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intentions of Government, and take every measure for their prompt execution.
Propositions made by Lord Minto, the English Ambassador, to the
Emperor of Germany *. THE English ambassador proposes, should the Emperor con
tinue the war, to maintain in Italy an army of 35,000 fighting men of English chosen troops, under the command of General Abercrombie, and which shall remain there till a general peace.
2. To attack the islands of Zealand with a numerous body of troops, and to proclaim the Stadtholder there. After making the conquest of it, to keep an army there, which shall continually menace Holland and Belgium, and thus force the French government to keep a considerable force constantly in that country. 3.
To the House of Austria a new and very considerable subsidy, under the title of a loan, on the most advantageous conditions ; besides which, England would pay an arıny of '50,000 Austrians for twelve months.
Decree of the Consuls, 16th Auguft. THE HE Consuls of the republic, in pursuance of the report of the
Minister of General Police, and after hearing the reasons assigned by the Council of State, decree :
Art. 1. The passports or letters of safe conduct granted by the ministers and other diplomatic agents of the allied and neutral powers, whether granted to individuals not belonging to their nation, or to Frenchmen naturalized in the dominions of those powers since the 14th of July 1789, shall not be admitted into France.
2. The persons described in the preceding article are prohibited from entering the territory of the republic, under the penalty of being treated as contumacious, or as emigrants.
3. All foreigners actually in France, by virtue of passports delivered to them by a minister or agent of an allied or neutral power, and who are placed in the case described in the firft article of the present decree, are bound to prove between this time and the ist of September, by the certificates of the minifter or agent
* These details rest upon the authority of letters from Vienna. They were published in several Paris journals in the beginning of Auguft; but the Editor does not pledge hiinself for their authenticity.
of their nation resident in France, that they are of the nation in the name of which such pallports have been granted.
4. Every foreigner who is placed in the case described in the first article, and who may not conforin to the above-mentioned regulations, shall be arretted, and conducted out of the territory of the republic.
5. Every individual, a native of France, and actually in France, by virtue of a foreign passport, shall be bound, for the purpose of enabling him to continue his residence, to provide himself within the space of three days for Paris, and of two decades for the departments, with the express license of the Minister of General Police, under the penalty of being arraigned as an emigrant.
Official Report of Captain Krabbe, of the Danish Frigate Freya, relative to the late Engagement of that Ship with an English Frigate, and the Detention of the Vesels under Convey; published at Copenhagen,
under the Date of August 19. CAPTAIN Krabbe, who commands the frigate Freya, has in
formed the Board of Admiralty, by two reports, dated from the Dawns the 26th and 28th uli. that on the 25th of the said month, at two o'clock in the afternoon, he fell in, at the mouth of the Channel, with four English frigates, a brig, and a lugger. At four o'clock, the foremost English frigate, whose arrival he awaited, came up with him. Having taken her station alongside his ship, the 'sent an officer on board, who, after the usual questions respecting the destination of the Danish frigate, and the number of thips she had under convoy, left the former, and returned on board the English frigate which kept rather aftern of the rest. She returned, however, very soon, and sent an officer on board the Freya, who desired to search the convoy. Captain Krabbe replied, that, without acting contrary to his instructions, he could not allow the convoy to be searched, but offered to lay all the ships' papers before the commander of the British ships. But the English officer persisted in the name of the commodore, in his demand of searching the convoy, which was perempturily refused. The English officer left the Danish frigate, and the English frigate stood for the convoy, which received the signal from the Freya to close up as well as they could. In the mean while another English frigate made up to the Freya, and fired with ball on a ship of the convoy. This thot was returned, but in such a direction that the ball went over the English frigate.
About eight o'clock in the evening the commodore of the English squadron laid his ship alongside of the Freya, and repeated his demand that the convoy should be searched without opposition; and he was going to execute this measure, and to send boats for
that purpose on board the merchantmen ; but Captain Krabbe assured bim, as he did before, that this proceeding was diametrically opposite to his instructions, and that the boats would be fired at.
The English commodore, persisting in his demand, ordered his boat to proceed to the ship of the convoy which lay nearest. Captain Krabbe ordered accordingly the boat to be fired at ; but the gun flashed, and the shot had no effect.
The English commodore, whose ship lay nearly abreast of the Freya, at the diítance of about the fourth part of a cable’s length, gave her a full broadside, which was instantaneously returned; three of the other English frigates lay at the time rather ahead of the Freya, on her larboard quarter, about two cables length distant, and one was aftern of the Danish frigate, which was now engaged with them. Captain Krabbe having sustained the unequal combat for an hour, and being deprived of all hopes to come off victorious, on account of the decided superiority of his opponents, struck his colours. The English commodore made thereupon for the Downs, with the frigate as well as the convoy ; but Captain Krabbe was brought on board the English commodore's thip, where he remained until the 26th, when, by order of the English admiral who commands in the Downs, he was sent back on board the Freya, to draw up the reports of what had happened. The Freya is lying in the Downs, alongside of the English admiral's thip, and has, by order of the English admiral, the Danish flag and pendant hoisted. She has on board two English officers and 13 men, who are not armed.
Captain Krabbe has demanded, that either these Englishmen should be withdrawn from on board the Freya, or his frigate taken poffeffion of by the English ; but on the 28th he had not received any answer. Captain Krabbe has been constantly allowed a free intercourse with the thore, but the ships of the con. voy do not experience the same indulgence.
The Freya has two men killed, and five wounded, two of them badly, and thirty Thots in the hull. The foremast and mizenmart are much damaged, and great part of the rigging is destroyed.
By the account of the English officers, the above English frigates are the Nemesis, of 28 guns; Prevoyante, of 36 guns; Terpsichore, of 32 guns ; and Arrow, of 20 guns, including carronades, with which the English at the beginning of the engageinent did considerable damage to the rigging of the Freya, and prevented her from making any rapid manoeuvres.
The damage received by the English frigates is, in the opinion of Captain Krabbe, as considerable as that sustained by the Freya. They are said to have five men killed and several wounded, among whom is an officer of marines.
Observations on France and Austria. IT was under circumstances nearly similar, and by the same
personages, that the preliminaries of Leoben were regulated in 1797. At that period all the journals of the continent proclaimed Bonaparte the pacificator of Europe, the friend of humanity. Their misguided blessings were applied even to those who meditated the greatest divisions or the newest conquests. Philanthropists, who so easily chase from your memory the image of so many cruel profcriptions, in order to shudder at the idea of a soldier, do you expect a more just, more moral, more folid peace, than that of Campo Formio? With regard to Austria, would it abandon to confusion the fine countries in the south of Italy to indemnify itself elsewhere? Do you not fe 'jealousies arise, and prepare serious and long quarrels? Do you not see in the proclamations of that Consul, described in his own journals as so moderate, those revolutionary lights which throw a terrifying radiance round his real intentions? Do you not see that all the treaties he negotiates are filled with nought but clauses productive of future wars? In vain will you trust to the tranquillity which Europe seems on the point of enjoying. It cannot be called repose. It is the fortuitous equilibrium of a moment. The war will soon be revived. We have often said it would be fatal. We can only repeat what we have so often said—What! have we every thing to fear, and nothing but fatal truths to predict ?--As the state of peace appears near, we will in the first piace direct our confiderations to that object, and will develope them in our next number.
The greatest obstacle that opposes itself to the good understanding between the powers of Europe and France, proceeds from the spirit of profelytism which characterizes its republican government: its First Consul and its ministers incessantly proclaim that the revolution is finished ; that France, wearied of her convulsions, desres only to live in peace under her new laws, without troubling her neighbours. Some believe it, others pretend to believe it; it is generally repeated, and that dangerous error has made great progress. In fact, since Bonaparte has governed, his conduct in many respects has afforded the hope of his political conversion. It is supposed that what he has hitherto done is but a prelude to a better order of things. But we must correct this opinion now that we see him pursuing the vulgar route of his predecessors. We cannot say whether Bonaparte will throw himself into the arms of revolutionists, or whether he has genius sufficient to subdue them. In order to judge, we must consider the characters of the two men who direct them, the most prominent of whom is Carnot; his pamphlet against Bailleul has obtained him the confidence of the public. It is remeinbered that Carnot, fructidorized by his colleagues, has neither abjured his directorial
maxims, maxims, nor even the grand principle of the Committee of Public Safety : a Director of the French republic was, in his eye, the first man in the world, and he could not console hiinself for having failed, on one occasion, of revolutionizing all America. The intimate connexion of Bonaparte with men of that stamp is not all. If we refer to his speeches, we trace the man who kissed the foot of the Pope while he was despoiling him, and who profe!Ted the religion of Mahomet, and wrote to his friend that it was necessary io lull fanaticisin in order more easily to extirpate it ; who proposed to the Grand Vizier a treaty for the evacuation of Egypt, while he was giving instructions to Kleber to maintain himself. It was only to deliver the people of Italy from the Austrian yoke, to establish the dethroned princes, and to bruit abroad French justice, that he descended the Alps at the head of the army of reserve. When the victory of Marengo had put the fate of Ítaly in his hands, he declared in a folemn speech pronounced at Milan, that Lombardy, Liguria, and Piedmont thould form only one republic, preparing thus the melting down of these ridiculous governments, which he had modelled under directorial France, and taking from the King of Sardinia his states to aggrandize the republic which he wishes to place between the Emperor and the sovereigns of Italy. His views on Egypt are not abandoned. The fainous convention of El-Arisch has been more censured at Paris than in London *.
Note from the Ministers of several neutral Powers, at Ratisbon, 19
General Moreau, respecting the Contributions imposed upon that
Pruflia, Denmark, and Sweden, their plenipotentiaries to the Diet, have the honour, at the request of the deputies from the free Imperial city of Ratisbon, of addressing the General in Chief of the French army by the present letter, to atteft and corroborate all that the deputies of that city, conjointly with the deputation from the clergy, will have the honour of representing to hiin, respecting the inability of paying the contribution which has been imposed upon the city. They can attest, that the city of Ratisbon contains only froin 18 to 19,000 inhabitants, a third part of whom only pay contributions, and are under the jurisdiction of the magistrates. Among these there are only 800 burghers with their families, and about 1000 inhabitants without any
* The above observations are extracted from the Courier de Londres of August the sth.