Leviathan

Sprednja platnica
Simon and Schuster, 30. jun. 2008 - 512 strani
Leviathan concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory.

Written during the English Civil War (1642–1651), Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and situations identified with a state of nature and the famous motto Bellum omnium contra omnes ("the war of all against all") could only be averted by strong central government.
 

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Review: Leviathan

Uporabnikova ocena  - Michal Paszkiewicz - Goodreads

Even though the book is full of confusion and heresy and I found myself disagreeing with most of his (other) thoughts, this was a very fascinating read. It gives a very good context for the turmoil ... Celotno mnenje

Review: Leviathan

Uporabnikova ocena  - Jacques Coulardeau - Goodreads

I will only consider some chapters in this approach. The a priori position is that God is the origin of everything, that the Bible is absolutely true about the history of humanity and its “creation ... Celotno mnenje

Vsebina

Introduction
19
Of Speech
31
Of Reason and Science
47
Of the Ends or Resolutions of Discourse
56
Of the Several Subjects of Knowledge
69
Of the Difference of Manners
80
Of Religion
87
Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as concerning
98
Of the Kingdom of God by Nature
261
The Third Part Of a Christian Commonwealth
271
33
276
Of the Signification of Spirit Angel and Inspiration
286
Of the Signification in the Scripture of the Kingdom
297
Of the Word of God and of Prophets
304
Of Miracles and their Use 3 18
318
Of the Signification in Scripture of Eternal Life Hell
325

Of the First and Second Natural Laws and of Contracts
113
Of Persons Authors and Things Personated
125
Of the Rights of Sovereigns by Institution
134
Of the several kinds of Commonwealth by Institution
142
Of Dominion Paternal and Despotical
159
Of Systems Subject Political and Private
169
Of the Public Ministers of Sovereign Power
180
Of the Nutrition and Procreation of a Commonwealth
191
Of Civil Laws
198
21
229
Of the Office of the Sovereign Representative
247
Of the Signification in Scripture of the word Church
339
41
352
Of Power Ecclesiastical
359
Of what is Necessary for a Mans Reception into
424
Of Spiritual Darkness from Misinterpretation
437
Of Demonology and other Relics of the Religion
460
Of Darkness from Vain Philosophy and Fabulous
478
47
494
A Review and Conclusion
503
Avtorske pravice

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O avtorju (2008)

Thomas Hobbes was born in Malmesbury, the son of a wayward country vicar. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and was supported during his long life by the wealthy Cavendish family, the Earls of Devonshire. Traveling widely, he met many of the leading intellectuals of the day, including Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, and Rene Descartes. As a philosopher and political theorist, Hobbes established---along with, but independently of, Descartes---early modern modes of thought in reaction to the scholasticism that characterized the seventeenth century. Because of his ideas, he was constantly in dispute with scientists and theologians, and many of his works were banned. His writings on psychology raised the possibility (later realized) that psychology could become a natural science, but his theory of politics is his most enduring achievement. In brief, his theory states that the problem of establishing order in society requires a sovereign to whom people owe loyalty and who in turn has duties toward his or her subjects. His prose masterpiece Leviathan (1651) is regarded as a major contribution to the theory of the state.

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