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French Convention with several German Princes.
9th Vendemiaire, 9th Year of the
Republic (14 Oct. 1800). BONAPARTE, First Consul of the republic, having feeń
the convention concluded at Aschaffenbourg, between General Augereau, General in Chief of the Batavian army, and the hereditary Prince of Isembourg, the 28th-of last Fructidor, approves that the said convention should be executed according to its tenour; in consequence, he decrees,
Art. I. The states and poffeffions of the Prince and Counts of I fembourg shall enjoy the benefit of the neutrality.
II. The states and possessions of the Counts of. Weteravia, and particularly thofe of the Landgrave of Hesse-Hombourg, of th Prince of Anhalt-Bernbourg-Haym, of the Prince of NassauUlingen, of the Prince of Nassau-Weilbourg, of the Prince of Neuwied, of the Prince of Wiedrunkel, and those of the Princes and Counts of the names of Solms, of Stolberg, of Wittgenstein, and of Wester bourg, shall be alike treated as neu. tral countries.
HII. The Minister of War fhall take care of the execution of the present decree*.
The First Consul.
* The Moniteur of the 29th Nov. contains the following observations: "Some persons having seen in the foreign journals copies of treaties con. cluded by General Augereau with several princes on the right bank of the Rhine, and not having found them in the official journal, have entertained doubts respecting the authenticity of these publications of the German ga
We are confidently assured that General Augereau was authorized to treat with those princes; that he has really treated with them, and that his conventions have been fully approved by government. It is, nevertheles, true, that only one of them has received the formal ratification and lig. nature of the First' Consul; it is that made with Prince Isembourg, who is also director of the college of the counts of Weteravia. It is perhaps in tris his character of prince, perhaps also on the priority of his accommocation, that this distinction is founded. But as all the princes of this country, whose inhoftility has been verified by General Augercau, are in the lame situation as Prince Isembourg, and as all had the recommendation of the court of Berlin in their favouri which still more determined the benevolence of the government, the Fire Consul has regarded the neutrality granted to the Prince. Director of the college of the counts of Weteravia, as one granted in common to all the members of this college; and we find, that this extended construction has authorized General Augereau to delic fer to each of them a diploma of individual ratification, although, in fact, there is only one which is a general one, viz, the above."
Treaty of Peace concluded by General Augereau with the two reign
ing Princes of Wied. THE HE First Consul of the French republic, considering that
the principalities of Wied-Neuwied and Wiedrunkel have withdrawn their contingents from the army of the Empire, and that they have observed a strict neutrality during the present war, and that, on this account, they ought to enjoy the advantages which the treaty of Baile secures to all states of the Empire fulfilling these conditions; and, lastly, that the said princi: palities have constantly opposed the armaments in mass, as well as the affemblies of emigrants Citizen Augereau, General in Chief of the army of Batavia, authorized by the French government to treat with the sovereign states of Germany, on one part, and the Counsellors Hachenberg and Cramer, provided with full powers by the Princes of Wied-Neuwied and Wiedrunkel, on the other part, have concluded the following articles
1. There shall reign friendship and good understanding between the French republic and the Princes of Wied-Neuwied and Wiedrunkel.
II. The countries of Wied-Neuwied and Wiedrunkel, with all the possessions thereto belonging, shall be treated by the generals commanding the armies of the French republic, and those of her allies, as in friendship with the republic, in the same manner as the territories of Prussia and of the Landgrave of Hefle-Caffel.
111. In consequence of the preceding article, the generals commanding the French armies, and those of the allies of the republic, fhall exempt the territories of Wied-Neuwied and Wiedrunkel, from all requifitions, contributions, and military burdens. The troops by which they are now occupied shall evacuate them immediately.
IV. Should the military operations make it necessary for the French troops to march through or to make a stay in these countries, the generals commanding the armies of the French republic and those of her allies, tall not demand any article whatever, without having previously made the necessary arrangements with the governments of those countries respecting the wants of the armies. These governments will only have to furnish such articles to the army as a loan to the French government, reserving to themselves the right of deinanding payment from the French government, or the commanders of the army.
V. The French government promises to the Princes of WiedNeuwied and Wiedrunkel its intercellion, on a general peace of the Empire.
VI. In their commercial relations, the inhabitants of the countries of Neuwied and Wiedrunkel shall be treated by the French republic in the most friendly manner, and as far as the laws of the republic allow it.
VII. The laid principalities, in return, engage to pay to the French republic the fun of 30,000 francs, in three terms of one month each. The first third thall be paid on the day of the signing of the present treaty. And,
VIII. The present treaty shall immediately be laid before the First Consul, for his ratification. (Signed)
Prince of Neuwied
Prince of Wiedrunkel.
30th Vendemiaire, year 9 (O&ober 22, 1800).
Armistice in Italy.
Castiglione, Sept. 29. M. COUNT de Hohenzollern, Lieutenant-general of the
armies of his Majesty the Emperor, on one part, and Citizen Marmont, counsellor of state, and general of division, commander in chief of the army of Italy, on the other part, furnished with full powers by their respective generals in chief, have agreed to the following articles-
1. There shall be between the two armies an armistice of fortyfive days, from the 20th of September, including fifteen days notice,
II. The generals in chief not having agreed respecting the poffeffion of the Polesine of Ferrara, a courier shall be immedi.
ately sent to Vienna. Should the answer be conformable to the | demands of the General in Chief Brune, the new line thall be
occupied immediately afterwards. Should the answer be contrary, the French will, from that moment, have the power to denounce the armistice, and in fifteen days afterwards hostilities may recommence. III. The Austrian army shall occupy by posts, Ponti Menzen
bano, Borghetto, and Coito (on the right side of the Mincio; between Mantua and Peschiera); the French army occupy, on its fide, Ponte Saint Marco, Caieinafo, Montichiero, and AzoJo, on the left side of the Chiefal. There shall be no intrenched works made upon the different points on either fide.
The two armies shall continue to draw their subsistence from the Mantuan and Brescian. (Signed)
Treaty of Amily
and Commerce between his Majesty the King of
Prusia and the United States of America. HIS IS Majesty the King of Prusia, and the United States of
America, defiring to maintain on a stable and permanent footing, the connexions of good understanding, which have hitherto so happily fubfisted between their respective states, and for this purpose to renew the Treaty of Amity and Commerce concluded between the two powers, at the Hague, on the 10th of September 1785, for the term of ten years, his Pruslian Majesty has nominated and constituted as his plenipotentiaries, the Count Charles Williain de Finkenstein, his minister of state, of war, and of the cabinet, knight of the orders of the Black Eagle and of the Red Eagle, and commander of that of St. John of Jerusalem ; the Baron Philip Charles d'Alvensleben, his minister of state, of war, and of the cabinet, knight of the orders of the Black Eagle and of the Red Eagle, and that of St. John of Jerusalem ; and the Count Christian Henry Curt de Haugwitz, his minister of state, of war, and of the cabinet, knight of the orders of the Black Eagle and of the Red Eagle ; and the President of the United States has furnished with their full powers, John Quincy Adams, a citizen of the United States, and their minister plenipotentiary at the court of his Pruslian Majesty :
Which plenipotentiaries, after having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have concluded, settled, and signed the following articles :
Art. I. There shall be in future, as there has been hitherto, a firm, inviolable, and universal peace, a fincere friendship, bec tween his Majesty the King of Prullia, his heirs, successors, and subje&s, on the one part, and the L'nited States of America, and iheir citizens, on the other, without exception of persons or places.
II. The subjects of his Majesty the King of Prussia may fre- . quent all the coasts and countries of the United States of America, and reside and trade there, in all sorts of produce, manufactures, and merchandise, and shall pay there no other or greater duties, charges, or fees whatsoever, than the most favoured nations are or thall be obliged to pay. They shall also enjoy, in navigation and commerce, all the rights, privileges, and exemptions, which the most favoured nation does or shall enjoy, submitting themselves, nevertheless, to the eltablished laws and usages, to which are submitted the citizens of the United States and the most fayoured nations.
II. In like manner the citizens of the United States of America may frequent all the coasts and countries of his Majesty the King of Prullia, and reside and trade there, in all sorts of produce, manufactures, and merchandise, and shall pay in the doiniVol. X. d