty at the time this frigate was surprised : you will send them to Paris, to take their trial, and will take care that the service does not suf. fer by their absence. (Signed)
The Chief Conful to the Prefect of the Department of La Vendée.
Paris, 7th Thermidor (July 26). I
HAVE been informed, Citizen Prefect, of the orderly conduct
observed by the inhabitants of Noirmoutier, Cresniere, Baratre, and Beauvoir, in the different attempts at invasion made by the English. I have not been left unacquainted, that those yery persons who have been most strangely milled by the civil war are those who have evinced the most zealous and intrepid attachment to the present government.
Select twelve from amongst the inhabitants who have most conspicuously distinguished themselves upon these occasions, and send them to Paris, accompanied by the officer of gendarmerie who guards them bither. It is my wish that the inhabitants of the metropolis should behold them, and that on their return they bear with them unequivocal marks of the approbation of the French people.
If there be priests among those who have taken a conspicuous part, send them to me before any others; for I love and esteem the priests who have approved themselves good Frenchmen, and who have zeal to defend their country against those eternal enemies of the French name, those inveterate heretics, the English.
I salute you. (Signed)
BONAPARTE. (Underligned) H. B. MARET, Sec.
The Chief Conful to General Jourdan.
5th Thermidor (26th July). THE government thought themselves bound to beltow a mark
of distinction on the conqueror of Fleurus. They knew that it was not your fault if you were not among the victors of Marengo. The Confuls entertain no doubt, Citizen General, that you will display, in the million intrusted to you, that
moderate and conciliatory disposition which alone can render the French nation agreeable to its neighbours. I salute you.
The Minister at War to General Bonaparte, First Conful of the
Republic. Citizen Consul,
July 27th. THE General of Brigade, Grigney, commanding in the depart
ment of the Lower Loire, has given me a very satisfactory account of the political fituation of that country. He announces, that the government unites the affections of all in that district ; that union and internal peace resume, from day to day, a more Itable empire ; in fine, that the enemies of order in vain attempt to foment new disturbances.
He has given me, at the same time, Tome details respecting the last appearance of the English upon the coasts of La Vendée. Ha observes that the inhabitants of Noirmoutier, and those of Barbatre and Beauvois, who formerly distinguished themselves under the standard of revolt, have given on this occasion a striking proof of attachment to the republic, by braving the fire of the enemy's batteries, and by making gi prisoners, even before the arrival of the troops of the line.
General Grigney thinks that a letter of satisfaction on your part, Citizen Consul, on the courageous conduct of these citizens, would produce a very salutary effect upon the minds of The inhabitants of the West.
I of consequence subjoin the following sketch of a letter for your approbation
Health and respect.
The Prefect of La Vendée to the Minister at War, dated Fontenaye le
Peuple, July 3. Citizen Minifter, Í HAVE this inftant received news that 12 English gun-boats
have effected a new debarkation on the side of Fromentin.
The inhabitants of Cresniere, Barbatre, and Beauvois, the persons employed in the custom houses, and the gendarmerie, marched towards the place attacked. Eight gun-boats had not time to get but again to sea : they remained on the Gona, and our troops having attacked them, made 195 men prisoners, of whom 45 are at Beauvois, and 1 go at Barbatre.
I have not yet received any full details. When I receive them, I shall have the honour to communicate them.
Health and respect.
LEFAUCHEUX. VOL. X.
Decree of the 27th July. THE Consuls of the republic decrce:
Art. 1. All the Piedmontese citizens, Cisalpines, and Tuscans, who were conducted to France last year, have liberty to return home.
Decree of the fame Day. The Consuls of the republic, on the report of the Minister of Justice, decree :'
Art. 1. The commission established by virtue of the decree of the 27th last Ventose, relative to the erasing individuals inscribed on the list of emigrants, is prorogued to the ist Vendemiaire, 9th year (22d Sept.): the members are to be rained bythe Minister of State.
Substance of the Proclamation of Masena published at Milan". SCARCEL Y has the French army, led by the Chief Conful
, delivered you from the presence of your enemies, when attempts are made to alarm you respecting the future. You are cold of a new coalition, and of the speedy arrival of the Russians. The perfidious wretches who circuate these rumours only try to abuse the confidence you repose in them. If you but attend to the present posture of things, you must see that peace ought to be looked upon as inevitable. At the restoration of peace, the most ardent wilhes of the French government will be accomplished for the tranquillization of Europe, and in particular for your happi. ness.
The General of Division Monnier to M. the Baron De Mylius,
Lieutenant-general in the Service of his Majesty the Emperor, Commandant of Ancona and Tuscany.
Head quarters at Cefenne, Monsieur Lieutenant-general,
July 28. A CONSIDER ABLE corps of brigands, formed into a regiment,
wearing an uniform, and coming out of Tuscany, has pene. trated into the Cisalpine territory, and invaded the two communes
After the armistice was made public, General Maslena set out for Pied. nont. He was there to review the woopi, and by means of his prelence to give fresh force to the proclamation which he had addrelled to the Pred. montese. Previous to his departure he caused two new proclamations to be illued at Milan. The first establithed the free circulation of commodities in Piedmont and the Cisalpine. The object of the second was to repel and refute fome anti-republican infinuations which a certain party was anxious to circulate. In the latter proclamation is to be ubien ved the above jollage.