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The moft interesting SPEECHES and MOTIONS; accurate
Copies of the most remarkable LETTERS and PAPERS;
of the most material EVIDENCE, PETITIONS, &c.

laid before and offered to the House,

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LONDON:
Printed for J. DEBRETT, opposite BURLINGTON HOUSE,

PICCADILLY.

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HISTORY

OF THE

PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES

OF THE

HOUSE OF COMMONS,

In the SIXTH SESSION of the

Seventeenth Parliament of GREAT BRITAIN,

Appointed to be holden at WESTMINSTER,

On THURSDAY, the 25th of OCTOBER, 1790.

1

Thursday, 2915 October. A MESS

MESSAGE from His Majesty was delivered by Sir Francis Molyneux, Gentleman Uther of the Black Rod :

Mr. Speaker, The King commands this honourable House to attend His Majesty immediately in the House of Peers.

Accordingly, Mr. Speaker, with the House, went up to attend His Majesty ; and being returned,

Mr. SPEAKER acquainted the House, that in pursuance of the directions of an act of the 24th of his present Majesty, he had issued his warrants, during the recess, to the Clerk of the Crown, to make out new writs for the election of several Members to serve in Parliament.

A bill for the more effectual preventing Clandestine Outlawries, was read the first time.

Refolved, That this bill be read a second time.
Vol. XLIII.

B

Mr. SPEAKER reported, that the House had attended His Majesty in the House of Peers, where His Majesty was pleased to make a most gracious (pcech from the throne to both Houses of Parliament; of which, Mr. Speaker said, he had, to prevent mistakes, obtained a copy, which he read to the House, and is as followeth; viz.

My Lords, and Gentlemen, IT is a great satisfaction to me to reflect, that, notwithstanding the many events unfavourable to the common cause, the prospect resulting from the general situation of affairs has, in many important reSpecks, buen materially improved in the course of the present year.

In Italy, the threatened invasion of the French has been prevented; and they have been driven back from a considerable part of the line of cocit which they had occupied : there is also reafon to hope that the recent operations of the Austrian armies have checked the progress which they have mude on the side of Germany, and frufirated the offenfive projects wrich they were pursuing in that quarter.

The succesjes which have attended their military operations in other parts of the countrign, and the advantages which they have derived from the conclufion of fcparate treaties with some of the powers who were engaged in the war, are far from compensating the evils which they exferience from its continuance. The desiruction of their commere, ihre diminution of their maritine power, and the unparalleled eviib.rrolment and distress of their internal situation, have produced the impresion which was naturally to be expected ; and a general sense appears to prevail throughout France, that the only relief from the increafi.ng prefire of these difficulties must arise from the restoration of fence, and the eftablijonent of some settled system of government.

be disiraltiin ard anarchy which have so long prevailed in that country, have led to a crisis, of which it is as yet impossible to foresee the illue; but which must, in all human probability, produce consequences huglsly important to the interests of Europe. Should this crisis terminate in any order of things compatible with the tranquillity of other countries, and nffording a reafonable expectation of security and perncnence in any treaty which might be concluded, the appearance of a dijpon to negociate for general peace on just and suitable terms will not f.1!1 to be met, on my part, with an earnest desire to give it the full it and speedief effect. But I am persuaded you will agree with me, that nothing is so likely to ensure and accelerate this desireable end, as to thew that we gre prepared for either alternative, and are determined to prosecute the war with the utmost energy and vigour, until we have the means of concluding, in conjunction with our allies,

leche par as the justice of our cause and the situation of the enemy Kot edith us to expect

With this view I am continuing to make the greatest exertions for raitaining and improving our naval superiority, and for carrying on ative and vigorous operations in the West Indies, in order to secure ad extend the advantages which we have gained in that quarter, and which are so nearly connected with our commercial resources and maritime Arength.

I rely with full confidence on the continuance of your firm and zeaIsus support, on the uniform bravery of my fleets and armies, and on the fortitude

, perseverance, and public spirit of all ranks of my prople.

The afts of hoftility committed by the United Provinces, under the influence and control of France, have obliged me to treat them as in a fiate if war with this country.

The fleet which I have employed in the North Seas has received the moft cordial and active assistance from the naval force furnished by the Empress of Russia, and has been enabled effectually to check the operations of the enemy in that quarter.

I have concluded engagements of defensive alliance with the two imperial courts; and the ratifications of the treaty of commerce with the United States of America, which I announced to you last year, bave now been exchanged. I have directed copies of these treaties to be laid

before you.

Gentlemen of the House of Commons, It is matter of deep concern to me, that the exigencies of the public service will require further additions to the heavy burdens which have been unquidably imposed on my people. I trust that their pressure will, in some degree, be alleviated by the flourishing state of our commerce and manufactures, and that our expences, though necessarily great in their amount, will, under the actual circumstances of the war, admit of confiderable diminution in comparison with those of the present year.

My Lords, and Gentlemen, I have observed for some time past, with the greatest anxicty, the tery high price of grain, and that anxiety is increased by the apprekenfern that the produce of the wheat harvest in the present year may not have been such as effeétually to relieve my people from the difficulties with which they have had to contend. The Spirit of order and subrifion to the laws which, with very few exceptions, has manifested itje:f under this severe pressure, will, I am sure, be felt by you as an additional incentive to apply yourselves with the utmost diligence to the

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